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nish the means of securing the required us we find baptism connected with the preparation, but we know none which profession of faith. The baptism of can be considered equal in fitness and the New Testament is the baptism of fulness to this should our esteemed believers." After adducing the conbrother have life and health afforded cessions made by Pædobaptists on this him, and a disposition given to make point, he next inquires whether the the latter portion of his work still usages of the period immediately folmore complete, we shall hail the event lowing the apostolic, accord with these as tending to increase his own reputa- views, or indicate any departure from tion as an author, and as supplying a them? Passages are selected from the treasury of facts and arguments on writings of the Apostolic Fathers bearbaptism which will greatly enrich his ing on the subject of baptism, which own section of the church of Christ. show either that the subjects were
believers, or that the mode was immer
sion. Two passages are also given, BAPTIST HISTORY. From the Founda
one from Justin Martyr and the other tion of the Christian Church to the
from Irenæus, which were wont to be close of the Eighteenth Century. considered by Pædobaptists as favourBy J. M. Cramp, D.D. London :
ing their practises. But Hagenbach E. Stock.
candidly confesses that the language ACCORDING to St. Mark Baptist His- used by Irenæus merely expresses the tory dates from the beginning of the idea that Jesus was Redeemer in and Gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.
for every stage of life-yet does not John did baptize in the wilderness, and say that He became Redeemer for preach the baptism of repentance unto children by water baptism. Two the remission of sins.” He whose way hundred years after the founding of was thus prepared, when he began to the church elapse before a single referbe about thirty years of age,
ence can be found to infant baptism. from Nazareth of Galilee, and was bap- At the beginning of the third century tized by John in the Jordan.". That the simple ordinance as instituted by John, as the precursor of Christ, was our Lord became encumbered with pre-eminently “the Baptist,” is univer- some additions, which are thus resally admitted: and that neither he, corded by Bishop Kaye in his Ecclesiasnor the Coming One, either taught or tical History. “The candidate having practised pædobaptism, may be rea- been prepared for its due reception by sonably doubted and truthfully denied. frequent prayers, fasts, and vigils, proThat the ceremony of baptism was fessed, in the presence of the congreperformed by the immersion of the gation and under the hand of the presiwhole body in water is so patent that dent, that he renounced the devil, his Dr. Wall says, in his “ History of In- pomp, and his angels. He was then fant Baptism," one cannot but wonder plunged into the water three times, in that any are to be found who can treat allusion to the Three Persons of the with ridicule the English anti-pædo- Holy Trinity, making certain responses baptists merely for their use of dip- which were not prescribed in Scripture, ping, and more especially when it is but rested on custom and tradition. considered that it was in all probability He then tasted a mixture of milk and the way by which our blessed Saviour, honey, and was anointed with oil, and and for certain was the most ordinary signed with the sign of the cross. way by which the ancient Christians Lastly, followed the imposition of did receive their baptism. From all
After these customs had the information which can now be col- gained ground an attempt was made lected it may be confidently affirined to extend the rite of baptism to very that the churches in the first age after young children, especially as it was Christ were what would now be called believed that it had saving efficacy in Baptist churches. Holding this belief it, and that any who died without it no writer of Baptist History could con- must necessarily be lost.
When this sistently start from a later period than attempt was made Tertullian resisted that of the foundation of the Christian it, saying concerning these childrenchurch.
who it should be remembered were not This is Dr. Cramp's starting point. infants—“Let them come when they “ With the New Testament only before are taught to whom they may come.
Let them become Christians when they paratively early in the church's history, are able to know Christ." To allow it may still be maintained, as expressed those to be baptized who were not the by Chevalier Bunsen in his “ Chrissubjects of repentance and faith would, tianity and Mankind," that the church in his opinion, be to revolutionize the adhered rigidly to the principle that institution, and be maintained that no one could be in membership with it those who were unfit by age to manage but by his own free act and deed. “It temporal affairs ought not to be ad- was with this understanding that the mitted to baptism." His opposition," candidate for baptism was immersed in said the late Chevalier Bunsen, “is to water, and admitted as a brother upon the baptism of young growing children: his confession of the Father, Son, and he does not say a word about new-born Holy Ghost.” “With Christian children infants.” A little later Origen flourished, the condition was the same, except the most learned and laborious Chris- that the term of probation was changed tian of his age. But in his writings according to circumstances. Pædothe references made to baptism are to baptism, in the more modern sense, child-and not to infant baptism. He meaning the baptism of new-born approved of child baptism when the infants, with the vicarious promises child was capable of receiving religious of parents and other sponsors, was instruction, and gave evidence of UTTERLY UNKNOWN IN THE EARLY personal piety-contending that the CHURCH." benefit of baptism depended not on To this primitive period Dr. Cramp the sacrament itself, or on the faith of devotes a comparatively few pages of others, but “on the deliberate purpose his Baptist History. He is equally of the baptized.”
