Historical Dictionary of The Gambia
The Gambia achieved its independence from Great Britain on February 18, 1965 and became mainland Africa's smallest state. Despite its small size and population, it was able to establish itself as a functioning parliamentary democracy for nearly 30 years, avoiding the common fate of other African countries, which soon fell under authoritarian single-party rule or experienced military coups. In addition, its political stability and modest economic success enabled it to avoid remaining under British domination or being absorbed by its larger French-speaking neighbor, Senegal, as anticipated by many at the country's birth. It was also able to defeat an attempted coup d'Ztat in July 1981. However, just as other African states were returning to democratic government, Gambian democracy finally succumbed to a military coup on July 22, 1994. Since then, the restoration of democracy has remained incomplete and disputed, as does the military successor government's attempts to meet the country's economic and social needs. The fourth edition of the Historical Dictionary of The Gambia_through its chronology, introductory essay, appendixes, map, bibliography, and hundreds of cross-referenced dictionary entries on important persons, places, events, institutions, and significant political, economic, social, and cultural aspects_provides an important reference on this burgeoning African country.
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Acronyms and Abbreviations
Chief Executives 18292008
Gambian ParliamentaryElection Results 19602007
Gambian Presidential Election Results19722006
Results of Referenda
Gambian Population Statistics
Gambian Population Ethnic Distribution
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administration Alliance for Patriotic appointed APRC April Baddibu Banjul Bathurst became Bojang Born brieﬂy candidate Central Baddibu cession chief colonial coup Darboe Dawda J awara Dawda Jawara December defeated Development Dibba economic educated established February ﬁrst ﬁve Fodi forces Forster French Fula Fuladu Gambia National Gambia River Gambian government Garba-Jahumpa governor groundnut independence Jallow January Jawara July Kabba Kombo later leader Legislative Council Liberated African lieutenant London MacCarthy Island Mandinka Marabout March ment minister Molloh Muslim N’Jie NADD North Bank North Bank Division November October Ofﬁce ofprint organization parliamentary Patriotic Re-orientation PDOIS People’s Progressive Party percent population presidential election Progressive Party PPP Protectorate Re-orientation and Construction River Division Saho Sallah Saloum School seats secretary Senegal Senegalese Senegambia Sierra Leone Soninke territory tion trade union United Party Upper River Division vote West Africa Wolof Yahya Jammeh Yundum