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lowed by the Scriptures; but yet have, we break is a partaking of the Body of not like nature of Sacraments with Bap- Christ; and likewise the Cup of Blessing tism and the Lord's Supper, for that they is a partaking of the Blood of Christ. have not any visible Sign or Ceremony Transubstantiation (or the change of ordained of God.

the Substance of Bread and Wine) in the The Sacraments were not ordained of Supper of the Lord, cannot be proved by Christ to be gazed upon, or to be carried Holy Writ; but it is repugnant to the about, but that we should duly use them. plain words of Scripture, overthroweth And in such only as worthily receive the the nature of a Sacrament, and hath given same, they have a wholesome effect or occasion to many Superstitions. operation but they that receive them un- The Body of Christ is given, taken,

and worthily, purchase to themselves damna- eaten in the Supper, only after an heation, as St. Paul saith.

venly and spiritual manner. And the Art. XXVI. Of the Unworthiness of the mean whereby the Body of Christ is re

Ministers, which hinders not the Effect ceived and eaten in the Supper, is Faith. of the Sacraments.

Although in the visible Church the was not by Christ's Ordinance reserved, evil he ever mingled with the good, and carried about, lifted up, or worshipped. sometime the evil have chief authority in Art. XXIX. Of the Wicked, which eat the ministration of the Word and Sacra- not of the Body of Christ in the Use of ments: yet, forasmuch as they do not the

the Lord's Supper. same in their own name, but in Christ's, The wicked, and such as be void of a and do minister by bis Commission and lively faith, although they do carnally and Authority, we may use their Ministry, visibly press with their ieeth (as Si. Auboth in hearing the Word of God, and in gustine saith) the Sacrament of the Body receiving the Sacraments. Neither is and Blood of Christ; yet in no wise are the effect of Christ's Ordinance taken they partakers of Christ; but rather to away by their wickedness, nor the grace their Condemnation do eat and drink the of God's gifts diminished from such, as Sign or Sacrament of so great a thing. by faith, and rightly, do receive the sa- Art. XXX. Of both Kinds craments ministered unto them, which be The Cup of the Lord is not to oe deeffectual, because of Christ's institution nied to the Lay-People: for both the and promise, although they be minister-parts of the Lord's Sacrament by Christ's ed by evil men.

Ordinance and Commandment, ought to Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the Dis- be ministered to all Christian men alike. cipline of the Church, that inquiry be made of evil Ministers, and that they be Art. XXXI. Of the one Ollation of accused by those that bave knowledge of

Christ finished upon the Cross. their offences: and finally, being found The offering of Christ once made, is guilty, by just judgment, be deposed. that perfect redemption, propitiation, anul Art. XXVII. Of Baptism.

satisfaction for all the sins of the whole Baptism is not only a sign of Profession, there is none other satisfaction for sin,

world, both original and actual; and and mark of Difference, whereby Chris

but that alone. Wherefore the Sacrifice tian men are discerned from others that be not christened: but it is also a sign of of Masses, in which it was commonly said,

that the Priest did offer Christ for the Regeneration, or new Birth, whereby, as hy an instrument, they that receive Bap- quick and the dead, to have remission

of sism rightly are grafted into the Church: pain or guilt, were blasphemous fables, the promises of the forgiveness of sin, and

and dangerous deceits. of our adoption to be the sons of God by Art. XXXII. Of the Marriage of the Holy Ghost, are visibly signed and

Priests. sealed: faith is confirmed, and grace in- Bishops, Priests, and Deacons, are not creased by virtue of Prayer unto God. commanded by God's Law, either to vow The Baptism of young children is in any the estate of single life,or to abstain from wise to be retained in the Church as most Marriage: therefore it is lawful for them, agreeable with the institution of Christ. as for all other Christian men, to marry Art. XXVIII. Of the Lord's Supper. the same to serve better to godiness.

at their own discretion as they shall judge The Supper of the Lord is not only a sign of the Love that Christians ought to Art. XXXIII. Of excommunicate Per have among themselves one to another; sons, how they are to be avoided. but rather it is a Sacrament of our Re- That person which by open denuncia demption by Christ's death: insomuch tion of the Church, is rightly cut off from that to such as rightly, worthily, and with the Unity of the Church, and excommu. faith receive the same the Bread which nicated, ought to be taken of the whole

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multitude of the faithful, as an Heathen 16. Of the Gifts of the Holy Ghost.
and Publican, until he be openly recon- 17. For the Rogation-days.
cited by Penance, and received into the 18. Of the State of Matrimony.
Church by a Judge that hath authority 19. Of Repentance.
thereunto.

