The Lung-Air Sac System of Birds: Development, Structure, and Function

Etukansi
Springer Science & Business Media, 22.9.2005 - 210 sivua

In biology, few organs have been as elusive as the lung-air sac system of birds. Considerable progress has recently been made to fill the gaps in the knowledge. While summarizing and building on earlier observations and ideas, this book provides cutting-edge details on the development, structure, function, and the evolutionary design of the avian respiratory system. Outlining the mechanisms and principles through which biological complexity and functional novelty have been crafted in a unique gas exchanger, this account will provoke further inquiries on the many still uncertain issues. The specific goal here was to highlight the uniqueness of the design of the avian respiratory system and the factors that obligated it.

 

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Sisältö

Flight
1
Flight Speed and Endurance
9
Flight at High Altitude
10
Development
13
Bronchial Airway System
15
Air Sacs
34
Pulmonary Vasculature
35
Hematogenesis
36
Cytoarchitecture of the Wall of Air Sacs
99
Paleopulmo and Neopulmo
100
Pulmonary Vasculature
101
Arrangement of the Structural Components for Gas Exchange
104
Cellular Defenses of the Lung
107
Control of Air Flow
116
Quantitative Morphology Morphometry
125
Volume of the Lung
128

Vasculogenesis and Angiogenesis
45
BloodGas Barrier BGB
48
Molecular and Genetic Aspects in Lung Development
53
Fibroblast Growth Factors FGFs
55
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor VEGF
59
Wnt Genes and Signaling
61
Qualitative Morphology
65
Lung
66
Airway Bronchial System
73
Secondary Bronchi
75
Parabronchi Tertiary Bronchi
78
Atria Infundubulae and Air Capillaries
82
BloodGas Barrier
95
Air Sacs
96
Ostia
98
Respiratory Surface Area
145
Thickness of the BloodGas Barrier
149
Pulmonary Capillary Blood Volume
151
Modeling a Gas Exchanger Integrative Morphometry
153
Modeling the Avian Lung
154
Pros and Cons of Pulmonary Modeling
157
Comparative Respiratory Morphology
159
Comparison of the Structure of the Avian Respiratory System with Those of Some Other Animals
161
Amphibian Lung
164
Reptilian Lung
165
Insectan Tracheal System
168
Conclusions
173
References
175
Subject Index
203
Tekijänoikeudet

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Suositut otteet

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