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him say that the realization of his live by the day, and to give up my acceptance in Christ took place in accounts every night, for life is so the chapel at Woodhouse Eaves uncertain that it will not do to run when he was about the age of fifteen. long accounts in religion." When He was baptized, Aug. 16, 1807, by told that the tastes and inclinations the Rev. B. Pollard, after a sermon of the youth of the present day were by Mr. Goddard, who was then pas- very different from what they were tor of the church at Woodhouse. half a century ago, he would say
He did not take upon himself a that the same law which condemned profession of Christianity until he conformity to the world” was bindhad well counted the cost, and hence ing now
as then. to the end of his life he was most expression from the writer of his jealous to maintain inviolate his sainted fathers views of these matChristian reputation. In order to ters, he cannot refrain from saying learn “what manner of person he that his manner of life never marred ought to be in all holy conversation his happiness, never injured his and godliness” he studied the law piety, never detracted from his useof Christ; and not, as is too com- fulness, and never caused a single monly the case in the present day, regret when he came to die. the opinions and practices of men, His calling and numerous family He was ever ready to appeal to the precluded his devoting much time to law and to the testimony,” and a self-improvement, but by great dili66 thus saith the Lord” was with gence he treasured up a good store him the end of all controversy. of general knowledge. The Bible,
He mingled more or less with all however, was the study of his life. classes, and wherever he went he Perhaps few men have read the was a welcome visitor for his cheerful English Bible with deeper interest piety and intelligence, but he never and greater constancy. He could left any society without leaving the truthfully say, “ The law of thy impression that he was eminently a mouth is better unto me than thouman of God. He was an example sands of gold and silver.” of the believers in word, in conver- words were found, and I did eat sation, in charity, in spirit, in faith, them, and thy word was unto me in purity.”. He was often grieved the joy and rejoicing of my heart.” with what he called “the lax mo- Mr. Bailey could say, in all truthrality” of some Christian professors fulness,“ grace be with all them that in the present day; and when he love our Lord Jesus Christ in sinspoke rather vehemently, as he did cerity;" he, however, was very desometimes, against the growing de- cided in his conscientious convicsire for certain kinds of recreation, tions. He was “ready always to he was thought even by his dearest give an answer to every man that friends to be unjustly severe. He, asked him a reason of the hope that however, defended himself by saying was in him with meekness and fear." that he could find no evidence that In a communication he made to the Christ or His apostles sanctioned, writer a few years ago, he said, either by precept or precedent, such consequence of so much having been practices. And then, with great said and written of late respecting gravity, he would say, "it has been the true church and apostolical my practice never to be found doing succession,' I have been reading or saying anything, in the doing or the New Testament with great care saying of which, I should not like to to find out what a Christian church meet death. I feel it essential to is ? and I am convinced that the
66 In His ser
church to which I belong is the address was delivered to the teachers nearest to the New Testament model. and scholars on one of the CharnI have composed two sermons from wood hills only ten days before he what is our hope ?' and 'the died. church of the living God,' and I Mr. Bailey, however, was most have been advised to deliver them extensively known as a lay preacher. wherever I go. The study of these There are few Baptist chapels in subjects has given me clearer views the county of Leicester where his of the Christian religion, and has voice has not been heard. Anxious been the means of establishing me in to improve his talent, he sought the truths of the gospel.” “ Preach and cheerfully obtained (nearly fifty the commandments”declare unto
years ago) the assistance of the late the people all the counsel of God” – Rev. T. Orton, of Hugglescote; was the last advice the writer re
and many a weary journey has he ceived from his lips.
taken over the (then) dreary forest, As a father he was deeply solici- in the depth of winter, after nighttous for the spiritual welfare of his fall, to receive instruction from this children. His advice to parents was, great and good man. “ never say anything you would not mons, though he never called them like your children to repeat, never such, were full of gospel truth, and do anything you would not like them
of them showed considerto do”-and this advice he carried able originality. As a preacher he out to the letter. He felt the loss did not wear out, for his services, of his children most keenly. When where he had preached the longest, he received the intelligence that his were as much appreciated as when fourth son, who died in the state of he had upon him “ the dew of his Wisconsin, North America, had left youth.” At the coming of our Lord satisfactory evidence of his hope in Jesus Christ “many will be his joy Christ, he exclaimed, “0, what a and crown of rejoicing.” When he blessing is this ! had he died without had completed his “ threescore years hope I should have wept my life and ten, his friends entreated him
to contract his labours, but while he Mr. Bailey took a deep interest had strength to walk he felt he could in all the great questions that affected not comply. In answer to a similar our own or other lands; and he was
request from the writer, he said, “I ever ready to advocate the claims of see but little fruit from my the Bible Society, missions to the the good may be known hereafter, heathen, and other kindred institu- when I sleep in the grave. While I tions. When the slaves were eman- do live I wish to preach the gospel cipated in Jamaica his joy knew no of Christ, in which alone I hope to bounds, and one of the best hymns be accepted in the last great day; he ever composed was sung at the other refuge have I none—if saved celebration held in the village. it will be by the free grace of God.”