20. Against Idleness. Art. XXXIV. Of the Traditions of the

21. Against Rebellion. Church.

[This Article is received in this Churcı. It is not necessary that Traditions and so far as it declares the books of Momilies Ceremonies be in all places one, or utterly to be an explication of Christian doclike ; for at all times they have been di- trine, and instructive in piety and morals. vers, and may be changed according to But all references to the constitution and the diversity of countries, times, and laws of England are considered as inapmen's manners, so that nothing be ordain- plicable to the circumstances of this ed against God's word. Whosoever, Church, which also suspends the order through his private judgment, willingly for the reading of said Homilies in and purposely doth openly break the Tra- Churches until a revision of them may be ditions and Ceremnonies of the Church, conveniently made, for the clearing of which be not repugnant to the word of them, as well from obsolete words and God, and be ordained and approved by phrases, as from the local references.) common authority, ought to be rebuked Art. XXXVI. Of Consecration of Bishops openly (that other may fear to do the like)

and Ministers. as he that offendeth against the common Order of the Church, and hurteth the

The Book of Consecration of Bishops, Authority of the Magistrate, and wound- and Ordering of Priests and Deacons, as eth the Consciences of the weak Brethren. set forth by the General Convention of this

Every Particular or National Church Church in 1792, doth contain all things hath Authority to ordain, change, and necessary to such consecration and orderabolish Ceremonies or Rites of the ing; neither hath it any thing that, of itChurch, ordained only by man's authori- self, is superstitious and ungodly and, ty, so that all things be done to edifying. therefore, whosoever are consecrated or

ordered according to said form, we de Art. XXXV. Of Homilies. The second Book of Homilies, the seve- lawfully consecrated and ordered.

cree all such to be rightly, orderly, and ral titles whereof we have joined, under this Article, doth contain a godly and Art. XXXVII. Of the Power of the Call wholesome Doctrine, and necessary for

Magistrates. these Times, as doth the former Book of

The power of the Civil Magistrate esHomilies, which were set forth in the tendeth to all men, as well Clergy as Lai. time of Edward the Sixth; and therefore ty, in all things temporal; but hath no auwe judge them to be read in Churches by thority in things purely spiritual. And we the Ministers diligently and distinctly, hold it to be the duty of all men who are that they may be understanded of the professors of the Gospel, to pay respectful people.

obedience to the civil authority, regular of the Names of the Homilies. ly and legitimately constituted. 1. Of the right Use of the Church. Art. XXXVIII. Of Christian Men's 2. Against Peril of Idolatry.

Goods, which are not common. 3. Of, repairing and keeping clean of The Riches and Goods of Christians Churches.

are not common, as touching the right, Of good Works: first of Fasting. title, and possession of the same, as cer5. Against Gluttony and Drunkenness. tain Anabaptists do falsely boast. Not6. Against Excess of Apparel. withstanding, every man ought of such 7. Of Prayer.

things as he possesseth, liberally to give 8. of the Place and Time of Prayer. alms to the poor according to his ability. 9. That Common Prayers and Sacra ments ought to be ministered in a

Art. XXXIX. Of a Christian Man's Oath. known tongue.

As we confess that vain and rash swear. 10 of the reverent estimation of God's ing is forbidden Christian inen by our Word.

Lord Jesus Christ, and James his Apostle: 11. Of Alms-doing.

so we judge that Christian Religion doch 12. Of the Nativity of Christ. uot prohibit, but that a man may swex 13. Of the Passion of Christ.

when tbe Magistrate requireth, in a cause 14. Of the Resurrection of Christ. of Faith and Charity, so it be done ac 15. Of the worthy receiving of the Sacra- cording to the Prophets

' teaching in Itts ment of the Body and Blood of Christ 'tice. Judgment, and Trutb.

277
THE FORM AND MANNER OF MAKING, ORDAINING,

AND CONSECRATING
BISHOPS, PRIESTS, AND DEACONS,
According to the Order of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of

America, as established by the Bishops, the Clergy, and Laity of said Church, in
General Convention, in the month of September, A. D. 1792.

