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PSALMS. By Albert Barnes.
three vols. London: Printed and
Published by E. Knight, 90, Bar-

tholomew Close. For nearly forty years Albert Barnes has followed the calling of a Biblical commentator, and his Notes are probably more widely known than any other writings of their class. It is supposed that half a million of his volumes on the New Testament have been circulated in Ainerica, and that a still larger number have been sold in England, Scotland, and Ireland. They have been translated into the Welsh and French languages-into some of the dialects of India—and also into the tongue spoken by the millions of China.

This work on the Psalms has been in progress for the period of twelve years, interrupted at intervals, and sometimes quite suspended for a year together, by the condition of the author's eyes. The whole has been written in the early hours of morning, that is, before nine o'clock—a fact which may well arouse and shame those students and ministers whose only acts up to that date in the day have been the

folding of the bands to sleep," or the feeding of the newly awakened physical forin!

To this first volume is prefixed a very full Introduction, treating upon the general title of the sacred book, and the special titles of particular psalms; upon their writers and their arrangement; upon the character and practical value of the Psalter, and upon the qualifications for preparing a commentary on it. The Introduction also deals largely with the class of Psalms usually called imprecatory, and very patiently and judiciously points out the ways in which it is probable that all the difficulties with regard to them may be met. It closes with a natural allusion to the failure of a host of preceding expositors to produce a worthy commentary on the book, and admits the probability that his own long labour

upon it may add another to the list of unsuccessful efforts.

The hard toil of the author has been expended on the Notes and Analyses, and the fruits of this severe application are not to be estimated by a hasty and superficial inspector of them. So far

as we have been able to examine them we have found them to be scholarly without any parade of learningminute, without being wearisome copious, without tautology, and thoroughly devont.

If they are never very racy, they contain nothing rash. Truthful in his interpretations, sound in his conclusions, and serious in his style, this veteran cominentator may be consulted with profit by the studious, and followed with safety by all.

No human guide, however intelligent and spiritual, is infallible; and where there is so much scope for difference of judgment, the most clearsighted critics may slightly disagree. The work of Scripture interpretation is in danger of being overdone. Too much comment encumbers the text, and confuses the mind which endeavours to understand it. We are not quite satisfied with Mr. Barnes's treatment of the opening verse of the first Psalm. He has adopted the idea first started by Bishop Jebb, and favoured by numbers since his work on Hebrew Poetry appeared, that we have in David's description of the blessed man an instance of graditional parallelism; where the walking, the standing, and the sitting mark different degrees of guilty conduct.

It is undoubtedly true that sin has an augmenting force in it, and that evil habits proceed from bad to worse, until the worst comes to a climax. But that “walking in the counsel of the ungodly” is a less criminal thing than "standing in the way of sinners," or "sitting in the seat of the scornful,” is probably more a supposition of the fancy than a real matter of fact. Many passages, even in the Psalms themselves, such as the first and third verses of Psalm cxix., may be referred to as proofs that

walking" is as expressive of settled habit and invariable custom as either of those other tropical representations of moral conduct. If, however, Mr. Barnes has, in his remarks on this socalled graditional parallel, been led captive by the ingenious devices of rhetorical interpreters, instead of being guided by the demonstrations of the more logical critics, his error is quite harmless, and is countenanced by many great and good men. We heartily congratulate him on having finished a work of so much merit as this exposition of the Psalms.

AIDS TO THE SPIRITUAL LIFE. By such husks and crudities are plentifully

the Rev. John Bate. London: stored may be acceptable to those Simpkin, Marshall, & Co.; and E. whose digestive powers are strong; Stock.

but more refined feeders will seek This is a sort of religious day-book, something superior in quality for the and is of a kind which has found sustentation of their spiritual life. favour with pious readers since the time when Bogatzky's Golden Treasury became popular. Whether it is equal CONVERSATIONS ON CHURCH ESTABor inferior to the large number of its

LISHMENTS. By the Rev. J. Guthrie, predecessors we confess our inability M.A. Second Edition.

