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“ Man made in the Image of God.”
105 in his hand, and dominion was dele- now, as that image is marred and gated to him over the universal defaced, passion is up and principle world.
is down. The reign of sin is the
reign of passion. Innocence now II.—The image of God as defaced gives way to guilt, serenity to sad
ness, joy to sorrow.
How great is Religion is restoration. In the the loss ! How dreadful this fall! New Testament there are many pas- “How is the gold become dim! sages which speak of the restoration How is the fine gold changed! The of the image of God to man. These precious sons of Zion, comparable to passages imply that that image has fine gold, how are they esteemed as been lost.
earthern pitchers, the work of the The image of God stamped on our hand of the potter. The crown is first parents was not of long con- fallen from our head; woe unto us tinuance. How long we cannot say. that we have sinned.” The constitution of the human mind involved the possession of a free
111.--The image of God restored will. Man was not made to be
to man. moved like a machine. He was not But all is not lost. Divine mercy a mere creature of instinct. Man interposes.
interposes. A precious promise had the power to reason, compare,
breaks forth from the lips of everchoose. Had he been devoid of these lasting love. The seed of the woman attributes he had not been man. shall bruise the head of the serpent.
Probably soon after his creation Mercy at once commences to lay her his character was tested by tempta- plan of wonderful interpositions. tion. The subtle influences of evil Prophets, priests, and kings wait on were brought to bear on his moral her train and do her bidding. In and spiritual nature. He became the fulness of time God's purposes entangled in the network of the ripen, and His Son appears. The tempter's guile. He yielded to the
lustre of heaven gathers about His suggestions of the wicked one.
advent. Angels sing a carol at His fell from the pedestal of his great- birth. He has brought what man In his fall he lost the image
has lost. “He is the image of the of God which had been impressed on invisible God, the first-born of every him at the creation. The exquisite creature.” “ He is the brightness harmony and perfect balance of his of the Father's glory, and the exfaculties was disturbed. His spiritual press image of His person.” He is nature no longer yielded a cheerful the outward and visible representaresponse to the claims of God and tive of the Invisible and Eternal the law of duty. Morally" he had Mind. He is come to reveal God. fallen out of the upright. When “ No man hath seen God at any the pillar in the temple has fallen time; the only-begotten Son, which out of the upright it has lost its is in the bosom of the Father, He power of supporting the weight of hath declared Him.” “ He who hath the building. So with man. When
me hath seen the Father." his moral nature, which is the prin- Come, let us gaze on the God-man. cipal pillar in the temple of the soul, The perfect harmony and balance of had lost its upright attitude, then faculty is again restored in the perhe was no longer able to support the son of Christ. He is holy, harmweight of responsibility and moral less, undefiled, separate from sinobligation which rested on him. As ners, and made higher than the he reflected the image of God, prin- heavens. In Him is no sin. The ciple was up and passion was down; shocks of temptation dash against
Him in vain. He is the second of His grace. The saints of God are Man, the Lord from heaven. In conscious of His presence, and of the Him the spiritual is supreme. He moulding influence of His love. is the root of a new race—the head “ But we all with open face, beof a new creation—the brother of a holding as in a glass the glory of the new fraternity—the king of a new Lord, are changed into the same nation. He has taken hold of a image from glory to glory as by the fallen world, and has determined to Spirit of the Lord.” save it from sinking into hell.
This glorious work of restoring It is through the incarnation, the image of God to the soul of sacrifice, and intercession of Christ fallen man will be carried to that the lost image of God is to be triumphant consummation. Ombrought back again to man. “In nipotence is engaged in it. Infinite Him are hid all the treasures of wisdom is engaged in it. All the rewisdom and knowledge. In Him sources of the Godhead are employed dwelleth all the fulness of the God- in this blessed and glorious work. head bodily.” He has taken humanity “ The first man is of the earth, into association with the Godhead. earthy: the second man is the Lord Christ is destined to gain complete from heaven. As is the earthy, such ascendancy over the human race. are they also that are earthy: and His kingdom shall be a universal as is the heavenly, such are they also and everlasting kingdom.
that are heavenly. And as we have It is in loving union with Christ, borne the image of the earthy, we who is the image of the invisible sball also bear the image of the God, that the lost image is again heavenly." stamped on our nature.
