Lives of Lord Castlereagh and Sir Charles Stewart, the Second and Third Marquesses of Londonderry: With Annals of Contemporary Events in which They Bore a Part ...

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W. Blackwood and Sons, 1861
 

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Extreme anxiety and terror in Dresden IZX
10
Remarkable conversation between CathcartinjMiicVir
12
An attack on Dresden is again resolved on
13
Napoleons return towards Dresden 14If16
16
Danger of the Emperor on approaching Dresden 18 Dispositions of Napoleon to defend Dresden
17
Commencement of the storm of Dresden
19
Sir Charles Stewart with the Austrians storms the great redoubt IS 21 Sortie of Napoleons Guards
20
Which is attended by great success
21
Forces on both sides on the next day
22
Disposition of the French troops
28
Great advantages thug gained by Napoleon and discouragement of the Allies
31
Napoleons plan of operations
32
Forces under Vandamme
33
Great importance of the possession of Toplitz
34
Advance to Culm and extreme terror at Toplitz
35
Vandammes first battle at Culm
36
Preparations for the second battle of Culm
37
Measures on both sides immediately before the battle
38
Total defeat of the French
39
Total defeat of Vandamme
40
Desperate conflict in the pass in rear
41
Great moral effect of this victory
42
Wound and honour of Sir Charles Stewart
43
Receipt of the disastrous news by Napoleon
44
Napoleons false charges against Vandamme for disobedience of orders
45
Great error here committed by Napoleon
46
Simultaneous movement of Oudinot on Berlin
47
Battle of Gross Beeren
48
Real cause of this fatal dispersion of forces
49
Advances of Macdonald against Blucher
50
Bluchers simultaneous advance against him
51
Defeat of Macdonald with immense loss
52
Retreat and immense losses of the French
53
Effect of these disasters on Napoleon
54
Causes of Napoleons early success and late disasters
55
Napoleons march to support Macdonald
56
Blucher falls back and Napoleon returns to Dresden
57
Advance of Ney against Bernadotte
58
Battle of Dennewitz
59
Decisive victory of the Allies
60
Alarming position of the French army
61
Renewed movement of Schwartzenberg against Dresden
62
Action at Nollendorf and retreat of the Allies
63
Napoleons conversation with St Cyr on the art of war
64
Halt of Napoleon on the summit of the Geyersberg
65
Reasons of Napoleons retreat to Dresden
66
Fresh combats on the mountains
67
Reasons on both sides for delaying great operations
68
Sharp action on the French left followed by a retreat
69
Great losses of the French in this hill campaign
70
Great successes of the Allied light troops in the French rear
71
Fresh treaties concluded between England Russia and Prussia
72
Napoleon in vain marches against Blucher and returns to Dresden
73
Alarming intelligence from the rear and Lower Elbe
74
Napoleons new plan of operations
75
Forces and situation of the Allies
76
Allied plan of operations against Napoleon
77
Dissatisfaction of the Allies with Bernadotte and consequent mission of Sir Charles Stewart to his headquarters
78
Napoleons plan for the remainder of the campaign
79
First movements of the Allies
90
Advance of the Grand Army into the plains of Lepsic
92
Napoleons plans at this period
93
Napoleons advance against Blucher
94
The opposite armies mutually pass each other
95
Timid conduct of Bernadotte which endangers Blucher
97
Napoleon in consequence leaves St Cyr at Dresden
98
Napoleons own account of his views at this time
99
Discontent in the French army at this project
100
Napoleons interesting conversation with Marshal Marmont 101102
101
The Emperor is obliged to change his plan by advices from Murat
103
Reasons for Napoleons change of plan
104
Severe cavalry action at Borna on the 14th
105
Inactivity of Bernadotte at Kbthen
106
Fall of the kingdom of Westphalia and defection of Bavaria
108
Interesting conversation of Napoleon with his marshals on the evening of the 14th
112
Position of the French and Allies
114
Forces on both sides
116
Description of the town of Leipsic
117
Schwartzenbergs address to his troops
118
Commencement of the battle of Wachau
119
Battle at Wachau in the centre
120
