The Sources of Secularism: Enlightenment and Beyond

Etukansi
Anna Tomaszewska, Hasse Hämäläinen
Springer, 5.10.2017 - 323 sivua
This book examines the importance of the Enlightenment for understanding the secular outlook of contemporary Western societies. It shows the new ways of thinking about religion that emerged during the 17th and 18th centuries and have had a great impact on how we address problems related to religion in the public sphere today. Based on the assumption that political concepts are rooted in historical realities, this collection combines the perspective of political philosophy with the perspective of the history of ideas. Does secularism imply that individuals are not free to manifest their beliefs in public? Is secularization the same as rejecting faith in the absolute? Can there be a universal rational core in every religion? Does freedom of expression always go hand in hand with freedom of conscience? Is secularism an invention of the predominantly Christian West, which cannot be applied in other contexts, specifically that of Muslim cultures? Answers to these and related questions are sought not only in current theories and debates in political philosophy, but also in the writings of Immanuel Kant, Benedict Spinoza, Thomas Hobbes, Anthony Collins, Adriaan Koerbagh, Abbé Claude Yvon, Giovanni Paolo Marana, and others.
 

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Sisältö

Chapter 1 Editors Introduction
1
Part I The Theory of Secularism
18
Chapter 2 Towards a Political Theory of Secularism
19
Chapter 3 The Idea of Immanence in Charles Taylors Philosophy of Religion
35
Chapter 4 The Rationality of Secularization
52
Rethinking Religion in the Early Modern Era
70
Chapter 5 The Secularism of Spinoza and His Circle
71
Chapter 6 Thomas Hobbes and the Secularization of Authority
101
Toleration and Freedom of Expression in the Works of Abbé Claude Yvon
168
Chapter 10 Kant on Freedom of Thought
189
Chapter 11 The Divine Immanence Kants Religious Rationalism and Spinoza
207
Part IV The Practice of Secularism
226
An Investigation into the Christian Ethics Inherent in Secularism
229
From Negative to Positive Understanding and Perception of Secularism
245
The Sources of Secularism
294
Bibliography
295

Chapter 7 The History and Philosophy of English Freethinking
121
Enlightenment
138
The Emergence of Modern Religious Studies and the French Enlightenment
141

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Anna Tomaszewska is an assistant professor of philosophy at the Institute of Philosophy, Jagiellonian University in Kraków, Poland.

Hasse Hämäläinen is a postdoctoral researcher in the project The Enlightenment Ideas of Freedom of Thought and Conscience, and Contemporary Secularism at the Jagiellonian University in Kraków, Poland.

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