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floods of scepticism and ritualism “ Danger to the church !” And why comprehended within the vaunted danger? Has scepticism, at last, bulwark of Protestantism-panic and triumphed? Have the ancient fountumult unbounded, occasioned by the dations of the faith at length yielded ? uprising of the Lord for the spiritu- Has the power gone out of Christ; ality and freedom of His church ! does His promise fail for evermore?

Is it, then, too much to affirm Or are there no weapons left in the that the patronage of the state has

armoury of God; no brave hands implied and does still imply the un

to wield them ; no strong valiant lawful subjection, humiliation, and

hearts to dare the conflict? Then, secularization of religion ?

What danger to the church there is not, one has so powerfully affirmed of the nor can be, for her King liveth and temporal sovereignty thrust upon

reigns, and she shall live also. religion, may I not with equal truth

Another battle-cry, more hoarse, apply to her temporal subjection?

more loud! What is the


? "They treat her as their prototypes

Popish ascendancy !"

And why treated her Author! They bow the Popish ascendancy? Because Popery knee and spit upon her! They cry,

at length begins to symbolize with Hail,' and smite her upon the

truth? Because Popery, even at its cheek! They put a sceptre in her

centre and throne, supported by hand, but it is a fragile reed; they bayonets, grows more potent? Becrown her, but it is with thorns ! cause, with advance of liberty and inThey cover with purple the wounds telligence, it is winning new homage? which their own hands have inflicted Because, to a free people with a free upon her, and inscribe magnificent Bible, there is increasing charm in titles over the cross on which they

its superstition and its darkness ? have fixed her to perish in ignominy Because, with a fair field and no and pain.”

favour, truth has ever yet been

worsted by its antagonist and foe? And thus, instead of contributing Because Anglicanism is now so to the dominion and ascendancy of staunchly Protestant and free ChrisChrist's kingdom, by virtue of this

tianity so essentially 'Romanist ? alliance the kingdom of Christ has been held in subjection and control ing alarm, this raising of false issues?

Then why this panic, this misleadto the kingdoms of this world. Such

We know why. No very keen or subjection and control the kingdom prophetic reading of the signs of the of Christ cannot endure: the spiritual times is needed to convince that resents the dominion of the carnal

the era of church establishments is the eternal will not be bound by the

closing—that the union of Church temporal—the divine consents not

and State is nigh to dissolution ! to the conditions of the human !

Have we, however, apprehended the That kingdom which is not of the

true idea of Christ's kingdom ? world must have dominion and as

Then shall we not fear even to hascendancy !

ten the day. FOR THE CHURCH WAS And

now from our vantageground let us again look forth-let

POVERTY ; NEVER SO PURE AS WHEN us again listen! Breathing air so SHE WAS FREE; NEVER SO STRONG serene and so strong we can well listen undaunted and undismayed! Let us, then, brethren, arise for the Listen, then, as from the combatants liberty of the church, since below the war-shout rises, the battle

“The hour of freedom dawns at length, What is that cry? The Lord's appointed day.”






cry ascends!



On John Parks and Thomas King, two T.-Certainly not. How could they professing Christians, meeting each baptize all nations? Tens of thousands other, the following conversation took would refuse to be baptized. But they place :

might preach the gospel to all nations. John Parks.— Friend Thomas, I am Accordingly they were to preach the glad to see you, for, on the subject of gospel to every creature, but baptize baptism, I have long wished to have a those only who believed it. little talk with you.

J.-But the commission does not Thomas King.-I shall be most happy

say so.