and as wisely brief in sketching the In the middle of the third century a transition and the obscure periods. He certain bishop in Northern Africa wrote dwells longer on the periods of revival to Cyprian, of Carthage, for advice as and reformation, but is most copious in to the time of baptizing--telling him his account of what he truly calls the that some had insisted on the ceremony troublous period. Then follows the taking place immediately after birth; history of the quiet period, and this is but stating that he could not consent succeeded by a chapter of statistics to this, inasmuch as it was customary and reflections. Considering it to be to receive the baptized person with a desirable that the members of Baptist brotherly kiss, and that a newly-born churches should know something of infant could not be so received. He their own denomination, and that such thought at least eight days should knowledge could not be attained withelapse, and that baptism should be out the purchase and perusal of large deferred as long as circumcision had and expensive works, Dr. Cramp rebeen under the law. The case was solved on the writing of this portable submitted to the council of Carthage, volume-a volume which we earnestly 252, after which Cyprian reported the hope will become eminently popular. decision, with the reasons by which First of all no minister or deacon, the council had arrived at it. We are especially if his library is destitute of 80 disgusted with the whole procedure Crosby's, or Ivimey's, or Taylor's, or that we will not transcribe any part of Wood's History, should fail to secure a the letter; and we blush for those who copy of Dr. Cramp's.
No Baptist have no older or higher authority than chapel or school library should be that of this benighted and bestraught without it. And as one means of proassembly for their babyish ceremonial. moting its circulation we advise those At the same time, and in the same Sunday schools which are accustomed enlightened place, North Africa, infant to give prizes, either at their annivercommunion was consistently tacked on saries or when their scholars leave, to to infant baptism.
But as the bread put this excellent work into the hands could not be eaten, the two elements of every one who has evinced a decided were abridged into one, and that one, attachment to the denomination in the wine, was poured into the mouth which he or she has been trained. The at the risk of its not arriving at the book abounds with information. It is throat!
Notwithstanding that we divided into chapters which are most thus find infant baptism and its fitting appropriately named, and into sections associate infant communion so com- of suitable length. The style in which it is written is adapted to any class of readers—younger or older, and more or less intelligent. And if, as Luther long since said, “it is a rare worth which belongs to histories,” we deliberately say that this “Baptist History" is one of exceeding value.
ment. A Hebrew scholar of no mean pretensions, and extensively read in Hebrew literature, he has for seven years directed his attention specially to the great question of the correct text of the Old Testament as exhibited in the system of the “Masorah." In endeavouring to collate the best copies that exist, he has examined several near at hand; he has compared others at Halle, and discovered and examined ten MSS. in the Library at Erfurt. Access has been readily granted to him to other great libraries upon the Continent, and, if means can be provided, he proposes to visit several of them in the course of the next few months. He proposes to examine the valuable MSS. preserved in Dresden, Munich, and Berlin, in Rome and in Paris. And especially to collate most carefully the fine copies obtained by the Russian Government from the Karaite Jews in the Crimea, and lodged in the Library of the University at St. Petersburg
The Rev. Dr. Ginsburg, of Liverpool, has set himself to the laborious task of making such an examination of the various authorities from which may be drawn the Text of the Old Testa
A secret sweetness in the stream."
For there Jehovah's praise was sung,
In chorus full from old and young;
So will prevail
tongue And still we see the winding hill,
In Miller's Dale. The stream that somehow finds the mill And every charm in that sweet place Round rocks that lean so wise and still Spelt out His name who loved our race; To hear its tale,
We heard the whispers of His grace
All through the vale,
And knew we saw His smiling face
In Miller's Dale. Are blindly beating at the pane,
And yet one thought would have its tearThat lovely scene will shine the same, We to each other grow more dear, Though storms assail
But miss some loved ones year by year : The leafless boughs and night holds reign
0, life so frail ! In Miller's Dale.
No more we all shall wander here And when with common cares opprest
By Miller's Dale. The heart in memories seeks its rest, The sorrow glanced and took its flight, Or we with sadder griefs distrest
Hope came with pinions strong and bright Are sick and pale,
To bear us towards the fadeless light Thoughts may come back to soothe the
Behind the veilbreast
With hope we went, while fell the night From Miller's Dale :
On Miller's Dale. Chapel House, Castle Donington.
LETTER FROM THE HON. W. H.
SEWARD, UNITED STATES.
- As Secretary of the Association at Birmingham in 1865, I forwarded an epistle of condolence and sympathy with Mrs. Lincoln and the American Government and people on the occasion of the assassination of President Lincoln, and I have now received a large and handsome volume containing all the letters and addresses sent at that time from all parts of the world. This volume is deeply interesting, and valuable, and I purpose sending it to the Library of our College at Chilwell, that it may be easy of reference, and may be the property of the denomination. I am, my dear sir,
Yours most truly,
THOMAS BARRASS. Peterborough, Aug. 18th, 1868. P.S.-I annex a copy of the letter which I received and acknowledged.
Department of State, Washington,
December, 10th, 1867. To the Rev. Thomas Barrass, Pastor of the
Baptist Church, Peterborough, England.