London: to determine. In the pages we have

Arthur Miall, Bouverie Street. read we find nothing to startle or astonish; everything appearing quite

WE gave a cordial welcome to this

work in its first edition twelve months orthodox and very ordinary. As Mr. Bate is a preacher, we can scarcely err

ago, and we are glad to learn that in in presuming that on each daily page

six months after its appearance two we have the outline of a sermon; for

thousand copies were disposed of. The though texts are not given, topics

writer has since carefully revised the are placed as headings to the succes

whole argument, and considerably ensive portions. These daily portions larged certain portions of the book, agree in quantity, but they differ in bringing down the information, where quality. Some of them seem to con

it was possible, to the present time. sist of good and nutritious meat, but

A cheaper, better, more seasonable and others be may compared to stale and

serviceable volume can scarcely be

obtained for the half crown which it insipid tripe, or to very thin broth. Certain pages up and down the book

costs. No young man amongst us depart from the strict purpose of sup

should omit the reading of it at this plying aids to spiritual life, and offer

most critical time of our history. what pertains to the outer form. And here we discover what we least like in the work. Oue exercise is on the text,

WHAT IS THE TALMUD? A Reply to “Put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ.' the Article in the Quarterly Review. And we are told that He is " a Divine By the Rev. Dr. Schwartz, Editor of clothing-of God's providing, God's

“The Scattered Nation." London : approval, and God's recommendation;"

Elliot Stock. which smacks of the language of a WHILE the Article on the Talmud tradesman in the ready-made line. which appeared last year in the old But in leaving the phraseology of the Quarterly has awakened attention and shop, our author falls on mere jargon admiration sufficient to create a sale of in saying of Christ, “ He is a Justifying no less than seven editions of the numclothing. He is a Sanctifying clothing. ber in which it is given, some better He is a Beautiful clothing. An incor- informed readers, and especially Heruptible and entire clothing." Nor is brew Christian readers like Dr. S., either the mapper or matter mended have been much pained by it. The when he proceeds to tell us that “Faith Editor of the monthly organ of these is the hand which puts on the Lord worthy brethren has been moved to Jesus Christ in each one of His excel- deliver and print a lecture, in order to lencies. It takes His love, and puts it show the real character of the Talınud, on our enmity. It takes His righteous- and to protest against the partial néss, obedience, and patience, and puts representation of it by the clever Jew thein on our iniquities, disobedience, wbo has brought it into such public and impatience.” The jumble grows notice. The Jewish Chronicle, which worse in the end, where we are directed is anti-Christian, exults over the article to put on, not Christ's excellences, but as dealing a deadly blow against a Himself again; and that not wholly, book called the New Testament." but in parts" As the Lord, to govern Such exultation may well put all

As Jesus, to save us. As Christ, Christians on their guard against acto teach us, to atone for us, to pray for cepting the conclusion which the us, and to rule us”! A work in which Reviewer labours to establish, namely, that the ethics of the Talmud and of The smaller publications of the past the New Testament are in their broad month have merits sufficient to retain outlines identical. We may inform the good will of their supporters, our readers who do not know the fact without much that calls for any special that the Talmud is the Bible of modern commendation.


The weekly penny Judaism-as the Old Testament was paper entitled The Independent, now the inspired authority of ancient Ju- published by Messrs. Marlborough & daism. And while the Talmud, con- Co., has greatly improved. Its paper, sisting of the Mishna and the Gemarah, type, and contents are all excellent; contains much beautiful sentiment and and if its intelligence were a little more sound morality, it is also the repertory general, so as to embrace Baptist proof the strangest rubbish which He- ceedings, we should value it more brew eyes ever peered amongst, or highly still.—The Christian Times is Jewish fingers ever sisted. This short brim. full of facts obtained from innulecture by Dr. Schwartz shows how merable sources, and arranged with much closer is the connection between admirable skill. One of the late numits Rabbinism and rank Romanism, bers contains a good likeness of Mr. than between its ethics and those of Aldis, of Reading, and a well-written Christianity. But the controversy estimate of his rare ability and great which Dr. S. has raised cannot be fully moral worth. The Christian Times is detailed in this place. Ere long we superior to most of the penny papers hope to offer a separate article on the in its getting up, and it deserves a Talmud itself, to enable our readers larger share of the patronage which to judge for themselves of its true has been fairly earned by its ubiquitous character.

contemporary, the Christian World.


