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heart; and whatever is deepest, truest, hood, and prayers which were learned mnost assured and precious, thenceforth at a' mother's knee, return upon the engrosses every power.

At that dread soul with resistless persuasiveness and yet blessed hour, the soul clings with a force, while the accumulations of later new intensity and deliberation to the years disappear and are lost sight of. most certain truths, to the most prized Depend upon it the martyrs prayed to and familiar words. The mental crea- Jesus in their agony, because they had tions of an intellectual over-subtlety, prayed to Him long before, many of or of a thoughtless enthusiasm, or of them from infancy; because they knew an unbridled imagination, or of a hidden from experience that such prayers were perversity of will

, or of an unsuspected blessed and answered. They had been unreality of character, fade away or taught to pray to Him; they had are discarded. To gaze upon the naked joined in prayers to Him; they had truth is the one necessity; to plant the been taunted and ridiculed for praying feet upon the Rock itself, the supreme to Him; they had persevered in praydesire, in that awful, searching, sifting ing to Him; and when at last their moment. Often, too, at a man's last hour of trial and of glory came, they hour will habit strangely assert its had recourse to the prayers which they mysterious power of recovering, as if knew full well to be the secret of their from the grave, thoughts and memories strength, and those prayers carried which seemed to have been lost for them on through their agony to the

Truths wbich have been half crown beyond it." forgotten or quite forgotten since child

ever.

Literature.

THE CHURCH IN ITS RELATION TO churches fabricate out of it. The THE STATE* is a seasonable address religious provision which was made by from the Society of Friends to their the law of Moses was for the whole fellow countrymen. No body of people people. The Jewish church was nahave a better right than the people national because it could produce its called Quakers to be heard on the great divine charter of incorporation, which question of the present day, and none claimed the people's acceptance, and could speak more pertinently upon it because it supplied but one priesthood than they do speak in this neat little and one worship for all. The so-called pamphlet. In a spirit of religious national Church of England ceased to seriousness they approach the topics be national when the State sanctioned which are now attracting public atten- the existence of entire communities of tion; and their deliverance upon them Christians, who disclaimed allegiance is distinct, frank, and full. As pre- to the Church. And as that Church liminary to the question of the separa- can produce no divine charter for its tion of the Church from the State, the incorporation, and has no exclusive pamphlet treats of the argument in title to the sympathy and support of favour of Church Establishments usually the people, it can derive no claim to be drawn from Mosaic institutions. These, considered national, on any analogies in so far as they were ceremonial and derived from the Mosaic dispensation. typical, were necessarily temporary, Again, the law of Moses allotted the and so did not furnish any precedent whole land to the people of Israel as a for the imitation of the Church after donation from God Himself, reserving the type had been displaced by the the tenth, called the Tithe, for His substance which it prefigured.

special service, and appropriating it to a preparatory dispensation it affords those who, having no share in the land none of those arguments for religious itself, had God as their sole inheritance establishments which certain modern (Num. xviii. 20-24). But there was * London: E. Marsh, 12, Bishopsgate Street

no law to compel the payment of tithes Without.

Leverything being left to the con

Yet as

And as

science of the tithe-payer. Moses delivered no compulsory enactment for the support of religious worship, no such thing as forced payments for it are ever read of in the Old Testament. Nor did any of the kingsoppressive as many of them wereresort to such violent means of maintaining religion among their subjects. Still further, the Jewish Church was never in reality subject to the State. Its worship was never interfered with not even appointed by State authority. David, as a pious king, “prepared with all his heart” for the better performance of divine worship; but all that he did was done by divine direction, and the people willingly followed his example, because they believed him to be obeying divine instructions. Moreover, the national priesthood appointed by the divine law allowed of another order of religious men as instructors of the people. The prophets were as truly men of God as the priests were. The Spirit was in them even more manifestly than in the sons of Aaron; and so far from encouraging any jealousy of their increase, Moses wished that “all the Lord's people were prophets, and that God would put His Spirit upon them all.”.

The pamphlet next deals with the founding of the Christian church, which of course had then no connection with the State, and which never becaine national until a half- heathen, halfChristian despot, Constantine, made it 80. Passing from this ever to be deplored introduction of Church establishments, it contrasts the Christianity of primitive with that of later times. Here the points of contrast are very strongly put, and the views are well supported by references to ancient and modern writers. Then comes the closing part on the present aspect of the question. Freely recognizing the blessing granted to multitudes in the overruling Providence of God under the Established Church, it is still denied that such blessing is a conclusive evidence of the conformity of establishments with the divine will. “ The genius of Pascal, the sanctity of FeneJon, and the zeal of Xavier, give no sanction to the corruptions of the Church of Rome. Nor does the learning of Usher, the piety and talents of Taylor and Bramhall, or the holiness of Bedell and Berkely, set the seal of

divine approbation on the Protestant church as it is established in Ireland." Attention is then invited to the following considerations :—That the united Church of England and Ireland is founded on compromise, and so stands on grounds altogether opposed to those of the national Church of the Old Testament; That the united Church of Eng. land and Ireland cannot be considered national, not being like the Church of the Old Testament, the Church of the whole people; That millions conscientiously dissent from it, and their right to dissent is recognized by the same law as that under which the Church exists ; That the members of the Established Church are trained up under the impression that they have an exclusive inheritance in the Christianity of the State, and they are taught to regard their dissenting fellow-subjects as in some sort aliens with respect to the privileges which the profession of Christianity secures; That the interference of the State has tended to isolate the Church as established in this country, fostering a spirit of narrow Anglicanism;" That the union of the Church with the State has had the effect of secularizing the former, inasmuch as it invests its bishops with worldly rank and power, and gives the right of placing ministers over congregations without any reference to their consent or concur

