The effect of public transport investment on car ownership: the results for 17 urban areas in France, Germany, UK and North America

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Environmental & Transport Planning, 2007 - 184 sivua
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Key Findings and Policy Implications
1
List of Figures Figure
4
Figure
5
Car ownership in the study areas and in the public transport corridors France and Germany
12
Car ownership in the study areas and in the public transport corridors UK and North America
13
Carreducing effect over time GB difference in between two Census years
14
Change of car ownership per population in percent between the two Census years in various public transport corridors the city and the rest of the agg...
16
Introduction
17
Investments in Freiburg from 20022011
89
Researched public transport corridors in Freiburg in 2005
90
Income in relation to tram accessibility in Freiburg selected districts in 2005
91
Car ownership in Freiburg in various tram corridors and in areas without good accessibility
92
Modal split in the City of Hannover in
94
Light rail and rail network of Hannover
95
Light rail vehicle at the Expo station Messe Ost in Hannover
96
Household and personal income in Hannover in 2005
97

The study areas
19
The study areas and the researched corridors
20
Paris IledeFrance and Greater London
25
Administrative division of the IledeFrance
27
Metro and tram network in the IledeFrance
28
Tl between Bobigny and Noisy
29
Busway Trans ValdeMarne
30
Busway in the Avenue Jean Jaures in the east of Paris
31
Researched public transport corridors in the Department 92 in 1999
32
Researched public transport corridors in the Department 94 in 1999
33
Cadres professionnels in Paris the IledeFrance in selected departments and in the public transport corridors
34
Ouvriers in Paris the IledeFrance in selected departments and in the public transport corridors
35
Car ownership per population in selected departments and in various public transport corridors
36
Car ownership per household in the IledeFrance
37
Car ownership per household in the Departments 92 93 and 94
38
Car ownership per household in the public transport corridors of the Department 93
39
Greater London can be divided into Inner and Outer London
40
Population in Greater London
41
Screenline crossings all motor vehicles
42
Entrance sign to congestion charging zone
43
Congestion charging zone in London 2007
44
Bus passengers inbound central area morning peak hour counts
45
Bus passengers and buses observed crossing the charging zone boundary autumn 2002
46
Bus patronage change in between 200203200304
47
Tram rail and underground network of Greater London
48
Route of proposed CrossRiverTram
49
West London study area four Boroughs and the researched public transport corridors in 2001
51
Car ownership per population in Greater London
52
Car ownership per population in the public transport corridors of West London
53
Car ownership per household in Greater London
54
Car ownership per household in the public transport corridors of South London
55
Background Socioeconomic Pattern
59
Tram and rail network of Grenoble
60
Tramline B in Grenoble
62
Professionals and workers in Grenoble and in the public transport corridors in
63
Car ownership per household in the agglomeration of Grenoble
64
The new tram design of Line 2 in Montpellier called he tramway a fleurs
66
Tram and rail network of Montpellier
67
Researched public transport corridors in Montpellier in 2000
69
Car ownership per household in the agglomeration of Montpellier
70
Modal split in the agglomeration of Nantes in
71
The Incentro tram vehicle at the station Duclies se Anne in Nantes
72
Tram busway and rail network of Nantes
73
Researched public transport corridors in Nantes in 1999
74
Car ownership per population in the agglomeration of Nantes and in the public transport corridors
75
Car ownership per household in the agglomeration of Nantes
76
Tram busway and rail network of Rouen
78
The tram in Rouen has its own 1 7km long tunnel through the city centre
79
Researched public transport corridors in Rouen in 1999
81
Car ownership per household in the agglomeration of Rouen
82
Change in percentage share of professionals in the active labour force of the French study areas central cities and in the public transport corridors bet...
84
Background Income and Car Ownership
85
Tram at the station Bollerstaudenstrafie in the city district Rieselfeld
86
Tram and rail network of Freiburg
87
Line 1 vehicle at raised platform in Hannover
98
Researched public transport corridors in Hannover in 2005
99
Car ownership in Hannover in various light rail corridors and in areas without good accessibility
100
Modal split in the City of Karlsruhe in
101
Tram light rail and rail network of Karlsruhe
102
Light rail at Marktplatz in the city centre of Karlsruhe
103
Tramtrain vehicle in the city centre of Karlsruhe
104
Method of analysing income distribution around tram and light rail stops
105
Tramtrain and suburban rail meeting at Worth Badepark in the periphery of Karlsruhe
106
Researched public transport corridors in Karlsruhe in 2004
107
Car ownership in Karlsruhe in various light rail corridors and in areas without good accessibility
108
Light rail vehicle K4500 in Koln
110
Light rail and rail network of Koln
111
Light rail vehicles at the station Weiden Schuktrafie in Koln
113
Income in relation to light rail accessibility in Koln selected districts in 2005
114
Researched public transport corridors in Koln in 2004
115
Car ownership in Koln in various light rail corridors and in areas without good accessibility
116
Annual change in cars per 1000 population by location
118
Background Socioeconomic Pattern
119
Light rail vehicle close to Salford Quays
120
Light rail and rail network of Greater Manchester
121
Researched public transport corridors in Greater Manchester in 2001
123
Socioeconomic pattern in the Greater Manchester study area and in the public transport corridors
124
Car ownership per household in the Greater Manchester study area
125
Tyne and Wear Metro light rail at Pelaw on the Sunderland extension
127
Light rail network of Tyne and Wear
128
Socioeconomic pattern in the Tyne and Wear study area and in the public transport corridors
129
Researched public transport corridors in Tyne and Wear in 2001
130
Car ownership per household in the Tyne and Wear study area
131
Employment by industry in in 2001
132
Rail and bus network of Brighton and Hove
133
Doubledecker buses in front of the Royal Pavilion
134
Number of passenger journeys made on Brighton and Hove Bus and Coach Company since 1993
135
Researched public transport corridors in Brighton and Hove in 2001
136
Car ownership per population in the Brighton Hove and Adur study area and in the public transport corridors
137
Car ownership per household in the Brighton Hove and Adur study area
138
Managers and professionals in the British study areas central cities and public transport corridors in in 2001
139
Change in car ownership per population in the British study areas central cities and public transport corridors in 19912001
140
Background Income and Car Ownership
141
Trips to and within Vancouver City in
143
Twentyfour hours mode share in Vancouver City and the rest of the region in in 2004
144
Flyer 900 series trolley bus in Vancouver City
145
Income pattern in the public transport corridors of Vancouver in 2001
148
Characteristics of East and South Busway in Pittsburgh in 2002
152
Car ownership per population in Pittsburgh the Allegheny County and in the public transport corridors
154
Car ownership per household in the metropolitan area of Pittsburgh
155
The streetcar in Portland
158
Income characteristics per household in the metropolitan area of Portland and in the Blue Line corridor in 2000
160
Car ownership per household in the metropolitan area of Portland
161
Car ownership per population in San Diego and in the public transport corridors
166
References
169
Index
182
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