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Zeal then, not charity, became the guide,
265 Next his grim idol sinear'd with human blood ; . With heav'n's own thunders shook the world below, And play'd the god an engine on his foe. .
So drives self-love, thro' just and thro' unjust, To one man's pow'r, ambition, lucre, lust: 270 The same self-love, in all, becomes the cause Of what restrains him, government and laws. . For, what one likes, if others like as well, 's What serves one will, when many wills rebel ?'" How shall he keep, what, sleeping or awake, 275 A weaker may surprise, a stronger take ? His safety must his liberty restrain : All join to guard what each desires to gain. Forc'd into virtue thus, by self-defence, Ev'n kings learn'd justice and benevolence : 280 Self-love forsook the path it first pursu'd, And found the private in the public good.
'Twas tben the studious head or gen'rous mind, Follow'r of God, or friend of human kind, Poet or patriot, rose but to restore
285 The faith and moral, nature gave before ; Relum'd her ancient ligbt, not kindl'd new; If not God's image, yet his shadow drew : Taught pow'r's due use to people and to kings,' Taught nor to slack, nor strain its tender strings, 290 The less, or greater, set so justly true, . That touching one must strike the other too; Till jarring int’rests, of themselves, create Th’ according music of a well mix'd state. Such is the world's great harmony, that springs 295 From order, union, full consent of things ; Where small and great, where weak and mighty
To serve, not suffer, strengthen, not invade ;
More pow'rful each as needful to the rest,
300 Draw to one point, and to one centre bring Beast, man, or angel, servant, lord, or king.'
For forms of government let fools contest; Whate'er is best administer'd is best : For modes of faith let graceless zealots fight ; 305 His can't be wrong whose life is in the right : In faith and hope the world will disagree, But all mankind's concern is charity : All must be false that thwart this one great end ; And all of God that bless mankind or mend. 310 Man, like the gen'rous vine, supported lives; The strength he gains is from tho embrace he gives. On their own axis as the planets run, Yet make at once their circle round the sun; So two consistent motions act the soul; And one regards itself, and one the whole. Thus God and Nature link'd the geu'ral frame, And bade Self-love and Social be the same.
maanananan EPISTLE IV.
HAPPINESS ! our being's end and aim !
Where grows ?-where grows it not :-If vain our
toil, We ought to blame the culture, not the soil. Fix'd to no spot is happiness sincere, 'Tis no where to be found, or ev'ry where ; 'Tis never to be bought, but always free, And fled from monarchs, ST. JOHN! dwells with
Ask of the learn’d the way, the learn'd are blind, This bids to serve, and that to shun mankind : 20 Some place the bliss in action, some in ease, Those call it pleasure, and contentment these ; Some, sunk to beasts, find pleasure end in pain ; Some, swellid to gods, confess ev'n virtue rain ; Or indolent, to each extreme they fall, To trust in ev'ry thing, or doubt of all..
Who thus define it, say they more or less Than this, that Happiness is Happiness? Take nature's path, and mad opinions leave, All states can reach it, and all heads conceive ; 30 Obvious her goods, in no extreme they dwell, There needs but thinking right, and meaning well ; And mourn our various portions as we please, Equal is common sense, and common ease. Remember, man, the Universal Cause
35 Acts not by partial, but by gen’ral laws;' And makes what happiness we justly call, Subsist not in the good of one, but all. There's not a blessing individuals find, But some way leans and hearkens to the kind. 40 No bandit fierce, no tyrant mad with pride, No cavern'd hermit, rests self-satisfy'd. Who most to shun or hate mankind pretend, Seek an adınirer, or would fix a friend. Abstract what others feel, what others think, 45 All pleasures sicken, and all glories sink : Each has his share ; and who would more obtain, Shall find the pleasure pays not half the pain.
Order is Heaven's first law; and this confest,
Fortune her gifts may variously dispose,
Know, all the good that individuals find,
80 But health consists with temperance alone ; And peace, oh, virtue ! peace is all thy own. The good or bad the gifts of fortune gain, But these less taste them, as they worse obtain.
Say, in pursuit of profit or delight,
What makes all physical or moral ill :