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THE SABBATH SCHOOL AND THE CHURCH.
THE Sabbath school and the church are 80, as
sends them to other places not, or ought not to be, rival institu- than the house of God while God's tions; neither ought they to be dis- people are engaged there in worship. tinct autonomies. One should be a We are told that this cannot be so, for part of the other.
three-fourths or more of the additions The Sabbath school is a great bless- to the communion are from the present ing, and it is capable of becoming or former pupils of the Sabbath school. greatly more so. Its excellence de- The fact we admit, but the credit is pends upon the manner in which it is wrongfully claimed. These new comconducted; and as all are deeply in- municants are, almost entirely, of the terested in it, a look at its defects, consecrated in infancy, the trained in with a view to its improvement, is as pious families, the habitual attenders legitimate as a contemplation of its at church. If there was no Sabbath excellencies.
school, they would still become comThe Sabbath school, as we have said, municants. Quite as many of the belongs properly to the church. It is children of the church would duly ad institution for teaching revealed come to the Lord's table, even if there religion; and the teaching, even to the was no Sabbath school, as now come. end of the world, of all that Jesus The inain utility of these schools is, himself taught, he committed to men that they bring under religious instruccalled and set apart for this work. tion many children who have no home This work they are to do, teaching the teaching in the truths of God. But of aged and the young; and bowever the many who are thus gathered in many helps they may have, they are from the streets, how few become perstill not to put the work beyond their manent and useful members of our own control.
churches! Some do; and every soul The Sabbath school is, or should be, is precious. But what numbers, in our next to the family, the church's pri- larger cities, of the young men who mary department, and should be kept are habitual violators of the Sabbath, as really under her spiritual guidance were once Sabbath school pupils ! as are the preaching and the sacra- How is this? One reason is, that ments. It is not to usurp the place of Sabbath school instruction is too superthe church-not to set up for itself, as ficial. The teachers are not always an autonomy-not to assume a chief- the persons best adapted to communitaincy. There is some tendency cate and impress religious truth. Some toward usurpation. This tendency is even need to be taught themselves the natural, wherever anything great is in first principles of the oracles of God. human hands. It is especially mani- The addresses are often light-a good fested where the union principle pre- boy, a bad boy, an anecdote, a startvails; and there is something of it ling providence-interesting, but feeble even where a church name is taken, in their influence, are the themes. The provided the organization is separate terms, Jesus, Holy Spirit, new heart, from the church. Where the church occur abundantly; but as to what authorities duly make the Sabbath Jesus did, and what the new beart is, school their own, there, of course, and the need of it, but slight impresusurpation is impracticable; but even sions are made; and as to the “princithere, watchfulness and wisdom both ples of the doctrine of Christ," and the are needed.
going on to perfection,” there is but Theoretically, the Sabbath school is little of the one, and almost nothing of auxiliary to the church; practically, it the other. Doctrinal religion is rather becomes a rival. It robs, in many
excluded. It is regarded as too sectaplaces, the church of her children, i.e., rian for some, and too high, too deep, of their presence in the sanctuary, and too difficult for all. We seem, when of their hearts' best affections. It teaching the young, to forget that the even tends to turn them to the world doctrines of Christ, which are utterly -not professedly so, for it claims that beyond the reach of men both wise it is bringing them to Christ, but really and prudent, may be revealed to babes. HOUSELESS BY NIGHT.
A WINTER STORY.
“HARK!" exclaimed Harry suddenly: “There's Hector growling and scratching at the side door. Run and let him in Susie."
Susie jumped up and opened the door, and in bounded a huge black dog.
“ Lie down, Hector ! Down with you, sir !" cried Harry, as the dog leaped upon him, and rested his two fore paws on bis shoulder.
But Hector would not lie down. He commenced fawning on Harry and pulling at the lappels of his jacket, as if he had something to tell him.
“For shame, Hector. are all wet. You've covered me with snow. Down, I tell you."
Thus repulsed, the dog dropped down and turned to Charlie. He seized Charlie's coat between his paws, and began to pull it gently. Every now and then he would utter a low, plaintive growl, looking earnestly all the time in Charlie's face.