THE WORLD, OR THE WORLD'S SAVIOUR ? UNVEIL, O Lord, and on us shine,

Its noblest toils are then the scourge In glory and in grace ;

Which made Thy blood to flow; This gaudy world grows pale before

Its.joys are but the torturing thorns The beauty of Thy face.

Which circled round Thy brow. Till Thou art seen it seems to be

And thus, when we renounce for Thee A sort of fairy ground,

Its restless aims and fears, Where suns unsetting light the sky,

The tender memories of the past, And flowers and fruits abound.

The hopes of coming years ; But when Thy pure and piercing beam Poor is our sacrifice, whose eyes Is poured upon our sight,

Are lighted from above; loses all its power to charm,

We offer what we cannot keepAnd what was day is night.

What we have ceased to love.

Dr. Newman.


LORD, I was blind, I could not see

In Thy marred visage any grace ;

But now the beauty of Thy face In radiant vision dawns on me. Lord, I was deaf, I could not hear

The thrilling music of Thy voice;

But now I hear Thee and rejoice, And all Thy uttered words are dear. Lord, I was dumb, I could not speak

The grace and glory of Thy name;

But now, as touched with living flame,
My lips Thine eager praises wake.
Lord, I was dead, I could not stir

My lifeless soul to come to Thee;

But now, since Thou hast quickened me,
I rise from sin's dark sepulchre.
For Thou hast made the blind to see

The deaf to hear—the dumb to speak

The dead to live-and lo ! I break
The chains of my captivity.


COMMITTEE FOR THE RECEP- readers should know that applications

TION OF MINISTERS INTO for beds, &c., should be sent unto me

not later than the 9th of June. Anxious

as we shall be to accommodate all who TO THE EDITOR

wish to come, we cannot hold ourselves My dear Sir,—The Association of

responsible for any applications we 1866 passed the following resolution:

may receive after that date. The “ That the Secretary of the Association meetings will no doubt be numerously give notice in the May number of the attended, and punctual notice from General Baptist Magazine of each year of intending visitors will greatly facilithe existence of a Committee for examin

tate our work. ing the credentials of Ministers coming

I am, dear Sir, into the Connexion, and request that such

Your truly, credentials be forwarded at once to the

JAMES HILL, Convener of that Committee."

Secretary of Association Committee. I now beg, therefore, to call the

Mansfield Road, Derby. attention of any ministers desiring admission into the Connexion to the “existence" of such a Committee, and

MARKET HARBOROUGH. to inform them that the Rev. H. CRASWELLER, B.A., Mary’s-gate, Derby, TO THE EDITORis its convener, and must receive all

Dear Sir,-From your Magazine of documents pertaining to the reception this month I learn that at the last of ministers, and the registration of

meeting of the General Baptist Contheir names in the Year Book of the next

ference held at Loughborough, a depuAssociation, not later than June 15.

tation consisting of Messrs. Pike, SteI am, my dear Sir,

venson, and Goadby, of Leicester, were Very sincerely yours,

appointed to visit Market Harborough, JOHN CLIFFORD.

to ascertain the state of the Baptist 42, Alpha Road,

church there. Just permit me, through Regent's Park, N.W.

your columns, to suggest to them and April 6, 1868.

the General Baptist churches in Leices

tershire, that whilst sympathy and THE ASSOCIATION OF 1868.

advice are good, that "an ounce of

help is worth more than a pound of TO THE EDITOR

pity.” The cause there is low and Dear Sir,-Kindly permit the follow- needs great pecuniary assistance, and ing notice to appear in your May maga- with God's blessing will repay it both zine. According to the appointment to the givers and receivers. Why is of the last Association, the coming one this aid withheld ? Not from lack of was to be at the two churches at means, it is evident; for I notice in Derby. It is, however, the wish of the list of contributions to your Misthe friends at Osmaston Road that the sion for April, that the three churches, St. Mary's Gate church should be solely over which the deputation are pastors responsible for the management of the in Leicester, raised for your Foreign Association.

