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evitable result of equilibrium on the before the next session opens. The apex has followed, viz., an unstable year began with a balance of £412 in equilibrium, and that consequently the hands of the treasurer, and ended English Christianity had to be propped with a balance of £404 against the all round. It is now time to change College. But this deficiency of inour course, and to try whether we can- come was satisfactorily explained. A not attain a stable equilibrium by set- contribution from those present of £183 ting Christianity on its base. He was made to free this valuable property wished prosperity not only to this Col- from the building debt. The Revs. lege, but to Dissent itself; understand- T. B. Barker and H. Gower, tutors, ing that prosperity to be in giving the presented their reports. Professor best example of the purity and orderly Bubier was stated to be out of health. method of the Christian faith. After The Rev. Enoch Mellor, of Halifax, the Students work had been reported addressed the students on simplicity by Professor Reynolds, congratulatory in preaching; and the Rev. Ř. W. addresses were delivered by the Revs. Dale, who was warmly thanked for his J. Stoughton, Dr. Raleigh, Archdeacon advocacy of the cause of the College, Sandford, &c. At a later period in the bade farewell to three of the students day the Dean of Canterbury presented who are now leaving. some prizes and certificates to the The LANCASHIRE COLLEGE held its students, and advocated the cause of twenty-fifth anniversary in the Library ministerial education, more especially of the Institution. The first business in the Greek and Hebrew Scriptures. was the reading of the reports of the

Passing from this old institution to Examiners. The Rev. E. Mellor, the one of the largest belonging to the Examiner in Theology, highly comCongregational body, we come to what mended the papers prepared by the is called “New COLLEGE,” at whose students. The Rev. Dr. Ginsburg reanniversary there was a large evening ported on the Hebrew studies, and attendance. After devotional exercises contrasted the reverent tone which the Professors gave in their own reports, pervaded the examination papers with amidst the hearty greetings of their that of the German students at Halle students, and then followed the busi- and elsewhere. He expressed his preness report of the Secretary. From ference for the tone of English Theothis it appears that thirty-two students logical Students to all the learning of returned to the College at the begin- Germany. Reports, equally pleasing, ning of the session, that twelve had were presented on the Greek Testasince been received, and that eleven ment classes, the classes in logic, lay students had joined the classes, philosophy, and mathematics, by the thus making fifty-two in all. Some- Revs. J. A. Macfaden, Watson Smith, times as many as twenty-five had been and R. Jessop. Professor Henry Rogers engaged in Sunday preaching. The moved a vote of thanks to the Examifinances have suffered through the ners, which was seconded by Hugh deaths or removals of old subscribers, Mason, Esq. The Rev. R. W. Dale and the smallness of the public collec- addressed the students, and insisted tions. Resolutions were spoken to by on the value of individual reading. Rethe Revs. J. C. Harrison, R. P. Clarke, ferring for an example to Mr. Bright, J. S. Pearsall and others. An Address he said he had acqnired his remarkable to the Students was delivered by Dr. eloquence, in a great degree, by the Raleigh, for which he was thanked in study of our more illustrious poets ; speeches by the Rev. Thos. Binney, that it had been his practise for many and by the President, Dr. Halley. years, after returning from the House

Situated on Mosley Heath near Bir- of Commons at night, to spend three mingham is the spacious College known quarters of an hour in the quiet enjoyby the name of SPRING HILL. Its an- ment of an English poet : that he niversary was held in the College chooses his poet every session; and Library The Rev. G. B. Johnson

that probably one reason why he has read the thirtieth annual report. Seven been, as it is thonght, calmer and more new students had been admitted ; four moderate during the last two years, had left or were leaving, and ten can- might be that instead of drawing his didates are appearing for examination inspiration from the volcanic fires of The very