The Sabbath school in which he While out preaching he caught cold was first a scholar and afterwards a and was seriously ill for eighteen teacher, ever shared a large measure weeks. His system never recovered of his sympathy and help. Hundreds from this attack. In the spring of of scholars, when leaving the school, the
he had a second attack, and received the teachers last and best was brought to the gates of death. gift from his hards. For many years he wrote one or more of the hymns Though Mr. Orton was self-taught he at
tained considerable proficiency in the learned for the anniversary, and his last
Those who visited him will never and on Wednesday, the 7th of forget his calm resignation to the August, he finished his course. A will of the Lord. Not a single few moments before his departure
ever fell from his lips. the Rev. J. Cotton repeated, “ My “ Some people,” he said, “have flesh and my heart faileth, but God much to say when they come to die, is the strength of my heart and my I have nothing. I am resting as a portion for ever;" faintly he replied, sinner saved by grace on the finished * I have not much strength to speak work of Christ. Sixty years ago I now, but all is well," and with these made a covenant with Him; I have precious words upon his lips he closed no wish to break it, and as He has his long and useful life. It was not not I think it will hold good to the Mr. Bailey's lot to bequeath to his end." He partially recovered ; but children, or to her who did so much he was so conscious that the time of to cheer and help him for fifty-three his end was at hand that “ he set years, a rich inheritance, but he has his house in order,” and was just left them the remembrance, of an like the goodly servant who “stood honourable life.
6. He with his loins girt and his light Israelite indeed, in whom was no burning waiting for the coming of guile.” He was a "just man, upright his Lord.”
in his generation, and walked with Five days before his death he met God.” with a party of friends, and all were He was interred by the Rev. E. charmed with his cheerful look and Stevenson, and his death was iminteresting conversation, and it was proved from 2 Tim. iv. 6, 7, 8, by thought then he might be spared for the Rev. T. Stevenson. On both some time to his family and the these mournful occasions there was church. We have often seen the a very large attendance, and many little withered plant, on the parched came from distant towns and villages soil in the East, rear its head and to
the last tribute of respect to make an effort to blossom before it
“ Blessed are the dead dies; and this brightening up of the which die in the Lord from hencenow glorified one was but the last forth: Yea, saith the Spirit, that effort of nature before death. The they may rest from their labours ; next day he caught cold, which was and their works do follow them.” followed by an attack of bronchitis,
A BIBLICAL PAPER: MISCELLANEOUS.
CURIOSITIES OF CRITICISM.—" And he (Paul) shook off the beast into the fire, and felt no harm.” There was an ancient legend that the viper's flesh was the most effectual antidote for the viper's bite.
This legend has been thought to derive countenance from the verse above quoted. The Greek word for the viper here is thereon, from which comes the name of the cure, first as theriac, then triacle, and ultimately our modern word " treacle.” Thus our
old divines were wont to employ the legend as an illustration of Christian truths. Jeremy Taylor says, “There is a hyper-nikomen in St. Paul. “We are,' saith he, ‘more than conquerors.' We kill the viper and make treacle of him; i.e., we not only escape from temptations, but get advantage from them."
Só Hales observes, “Wonderful is the power of a Christian, who not only overcomes and conquers and kills the viper, but, like the skilful "cast,"
apothecary, makes antidote and treacle verbs impose on us the necessity of of him.” Gurnall also says, “The carefully collating the passages in saints' experiences help them to a which they occur. One example may sovereign treacle made of the scor- show this. Thus “driveth," in Mark pion's own flesh (which they through i. 12 ; “send forth,” in Matt. ix. 38; Cbrist have slain), and that hath a “bringeth forth,” in Matt. xiii. 52; virtue above all others to expel the and "putteth forth,” in John x. 4, are venom of Satan's temptations from the all renderings of one and the same heart.” In agreement with these say- verb in the original. But there are ings, one of our old divines begins a more varieties than these, such as sermon on Rev. xiv. 13, by a Latin
" "cast out," or “cast around," apothegm-“Ubi vuluus, ibi manus"- that might be added to the list. If “Whence we took our wound, thence any one of these instances is taken by we receive the core."
an expositor who tries to make the Some have objected to the idea of most of his text, and whose acquainttheir being anything dangerous in the ance with the Greek furnishes hiin viper's fastening on St. Paul, because with the idea of power, energy of it is not explicitly said to have been action, and even violent effort, as conpoisonous. To this objection two tained in the word ekballein, a mistaken answers may be returned. First, it is sense of Scripture may be conveyed. clear from the strain of the narrative Suppose the first cited text is selected. that all who saw the viper regarded its "The Spirit”—not the evil, but good bite as fatal. And second, that the Spirit-driveth Him (Christ) into Greek name by which this is spoken of the wilderness.” Driving is a very was usually applied to venomous crea- strong meaning of the verb, and theretures. Those interpreters are therefore fore should not be exaggerated by in the right who see here a fulfilment representing it as violent motion-the of Christ's promise—“They shall take exertion of force, but should be rather up serpents, and if they drink any modified by the milder words used in deadly thing it shall not hurt them.” relation to the event by Matthew and So far as we know, not one of the apos- Luke, which the translators have rentles was ever poisoned.
led up,” or simply "led."