It does not say that infants to converse with you on any subject are not to be baptized. connected with the Christian religion. T.-Does it say they are to be ? With respect to baptism we will ap. Dare you baptize thein on its authority? peal to the Bible and see what it says J.—That is quite another thing. I about it.

did not say I dare. J.-With the greatest pleasure. For, T.-Very well. Then, can a comas the Sixth Article of the Church of mand which evidently enjoins the bapEngland (to which Church I have the tism of believers only ever be made to pleasure to belong) rightly says, "Holy include any but believers ? How can Scripture containeth all things neces- this be done? If the commission sary to salvation : so that whatever is speaks of believers only, believers only not read therein, nor may be proved should be baptized. To my mind this thereby, is not to be required of any man is as clear as that two and two make that it should be believed as an article four. of the faith, or be thought requisite or J.-I do not see the matter so clearly necessary to salvation." With this I

as you seem to do; but, nevertheless, entirely agree.

we will pass on to the next question. T.-And so do I.

I wish you would now tell me how bapJ.-As, then, we thus agree that the tism should be performed. It is perBible is the only true standard of ap- formed by sprinkling, pouring, and peal in matters of religious faith and dipping: which is the right way; or, practice, I wish to learn from it who are they all right? are the proper persons to be baptized. T.- I will tell you what the word of Can you help me ?

God says. But, before I do so, I would T.-I will most gladly try, and, in just say, that the word baptism is a doing so, we will begin with what is Greek word, which, in our Bible, is sometimes called the great commission, untranslated. I will suppose, then, and which is found both in Matthew that you and I are ignorant of the xxvii. 19 and Mark xv. 15, 16. Now in Greek language, so, in our ignorance, this commission the Saviour told His we read until we get to John iii. 23, disciples to do three things, viz., to go where it is said that “John also was into all the world—to preach the gos- baptizing at Ænon near to Salim, bepel to every creature—to baptize those cause there was much water there." who believed the gospel. Whatever Now, whatever is the meaning of bapis the meaning of baptism, then, ac- tism, this passage teaches that much cording to this commission, believers water is required for its accomplishare the only proper persons to be bap- ment. This is positively stated. True, tized. To my mind, this seems most we are not informed how the much clear. The disciples were to baptize water was applied; whether it was the taught and the believing. If, then, sprinkled, poured, or otherwise. Only they bad baptized those whom they that much was required. Do you agree could not teach, and those who either to this ? could not or would not believe, they J.-I agree to all that the word of would certainly have disobeyed their God teaches. Master's orders.

7.-That is no answer. J.-But does not the commission say does John iii. 23 teaclı that much water that they were to baptize all nations ? is required for baptism? Yes or no.

I ask you, J.-To be pointed, then, as far as I performed. Let us, then, read until can understand it, it seems to teach we get to Romans vi. 3, 4, where, to that; but that settles nothing.

the Christians at Rome, Paul says, T.-It settles all I wish it to settle. “Know ye not, that so many of us as It proves that the reason why John were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized at Ænon was, because there baptized into His death? Therefore was much water there; hence much we are buried with Him by baptism water is required for baptism. ' Now into death : that like as Christ was let us read until we get to Acte viii. raised up from the dead by the glory 38, 39. Here it is stated that “ They of the Father, even so we also shonld went down into the water, both Philip walk in newness of life." Now, if I and the eunuch; and he baptized him. mistake not, this passage teaches us And when they were come up out of that the reason why Philip and the the water, the Spirit of the Lord eunuch went down into the water was, caught away Philip, that the eunuch that the eunuch might be “buried with saw him no more: and he went on his Christ by baptism." Here, then, we


, way rejoicing.' Here we get a little have the whole subject clearly exmore light. We now see why much plained. The great commission teaches water is required for baptisın; it is that believers only are the proper perthat it may be gone down into. Philip sons to be baptized; John's baptizing and the eunuch went down into it, and at Ænon shews that much water is they came up out of it; and, no doubt, required for baptism ; Philip and the John and his candidates did the same eunuch tell us that the reason why at Ænon.

much water is required is that it may J.-Suppose all this to be true, what be gone down into; Paul affirms practhen ? Nothing is said as to how bap- tically that the reason why the much tism was performed. From all that water is to be gone down into is, that yet appears it might be either by candidates may be buried with Christ sprinkling or pouring.

by baptism. Thus one scripture exT.-True. Though a very small plains another, and so the Bible is its quantity of water would sprinkle thou- own interpreter and commentator, sands, and there could be no necessity

the four texts to which I have to go down into it; but still, I admit, referred seem to constitute the Bapthat neither of the last passages tell tismal Pattern"—the pattern cut out by us in so many words how baptism was the hand of God Himself.