Byron, he had been reading Cowper's The income of the year amounted to Task, or Wordsworth's Excursion. £2,506 103. 3d., of which £73 remained Adverting to liturgical forms in public as a balance in hand. The Rev. T. prayer Mr. Dale confessed that he had Binney, in moving the adoption of the once wished for their adoption, but report, said he had the pleasure to hear subsequent experience had convinced that a son of their present chairman, him that no greater blow could be in- Mr. Reed, aster taking his degree at flicted on the life and progress of our Cambridge, was proceeding to New churches than to permit free prayer to College for his Norconformist theological be supplanted by any such devices, training. While not underrating Latin, and he rejoiced in thinking that the Greek, and Hebrew, Mr. B. said it desire for liturgical forms was passing should not be forgotten that these away, and would altogether disappear. young men had to preach in English, He urged on the students the para- and that if they could not preach well mount claims of dogmatic thcology. For and popularly they would not do for its mere intellectual interest there was nonconformist pulpits. no study at all equal to it. It was as The WESTERN COLLEGE, at Plymouth, important to trace the progress of the reported a residence of twenty stuAthanasian Creed as that of a fossil dents, an incoine of £1,050, and an found in limestone. The productions expenditure of £1,142. One gentleof theologians, from Augustine on- man had given £500 to purchase addiwards, were as remarkable as the his- tional land, and in a few weeks it is tory of the tertiary strata.

expected the whole of the college proterms of theology could not be intelli- perty, only recently obtained, will be gently used without an intimate know- free from debt. ledge of early theology. After this In England, Wales, Scotland, and address appropriate reference was made Ireland, there are 2,425 ministers—but to the death of Dr. Vaughan, formerly of these 491 are without pastoral one of the College Professors. Mr. charges, including the aged and disRogers pointed to him as a pattern of abled and those employed at the colliterary industry, and observed that it leges, or as secretaries of different sowas in virtue of his laborious toil that cieties. The vacant churches number he had done so much for his denomi- only 267. Dation and for the church.

RAWDON COLLEGE. — The annual AIRDALE COLLEGE commenced the meeting of the Northern Baptist Edusession with sixteen students and three cational Society was held on Wednesprofessors. One student had with- day, June 24th, at the College, Rawdrawn in consequence of a change in don, the Rev. S. G. Green, B.A., Presihis views, and fiiteen would begin the dent of the College, in the chair. The next year's course. Professor Harley report of the General Committee was bad resigned the chair of Logic and read by the Rev. J. P. Chown, of BradMathematics, in order to become pas- ford, secretary, in which it was stated tor at Bond Street Chapel, Leicester. that the session had commenced with The receipts, including reserve from twenty students, of whom about seven last year, amounted to £1,500, and the

were immediately to leave. The numexpenditure to about £1,490. Dr. ber of students remaining in the house Traser spoke of the arduous preaching was thus reduced to fisteen, to whom work of the students in the region of were to be added five new students the college as a great power for good. received on probation at the forenoon The amalgamation of this college with meeting for business. The report went Rotherham, and their removal to a new on to state that the services of the locality, were mentioned as questions students in the neighbouring pulpits still undecided.

had been very acceptable, and that HACKNEY THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY several preaching stations had been held its sixty-fisth annual meeting in wholly supplied by thein during the the Congregational Church, Clapton. year. The reports of the examiners Chas. Reid, Esq., presided. The report then followed, and were more than stated that twenty students had been ordinarily commendatory. One of the in residence, three of whom are pre- senior students, Mr. J. G. Greenhough, paring for missionary work abroad. B.A., had just passed, with much suc


cess, the examination for the higher of the various examinations which had degrees of M.A. at the London Uni. just been conducted. These were of a versity. The adoption of the report most satisfactory character. It apwas moved by the Rev. M. Oncken, peared that the forty-six students had from Hamburg, seconded by Mr. Geo. attended the college during the year, Kemp, of Rochdale, and carried unani- forty of whom were resident, and mously. Various other resolutions were thirty-six ministerial. The subscripmoved or seconded by the Rev. W. tions amounted to £700; for the rest Walters, of Newcastle; Rev. James the college depended on collections, Yoller, of Sydney; Rev. R. Holmes, of donations, and legacies. The chairRawdon; Mr. W. Whitehead, of Brad- man advocated the claims of the colford; and other gentlemen. At the lege, and Mr. Good and Mr. Clarke close an essay on the “ Sermon on the gave details of the success which had Mount” was read by Mr. W. H. Per- followed the labours of the students, kins, M.A., senior student, and a ser- the former speaking of their ministerial mon by Mr. H. Bonner. In the even- efforts in Australia, and the latter of ing an address was delivered to the their work in Italy. The Rev. John students by the Rev. J. Makepeace, of Aldis, of Reading, closed with an adBradford.