Great advantages gained by the French in the centre
121
The Allies are further worsted in the centre
122
Grand cavalry attack on the centre
123
Which is repulsed with great loss
124
Close of the battle and its results
125
Dispositions for the battle of Mockern
127
Battle there in which the French are worsted
128
French account of this battle
129
Decisive importance of this battle
131
3 Both armies are inactive on the 17th
134
Extreme difficulties of Napoleons situation and negotiation with Meer feldt
138
Which leads to no suspension of hostilities and the battle is postponed till next day
141
The Crown Prince is at length brought forward
142
Napoleon makes no preparations for a retreat on the 17th
144
Napoleons final dispositions for the battle
145
Allied dispositions for the battle
146
Napoleons nocturnal visit to Ney 148 47 Commencement of the battle
149
Success of the Allies on their left at Dolitz
150
Desperate attack on Probstheyda
151
Probstheyda is regained by the French
152
Operations in the north and desertion of the Saxons
153
Action between Ney Marmont Blucher and Bernadotte 154 54 Close of the battle and its results on both sides
156
Napoleon on the evening after the battle
157
Immense embarrassment occasioned by the single line of retreat to the French
159
Last interview of Napoleon and the King of Saxony
160
Preparations for an assault of Leipsic
161
Storming of Leipsic
162
Blowing up of the bridge and surrender of the troops in the town 164 61 Death of Prince Poniatowski and capture of the whole French rearguard an...
165
Entry of the Allied sovereigns and generals into Leipsic
166
Deplorablo state of the French army during the retreat to the Rhine 168 64 New distribution of the Allied armies
172
Disastrous retreat to the Rhine and great losses incurred in course of it
173
Battle of Hanau and retreat of the French across the Rhine 174 67 Napoleons orders to the Grand Park and garrisons in the rear 175 68 Deplorable st...
177
Immense force displayed by Napoleon on this occasion 178 70 Removal of Sir R Wilson to the Austrian army in Italy 179 71 The real reason of this ...
180
Powerful agency of the Stewart family in the deliverance of Europe 182 73 Immense errors of Napoleon in this campaign
184
CHAPTER XII
186
State of affairs in Italy
187
Gloomy aspect of affairs in Spain at the same period
188
Discontent and despair in the interior
189
Cause of this inactivity on the part of the Allies
190
Pacific offers of the Allies from Frankfort by Metternich
192
Proposals intrusted to M de Saint Aignon
193
Similar assurances of pacific intentions from Russia and England and terms proposed
194
Mannheim for the seat of a congress
195
Extreme gloom and depression at Paris
196
Napoleons reasons for continuing the war
197
Dismissal of Maret and other changes in the administration
198
Napoleons warlike measures and vast levies of men
199
Disastrous state of the French finances
200
de Caulaincourt accepts with many exceptions the terms proposed at Frankfort on Dec 2
202
Ruinous condition of the French fortresses
204
Dreadful mortality in the army on the Rhine especially at Mayenco
206
Measures for the defence of Flanders Holland and the northern frontier
207
Treaty of Valengay with Ferdinand VII
208
Treaty of Napoleon with the Pope and of the Allies with Murat
209
State of the Allied forces on the Rhine and in Germany
211
Sir Charles Stewart with Bernadotte in north of Germany
212
Bernadotte concludes a convention with Davoust securing his return to France
213
Which leads to a counterrevolution in Holland
215
Dissatisfaction of Lord Castlereagh at the terms proposed at Frankfort
218
Which are generally acceded to by the Allied Cabinets
220
Forces of the Allies and plan of the campaign
222
Double invasion of France from Switzerland and Coblcntz
224
Immense subsidies granted by Lord Castlereagh on behalf of Great Bri tain to the Allied Powers
225
Napoleons measures to recruit his army and his retreat before the in vaders
226
Meeting of the Legislative Body at Paris and its disaffected feelings
228
Napoleons address to the Legislative Body and references to committees 230 34 Resolution of the Committee on the subject
232