This is the great work in which Christianity is a putting off and the triune God—the Father, Son, a putting on. 6 Lie not one to and Holy Ghost, are engaged. In another, seeing that ye have put off this work angels take a lively inthe old man with his deeds, and terest. For this dignified and noble have put on the new man, which is employment ministers, Sunday school renewed in knowledge after the teachers, missionaries, tract disimage of Him that created Him.” tributors, evangelists, and all be
And again, “ If so be that ye have lievers engaged in any way, are heard Him, and have been taught permitted to take their humble part. by Him, as the truth is in Jesus : The work shall be done, for Omnipothat ye put off concerning the for- tence has decreed it. May the glomer conversation the old man which rious purposes of divine grace inis corrupt according to the deceitful spire our hearts and enlist lusts; and be renewed in the Spirit energies. To catch but a feeble of your and that ye put on
glimpse of God's great scheme of the new man, which after God is love thrills the heart with unuttercreated in righteousness and true
· Behold, what manner holiness." The restoration of this of love the Father hath bestowed image is the great aim and end of the
upon us, that we should be called eternal purposes of God in Christ. the sons of God: therefore the “For whom He did foreknow, He world knoweth us not, because it also did predestinate to be conformed knew Him not. Beloved, now are to the image of His Son, that he we the sons of God, and it doth not might be the first-born among many yet appear what we shall be: but brethren." And so sure as God has we know that, when He shall appear, purposed it, so surely will His Spirit we shall be like Him, for we shall carry forward the eternal purposes see Him as He is.”
A STORY OF LONG AGO.
The long time ago of which I mean to tell was a wild night in March, during which, in a fisherman's but ashore, sat a young girl at her spinning wheel, and looked out at the dark clouds, and listened, trembling, to the wind and
The morning light dawned at last. One boat that should have been riding on the troubled waters was missing-her father's boat! and a half mile from her father's cottage his body was washed up on the shore.
This happened fifty years ago, and fifty years is a long time in the life of a human being; fifty years is a long time to go on in such a course as the woman did of whom I am speaking. She watched the body of her father, as was the custom of her people, till he was laid in the grave. Then she lay down on her bed and slept, and by night got up and set a candle in her casement, as a beacon to the fishermen and a guide. She sat by the candle all night, and trimmed it and spun; then when day dawned she went to bed and slept in the sunshine. So many hanks as she spun before, she spun still, and one over, to buy her nightly candle; and from that time to this, for fifty years, through youth, maturity, and old age, she has turned night into day, and in the snow-storms of winter, through driving mists, deceptive moonlight, and solemn darkness, that northern harbour has never once been without the light of her candle.
How many lives she has saved by this candle, or how many a meal she bas won by it for the starving families of the boatmen, it is impossible to say ; how many a dark night the fishermen, depending on it, went fearlessly forth, cannot now be told. There it stood, regular as a lighthouse, steady as constant care could make it.
Always brighter when daylight waned, they had only to keep it constantly in view, and they were safe; there was but one thing that could intercept it, and that was the rock. However far they might have stretched out to sea, they had only to bear down for that lighted window, and they were sure of a straight and safe entrance into the harbour.
Fifty years of life and labour-fifty years of sleeping in the sunshine-fifty years of watching and self-denial, and
all to feed the flame and trim the wick of that one candle ! But if we look upon the recorded lives of great men and just men and wise men, few of them can show fifty years of wortbier, certainly not of more successful labour. Little, indeed, of the “midnight oil" consumed during the last half century so worthily deserved the trimming. Happy woman-and but for the dreaded rock her great charity might never have been called into exercise.
