Luther and the Gift

Etukansi
Mohr Siebeck, 12.6.2017 - 333 sivua
Recent anthropological, linguistic, and philosophical studies have significantly increased our understanding of the gift and related phenomena, such as hospitality and charity. While their results can only very carefully be applied to historical theological sources, they do resemble classical discussions on neighbourly love, the administration of sacraments, the handing over of tradition, free will, and God's mercy. In this book, Risto Saarinen studies Martin Luther's understanding of the gift and related issues, such as favours and benefits, faith and justification, virtues and merits, ethics and doctrine, law and Christ. The historical motivation behind this focus consists in the insight that Luther both continues and criticizes the classical, medieval, and Humanist discussions regarding the differences and parallels between gifts and sales. This historical understanding paves the way towards an adequate systematic theology of the gift.
 

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Sisältö

Preface
1
Luther Humanism and Philosophy
17
Luther and beneficia
38
The Allegory of Things Luthers Use of allegoria rerum
58
In sinu patris The Merciful Trinity in Luthers Exposition
73
Disputations and Other Late Writings 15361545
81
Ipsa dilectio deus est Martin Luthers Use of Peter Lombard
89
Criticism of Scholastic Theology 15151517
95
The Heroic Virtue in the Reformation and Early Protestantism
145
Renaissance Ethics and the European Reformations
162
a Story and a Program
181
Lutheran Theology
204
Theology of Giving as Comprehensive Lutheran Theology
226
The Language of Giving in Theology
242
a Linguistic Loci Approach
276
The Loci
283

Desire Consent and Sin The Earliest Free Will Debates
102
Luther
112
Prudence in Luther
122
Reformation Anthropology between
130
Early Calvinism
137
Conclusions
143
Exegetics
293
Acknowledgements
299
Index of Names
315
Index of Subjects
321
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