Paragraph proposed by M Laine in the Report
233
Napoleon in great anger prorogues the Assembly
234
His noble speech to the Senators 236 39 Reflections on these speeches of Napoleon
237
Appointment of Lord Castlereagh as minister plenipotentiary with the Allied sovereigns
239
Lord Castlereaghs instructions and powers and his reception at Allied headquarters
241
Napoleon sends M de Caulaincourt to the Allied headquarters as pleni potentiary
245
Embarrassment of M de Metternich and fortunate arrival of Lord Castle reagh
246
Sir Charles Stewarts account of the state of the opposite armies at this period
248
Small amount of Napoleons forces and his desperate situation
249
Napoleons plan of the campaign and noble language
250
Chatillon is fixed on as the place of congress and near approach of the two armies
251
Forces on both sides
253
Battle of La Rothiere and defeat of the French
256
The Emperor Alexanders conversation with Lord Castlereagh
258
Composition of the Congress of Chatillon
259
Disposition of the Allies 24
261
His representations and entire accord with Austria
264
Lord Castlereaghs projects for the separate interests of Great Britain and their admission by the Allies
266
Metternichs secret effort to get Napoleon to negotiate on fair terms
267
Instructions to the British plenipotentiaries and preliminary conferences
268
Napoleon at length gives full powers to Caulaincourt
270
Agreement as to the form of the negotiations
271
Project of the Allies for a basis of pacification
272
de Caulaincourts reply to the Allies
273
Answer of the Allied representatives
278
Caulaincourt endeavours to gain time and to obtain a suspension of hos tilities
279
Separation of the Allied armies of which Napoleon resolves to take advantage
280
Commencement of the battle on the 27th
281
Napoleons project of attacking Blucher in detail
282
March on and victory of Champaubert
284
Napoleons joy and sanguine expectations at this victory
285
Battle of ChateauThierry
287
Battle of Vauchamps
288
Movements of Schwartzenberg towards Paris
290
Division between the Czar and Lord Castlereagh and Prince Metternich as to resuming hostilities
292
Proposals of the Allies on which a suspension of hostilities was to depend
293
Caulaincourts advice to Napoleon regarding these terms
294
Napoleons indignant answer
295
Napoleons secret letter to the Emperor of Austria
296
Napoleon after the victory of Vauchamps turns on Schwartzenberg
297
Combats of Nangis and Villeneuve
299
Advance of Napoleon to Montereau where he is met by the proposal for an armistice from Schwartzenberg
300
Division of the Allies and Lord Castlereaghs efforts to unite them S22 98 Lord Castlereagh urges the Allies to form a new alliance
322
Treaty of Chaumont
323
Secret articles of the treaty
325
Which was a virtual dissolution of the Congress of Chatillon
326
Slow progress of the negotiation and changing instructions to the pleni potentiaries
327
Final terms proposed on Feb 17
328
Caulaincourts answer and counterproject
329
Contreprojet at length presented by Caulaincourt 330 106 Rejected by the Allies
331
Final proposals of Napoleon and rupture of the Congress
332
Metternichs letter to Caulaincourt urging the acceptance of the terms of the Allies
333
Napoleons resolution not to abandon Antwerp and Mantua led to the conferences being broken off
335
Chances in Napoleons favour and great importance of Lord Castle reaghs presence
337
Source of divisions regarding Poland and Alexanders views on it
339
Difficulties in Italy
342
Difficulties about Genoa from Lord William Bentincks proclamation
343
Lord Castlereaghs policy as to the Duke dAngouleme with Wel lington
345
Prince of Oranges imprudent and premature attempt in Flanders 847
348
Seeming justice of Napoleons pleas at the Congress
349
Time has proved that Lord Castlereagh was right in the question
350
CHAPTER XIII
352
Continued retreat of the Allied Grand Army
354
Movements of the Army of Silesia
355
Renewed active operations by the Grand Army Combat of Barsur Aube
357
Important retaking of Soissons
359
Concentration of the Allied army on the road from Soissons to Laon
361
Page 9 Advance of Napoleon in pursuit and Blucher takes post at Craonne
363
