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them, and then returned. When walking over the sands of the Mahanuddi river, I said to brethren Ram Chandra, Doitaree, and Jagannath, “Listen! I shall break caste, for there is no truth whatever in caste. If all are the sons of Adam, then whence came all these various castes ? That Christ came into the world, died, and rose again, my mind fully believes. But Soondara Das Bábájee says, 'I am Christ's incarnation.' This I do not believe. Will Christ die a second time, or be born again ?"

Then my companions gave various replies, and for the time silenced me; but I kept my thoughts to myself; and each returned to his own house.

(To be continued.)

THE BIBLE AT THE FRENCH

EXHIBITION. The following interesting letter is taken from a recent number of the Bible Society's Monthly Reporter.It was addressed to the Society in London by Mr. G. T. Edwards, the gentleman who had the charge of the Bible depôt

at the Paris E.chibition. I am happy to say, that, on returning here from my sbort absence in England, I found that our work in connection with the Exhibition had not suffered in any way, but was still going on prosperously, and, I trust, with tokens of the Divine blessing. Our issues last week were 5,554 copies, while, up to the present time, they amount to about 65,000 copies, of which about 12,000 copies have been sold. In addition, nearly a thousand copies of the New Testament in French and English, and French and German, have been placed in the Hôtels and Pensions of Paris, and already many have spoken with joy of finding the Word of God when entering their bedrooms in this gay and pleasure-loving city. The military and police still come flocking to our depôt in the Park in large numbers; and the eagerness with which they receive the sacred volume, often commencing to read it ere they depart, shows that our large and liberal grants to them are duly appreciated. Strange to say, the number of priests coming to us, so far from diminishing, has of late considerably increased ; and I must record, to the credit of many of them, that they have expressed warm sympathy with our

object. They see that we do not carry on our work controversially, but give the simple text of the Sacred Scriptures ; and though they would, of course, prefer to see them accompanied with annotations, yet they see that if our books contain no notes in favour of their Church, they contain none against it. Sometimes a priest, on entering our depôt, has said, “Ah! Protestant propagandism !" To which I have replied, “If you search all through those hundreds of volumes you will not find the word Protestant ; and if the reading of the simple text of Holy Scripture makes people Protestants, it is rather an awkward admission for you to make.” Sometimes the reply is made, “ But the Bible is a very difficult book : how can you expect the peasants to understand it ?” The saying of one of old meets this objection, that “ In the Bible there are depths where elephants might swim, but there are shallows where lambs may wade;" and, at any rate, I have told our clerical friends who make the objection, that the best way to cause the Bible to be understood by the people is to gather them in the churches, and preach from it, and explain it to them ; for one intelligent priest did not hesitate to express his regret, that in bis church so many appeals were constantly made to the eyes and the senses, so few to the intellect and the heart. One question I have often found soften an objector : " Whether do you think it is better for the French people to read Voltaire and Renan, or the Word of God ?" for, as a Paris priest said to me, “I believe, though you have many Protestant sects in England, yet they almost all believe in the divinity of Jesus Christ and in the inspiration of the Bible, but too many in our country believe nothing, for France is full of scepticism." True, the priests of this country belong to two very diffferent schools, quite as sharply defined

“High Church” and “Low Church" in England : and our work is just the thing to bring this out. The Gallican priest, intelligent, courteous, and often learned, looks on the Bible with a friendly eye, and is often anxious to receive it; while the ultramontane, fierce, bigoted, and full of rage against heretics, treats the sacred volume with scorn and contempt, not unfrequently destroying it. Standing one day at the door of our depôt, I saw a priest passing who had ob. tained the Gospel of St. John at a neigh

as

bouring place, which he was busily tear- than ours," for, strange to say, wbile the ing to pieces. I could not help following Scriptures and religious tracts are being him to remonstrate with him on his circulated in the Park of the Exhibition wicked act, leaving him with the assur- by thousands of copies, the Church of ance that one day he would have to Rome has met this by no counter moveanswer for it before the judgment-seat of ment, and, here at least, has certainly Christ. He seemed to be struck dumb made no use of the printing-press. The at the uuexpected appeal, for he made only thing they have in the Park is a no reply.

little bijou chapel full of images, altars Then, again, an excellent priest in the and ecclesiastical furniture; and it is not provinces, who wrote to us for a Hebrew a little interesting that the four men in New Testament, which he had sent to charge of this place have all visited the him by post, when acknowledging it, said Bible Society's depôt, and purchased the that he honoured the Word of God quite Word of God. Thus I trust the idea is as much as Protestants, and was the being dissipated, which the Papal Church more anxious to make this known, as has industriously circulated, that Protessome of his brethren, curés in Brittany, tantism is a mere negation, without life had deprived some country-people there or missionary zeal to propagate itself, of Bibles which they bad obtained at the and that something is being done to reExhibition, and trodden them under foot. move misapprehensions which have stood The good man concludes bis letter with in the way of Romanists receiving the the words—"Pray receive my Christian blessed truths of the Gospel of Christ. and priestly salutation, and may the Priests surely will scarcely be so ready Lord (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit) be in future to charge us with circulating with you and remain with you for ever." mutilated Bibles, after coming into our Two priests of the Propaganda, going depôl, and, as many of them have done, out to the East as missionaries, came to turning to the list of books prefixed to the depôt and asked for copies in Arabic, our Bibles and Testaments, and finding Sanskrit, and Chinese, which they re- that the number corresponded with what ceived, with the expression of a hope on they acknowledge, excepting the Apocrythe part of the donor that they would pha, books not found in the Hebrew text, preach the truths contained in those or in the Canon acknowledged by the books, and which were preached at first Jews of Palestine. Even a priest of by the Apostles of the Lord.