"He's got something out of doorg for you," said Susie. " Perhaps it's a wood-chuck."
“Let's go and see," exclaimed Harry, starting up.
When Hector saw the boys rise to their feet, his delight was evident. He rau to the hall, where their caps and tippets were hanging, and stood wagging his tail, and now and then giving a sharp, short bark, while they put them on.
“Where are you going, boys ?” asked their mother, coming in at that moment. “It's getting near bed time, Harry."
“I know it, mother, but Hector has found something in the snow. We think it's a wood-chuck, and we are going out just one minute to see.'
“Well, hurry back. It's very cold. Shut the door tight after you, or the snow will blow into the entry.
Charlie and Harry ran after the dog, who bounded through the yard so fast they could scarcely keep up with him. Outside the gate and down the open road he led them on the run. They were full a quarter of a mile down the road before they stopped to take breath.
There was a little piece of wood here, through which the road ran to
the village, two miles distant. Hector bounded in among the trees, but stopped when he found the boys did not follow.
“ I'm not going any further to-night, old fellow,” said Charlie. “ It's too dark to go hunting.”
At this moment Hector's excitement redoubled. He ran back to the boys, and then forward a few steps, turning back his head to see if they followed him. At last he came and crouched at Harry's feet, and uttered a low coaxing whine, which said as plainly as words could have done, “Please come a little farther."
Let's go in and see what he's got," said Harry. “ It isn't dark, for there's a moon behind the snow clouds, and we can see well enough."
So they went in after Hector. Not more than three or four yards before they saw two human figures in the
The dog leaped forward and commenced licking the hands of a little boy, who sat near the trunk of a tree, with the head of a smaller boy lying
“Who are you?” asked Harry in surprise, when he saw them.
“ I'm so cold,” answered the boy, in a voice broken by sobs, “and Otto is going to sleep so sound I can't wake him up."
“They are freezing to death, Harry," cried Charlie. People always grow sleepy when they freeze. We must help them out of the snow, and get them home quick.”
Harry seized the boy who had spoken under both arms and pulled him upon his feet, while Charlie lifted the other, who was almost insensible, and only murmured faintly when he was raised up.
The older of the two could scarcely stand, but staggered about as if his feet and legs were quite numb.
“ Take hold of my arm," said Harry, “and we'll get to a fire in two minutes. Can you manage with the other fellow, Charlie ?"
"I guess so, with Hector's help,” he answered. "Run to the house as fast as you can, and ask some one to meet me.
Harry tucked the boy's hand under had paid the worth of them many his arm, and started off briskly, half
times over. We told no one about it dragging him along over the snow. except one of the boys, who carried a Charlie had more trouble with his hand organ, and he would have come charge, for though the boy was not with us if we had waited until after heavy, he was rather too large for Christmas. His organ was too heavy Charlie to carry. So he called Hector, to carry on such a long tramp, and he and placing the helpless child on the said he could take such a handful of dog's back, he held him on with both pennies on the holidays, that he wanted hands while Hector, as if he knew to wait, that he might have them to exactly what was expected of him, come away with. So Otto and I came walked slowly and carefully toward by ourselves. We have been a week the house.
on the road now, playing our violins Before they were half way there, all the way, but we didn't get many however, Charlie's father met them pennies, and to-night we had no supwith a lantern, and taking the half- per, and no money to pay for lodging, frozen child in his arms, carried him and so we got cold and hungry, and within doors.
lost our way in the wood. We used The eldest boy, whose name was to bave a nice Christmas once," added Fritz, was soon made comfortable, and “when my father and mother was able to eat some bot supper, and were alive, but they died when Otto tell their story. Poor little Otto re- was very little, and then we lived in vived after a while, and at length was the streets, till the Jew picked us up, able to sit up and comprehend where and taught us to play.” he was.
