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desires to imprint his instructions and warnings on the minds of the people whom he is leaving. Moses, deeply anxious for his nation and impressed strongly with the feeling that after his death they would fall away from God and “utterly corrupt themselves,” composed in the few days that remained to him, and recited in the ears of the congregation, two splendid psalms or“ songs "-one a 6
song of warning," addressed to the people collectively, and the other a “song of blessing," addressed in the main) to the twelve tribes severally, “correspondent and supplementary to each other," setting before the people “Life” and “Death”-the glorious future which awaited them if they would be faithful to God and set themselves earnestly to the accomplishment of their national mission, and the terrible judgments that would fall upon them if they, as he anticipated, should apostatize, despite God's mercies to them, and provoke the vengeance with which God was bound to visit such apostasy. The poems are too long to be inserted here in their entirety ; but a specimen may be given from each, which will sufficiently indicate their style and general character :
“ Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked
Thou art waxen fat, thou art grown thick, thou art become sleek :
"Speaker's Commentary," vol. part il. p.geo.
And burneth unto the lowest hell,
The “Song of Blessing" has a prologue and an epilogue of a general character, the "Blessing" proper being the following:
Let Reuben live, and not die;
And let not his men be few.
Hear, Lord, the voice of Judah,
And be Thou a help to him from his enemies.
Thy Thummim and thy Urim are with thy godly one,
· Deut. Xxxii. 15-67.
And accept the work of his hands :
And of them that hate him, that they rise not again.
The beloved of the Lord shall dwell in safety by Him ;
And he (i.e., Benjamin) shall dwell between His shoulders
Blessed of the Lord be his land,
And they are the thousands of Manasseh.
Rejoice, Zebulun, in thy going out ;
And of treasures hid in the sand.
Blessed be he that enlargeth Gad :
And his judgments, together with Israel.
Dan is a lion's whelp,
That leapeth forth from Bashan.
O Naphtali, satisfied with favour,
And of Asher he said :
Blessed be Asher with children ;
The ascent of Pisgah-The view from it-Hebrew legend of the circum.
stances of Moses' death-Actual circumstances unknown-Place of sepulture unknown-Chief characteristics of Moses-His faithful service of God-His "meekness"-His trust in God-His unselfishnessConclusion.
Two things only now remained for Moses to do—to satisfy his soul with the fullest sight of the Promised Land that was possible for him under the circumstances, and to die. He might not go over Jordan, but he might feast his eyes, and comfort his heart, with a long, rapt, earnest gaze upon that goodly land to which he had brought his people, and which he knew to be their sure inheritance. He might "lift up his eyes," and look “ westward, and northward, and southward, and eastward,” and behold "the good land that was beyond Jordan, that goodly mountain, and Lebanon ” (Deut. iii. 25, 27). So much had been granted him, and he had been bidden to ascend into the top of Pisgah, and thence contemplate the wondrous, the unequalled, prospect. It is to be remembered that though aged a hundred and twenty years, he was in no way infirm ; "his eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated” (Deut. xxxiv. 7). He was able, therefore, without any extreme fatigue or exhaustion, to mount from the low plain of Jordan, where the host lay encamped, from ridge to ridge, and from terrace to terrace, up the rocky range of Moab, to the “high places” dedicated to Baal on the top of the rocks, to the bare hill close above it--the cultivated field of the watchmen (Zophim) on the top of Pisgah-to the peak where