considerable learning in one of the colA few days ago an English Roman leges of Paris, on taking up one of our Catholic priest came and asked for an Bibles, said, “I suppose you do not adEnglish Bible, which he received, his mit the Epistle of St. James;" on which friend, a French priest, receiving another I asked him to go through the hundreds in his language ; and thus it is that those of volumes before him, and try to find who profess to belong to the only true one where it was omitted. He knew Church come to those whom they have that the Epistle had been questioned by been taught to regard as heretics, to ob- Luther, who styled it “ a right strawy tain that which their own Church does Epistle" (though the great Reformer is not supply, and without which there said to have retracted this expression), can be no true Church at all. Roman and thought we should all implicitly folCatholic priests, doubtless, may have the low him; though he might have rememVulgate, the only authorized version of bered, that not only Luther, but Erasmus their church; but for vernacular trans- and Cardinal Cajetan, of his own Church, lations they must look elsewhere, for also objected to the same Epistle. I told their Church does not encourage them, him, however, that we did not make a and we never hear of Roman Catholic Pope of Luther or any other man, or missionaries in any part of the world allow him to fix for us the Canon of translating the Word of God. I am Scripture. glad, therefore, that so many have visited I feel glad, therefore, in being able to our depôt, and seen how different is the

say, that, up to this time, nearly four course pursued by Protestant christians. hundred* Roman Catholic priests have The whole work carried on here has received the word of God from us, and, doubtless impressed the minds of many on the whole, those who have come to of them. As a priest said to me lately,

* In a letter received since the above was in “I must confess that your zeal is greater print, Mr. Edwards puts this number at 560.

We

us have been far from showing an un- LADIES' WORK FOR THE friendly feeling. As far as the metropo

FOREIGN MISSION. lis is concerned, this is doubtless, in a

We are glad to find the appeal in aid of great measure, owing to the liberal and enlightened sentiments of the Arch

the poor christians and schools connected

with our Mission in Orissa has been bishop of Paris, who, in his last charge,

responded to, and that some of our urges men to study God's three great

churches are busily employed. books—Nature, Conscience, and Revelation; and who, I believe, is far from

hope that others from whom we have

received no communication are also looking with disfavour on the work of Bible distribution in France. There

labouring for the same object. would be some hope for the Church of

It is unlikely that Mrs. Miller will

take the box, as first intended, the charge Rome if her prelates more generally followed the enlightened policy of Arch

being so beavy for luggage overland. bishop Darboy; but alas! too many

She is sending her own baggage round the are committed to that fatal Ultramon

Cape. As the goods are delayed for the tanism which is sinking the Romish

present we trust our friends will work

in right good earnest that a greater system deeper and deeper in apostacy and ruin. Meanwhile, may the Lord

number of articles may be contributed. the Spirit bless the Word of Truth to

Signed, the priests who have received it, that

M. STEVENSON,

Secs. many, as of old, may become obedient to the faith!

Derby, Dec. 17, 1867.

Foreign Letters Received.

BERHAMPORE–G. Taylor, October 17.
CUTTACK-T. Bailey, October 15, 30.

Contributions

RECEIVED ON ACCOUNT OF THE GENERAL BAPTIST MISSIONÁRY SOCIETY,

FROM NOVEMBER 20th To DECEMBER 20th, 1867.

BATH.

£ s. d. Major Farran

1 0 0 BEESTON. Collections and Subscriptions

15 10 2 BRADFORD. Collections and Subscriptions

10 11 0

...

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£ s. d. Public Collections 5 15 11 Mrs. Case, for Orphan 2 10 0 COVENTRY.

MACCLESFIELD.
Collections and Sub-

Collections and Sub

5 9 10 scriptions

12 11 8 scriptions

SHORE.
HOUGHTON, Hunts.

Public Collections 3 10 7
Potto Brown, Esq. 7 10 0

STALYBRIDGE.
ILKESTON, SMALLEY, NEW-
THORPE & HEANOR. Collections and Sub-

scriptions

30 9 8 Collections and Subscriptions 18 10 4

SCOTLAND.

General Campbell 5 0 0 LEAKE & WYMESWOLD.

Miss Campbell

2 10 0 A friend, for Famine Or

Miss F. Campbell... 2 10 0 phans, by Rev. W. Bailey ... 1 0 0

10 0 0

...

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CARDIFF.
Share of Collection at

Baptist Union Mis-
sionary Meeting 5 5 0

CAVERSHAM, near Reading.
E. West, Esq.