the dress to the students, selecting as bis REGENT'S PARK COLLEGE.-On Wed

subject the temptations arising out of nesday evening, last week, the usual the intellectual side of student lise. meeting of the friends and subscribers BAPTIST COLLEGE BURY. — The of Regent's Park College, in connec- second anniversary of this young intion with the close of the session, was stitution was held in a tent adjoining held at the College, Regent's Park, the college at Chamber Hall. The when there was a nunerous attendance. Rev. H. Dowson, President, read the A soiree was held in the earlier part of report, which stated that the last sesthe evening, and the company took sion closed with ten students; that advantage of the delightful weather during the session they had delivered to spend a pleasant bour or two in the more than one thousand sermons or grounds. When the time arrived for addresses, many of them in the openthe business part of the proceedings, air; that the serious illness of Dr. the visitors met in the library, under Evans had prevented the delivery of the presidency of Mr. John Candlish, his lectures in ecclesiastical history; M.P. After devotional exercises, con- that the total income of the year had ducted by the Rev. S. H. Booth, the been £888, and the payments to £789, Rev. Dr. Angus presented the reports leaving a balance in band of £101.


OF CARTHAGE. Vol. I., containing gion. This antagonism to Christianity

sanguinary contest with the new relithe Epistles and some of the Trea

by its heathen opponents was the occatises. Edinburgh: T. and T. Clark.

sion of that series of works which is The conflicts of the early church with known by the name of Apologies, i.e., the heathen world changed the charac- Answers or Defences. But a third ter of Christian authorship. The apos- kind of writing soon succeeded, called tolic fathers, who were the earliest forth by either Judaizing or paganizing Christian writers after the Apostles heretics. Aberrations from sound docthemselves, found sufficient motive trine, on the part of some, stimulated and scope for the use of their pens in others to become valiant in its vindithe immediate requirements of practi- cation; and these champions of the cal life. But when heathenism began faith were so numerous and eminent as not only to lose its votaries, but to be to be distinguishable into different threatened with extinction, it roused schools, such as the school of Alexanup its remaining energy to enter on a dria, the school of Asia Minor, and the


school of North Africa. To the last of low charges. If they are wise they these schools belonged the illustrious will not forego the opportunity of man, the first volume of whose writ- placing on their bookshelves the whole ings we have now to notice.

series comprised in the “ Ante-Nicene The date of Cyprian's birth is usually Library," and of making themselves fixed at about 200 A.D.; of his con- familiar with what constituted the version at 246; of his becoming bishop standard literature of the early church. of Carthage at 248; and of his mar- Some of Cyprian's letters are superior tyrdom at 258 A.D. Of his life pre- to many modern lectures and sermons, viously to his becoming a Christian we for which a high price is often paid; have no records, and we now only know and if they do not admit of so easy an that he was born of respectable pa- appropriation to ministerial use rents,—that he was highly educated, these niore recent productions do, they and that he followed the profession of will furnish the mind with thoughts, a rhetorician. How he lived, and and store the memory with facts, which what he did after his conversion, are

will be found convertible to many an things better known, chiefly from his important purpose belonging to the copious writings, but partly also from Christian pastorate.

Most of those the brief biography of Pontius, his cases of irregular proceeding in deacon, whose "Life and Passion of churches which disturb them and unCyprian" is prefixed to this volume. settle their ministers, had their paralCommencing his labours as a Christian lels in primitive times, and so we find with the matured powers of an educa- distinct references thereto in these ted man, he rose rapidly to the position early writings, and can learn what of a pastor, and was ushered into the steps were taken in dealing with them. highest episcopate while still a Chris- For example, long before the close of tian neophyte. Nor were the acclama- the second century, some began to retions which greeted him at his entrance fuse the use of wine at the Lord's on bis sacred functions the demonstra- table, and confined themselves to pure tions of a blind and fitful enthusiasm. water, on which account they were He continued to be revered and be- known as the Hydroparastati, or Aqualoved; and when his course was cut rians. Cyprian's sixty-second epistle short by a furious and fatal persecu- treats of the whole question in the way tion he was held to be one of the of argument, showing in opposition to greatest in the glorious army of mar- the Aquarians that not water alone but tyrs. To quote the words of Puntius : wine mixed with water was to be of. No one reaps immediately upon bis fered; that by water Baptism, and not sowing. No one presses out the vin- the Eucharist, was designated in Scriptage harvest from the trenches just ture. Having maintained the position formed. No one ever yet sought for