Pursuant to the Provisions of a Resolu. tion of the Congress of the United States, approved March 2, 1867, a copy of which is hereunto annexed, I transmit a copy of & volume, which you will please accept from this Government as a testimonial of the grateful appreciation by the people of the generous expressions of condolence and sympathy in the late National Bereavement, which were communicated in so touching a manner by the representatives of the Baptist Churches of England to the Department of State of the United States.
WILLIAM H. SEWARD."
sion of your Association; but I forgot to write at the proper time, and I fear it is now too late for a letter to reach you before the meeting of your Association. I will, however, send you this note that you may learn the reason why a letter from us was not sent to the Association. Our people, as a denomination, we trust, are making some progress in the right direction. Our institutions of learning are flourishing, and having a good degree of prosperity. We are prosecuting our mission work with increased interest. Our Foreign Mission force has been enlarged since our last General Conference, and during the present season it is expected that two brethren and their wives will leave us to join our mission band in India. Our mission among the Freedmen is still advancing. Normal schools have been established at Harper's Ferry, West Virginia, and Cairo, Illinois, and a charter has been obtained for a college at Harper's Ferry, and more than 20,000 dollars have been raised for this object the past year.
Revivals of religion have been witnessed in different parts of our Zion during the past year. We sustain a great loss in the death of our much lamented brother, William Burr, Editor of the Morning Star, who died at his post on the 4th of November, 1866. Our next session of General Conference will assemble on the first Wednesday of October next, in the western part of the State of New York, probably at Buffalo. We hope to see a delegation from your Association at that meeting. It would afford us much pleasure to behold your face again in our Conference. May we not expect you will be there? We shall be happy to see any of the brethren of your Association at our next Conference, or at any other time. We shall expect an epistle and delegation from your people at our next session. Yours in the bonds of Christian love,
SILAS CURTIS, Secretary of Freewill Baptist General Conference. P.S. - I herewith send you the Minutes of our last General Conference, and the Reports of our Benevolent Societies.
ADDRESS TO THE ELECTORS and eighty different localities of Eng
OF ENGLAND, IRELAND, AND land and Wales has shown that an WALES.
overwhelming majority of the people
are in favour of entirely closing public [While jealous of every thing like over.
houses on Sunday. Employers of labour legislation, we readily comply with the
in all parts of the kingdom have asked request of the gentlemen who have for the adoption of this measure, and asked for the insertion of the following the workpeople in some of the largest address. The taprooms and
establishments of the country re-echo even village public houses are often the cry. Never were the prospects of crowded on Sunday evenings, and the
success greater; all that is required noise and revelry which may be heard
being prompt and energetic action. in passing them sufficiently prove their A General Election is at hand. By depraving influences on those who are the late Reform Act the people have within. The law which allows these been enabled to make their wishes not social pests to exist within comparatively only felt at the hustings, but also decishort distances from each other urgently
sive at the poll. Other great questions
will no doubt be put before you during demands to be not merely revised but
the coming struggle. Our Association reversed.—ED.]
pronounces no opinion upon them, but A SELECT Committee of the House of no measure of party interest, no local Commons has, by a majority of one,
question, should cause us to lose sight declared that further restrictions on of the importance of rescuing the Sunthe sale of Intoxicating Drinks on Sun
day from the sale of intoxicating drinks day are not needed. The evidence
and from the vice, immorality, and taken by that committee has proved irreligion which result from it. that every restrictive measure hitherto Within the next few weeks you, adopted has been beneficial, and that Electors of England, Ireland, and a vast majority of the people demand Wales—will have to choose the men that the sale of drinks should be en
to whom for several years will be intirely stopped on Sunday. That the
trusted the power of legislating for resolution of the committee should be
your country. It is now in your power at variance with this evidence, sur- to make the prayer of your petitions, prises no one who knew its constitu
and the spirit of your resolutions, the tion; that it was carried by a majority voice of the legislature. Endeavour of one only, and that obtained by mere to impress upon the leading politicians accident, is a proof of the weight of
in your different constituencies the imtestimony which the friends of Sunday
portance of choosing candidates who Closing were able to bring forward.
are alive to the magnitude of this quesWe congratulate our friends on the
tion, but if this cannot be secured let position we have gained in the House
no man come before you as a candidate of Commons; instead of the subject for parliament without your insisting being regarded as Utopian, it is recog- on the necessity of your representanized as a practical measure which tives securing for the country the statesmen will have to take in hand blessing of a Sunday freed from tempwithout delay in the New Parliament to tations to drunkenness.
When ever be chosen during the ensuing autumn. possible make those who claim your
The country has given unmistake- vote feel that you regard this question able evidence of the interest it takes as a cardinal one, and that the man in this just measure for promoting who will work for it, even if he should virtue and morality : 4,483 petitions differ from you on many other points signed by 487,697 persons have prayed will have your vote in preference to a the House of Commons to save the candidate who fails to recognise the Lord's-day from the desecration caused value of social as compared to mere by drunkenness; public meetings political improvement. Let every cannearly every large town of the king- didate be asked his intentions with redom have with an almost unanimous garded to Sunday Closing when he voice asked for the same boon. A meets the electors at the hustings, and householders' canvass in one hundred let the country know that whatever