Poor little boys! They were houseThen Fritz told how they came out less wanderers indeed, that night they in the storm. They were too little had a good supper and a warm bed, street musicians, who played each a the first for a long time. violin, and got pennies from people for Mr. Mason kept them till after their music. But a cross old Jew was Christmas, and Mrs. Mason fitted them their master, who furnished them and out each with a warm suit of clothes a dozen other boys with their instru- for a Christmas present. ments, and then took from them at And when the new year began they night all they had earned during the had found homes in farm houses pot so day, giving them in return their supper far apart but they could see each other and lodging, and a meagre breakfast. often. They are now learning to be
“ And if we didn't get so many pen- farmers, and I hope they will grow up nies every night, he gave us nothing good and useful men. As for Hector, at all to eat,” said Fritz. “So Otto he has ever since been the hero of the and me agreed to run into the country story of how he saved the lives of two this Christmas time. We didn't think houseless little boys who were lost in it bad to take our violins with us, be
the spow. cause our master was so cruel, and we -A. S. M. in Congregationalist.
DENOMINATIONALISM. THERE is a class in our churches so well doubted. The man who has so extremely liberal that they fear to do much philanthropy that there is no anything for the peculiar advancement room for patriotism, is not a real phiof their own denomination lest they lanthropist. He who is so full of love should give some offence to somebody to his fellow men and neighbours that else. They are anxious to stand high there is no room left for peculiar attachin the esteem of other denominations, ment to his own family, is not always and suppose the best way to secure the best neighbour. The best way to that end is to neglect and disparage advance the general interest is without their own. They profess to love the injuring any part to make a speciality whole church so much that they have of the home interest and look particuno room for any peculiar love to any larly to the well being of those near part. Their love to the whole may be him. So he best advances the general
cause of Christianity who, without in- ment. This will not require that any juring other denominations, cherishes obstacle should be thrown in the way a special interest in his own, and la- of others. Attend to your own withbours most earnestly and heartily for out meddling with others, is a good its peculiar welfare and advancement. motto. To worship with another conIf each one will work well at home, gregation on occasion may not be at and see that the interest near him is all objectionable, but never to neglect well cared for, the general interest will your own, is the only consistent course not suffer. Men who have an honest of duty. My regiment first, while the preference for one denomination, as whole army has my good will; nay, they profess to have, by joining it, because the whole has my good will. must of necessity prefer its advance
Things New AND OLD. By John by profession." And so we have that
Spencer. AND TREASURY OF SIMI- Preface to the Reader, from the ever LES. By Robert Cawdray. Second
famous Thomas Fuller, which reviewers
of the first edition of this volume have Edition. London: R. D. Dickinson,
been so fond of quoting. Our selec92, Faringdon Street.
tion shall be from the last paragraph We have been somewhat tardy in call- pertaining to the title--Things Old ing attention to this dual work, and and New. “Only to propound things would wish to compensate for the late- new and new doth please rather than ness of our notice by the loudness of profit, and more tickle the itch of the our praise. Books should be store- ears than satisfy the appetite of the houses of thoughts and facts, and of all soul. On the other side, to present us precious truths. Here we have trea- with things old and old doth show a sures collected from the writings and lazy writer and will make a weary sayings of the learned in all ages, reader. Such books are like an imperdown to the year 1658—the date of fect map of the world wherein all the earliest edition of the work.
America is wanting. This author hath Pythagoras showed his modesty in endeavoured to compound both todeclining the then honourable but am- gether, and I hope with good success : bitious name of sophist, and preferring and like as changeable taffeta, having to be called a philosopher, or lover of the warp and woof of different colour, wisdom. John Spencer evinced equal seemeth sundry stuffs to several modesty in styling himself a “lover of standers-by, so will this book appear learning and learned men.
with wrinkles and gray-headed to the tablished his claim to be considered lovers of antiquity, but smooth and such by collecting these siiniles, sen- downy to such to whom novelty is tences, etc., from no less than seven most delightful.” hundred authors. Nothing more is told The Publisher of this rare book has us about himself, except at the foot of not been content to give a one of the pages, where he gives his reprint, but has secured careful editing residence as being formerly at Utcester -the verifying of Scripture references (Uttoxeter), Staffordshire, but now at -explanations of obsolete words and Sion College, London, in the capacity arrangement of things in alphabetical of librarian—"not in the least worthy order-and copious indexes. A wellto be such.' At that time there was written Introduction on the use of a distinguished occupant of a chamber illustration by the Rev. J. G. Pilkingin Sion College who deemed the libra- ton, M.A., of St. Asaph, is prefixed. rian “worthy," and who warmly com- And thus we have one of the best mended him for adventuring on his and certainly one of the cheapest literary design, "although no scholar volumes ever published.