But what do the boatmen and the boatmen's wives think of this ? Do they pay the woman? No, they are very poor ; but poor or rich, they know better than that. Do they thank her? No. Perhaps they feel that thanks of theirs would be inadequate to express their obligations; or perhaps, long years have made the lighted casement so familiar that they look upon it as a matter of course. Sometimes the fishermen lay fish upon the threshold, and set a child to watch it for her until she wakes; sometimes their wives steal into her cottage, now she is getting old, and spin a hank or two for her while she sleeps ; and they teach their children to pass her hut quietly, and not to sing and shout before her door, lest they should disturb her. That is all. Their thanks are not looked for, scarcely supposed to be due. Their grateful deeds are more than she expects, and as much as she desires.
How often in the far distance of my English home I have awoke in a wild winter night, and while the wind and storms were rising, bave thought of that northern bay with the waves dashing against the rocks, and have pictured to myself the casement and the candle nursed by that aged, bending figure. How delighted to know that through her untiring charity the rock had long lost more than half its terrors, and to consider that, curse though it may be to all besides, it has most surely proved a blessing to her.
You, too, may perhaps think with advantage on the character of this woman, and contrast it with the mission of the rock.
There are many degrees between them. Few, like the rock, stand up wholly to work ruin and destruction ; few, like the woman, “let their light shine" so brightly for good.
But to one of the many degrees be- a rock elsewhere as perilous as the one tween them we must all certainly be- I have told you of-perhaps there are long-we lean toward the woman or many such women; but for this one, the rock. On such characters you do whose story is before you, pray that well to speculate with me, for you have her candle may burn a little longer, not been cheated into ideal shipwreck since this record of her charity is true. or imaginary kindness. There is many
A WORD TO YOUNG MEN ON STATE-CHURCHES. STATE Establishments of religion are “ troublous tinies," who threw theman impiety, an impolicy, an absurdity, selves trustfully upon it. And it never an injustice, and therefore a huge mis- will, it never can; for it only leaves take. They usurp God's prerogative, our Divine Christianity to open her invade the rights of conscience, set own infinite fountains, wield her own class against class, endanger States, heavenly influences, and carry them, impede truth, stereotype error, freeze free as the winds and the common sunthe springs of Christian beneficence, shine, to the ends of the earth. Its and, like the fabled tunic on Hercules, symbol is not kings and armies, but a envenom what they pretend to bless winged angel in mid-heaven, bearing and protect. Within its pale may be the everlasting Gospel to all peoples as much religious life and zeal as you and tongues. It has resources enough choose to claim; but they are there not for this. Talk of the powers latent in by reason of, but in spite of, the State science ! Think of the power that Establishment.
slumbers latent in the Christian Church. Voluntaryism, on the other hand, is What electricity and steam have done express Christian law: Even so hath in this age, since they were called forth the Lord ordained.” It is Scriptural from their latencies in nature, would throughout: it rests on the Old T'esta- faintly illustrate the world-heaving ment as well as on the New; whereas forces that lie latent in all our churches. the State-method is ught by neither, In primitive times, “the godly examand is condemned by both. It is ples,” says Merivale, of Christians, and rational, for it is in harmony with the especially of Christian martyrs, caused laws of mind, and with the laws of " thousands, nay millions, of convertruth. It is right, for who is the ruler sions." Let modern Christianity only that may step in between any soul and look with eagle vision into the face of its God when he cannot answer for that the Sun of Righteousness, and pray soul, or "give to God a ransom for him;" for the Divine Spirit, and plume her but, poor sceptred sinner that he is, heavenly wings, and the same effects must, equally with the meanest, “stand would follow still. Determine, my in his own lot at the end of the days." dear young friends, to do your part. It is peace-promoting, for it invades no Be loyal to noble Nonconformity, not right, causes no friction, creates no for its own sake, but for the Truth's jealousies, takes up no political shib- sake that is in it. Leave it to weakboleth, and gives the freedom it clairns lings to blush for the respectability of and takes; " against such there is,” or a cause glorified by the rames of ought to be," no law.” It is ennobling, Cromwell and Milton, and consecrated for it concedes to the poorest a domain with the blood of martyrs. Let these of inviolable sacredness which even young Demases go; they will not kings must respect; it brings down much enrich the Establishment, or imthe high and exalts the low; and it poverish Dissent. As true Voluntaries, not only leaves to free play, but sum- be you all life and action. Consecrate mons to responsible action, the deepest to it your entire individualism. “Live and loftiest principles of our nature. while you live; and live throughout In a word, it is effective. Witness the breadth and depth, as well as length this, primeval victories of the Christian of your life. “ He most lives who faith! Witness this, voluntary reli- thinks most, feels the noblest, acts the gion, in our own and other lands! It best.”—Rev. J. Guthrie. never betrayed any even in the most
APOLOGETIC LECTURES ON THE SAVING
TRUTIS OF CHRISTIANITY. By C. E.