Or take the next passage, which speaks DIFFERENT RENDERINGS.-Much at- of sending forth labourers. Lively tention has been recently devoted by preachers have often given loud utterBiblical critics to the various readings ance to their small learning when found in the manuscripts which have handling this text, and have declaimed been collated. It is satisfactory to
about the force which the Lord somelearn that these various readings are times employs in thrusting forth relucunimportant so far as doctrines are tant agents into the harvest field. concerned. Much greater attention is We seriously doubt whether the Lord due to the different renderings found in ever does so act on the unwilling. No our English version than to the various farmer would force a sickle into a readings which are discoverable in the reaper's hand, and then push him Greek manuscripts. In their curious amidst his corn that wanted reaping. but most interesting preface to the And if men are not so strongly inversion, oar translators justify the free- clined to labour for the Lord as to dom they have practised, and avow
“ desire the office of a bishop,” we their desire to avoid such “uniformity question whether the Lord would emof phrasing” as some would consider ploy them at all. The necessity of a essential to strict correctness in the sustained ministry may be to some a translation. If one word had been motive for entering it, but an inclinapreferred to the exclusion of others, tion for it must be felt and fostered, jealousy on the part of the unem- until it becomes an aspiration which ployed words might have been excited. will brook no hindrance and endure no We may, however, doubt whether any denial. It is only the willing worker logomachy could have come from such that becomes a hearty labourer, and jealousy. But to our topic.
The no other than these will the Lord of different renderings of the same Greek the harvest ever send forth.
BISHOP BEVERIDGE OR DEAN AL- than the word life would have done is FORD ?-The latter of these two emi- obvious to any one who examines the nent persons has recently written an context and notices the scope of our excellent paper in “Good Words" Lord's address to His disciples. called “The Christian Conscience." Instead, however, of exposing ourBut while the paper is admirable as a · selves to the charge of presumption in whole, and in some parts surprisingly controverting the opinion of so emiliberal for a churchman, there is one nent a critic as Dean Alford, we will paragraph containing a little Biblical now give what we think the better criticism which may be as mischievous criticism of the learned and pious as it is erroneous. We will first give bishop Beveridge.
In his sermons, the passage, although some of our which are held in as high repute by readers may have the article in which divines of the present day as they it occurs. " The Greeks
were by those who first read and adpressed by the same term (psyche) the mired them, there is one upon the text soul of man which he has to save and in Matt. xvi. 26. And when he comes the life of the reptile which he crushes to considər what our Saviour meant under his foot. And it would have by the question, he says,
And there been immensely for our profit if we may be some question made of it, for a had done the same. We should then man may be said to lose his soul when have read in our Bibles not only, he dies, and when his soul departs " Whosoever will save his life shall from his body; and so it is the same lose it, and whosoever will lose his life with a man's losing his life. And for my sake shall find it;' but also when a mian loses his soul even in this (for the same word is used), ‘For what sense, he can receive no profit from is a man profited if he shall gain the anything he has in the world, because whole world and lose his own life! by death he is turned out of possesor what shall a man give in exchange sion, and can enjoy it no longer. But for his life?'"
this cannot be the sense of the phrase If the authors of our English version in this place; for in this sense a man were now on earth, they might be may lose his soul and yet be happy; well able to justify themselves in using yea, therefore happy because he loses the word soul instead of life in the his soul, i.e., loses it in a good cause, as instances in which it occurs. For as Christ intimates in the preceding verse, a proof of their discrimination, and of saying, 'Whosoever will lose his life for their desire to be as accurate as pos- my sake shall find it.' Whereas in the sible, we may refer to an earlier pas- text He speaks of such a loss of the sage in Matthew's Gospel, ch. x. 39, soul which is inflicted as a punishwhere they have used life as the ment. For so the word (zemiothé) equivalent of psyche, or soul; whereas here used plainly signifies. But this in verse 28 of the same chapter, where appears sufficiently from the words soma and psyche occur, they have following; for our Saviour, having given soul as the sense of the latter here asserted that although a man gain term, in contradistinction from body, the whole world he is no way profited the meaning of the former. They by it if he lose his own soul, in the have done the same in such passages next verse He gives the reason of this as the following—“Receiving the end assertion, saying, 'For the Son of Man of your faith, even the salvation of shall come in the glory of His Father, your souls" (psychön)—“Which war with His angels, and then He shall against the soul" (psyche)
reward every man according to his work.' Shepherd and Bishop of your souls" From which it appears that He speaks (psychon). Psyche being the word of such a loss of the soul as men shall for soul as well as for life, the trans- be punished with at the day of judglators were compelled to use both ment, when they who have been more these English words, or either of careful to gain the world than to save them, according to the occasion. And their souls shall be condemned to that that 'the word soul better expresses everlasting fire which is prepared for the sense of psyche in Matt. xvi. 26, the devil and his angels.”