The closing paragraph we prefer to give in its entireness; and we request our readers to consider it well.

“ The great question that underlies every other in relation to the present subject, and compared with which every other must shrink into insignificance, is that which appeals to every heart, and in which all are alike interested. Are the Christian people of this land in right earnest to accept the responsibilities, and to take their legitimate share of the duties and privileges of the children of God ? Are all to be priests, putting on the garment of salvation and the robe of righteousness, enjoying and exemplifying, in a holy life, the blessedness of the citizenship of heaven. The welfare of millions for time and eternity is involved in the practical response to be given to this momentous question. The affirmative answer of the nation's heart and life would be the estab. lishment of the church indeed.

How much, alas ! on the other hand, is there in the united Church of England and Ireland, with its system of worldly compromise and

rence.

Be ye

assumption, and in its exclusively clerical for its size, but a torch for the amount government, framed after the models of an of its illumination--that many readers age steeped in Byzantine despotism, which of the Bible have obfuscated their not only does not favour, but is a POSITIVE minds with the mistiness of millenOBSTRUCTION, to the full realization of the

arianism. Both the above may be had New Testament idea of the kingdom of

of Mr. E. Stock, Paternoster Row. * God. Do any really imagine that in removing the existing legal Establishment the State would cease to be Christian ? THE HIDING PLACE, AND ROOM IN Can there be a greater fallacy? It is not IT FOR YOU—THE NEW LEAF AND the State that makes the Christian : it is

WHAT WILL YOU WRITE ON IT ?-DAILY rather the Christian that moulds the

TRIALS, AND HOW TO BEAR THEM-A character of the State. So far as the

VOICE FROM ABERGELE ; or, people are brought under the power of the gospel Christianity will rule supreme in

also ready—are excellent pennyworths the national councils, and influence the provided by the London Book Society, administration of law. Were this the case to be procured at 28, Paternoster Row, with every professor of the Christian pame or at the Bazaar in Soho Square. in this land, how much cause would there be for hope that the churches of England,

The SUNDAY MAGAZINE for October no longered severed by State interference, but united in a true sense of their high

begins a new volume, but wisely recalling in Christ Jesus, might become faith- tains some of its old contributors. It ful witnesses of His power and redeeming

opens with more tales than we have love to the world around them; and might either time or taste to read : and it illustrate more than they ever have done, seeks to attract attention to these the truth and blessedness of the promise tedious stories by the interposition of (Isaiah liv. 13, 14) · All thy children shall

a profusion of pictures. There is no be taught of the Lord; and great shall be

doubt some policy in this ; for childish the peace of thy children. In RIGHTEOUS

readers, whether young or old, bavo NESS SHALT THOU BE ESTABLISHED.

quite a passion for what is pictorial, as

well as for what is fictitious. And as THE CHURCH OF CHRIST. WHAT

the "Sunday Magazine" has a popuIS IT? A Letter to a person about to

larity to maintain, the means it emjoin a Church of Christ. By Jesse Hob- ploys for the purpose may be the best This letter defines the nature of

it could adopt. We need not begrudge the church-describes those who ought

the space appropriated to this lighter to be its members-gives some of the

kind of reading, because the solid scripture teachings relative to its offi- articles supplied to the more thoughtcers--and then tenders various prac

ful classes are sufficiently numerous tical counsels to those who enter the

and extensive. Drs. Vaughan and church. Some of the latter are very

Guthrie, Hanna, Lindsey and Alexangood, and if extensively regarded der, with Professor Plumptre, and would insure a holy, healthy, and

others, have enriched this first part happy church state.

with valuable papers; so that the carrent volume promises to be as excellent

as any of its predecessors. WILL CHRIST RETURN TO REIGN The SWORD AND TROWEL for OctoUPON THE EARTH is a penny book on ber is, on the whole, a good number; the coming, the kingdom, and the but the chief merit is contained in the reign of the Messiah, which presents “rare Discourse” of Samuel Rutherthe scriptural views of these great ford, and the notes of a Sermon by events in their own clear and com- Charles Spurgeon. manding light. We like it for its sim- THE CHURCH, with articles from the plicity and brevity, and for the quiet pens of John Aldis, Charles Stovel, and way in which it quotes and annotates Cornelius Elven, must be worth far the texts which the advocates of more than the penny it costs, and canChrist's advent, to reign with the not fail to command a wide circle of saints on earth, twist and torture to satisfied readers.—THE APPEAL is an make them favour their fallacious no- admirable thing for distribution in tions. It is the want of some such families where tracts are not quite cheap hand-light as this—a mere taper welcome, and it may be offered with

son.

