On Justification: Economies of Worth

Etukansi
Princeton University Press, 16.4.2006 - 389 sivua

A vital and underappreciated dimension of social interaction is the way individuals justify their actions to others, instinctively drawing on their experience to appeal to principles they hope will command respect. Individuals, however, often misread situations, and many disagreements can be explained by people appealing, knowingly and unknowingly, to different principles. On Justification is the first English translation of Luc Boltanski and Laurent Thévenot's ambitious theoretical examination of these phenomena, a book that has already had a huge impact on French sociology and is likely to have a similar influence in the English-speaking world.

In this foundational work of post-Bourdieu sociology, the authors examine a wide range of situations where people justify their actions. The authors argue that justifications fall into six main logics exemplified by six authors: civic (Rousseau), market (Adam Smith), industrial (Saint-Simon), domestic (Bossuet), inspiration (Augustine), and fame (Hobbes). The authors show how these justifications conflict, as people compete to legitimize their views of a situation.

On Justification is likely to spark important debates across the social sciences.

 

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Sisältö

The Social Sciences and the Legitimacy of Agreement
25
The Critique of Sociologys Lack of Realism
26
A Different Social Metaphysics
27
Political Metaphysics as a Social Science
28
The Question of Agreement
31
Association and Forms of Generality
32
The Order of the General and the Particular
35
The Requirement of General Agreement and the Legitimacy of Order
37
Causes of Discord and the Transport of Worths
217
Clashes and Denunciations
221
The Monstrosity of Composite Setups
223
Setting Up Situations That Hold Together
226
The Humanity of an Equitable Judgment
229
Knowing How to Close and Open Ones Eyes
230
THE CRITICAL MATRIX
235
Critiques from the Domestic World
239

The Reality Test and Prudent Judgment
40
The Foundation of Agreement in political philosophy The example of the Market Polity
43
A Social Bond Based on an inclinationtoward Exchange in Ones Own Interest
44
Individuals in Concert in Their Lust for Goods
48
The Sympathetic Disposition and the Position of Impartial Spectator
53
THE POLITIES
63
Political Orders and a model of Justice
65
Political Philosophies of the Common Good
66
The Polity Model
72
Eugenics
78
Political Forms of Worth
81
The Domestic Polity
88
The Polity of Fame
96
The Civic Polity
105
The Industrial Polity
116
THE COMMON WORLDS
123
Judgment put to the test Situated Judgment
125
The Polity Extended to a Common World
128
Tests
131
Reporting on Situations
136
A Framework for Analyzing the Common Worlds
138
The Moral Sense and the Sense of What Is Natural
142
The Arts of Living in Different Worlds
146
The Domestic World
162
The World of Fame
176
The Civic World
183
The Market World
191
The Industrial World
201
CRITIQUES
211
World in conflict Judgments in question
213
Critiques from the World of Fame
245
Critiques from the Civic World
249
Critiques from the Market World
259
Critiques from the Industrial World
267
ASSUAGING CRITICAL TENSIONS
273
Comprimising for the common good
275
Denunciation Supported by Compromise
280
Composing Compromises and Forming Politics
281
Toward a CivicIndustrial Polity
283
FIGURES OF COMPROMISE
291
Compromises Involving the Domestic World
302
Compromises Involving the World of Fame
315
Compromises Involving the Civic World
323
Compromises Involving the Market World
330
RELATIVTZATION
334
Insinuation
336
Flight from Justification
337
Relativism
338
Violence and Justification
341
Toward Apragmatics of reflection
345
Determining the Appropriate Action in Light of a Snag
346
From Anger to Crisis
348
The Moment of Truth in Judgment
349
The Tension of Judgment and the Qualification of Ungraspable Persons
350
Judgment between Power and Oblivion
352
The Humane Use of Judgment and Tolerance in Action
353
Knowledge about Actions
354
Notes
357
Work cited
373
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Luc Boltanski is Professor at L'École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris. He is the author of Distant Suffering: Morality, Media and Politics, Le Nouvel Esprit du Capitalisme, and (with Laurent Thévenot) Les Économies de la Grandeur. Laurent Thévenot is Professor at L'École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales. He is the author of L'action au pluriel: Sociologie des régimes d'engagement, coauthor of Les Économies de la Grandeur, and coeditor of Les Objets dans L'Action, Cognition et Information en Société, and (with Michèle Lamont) Rethinking Comparative Cultural Sociology: Repertoires of Evaluation in France and the United States

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