Napoleons forces and reasons for hazarding an attack
364
Napoleon is repulsed at Soissons but takes BcrryauBac and crosses the Aisne
367
Battle of Craonne
368
Winzingerodes detour obliges Blucher to retreat
369
Retreat of the Russians and results of the battle
370
Material results of the battle
371
Its moral results 872
373
Plan and movements of Napoleon
375
Preparations for a nocturnal attack on Marmont
377
Napoleon continues the attack on the 10th
378
Desperate position of Napoleons affairs
380
Secret history of the inactivity of Blucher after the battle
381
Beneficial effect of the battle of Laon on the Allied army 3S3 28 Napoleons plans at this time
383
Gloomy state of general feeling in Paris
384
Napoleon moves against Schwartzenberg
386
Consternation in the Grand Army at his approach
387
Napoleons movements and those of the Allies
388
Battle of ArcissurAube
389
The French are repulsed
390
534
391
The French retire on the second day
392
Napoleons designs after the battle
393
Napoleons march to St Dizier
394
Important interrupted despatches of Napoleon
395
Sir Charles Stewart and Volkonsky advise to march with both armies to Paris
396
Considerations urged on the other side
397
Volkonskys opinions on an advance to Paris
399
Defeat of Winzingerode in following Napoleon
401
First combat of FereChampenoise 402 44 Second combat at FereChampenoise
403
Results of these combats and advance of the Allies to Paris
405
Advance of the Allied armies to Paris
407
Extreme consternation in Paris
409
It is determined that the Empress and King of Rome should go beyond the Loire
411
Departure of the Empress and King of Rome for the Loire 412 50 Treacherous conduct of Talleyrand
413
Forces of the French for the defence of Paris
414
Forces of the Allies and their plan of attack
415
Battle of Paris
417
Results of the battle
418
Entry of the Allies into Paris
420
Sincerity of the feelings of the Parisians on this occasion
421
Meeting at M Talleyrands
423
Imprudent declaration of the Prince Regent to the Russian ambassador in favour of the Bourbons 313
424
Dethronement of Napoleon by the Senate and appointment of a pro visional government
425
Alexanders noble speech to the Senate
427
Dethronement of the Emperor
428
Napoleons movements and return towards Paris
430
Napoleon returns to the neighbourhood of Paris
432
Dialogue between Napoleon and General Belliard
433
Napoleons conversation with Caulaincourt whom he sends to Paris to negotiate and gain time
434
Who goes on to Paris and Napoleon retires to Fontainebleau
435
Failure of his mission
437
His conference with Prince Schwartzenberg 437 69 Which was mainly owing to Lord Castlereagh being at the Austrian headquarters
439
Napoleons rejection of the proposals
441
Napoleons plans for resuming hostilities
442
Increasing irritation of the Russian and Prussian officers against the Austrians 314
443
Napoleon is still resolved to continue the war 443 74 Discouragement and division of the army
444
Reasons which determined Marshal Marmont to join the Allies
445
Marmonts conference with Alexander and defection of his corps in his absence
446
Interview of the Marshals with Napoleon at Fontainebleau
448
Continuation of the discussion
449
Napoleon feigns to consent to abdicate in favour of his son
450
Interview of the plenipotentiaries with the Emperor Alexander
453
Marshal Neys answer
455
Their interview with Napoleon at Fountainebleau
456
Napoleon agrees to resign the crown
458
Sir Charles Stewarts important letter with regard to giving Elba as a residence to Napoleon
460
Negotiations with Murat and the Austrians in Italy
461
Difficulties in the Low Countries
464
Lord Castlereaghs views of the faults of the new constitution in France
465
Difficulties with regard to Norway
466
French prisoners of war in Great Britain at this period
468
Difficulty about the fleet at Antwerp
469
Untoward aspect of affairs in Italy in the end of April
471
Universal defection at Fontainebleau and Blois from the Emperor and Empress
473
Adieu of Fontainebleau
475
Treaty of April 111814
477
Arrival of Wellington at Paris and his reception there as Ambassador 477 99 Difficulties of the negotiation for peace so far as France and the other P...