Mission more than £160-one-third of We have cheerfully complied with which sum, granted to the church at their request, and our Committee are Market Harborough for a few years, making arrangements to add to the with a suitable minister sent as pastor, comfort of those who may favour us might make it a self-sustaining cause, with their company.

as there are the elements of success in In your next number of the Maga- the locality, and to my mind it is quite zine I shall be able to give a full a mistake to neglect it. If your branch account of the arrangements.

of the Baptist body cannot or will not Meanwhile, it is very desirable your take such an important station up,


why not turn it over to the other sec- Nonconformists, but of Episcopalians, tion of the Baptists, so that something who a few years ago were alike ignomay be done, and that speedily, for a rant and indifferent in regard to them. church crying by its very weakness, But there is one feature in its constitu“Come over and help us.". I do not tion and proceedings with which its write thus as personally interested in immediate friends are better acquaintMarket Harborough - living several ed than the public at large, and that miles from thence—but I do feel for is, the extent to which the Society's the honour and credit of the Baptist vitality is derived from its Triennial decomination, and on that ground I Conferences. appeal, through your columps, to your These great gatherings are, in one body for help in every way to Market respect, quite unique; for, not only do Harborough.

they bring the Society's Executive I am, Sir,

face to face with the representatives Yours truly,

of its supporters throughout the kingA NORTHAMPTONSHIRE BAPTIST. dom, but the door is thrown open to

others, who may never have been con

nected with the organization, but CHURCH DISCIPLINE.

whose concurrence in its objects may

dispose them to enter its ranks. These, TO THE EDITOR

equally with its oldest friends, have the Dear Sir, I fear your correspondent,

opportunity of revising the Society's “J. B.," has not read my questions constitution, of reviewing its past provery carefully. I hope he will be kind

ceedings, and of choosing a enough, therefore, to look them over

Executive, and, so far as the future again.

can be provided for, of shaping its In No. 1, I ask for scriptural authority,

future operations. Knowing the tenabout which “J. B." says not a word

dency of public bodies and officials in the whole of his letter. If such

to travel in well-worn ruts, and to authority is forthcoming of course No. cherish old traditions, the originators 2 falls to the ground. But if there is of the institution resolved, as it were, no plain and positive teaching on the

periodically to kiss their mother earth, subject in the word of God, I cannot

that they might rise refreshed and see what other ground to discuss the

strengthened, and might prosecute question upon save that of expediency, their work with the aid of new allies, by which of course I mean whatever

and with an energy instinct with the will be best for the church's welfare.

life and spirit of the time. It was a With reference to No. 3, will “J. B."

bold, and somewhat bazardous, but it please explain what he means by has proved to be a perfectly successful “ordinary cases ?” and also whether

device; for probably to it, as much as in such cases he considers that a notice

to any other cause, is attributable the from an individual to the officers or fact that the “ Liberation Society" has members of a church, to the effect

existed during a far longer term than that from that time he ceases to be a

any kindred organization; and that in member of such church, would con

its twenty-fourth year it exhibits a stitute a valid withdrawal ?

degree of vigour which is as much an Yours truly,

occasion of wonder and admiration to QUERIST. the adherents of establishments as of

thankfulness to its own supporters. THE TRIENNIAL CONFERENCE

The next Triennial Conference is OF THE LIBERATION SOCIETY. approaching, the time fixed being the

5th and 6th of May, and, in asking the TO THE EDITOR

attention of your readers to the adverSir,

Thanks to the denunciations of tisement-appearing elsewhere-of the opponents, as well as to the efforts of mode in which it will be convened, I friends, the “ Liberation Society” has venture to urge that there are some become one of the best known institu- special reasons why the invitation of tions in the kingdom; its fundamental the Executive Committee should be privciples and "ulterior aims" being accepted by those who in past years now familiar to thousands, not only of did not feel it to be obligatory upon

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