The month of December in the year 1807 was upusually cold and blustering. In

In some instances, cattle and swine, poorly sheltered, were found badly frozen; winter had come on so suddenly that many were upprepared for it; while the effect of such severity in the weather was disheartening to young and old.

There was one exception, however, and that was a youth of fifteen summers, tall and gaunt, who sat one stormy evening in the old-fashioned chimney corner of his father's humble dwelling, reflecting upon bis own situation, and planuing what he would do to improve it. There was one fixed purpose in his mind, and this was to

get an education. How to accomplish it he could not as yet imagine, for though his will was inflexible as iron, his power of conception was not yet developed. He had been to a school in the neighbourhood the previous winter, but this avenue to learning was now closed to him. As he sat on the old-fashioned stool amid the noise and confusion of the family around him, and the hoarse sighing of the tempest without, bis thoughts were something of this nature : “ Winter has commenced; I long to be at my studies. The best part of the year, and the only time I can call my own is, passing away; what shall I do?”

As if in answer to this question,

6 No."


The Persevering Bou.

333 there was a knock at the door, and pre- and warming himself by the blazing sently a neighbour walked in covered logs, a youth whom he had never seen with snow.

He had been to a village before. There was an expression on beyond, and was returning to his home, his brown face which fixed the attenwhen the bright light of the pine knots tion of the teacher, and the following attracted his attention.

conversation took place :Our youth in the corner nodded good " Have you come to join the school ?" evening to the guest; but his mind “Yes, sir, I have walked seven miles was too deeply absorbed to listen to this morning to do it.” the chit-cbat which followed. The " Are you acquainted with any one great question, What next?” was in Plainfield ?" still undecided, and his brow knit more “No, sir." and more as he reflected on the diffi- “Have you no friends to lend you a culties in his path, which, however, helping hand ?" not for one moment deterred him from pursuing it.

“How do you expect, then, to get Presently he was roused by a voice. along?"

“Joe, did you hear, Joe ? There is “I don't know, I thought I'd come a school in Plainfield. Neighbour G. and see you about it—I'm determined says it's a good one, taught by Master to get learning before I'm much older." Maynard."

There was something in the cool, Joe rose slowly from his seat, a look resolute manner in which the youth of cool resolve stamped on every fea- undertook to conquer difficulties that ture. “I shall go to Plainfield in the interested the teacher. He told the morning," he said quietly.

stranger to remain through the day, “But how can you get there? It'll and he would see what could be done. be awfully drifted, the snow is a foot Before night he had made arrangedeep now, and the wind blows a gale." ments in the family where he was

“I'll get there somehow, I reckon." boarding, that the young man should

" But," remonstrated the father, “I remain, paying his expenses by labour don't see the way for you to go to out of school hours. Plainfield. I can't pay for your board Our friend now gave himself dilinor schooling, much as I'd like to do it." gently to study, and soon convinced

“I know that, father; but I am de- his teacher that, though not possessed termined to have an education."

of brilliant talents, his will to acquire Bidding the family good-night, he knowledge was indomitable. Through mounted to his humble chamber in the the winter he made good, but not rapid loft, saying to himself, “Yes, that is progress, and so much interested his the next step. I'll go to Plainfield; teacher by his perseverance, that at and I'll go to-morrow.