479
Convention on April 23 for evacuation of all the French conquests
480
Definitive treaty
482
The secret treaty
483
Honours bestowed on Lord Castlereagh and discussion in Parliament on the Peace
485
Mr Cannings filoge of the Peace
486
General errors as to the fall of Napoleon
488
Napoleon had good reasons for his latter conduct though it ruined bim 489 108 Great effects of Lord Castlereagh and Sir Charles Stewarts courage
490
Cooperation of Alexander Wellington and Castlereagh in Napoleons overthrow
491
Which of the three was the greatest?
492
CHAPTER XIV
494
First thoughts of men after disaster is to guard against its recurrence 194
495
His views in regard to Norway and Sweden
500
And Italy 510
502
It is assembled
503
Points on which they were all agreed and on which they differed
504
The Emperor of Russia on Poland
505
Views of Prussia
507
Views of Austria
509
And of France 610
512
Universal passion in Great Britain for the abolition of the slave trade everywhere
515
Difficulties thrown in the way by the French
517
Preliminary question which occupied the Congress
519
Separation of the Congress into committees
520
Formation of the German Constitution
522
Concord of Russia and Prussia as to Poland and Saxony
524
Which is brought to light and extremely irritates France
525
Indignation of Alexander at this 626
527
Lord Castlereagh and Metternich come to an understanding
529
Measures of Talleyrand in consequence to propitiate Russia
535
Russia occupies Poland and gives Saxony to Prussia
536
Warlike preparations of Russia 537 34 Change in the policy of England regarding Saxony
538
Warlike measures of France and Bavaria
539
The Emperor of Russia in some degree modifies his views on Poland and Saxony
540
Stormy interview of Alexander and Talleyrand
541
And with M de Metternich
543
Progress of the two Emperors in Hungary and formal opening of the Congress
544
Lord Castlereagh succeeds in shaking the Prussian Cabinet
545
Effect it produced on the King of Prussia
546
Interview of the Czar with the King of Prussia
547
Fresh and secure union of Russia and Prussia
549
Decided note of Austria
551
Warlike preparations of Austria France and Bavaria
552
The Czar begins to yield
553
Secret treaty between England France and Austria
554
Origin of the contest with America at this time
556
Balanced success during the war with America 557 51 Lord Castlereaghs instructions to the British commissioners at Ghent
558
Progress of the negotiations
561
Concessions of Russia in regard to the Polish question at Vienna 564 54 Lord Castlereaghs efforts to preserve the nationality and a constitution for Po...
566
Difficulty as to who were to be members of the Committee
567
Difficulties in forming a barrier in the Low Countries
569
It is ultimately agreed to give Luxemburg to the King of the Nether lands
571
Affairs of Italy
573
Reasons for annexation of Genoa to Piedmont 674
575
Affairs of Naples
577
Bad faith on both sides with regard to Napoleon and Murat
579
Affairs of Switzerland
581
Difficulties experienced by Lord Castlereagh in his efforts to procure the abolition of the slave trade
582
Lord Castlereaghs conference with Talleyrand on the subject
583
Resolution of the Congress on the subject
585
Lord Castlereagh leaves the Congress of Vienna and returns to England to meet Parliament
587
Arrival of Wellington at Vienna
588
Murats abrupt decision which causes a declaration of war against him
589
Steps of the Allies against him
590
Page 74 Abortive negotiation for a marriage between the Houses of Russia and France
591
Resolution of the Parma question
593
His return to London through Paris
594
Return of Napoleon from Elba
595
Effect it produced on the Congress
596
Effect of Napoleons return in concluding the Saxon question
598
Great preparations of the Allies for war with France
599
Their determination not to treat with Napoleon or any of his family 602 82 Lord Castlereaghs speech against Napoleon
604
Great preparations of Great Britain for the war with Napoleon 605 84 Lord Castlereaghs reception in the House of Commons and his defence of the ...