5 00

Subscriptions and Donations in aid of the General Baptist Missionary Society will be thankfully received by T. HILL, Esq., Baker Street, Nottingham, Treasurer; and by the Rev. J. C. PIKE and the Rev. H. WILKINSON, Secretaries, Leicester, from whom also Missionary Boxes, Collecting Books, and Cards may be obtained.

THE

GENERAL BAPTIST MAGAZINE,

FEBRUARY, 1868. .

THEORIES OF CREATION.

BY THE REV. GILES HESTER, SHEFFIELD.

In all ages of the world, the works glorious orb of day? Whence came of God in Creation have attracted the silvery moon and the shining the attention of thoughtful and in- stars ? Whence came the innuquiring minds. The very appear- merable organisms which meet us in ance of nature is adapted to awaken every part of the globe ? Whence curiosity, and engage the faculties of came mari with his wonderful faculthe mind in ardent investigation. ties and ever expanding capacities? The world, with its innumerable These questions have been asked by objects of beauty and sublimity, and all civilized nations, and their menthe canopy

which overarches it with tal struggles can be traced in the such splendour and magnificence, are memorials of their civilisation which evidently fitted to make impressions they have left behind. Some of the on the most barren natures. Some- more daring and speculative spirits times this canopy has the appearance

have endeavoured to answer these of a sapphire dome inlaid with golden inquiries. Both eastern nations fires. Sometimes it is partially and western nations have had their covered with floating fleecy clouds. cosmogonies. They have all had At one time it is filled with stream- their own peculiar theories in which ing light flowing from the great orb they accounted for the origin and of day—at another time this vault existence of the universe. is lit up with the rays of the silvery In speaking of the theories of moon and the fainter splendours of creation as developed in heathen the twinkling stars. The creation, nations it is necessary to bear in in all its aspects and in all its details, mind that most probably many of is calculated to arrest the attention them have been coloured and modiand call out the imagination of every fied by the Divine Revelation given observing mind.

to Moses. In consequence of the It is quite natural, therefore, that migrations of the great races of the the important inquiry should often East the traditions of one age and present itself—Whence came these country have been removed and things ? Whence came the earth on transplanted in another. The theowhich we live ? Whence came the ries of some oriental nations con

VOL. LXX.--NEW SERIES, No. 14.

his age.

He was

tain seeds of truth mixed up with his predecessors. Instead of regardthe most extravagant errors and the ing some elementary form of matter wildest absurdities. Hindooism, as the origin of all things, he conBudhism, Parseeism, all have their

ceived the existence of a supreme cosmogonies, or accounts of the and eternal mind as distinct from origin of the world and universe. matter, and by which the elements According to the traditions of the of nature, called chaos, bad been Egyptians and Chinese water was reduced to form, order, and beauty. the earliest element. The Mexicans This universal mind or intelligence and Peruvians also call the first age he called Nous. This thoughtful of the world the

age
of water.

philosopher was greatly persecuted In the earlier ages of European for his opinions. He was ahead of civilisation Egypt was regarded as

It required all the elothe great school of philosophy and quence of Pericles to prevent his cradle of the arts. Geometry, sacrifice to popular rage. astronomy, mechanics, architecture, sentenced to pay a heavy fine and and the kindred sciences were cul- quit Athens.

He died at the

age

of tivated there. Moses was learned seventy-two. in all the wisdom of the Egyptians. These philosophers all belonged to Inquiring minds from the western the Ionic school of Grecian philosonations went into Egypt for instruc- phy. There was another school tion in science, philosophy, and art. called the Eleatic. It derived its The most distinguished of the Greek name from Elea or Velia, a Greek philosophers visited Egypt.

colony on the western coast of Greek philosophy begins with southern Italy. This school of Thales. He lived about six hundred philosophy was founded by Xenoyears before the Christian era. The phanes, who fled to the Italian principal feature of his philosophical shores when his country was consystem was that water, or a fluid quered by the Persians. Xenosubstance, was the single or original phanes was a pantheist. He conelement from which everything came, ceived the whole of nature to be and into which everything returned. God, and denounced the Homeric Anaximander followed Thales, and description of the gods as abomiadopted his system of philosophy. nable. His system of philosophy He was distinguished for his know- appealed more to the senses than to ledge of astronomy and geography. the intellect, and it became popular. He is said to have been the first to It has had followers up to this day. have introduced the sun-dial into The celebrated Pythagoras beGreece.

longed to a third school of philosoAnaximines was the third in this phy. He had a great thirst for series of Greek philosophers. He

He knowledge, and travelled into the differed from his predecessors in East to have the yearnings of his accounting for the origin of the uni- soul gratified. He visited Egypt

He agreed with Thales and with the view of studying phiAnaximander that all things sprang losophy. It is a matter of uncerfrom a single element; but, accord- tainty what his notions were with ing to his theory, air was the source regard to the origin of the world. of all things.

The most distinguishing feature of The greatest of the earlier Grecian his philosophy was the belief in the philosophers was Anaxagoras. He transmigration of souls. His conlived about five hundred years before temporary Xenophanes relates that the coming of Christ. His mind Pythagoras seeing a dog beaten inwas not satisfied with the system of terceded for the poor animal, saying,

verse.

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