What's a few the close of the term that gentleman drifts of snow to me when I'm deter- made arrangements with a clergyman mined to get where I can be at my who resided four miles from his father's books; perhaps this Master Maynard house to hear his recitations. will help me to contrive a way to get At last he was prepared for college an education."

and the theological school, being one The next morning the thermometer of the earliest members of the Semiwas down to zero, the banks in front nary in Andover, from which place he of the house covered the stone walls ; went to Greece as a missionary of the but not one whit daunted, our friend American Board of Commissioners for started off as soon as it was light, a Foreign Missions. small package of clothes and books I scarcely need say that I have given slung over his shoulder with a stick, the early history of Dr. Jonas King, in search of “larnin,” as his father whose indomitable perseverance, amid called it.

discouragements and persecutions, has 1 On entering the school-room in sea- done so much for the redemption and son to see that the fires were sufficient Christianization of Greece, and bas exfor the severity of the day, Master cited the admiration of the whole Maynard observed, sitting on a bench Christian world.

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A WRITER in the Nonconformist, on monly furnished to these questions, is “ Union Churches,” says :

the very foolish and unjustifiable one “While writing on this subject, I that candidates objecting to receive should like just to suggest an inquiry baptism under such circumstances are or two to your Baptist readers in refer- ashamed of Christ.' Any person of ence to the circumstances under which, reflection and observation must know and the conditions upon which, the that many indisputably pious persons ordinance of baptism is commonly ob- feel an insuperable repugnance to unserved among them. Do they not often dergo the ordeal referred to, while to repel persons from submitting them- others of far inferior character it selves to that ordinance by insisting comparatively unobjectionable. When upon conditions not warranted by candidates are willing to receive bapScriptural authority? What right have tism in public, it is well that the ordithey to insist, as they almost invariably nance should be so administered, such do, upon candidates being baptized in services being often found to be tbe public? And why do they usually most valuable means of grace; but place their baptistries in such a posi- they have a right, if they prefer it, to tion that candidates, both male and claim the administration of baptism female, must necessarily be exposed to privately. If the world and the church the gaze of a large number of persons have reasonable evidence that they at the time of their immersion ? The have been baptized, and so 'put on only reply, so far as I am aware,

Christ,' nothing more is necessary.”




MR. LIDDON, in his "Bampton Lectures,” says:

“The death-cry of the martyrs must have familiarized the heathen mind with the honour paid to the Redeemer by Christians.

“ Their voices reach us across the chasm of intervening centuries, but time cannot impair the moral majesty, or weaken the accents of their strong and simple conviction. One after another their piercing words, in which the sharpest human agony is 80 entwined with a superhuman faith, fall upon our ears. "O Christ, Thou Son of God, deliver Thy servants.' O Lord Jesu Christ, we are Christians ; Thee do we serve; Thou art our hope; Thou art the hope of Christians; O God Most Holy, O God Most High, O God Almighty.' 'O Christ, cries a martyr again and again arnidst his agonies, 'O Christ, let me not be confounded.' 'Help, I pray Thee; O Christ, have pity. Preserve my soul, guard my spirit, that I be not ashamed. I pray Thee, O Christ, grant me power of endurance.' 'I pray Thee, Christ, hear

I thank Thee, my God; command that I be beheaded. I pray Thee,

Christ, have mercy; help me, thou Son of God.' 'I pray Thee, O Christ; all praise to Thee. Deliver me, (Christ; I suffer in Thy Name. I suffer for a short while; I suffer with a willing mind, O Christ, my Lord: let me not be confounded.'

“You cannot, as I have already argued, dismiss from your consideration such prayers as these, on the ground of their being 'mere ejaculations. Do serious men, who know they are dying, ejaculate' at random? Is it at the hour of death that a man would naturally innovate upon the devotional habits of a life-time? Is it at such an hour that he would make hitherto unattempted enterprises into the unseen world, and address himself to beings with whom he had not before deemed it lawful or possible to hold spiritual communion ? Is not the reverse of this supposition notoriously the case ? Surely, those of us who have witnessed the last hours of the servants of Christ cannot hesitate as to the answer. As the soul draws nigh to the gate of death, the solemnities of the eternal future are wont to cast their shadows upon their thought and

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