607
Battle of Waterloo and its effects on the Allied sovereigns
608
Final treaty of Vienna
620
Review of the Russians in the plain of Vertus
622
Memoir from foreign artists in Rome to Lord Castlereagh
623
Removal of Napoleon to St Helena
625
Negotiations for a final peace
626
Enormous demands of the Allied Powers
627
Lord Castlereaghs observations to Alexander
631
Retrospect of Lord Castlereaghs foreign policy
633
Proof which the Revolutionary annals afforded of the dangers to England from democracy
634
Confirmation of the same principles from subsequent experience 635 98 Reason of the territorial arrangements of the Congress of Vienna 636 99 Ad...
636
Reasons why revolutionary Powers ever incline to France
638
Inconsistency of the foreign and domestic policy of this country in regard to revolutions
640
Light which these views throw on Lord Castlereagh and Sir Charles Stewarts memory
641

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Sivu 561 - Lawrence from those which fall into the Atlantic Ocean to the northwesternmost head of Connecticut River; thence down along the middle of that river to the forty-fifth degree of north latitude...
Sivu 449 - The allied powers having proclaimed that the Emperor Napoleon is the sole obstacle to the re-establishment of peace in Europe, the Emperor Napoleon, faithful to his oath, declares that he is ready to descend from the throne, to quit France...
Sivu 260 - His Royal Highness the Prince Regent, acting in the name and on the behalf of His Majesty, has...
Sivu 557 - ... limits shall take place; you will also throw out the importance of the two States entering into arrangements, which may hereafter place their mutual relations with each other as well as with the several Indian nations, upon a footing of less jealousy and irritation. This may be best effected by a mutual guarantee of the Indian possessions, as they shall be established upon the peace against encroachment on the part of either State.
Sivu 561 - Whereas neither that point of the highlands lying due north from the source of the river St. Croix, and designated in the former treaty of peace between the two Powers as the northwest angle of Nova Scotia, nor the northwesternmost head of Connecticut River, has yet been ascertained...
Sivu 409 - I have given, and with the spirit of all my letters, you are in no event to permit the empress and the King of Rome to fall into the hands of the enemy. I am about to manoeuvre in such a manner that you may possibly be several days without hearing from me.
Sivu 169 - In the event of the whole of the enemy's forces being carried against either of the armies, they were reciprocally to support each other, and concert further movements ; that part of the enemy's force which for some time had been opposed to the prince royal of Sweden and general...
Sivu 478 - It is impossible not to perceive a great moral change coming on, in Europe, and that the principles of freedom are in full operation. The danger is, that the transition may be too sudden to ripen into anything likely to make the world better or happier. We have new constitutions launched in France, Spain, Holland, and Sicily. Let us see the result before we encourage further attempts.
Sivu 317 - The moment he understood that militarily speaking, the proposed plan was indispensable to success, he took his line. He stated that, in that case, the plan must be adopted, and the necessary orders immediately given ; that England had a right to expect that her allies would not be deterred from a decisive course by any such difficulties as had been urged ; and he boldly took upon himself the responsibility of any consequences as regarded the Crown Prince of Sweden.
Sivu 561 - Senate thereof; and the said two Commissioners so appointed shall be sworn impartially to examine and decide upon the said claims according to such evidence as shall be laid before them on the part of His Britannic Majesty and of the United States respectively.

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