Y

out any fear of its being declined. to connect it with the Baptist portion THE HIVE continues to cater well for of the congregational body, would be its own class of workers, and we may likely to insure for it a wider circulahope that their toil is sweetened, if not tion than it now receives. lightened, by what they find in it.THE SCATTERED NATION seeins just the right publication to excite a Chris- We acknowledge, but without any tian interest in the best welfare of the thanks, the Dialogue on the Irish Church Jews among believing Gentiles, while and the approaching Election between it helps to a better knowledge of some Richard Sykes and John Rose. We portions of the Word of God.

have read it alone, but shall not oblige

the writer by reading it aloud to our THE INDEPENDENT, as a monthly friends, or by passing it on to others. family paper for Nonconformists, may We turn from it to dear OLD JONAnow be strongly recommended THAN, with his short stories, sound equally good in its matter and in its lessons, and life-like illustrations. It form. It can be sent with our own is quite a treat to see and hear him Magazine where both are ordered of month after month. May his years be our London Publishers. Another title, many!

as

Poetry.

INVOCATION.

Too long, O God, too long my silent lyre

Upon the bending willows has been hung;
Too long within my weary breast the sacred fire

Has smouldered, and my song has been unsung.

Too long, O God, my feeble knees have faltered

With hesitating steps, along Thy way;
Too long my weary feet have faintly halted

Beside the road that leads to endless day.

Too long, O God, my dormant soul has slumbered,

Too feebly grateful for Thy bounteous love;
O, help me, with the raptured hosts unnumbered,

To praise Thee here, as Thee they praise above.

Help me to seek on earth not wealth or station;

But strive to do Thy sovereign will below;
And bowing at Thy feet in adoration,

My duty to Thyself and man to know.

God, attune my heart to heavenly measure,

And fill my soul with harmony divine ;
Give me, in serving Thee, my higbest pleasure,

And let my will be swallowed up in Thine.

Correspondence.

CASE OF GRETTON, NEAR Baptist church has existed there for UPPINGHAM.

about eighty years. The advertiser, SIDE the cover of our October num- who became its pastor, had, at the beber an advertisement appeared an- ginning of the present year, a serious nouncing the success which has at- misunderstanding with his people ; tended certain efforts to establish a upon which the Revs. T. T. Gough, of congregation and school in this village, Clipstone, and James Mursell, of Ketand stating that a piece of ground has tering, at the request of both parties, been given to put a building upon.

undertook to mediate between them. Assistance is asked towards the effort, In their presence the pastor gave noand to induce our churches to render

tice of his intention to leave at the such assistance a sort of promise is

end of six months, but as there was no made that the building will be ulti- prospect of ending the strife while he mately secured to the denomination, remained, the mediators, in the name &c. This advertisement has called of the church, offered him the six forth several letters to us, in strong

months salary, on condition of his leav. condemnation of the course taken by ing at once. He accepted the offer, the advertiser, and furnishing us with but instead of leaving the village he a history of his recent proceedings. opened another room for preaching, to We were at first inclined to print one

which he retired with his adherents, or two of these letters, bearing the designing to raise a second Baptist signatures of their writers ; but, on cause in this village of nine hundred further reflection, we think it better to

inhabitants. Without adding anything suppress them, and for the present to

to this plain statement, excepting that content ourselves with the mention of the old chapel is sufficiently good and a few facts, furnished to us by minis- capacious for all the wants of the peoterial and other brethren of the highest ple, we express the belief that our standing in the Northamptonshire Bap- General Baptist friends will not lend tist Association. To show that Gret

their sanction, or give any money, to the ton is not in the destitute state which attempt now made to establish a rival the advertisement might be understood dissenting congregation there. to represent, we are informed that a

EDITOR.

Intelligence.

Denominational.

The half-yearly meetings of the WARWICK-
SHIRE CONFERENCE were held at Wolvey
Chapel,

on Tuesday, September 29, 1868. The Rev. J. H. Wood, pastor, conducted a preparatory devotional service on Monday evening, at which the Divine blessing was sought on the meetings of the coming day. The morning sitting began at halfpast ten; when brother Wood gave out a hymn, and brethren Ll. H. Parsons, and J. Perkins, P.B., offered prayer. Brother Lees, of Walsalí, then read an important paper on - The Elevated Nature of the

Spiritual Life, and the means by which that life may be maintained.” The writer began by referring to "Life" in general; its existence and manifestation unquestioned, yet its principle & subtle and sublime mystery which no one can understand or explain. The life in men is fourfold; physical, social, mental, spiritual—the Christian life being higher than them all. He then spoke of its nature and degrees; how it is self-revealing in its possessor -progressive, ennobling, influential on others, quickening to ourselves. It is too high for disturbance by aught below; above surrounding circumstances; superior even to death. Reference was made to a Queen

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