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THE PREFACE.
It is evident unto all men, diligently reading Holy Scripture and ancient Authors.

that from the Apostles' time there have been these Orders of Ministers in Christ'3
Church,-Bishops, Priests, and Deacons. Which Offices were evermore bad in
such reverend estimation, that no man might presume to execute any of them,
except he were first called, tried, examined,

and known to have such qualities as
are requisite for the same; and also by public Prayer, with imposition of Hands,
were approved and admitted thereunto by lawful Authority. And therefore, to
the intent that these orders may be continued, and reverently used and esteemed
in this Church, no man shall be accounted or taken to be a lawful Bishop, Priest,
or Deacon, in this Church, or suffered to execute any of the said Functions, except
he be called, tried, examined, and admitted thereunto, accorrting to the Form

hereafter following, or hath bad Episcopal Consecration or Ordination.
And none shall be admitted a Deacon, Priest, or Bishop, except he be of the age

which the Canon in that case provided may require.
And the Bishop knowing, either by himself, or by sufficient testimony, any Person

to be a man of virtuous conversation, and without crime; and, after examination
and trial, finding him sufficiently instructed in the holy Scripture, and otherwise
learned as the Canons require, may at the times appointed, or else, on urgent oc-
casion, upon some other day, in the face of the Church, admit him a Deacon, in
such Manner and Form as followeth.

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The Form and Manner of Making Deacons.
7 When the day appointed by the Bishop is come, after Morning Prayer is ended,

there shall be a Sermon, or Exhortation, declaring the Duty and Office of such as
come to be admitted Deacons; how necessary that Order is in the Church of Christ,

and also how the People ought to esteem them in their Office.
1 A Priest shall present unto the Bishop which he ought not to be admitted to

sitting in his chair near to the holy that Office, let him come forth in the
Table, such as desire to be ordained vane of God, and show what the crime
Deacons, each of them being decently or impediment is.
habited, saying these words:

And if any great Crime or Impediment
EVEREND Father in God, I pre- be objected, the Bishop shall cease from

Ordering that Person, until such time as to be admitted Deacons.

the Party accused shall be found clear 1 The Bishop

of that Crime. TAK

JAKE heed that the Persons whom ye hen the Bishop (commending such as

present unto us, be apt and meet for shall be found meet to be Oşdered, to the their

learning and godly conversation, to Prayers of the Congregation) shall,
exercise their Ministry duly to the honour with the Clergy and People present,
of God, and the edifying of his Church. say the Litany.
'I The Priest shall answer :

I Then shall be said the Service for the
I
HAVE inquired concerning them, and Communion, with the Collect, Epistle,.

and Gospel, as followeth. so to be.

The Collect.
1 Then the Bishop shall say unto the
People:

Providence bast appointed divers who knoweth any impediment, or no- didst inspire thine Apostles to clavose into table crime in any of these Persons pre- the Order of Deacons the first Martur sented to be ordered Deacons, for the Saint Steplien, with others, inercingly

A a

WILL

behold these thy servants now called to Jesus Christ, and according to the Canons the like Office and Administration; so re- of this Church, to the Ministry of the plenish them with the truth of thy Doc- same? trine, and adorn them with innocency

Answer. I think so. of life, that both by word and good ex

The Bishop:

Denominfegendly believe and line this Office, to the glory of thy

name, and Canonical Scriptures of the Old and the edification of thy Church, through New Testament? the merits of our Saviour Jesus Christ, Answer. I do believe them. who liveth and reigneth with thee and

The Bishop the Holy Ghost, now and for ever. Amen.

you diligently read the same The Epistle. 1 Tim. ii. 8.

unto the People assembled in the L

IKEWISE must the Deacons be Church where you shall be appointed to

grave, not double-tongued, not given serve? to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre; Answer. I will. holding the mystery of the faith in a pure

The Bishop conscienceen And let these also first be TTappertaineth to the office of a Dea Deacon, being found blameless. Even so pointed to serve, to assist the Priest in Di must their wives be grave, not slanderers, vine Service, and specially when he min sober, faithful in all things. Let the Dea- istereth the Holy Communion, and to cons be the husbands of one wife, ruling help him in the distribution thereof; and their Children and their own Houses well. to read holy Scriptures and Homilies in For they that have used the Office of a the Church; and to instruct the Youth in Deacon' well, purchase to themselves a the Catechisın; in the absence of the good degree, and great boldness in the Priest to baptize Infants; and to preach, faith which is in Christ Jesus.

if he be admitted thereto by the Bishop1 Or else this, out the sixth Chapter of And furthermore it is his Office, where the Acts the Apostles.

provision is so made, to search for the Acts vi. 2.

sick, poor, and impotent People of the of the disciples unto them, and said, and places where they dwell, unto the t is not reason that we should leave the Curate, that hy his exhortation they may pord of God, and serve tables. Where- be relievedwith thealms of the Parishionfore, brethren, look ye out among you ers, or others: Will you do this gladly seven men of honest report, full of the and willingly?. Holy Ghost and wisdom, whom we may Answer. I will so do, by the help of God. appoint over this business. But we will

The Bishop. to the ministry of the World.praxi med and WILL you apply all your diligence to saying pleased the whole multitude. And and the lives of your families, according they chose Stephen, a man full of faith to the Doctrine of Carist; and to make and of the Holy Ghost, and Philip, and both yourselves and them, as much as in Prochorus, and Nicanor, and Timon, and you lieth, wholesome examples of the Parmenas, and Nicolas a proselyte of flock of Christ? Antioch: whom they set before the Apos- Answer. I will so do, the Lord being tles; and when they had prayed, they my helper. laid their hands on them. And the word

The Bishop

W15. ou neverher'schile no histers; disciples multiplied in Jerusalem great- shop, and other chief Ministers, ly, and a great company of the Priests who, according to the Canons of the were obedient to the faith.