that no

one ought to preach and ripened fruit from newly-planted slips. teach otherwise than Christ But in him all incredible things con- commanded, and the Apostles curred: the threshing preceded the announced, Cyprian wondered whence sowing—the vintage the shoots—the had originated this practice — to fruit the root.” The breaking out of offer water in the Lord's cup since the Decian persecution in 250 A.D. water by itself cannot express the blood of compelled his retirement from public Christ.If, again, evidence as to the labours, and during his privacy he nature of baptism, or, as we commonly wrote numerous letters to ministers say, its mode, is debated, we can prove and others, living in Rome and Car- from such writings as his that it was thage. These letters were carefully administered by immersion. In sundry preserved, and after the long period of places we meet, in this version of his sixteen hundred years they retain a epistles, with such phrases as—“those value but little diminished in the esti- who have been dipped"-after“ their mation of the Christian antiquarian. dipping" -- " whosoever is dipped.” The rising ministry of the present day Such early witness to what we deem may be congratulated on having such Scriptural has its worth, and it is well precious documents reproduced with to know where to find it. That some all the attractions and facilities of good chaff should be found mixed with the translations, superior type, and very good grain which these works contain




is no more than might be expected, Mr. St. Clair justly remarks that and so a wise and wary reader of them "in the memoirs of Christ which have must do a little winnowing before he come down to us, so many miracles are appropriates the fruits they yield. recorded, and the story of them is so

intimately interwoven with the rest of

the narrative, that we can neither unTHE FIXED CHARACTER OF God's

derstand the Saviour, nor trust his bioDEALINGS IN NATURE AND GRACE,

graphers at all, unless we believe in IN THIS LIFE AND THE LIFE TO

His miraculous power.

." But he thinks Come. Lessons from the Healing of

the explanation of this miraculous the Paralytic. By the Rev. Geo. St. power has been faulty, and that it has Clair, of Banbury. London: E. Stock.

given offence to the mere physicist

the denier of the supernatural. He is This discourse on the narrative of one satisfied in saying that “ Jesus Christ, of our Lord's miracles deals with the in the house of Capernaum, by a general question as to what miracles method that we are still too ignorant

The preacher demurs to the or- to trace, but yet without any suspendinary definitions of them, and, follow- sion or violation of Nature's laws, ing the sense of the New Testament spoke strength into the body of a palwords, he calls them by the names sied man; and the exertion of such which onr translators have employed power was with Him a thing of every respecting them-signs, wonders, pow- day. ers, or mighty works. The natural phil- After a brief treatment of the geneosopher has no objection to wonders as ral subject of Christ's miracles, the such, but he is offended with defini- preacher proceeds to gather up the tions which speak of them as suspen

lessons which this one miracle teaches; sions or supercedures of Nature's laws. but his leading purpose throughout is The philosopher himself, by his mere to show the settled order of things in knowledge of nature, is now a far more the universe, and the absence of anypotent person than any mighty magi- thing like what men consider arbitrarician of old who was unacquainted with ness in the dealings of God. As the those methods of nature which are sermon is out of the common line of figuratively termed its laws. He is pulpit effusions it may not suit some able, by experimental science, to use readers ; but we have read it with conthe forces of nature, and to einploy its siderable pleasure, and thank its author properties so variously, that they may for publishing it. seem to be conflicting, and at direct opposition to one another. But truth and modesty alike forbid him to profess THE MAGAZINES of the month dethat he has abolished or suspended, or mand a passing notice. We have been even altered any fixed laws of nature. specially interested by the “ Scattered And as human knowledge enables some Nation.” It has many different papers, men to do what amounts to the inarvel- which are too short to be tedious, and lous in human science, so superhuman on sulojects too important to be read knowledge in Christ enabled Him to do carelessly. The notes on the Epistle those superhuman acts which, for the of St. James, by Dr. Edershiem, while admiration they elicited, were fitly de- particularly addressed to the dispersed signated His miracles. Physical occur- Israelites, are worthy of the attention rences are always more nearly or more of every Biblical Student. The Editor remotely connected with physical has wisely given much space to an accanses, whether we can trace the con- count of the meeting held in the prenection or not: but while sceptics are ceding month on behalf of the Palesright in asserting this relation of cause tine Exploration Fund, and to the and effect, they are wrong in denying observations of one of the Daily Papers that the Son of God could heal diseases thereon. As Lieutenant Warren, the without the aid of medicine-restore head of the explorers, was present in lost limbs and senses without the help Willis's Rooms, he was called upon of instruments and resuscitate dead speak, and proceeded to explain the bodies without any other weapon than works which are being carried on. a word !

Two corporals of engineers and seventy


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