A CANDID EXAMINATION OF THE RITE SERMON THOUGHTS: ANALYSING AND
OF CONFIRMATION AS PRACTISED IN ILLUSTRATING BIBLE Texts, IN THE ENGLISH EPISCOPAL CHURCH. SKETCHES AND BRIEF DISCOURSES. By a Nonconforming Minister. Lon- London: E. Stock, Paternoster Row. don: Jackson & Walford.
To common people a human skeleton This most lucid pamphlet is written as
would be worse than a scarecrow, the result of a long cherished convic- while to an anatomist it might be an tion that the grounds of English Non- object of attraction, and a subject for conformity are generally misunder- scientific study. To ordinary readers stood. He regards matters of doctrine outlines of sermons are not pleasant to as of far greater magnitude than ques- behold, and few, except those who are tions of church government, and he “ of the same craft” with the inakers places beliefs and ordinances above all of them, can be expected to examine controversies concerning the desirable- them. This little work is a volume of ness of a state church, and the value skeletons, and is no doubt printed for of diocesan episcopacy. He thinks the the behoof of ministering brethren. order for prayer and the litany are The “ Thonghts," we are told, are the such as the bulk of orthodox dissenters substance of so many sermons preached can gladly unite in using, but that the during the last year, and are published remaining offices, such as the orders in the hope of provoking “other of communion, baptism, confirmation, thoughts, nobler, devouter, and worvisitation of the sick, burial of the thier." We join their anonymous dead, and ordination, are so imbued author in this hope, for there is urgent with the sacerdotal and sacramentalian need of rising from the positive to the spirit, that only the force of habit can comparative state. He may be a man render them acceptable, or even inof- of ability in the exercise of preaching, fensive, to a sincere Protestant; at but we feel bound to say, judging from any rate they are an invincible stum- these specimens, that he either never bling-block to a Protestant Dissenter. learned, or has quite ignored, the He signifies his intention to point out science of sermonizing. To most of wherein lies the offence of the Book of them there is not a word of introducCommon Prayer, and selects, as his tion; and though to use much cerefirst theme, the Confirmation service, mony before coming to the matter is for reasons afterwards assigned. To wearisome, “to use none at all," says insure accuracy in giving the Anglican Lord Bacon, “is blunt.” In many view of the confirmation rite, he refers instances the divisions do not contain to the highest church authorities both any portion of the matter in the text, early and late, beginning with Hooker and so are no divisions at all; while and Jeremy Taylor, and ending with everything in the shape of application Deans Alford and Goulburn, and Drs. seems wholly omitted. Hook and Vaughan. He candidly ad- these outlines fail in their professed mits the antiquity of the ceremony, end—the analysis and illustration of but denies its Scriptural and apostolic Bible texts; and they are wofully authority. To justify this denial he wanting in evangelical doctrine and patiently examines all supposed sanc- saving truth. How any discourses of tion of it which is deduced by its advo- which these thoughts are the subcates from the New Testament, and stance can be made efficacious in conshows wherein the evidence cited fails verting souls and feeding the church in proving it. Throughout the sec- of God passes our conception. Have tions devoted to this examination the they, then, no merit? We should be writer is calm, logical, and powerful in unjust were we to imply that they are his reasoning; but when he reaches deficient in certain qualities which are his longest section he sets forth, in fitted both to captivate and satisfy eight instances, the serious evils in the many minds. There is a boldness in rite itself which demand considera- some of the conceptions, a breadth in tion. This is so excellent a produc- some of the references, and a free-andtion that we are led eagerly to antici- easy mannerism in their style of utterpate any others that may succeed it ance, which remove them far beyond from the same skilful pen.
what is common-place. From the