Clark. 1868. THESE lectures were delivered in Leipsic about two years ago, and have gone through two German editions, from the second of which they have been translated into English, and are now published by Messrs. Clark in a neat volume of three hundred and seventy pages. The subjects of the ten lectures are, the Nature of Christianity-Sin-Grace—the God-Manthe Work of Christ-the Conclusion of the Work of Redemption, the Trinitythe Church-the Holy Scriptures—the Church's Means of Grace - and the Last Things. To these lectures notes are appended, which fill another hundred pages. The volume is the same in size and price as a previous one by the author on the Fundamental Truths of Christianity. Not having seen that volume, we could judge of its character only from the testimony of other Reviewers, who often mislead those who rely upon them. But now, having made personal acquaintance with Dr. Luthardt, we believe the highest encomiums passed on the work are fully deserved. The Saving Truths of Christianity are here set forth in what we think to be a Scriptural form, and they are discussed and illustrated and defended with a candour, a clearness, and a force which prove the author to be one of the wisest, soundest, and most devout of modern theologians. Both in the matter and in the method of presentation the volume is admirable, and we should be glad to show its great excellence by giving numerous quotations from it.
In speaking of the person of Christ, in whom we have the supreme manifestation of God's grace, Dr. Luthardt notices the fact that ever since the First Advent the question, Who is Jesus Christ ? has been unceasingly agitated; and he observes that when Christianity would express in the
ighest and most honourable terms what she knows of Christ, she calls Him the God-Man. But is He really
such ? The Christ of history, it is declared, does not correspond with the Christ of doctrine. The church teaches another Christ than what He really was; that He was not the God-Man, and therefore must not be thus thought of. Let us now hear the statement of our author.
“ The doctrine of the God-Man combines two sides into a unity—the human and the divine. We will consider both : and first the manner in which Scripture presents them to our notice. Nothing is more certain than that Jesus was man in the full sense of the word. It is a com. plete and perfect human life which the Gospels portray. Not externally only, but in His heart of hearts, did Jesus lead a human life. He experienced all the emo. tions by which we are moved. Sorrow and joy, love and anger, zeal and fear, moved His soul as they do ours. no celestial appearance hovering about the earth. He was a corporeal man who lived a human life on earth among men ; who was angry with one, loved others, and called some His friends. The misconception of His countrymen pained Him; the enmity He encountered was a deep grief; the love and fidelity He met with were a comfort and refreshment to Him ; to pour out His burdened heart in prayer to His Father, or to know in His hours of sorrow that brother-men were near Him, was a need felt by Him as it is by us. The world of sensations which depress or raise our spirits acted in their full variety on His also. And even the darkest and hardest thing in our life-the conflict with sin-did not leave Him untouched. He had to encounter temptations—temptations to abandon His work, to avoid His sufferings. These did not approach His outer life alone; they drew near to the depths of His soul. It was within that He had to defend Himself against their attacks, and to oppose them, that sin might not draw Him within its sphere. This is the point where the paths of His and our life diverge. For if anything is certain, it is this--that Jesus allowed sin no entrance into His inner life, &c., &c.
-pp. 91, 92.
After expanding this truth as it is attested by the evangelists in their portrait of His life, the Doctor observes that the sinlessness of Christ being established, the other tenets of church doctrine concerning His person are but