Church, may have the charge and go9 Then shall the Bishop eramine every one vernmentover yon; following with a glad

of those who are to be Ordered, in the pre- mind and will their godly admonitions ? sence of the People, after this manner Answer. I will endeavoar so to do, the following:

Lord being my helper. Dmyou trust that you are in wardly " Then the Bishop laying his Hands sever upon you this Office and Ministration, to them humbly kneeling before him, shall serve God for the promoting of his glory, say, and the edifying of his people ? Answer. I trust so.

Office of a Deacon in the Church of The Bishop

God committed unto thee; In the name Det er en link that you are truly called of the Father, and of the Sun and of the

accueuing to

TA

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? Then shall the Bishop deliver to every one in thy Church; make them, we beseech

of them the New Testament, saytng, thee, O Lord, to be inodest, humble, and TAKE thou Authority to read the Gos- constant in their Ministration, to have a

pel in the Church of God, and to ready will to observe all spiritual Discipreach the saine, if thou be thereto li- pline; that they having always the testicensed by the Bishop himself.

mony of a good conscience, and continu

ing ever stable and strong in thy Son I Then one of then appointed by the Christ, may so well behave themselves Bishop shall read

in this inferior Office, that they may be The Gospel. St. Luke xii. 35.

found worthy to be called unto the highyour lights burning, and ye your. same thy Son our Saviour Jesus Christ;

in selves like unto men that wait for their to whom be glory and honour, world Lord, when he will return from the wed-without end. Amen. eth, they may open unto him

immediately

. TAE peace of God, which passeth all

understanding, keep your hearts Blessed are those servants whom the and minds in the knowledge and love of Lord when he cometh shall find watch: God, and of his Son Jesus Christ our ing: Verily I say unto you, That be shall Lord: And the blessing of God Almighgird himself, and make them to sit down ty, the Father, the Son, and the Holy to meat, and will come forth and serve Ghost, be amongst you, and remain with them. And if he shall come in the se. you always. Amen. cond watch, or come in the third watch, And here it must be declared unto the and find them

So,
blessed are those ser-

Deacon, that he must continue in that vaats.

Office of a Deacon the space of a whole 1 Then shall the Bishop proceed in the Year (except for reasonable Causes it

Communion ; and all who are Order- shall otherwise seem good unto the Bi-
ed, shall tarry, and receive the Holy shop) to the intent he may be perfect, and
Communion the same day with the well expert in the things appertaining to
Bishop:

the Ecclesiastical Administration; in I The Communion ended, after the last executing whereof, if he be found faith

Collect, and immediately before the Ben- ful and diligent, he may be admitted ediction, shall be said this Collect fol- by his Diocesan to the Order of Priestlowing:

hood, at the times appointed in the Ca.

non, or else on urgent occasion, upon things, who of thy great goodness some other day, in the face of the Church, hast vouchsafed to accept and take these in such manner and form as hereafter thy servants unto the Office of Deacons followeth.

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The Form and Manner of Ordering Priests. 1 When the day appointed by the Bishop is come, after Morning Prayer is ended,

there shall be a Sermon, or Exhortation, declaring the Duty und office of such as come to be admitted Priests; kow necessary that Order is in the Church of Christ.

and also how the People ought to esteem them in their office. f A Priest shall present unto Bishop, 1 The Priest shall answer : sitting in his Chair near to the holy Tas

I

HAVE inquired concerning them, and 1

der of Priesthood that day, each of so to be.
them being decently habited, and shall ĩ Then the Bishop shall say unto the,
say:

People:
R sene unto you these Persons present,
EVEREND Father in God,

I pre-G we purpose, God willing, to receive to be admitted to the order of Priesthood. this day unto the Holy Office of Priest

hood : For after due examination, we | The Bishop.

And not to the contrary, but that they are present unto us, be apt and meet for Ministry, and that they are Persons meet their learning and godly conversation, to for the same. But yet if there be any of exercise their Ministry duly to the honour you, who knoweth any impediment or of God, and the edifving of the Church. I notable erime in any of them, for

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