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Oil.-According to investigations in December, 1892, there are twenty establishments for the manufacture of oil in the country, the producing capacity of the most important being as follows: The establishment of Messrs. M. Pauelo & Co. produces 8,800 pounds per day; that of Mr. Luis Maraini produces 6,600 pounds; that of Gismondi & Brothers, 5,500 pounds; that of P. Bergery & Co., 4,400 pounds, etc.

All the establishments now in existence can use 120 presses, with a capacity to yield 88,000 pounds of oil per day, or 22,000,000 pounds per year. In 1892, about 22,000,000 pounds of peanuts were used, which must have yielded 5,500,000 pounds of oil, worth $2,000,000 paper money.

Starch. The only foreign starch which is now imported comes from Germany, France, and Belgium. Several years ago, the importation of American starch ceased entirely. Mr. E. Piaggio manufactures starch similar to the European article, employing rice as raw material, and its annual production amounts to 924,000 pounds, representing a total value of $300,000 paper money.

There are about fourteen other manufactories, which employ wheat and maize as raw material, which are situated in the city and province of Buenos Aires, and the Provinces of Entre Rios, Santa Fé, Córdoba, etc. The annual production of these establishments may be estimated at 4,400,000 pounds, worth $750,000 paper money. There are also some establishments where mandioca starch is produced.

Rice.—In Tucuman, Salta, Jujuy, San Juan, Corrientes, and Misiones there are important areas of land dedicated to the cultivation of rice, with the necessary machinery for the treatment of the grain. In the city of Tucuman, there are two mills for that purpose, and in the Provinces above-named there are several. There are about 3,700 acres under cultivation in the country, yielding an average of over a ton of rice for every acre, the rice being sold at the price of $75 or $100, paper money, per ton, according to

the place where it is cultivated. As the importation of rice amounted to 33,000,000 pounds in 1892, it is evident that the production of rice will increase every year, especially as the first experiments have given very good results.

Olives. The cultivation of olives is becoming important. They are produced in the Provinces of Buenos Aires, Santa Fé, Córdova, San Juan, San Luis, and Mendoza, although not to any great extent as yet. Olive oil has not yet been produced in any great quantity, olives being sold in small barrels.

Sugar. The cultivation of the sugar cane is one of the most remunerative industries in the country. There are now 89,000 acres of land under cultivation, distributed as follows:

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The sugar-cane zone of the country embraces about 25,000 square leagues, distributed as follows:

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Although there have been cases in which an acre of land planted with sugar cane has yielded 37 tons, the average yield is 20 tons per acre.

There are fifty-two sugar mills (ingenios) in the country which,

in 1892, produced about 128,000,000 pounds of sugar, which was sold at a total value of about $24,000,000, paper money.

In Rosario, of Santa Fé, exists a very important sugar-refinery establishment, with a producing capacity per year of 44,000,000 pounds of the very finest sugar. With, the establishment of another refinery of equal importance, it is calculated that sufficient sugar will be manufactured to stop the importation of that article, and as the sugar crop increases every year, it is expected that, in a year or two, a new refinery will be in operation, when the country will begin to export instead of importing refined sugar.

Pork. Although yet in its infancy, the pork industry, owing to the cheapness and abundance of hogs, is destined to become of great importance. In 1892, about 50,000 hogs were used in the different establishments situated in the Provinces of Buenos Aires Entre Rios, and Santa Fé, and produced 30,000 hams, 100,000 tin cases of grease of 11 pounds each, and 550,000 pounds of sausages and other products.

The average price of a hog whose weight is 330 pounds is $41.25, paper money, from which can be obtained:

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Deducting the expense of treatment, a good margin yet remains that can not but attract the attention of capitalists.

Chocolate. The manufactories of chocolate in the country number seven, are furnished with first-class machinery, and are capable of producing 2,200,000 pounds per year, although last year's pro

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duction amounted to only 1,100,000 pounds, which suffices for home consumption. The chocolate made is of such excellent quality that it has almost stopped the importation of European


Sweetmeats and candies. Notable is the progress realized in this candies.—Notable industry, which can be seen by the fact that in 1892, the total importation of different kinds of candies amounted only to 50,000 kilos, a quantity that is produced in one month by any of the many manufactories of candies established in the country. The annual production of preserved membrillo amounts to about 150,000 tin cases of 22 pounds, worth in all about $600,000, paper money. The same establishments make about 25,000 dozen tin cases of jelly, worth $120,000. The annual production of preserved peaches amounts to 500,000 tin cases. Of other preserved fruits, in juice, are prepared about 500,000 tin cases of 1.1 pounds each. The total value of all these products amounts to about $2,000,000. The tin cases alone cost about $150,000 annually. The production of different kinds of caramels amounts to 3,300,000 pounds per year.

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Pickles. The preparation of pickles, after the English style, has of late assumed considerable importance, as has also the making of mustard. Tomatoes, asparagus, etc., are also prepared in tin cases, and find a ready sale. As, in 1892, nearly 2,200,000 pounds of pickles and other similar products were imported, the home production is sure to increase every year.

Biscuits. The manufacture of sweet' biscuits is represented by several important establishments, which produce all the biscuits that are consumed, as the European importation of biscuits totally ceased several years ago.

Vermicelli. The production of vermicelli is very important. In the city and Province of Buenos Aires alone, there are 73 establishments for the manufacture of vermicelli, the annual production of which, in all the Republic, amounts to 79,200,000 pounds, worth about $8,000,000, paper money.

Flour.-There are 291 flour mills in the country, with capacity to produce 1,354,782,000 pounds of flour per year. As the mills work only about five months in the year, it is calculated that their actual production amounts to 420,000 tons. The annual exportation of flour reaches the figure of 35,200,000 pounds. Considering that not very long ago, flour was imported into the country, these figures suffice to denote the remarkable progress made in this line.

Fresh fruits.-Nearly every known fruit grows in the Argentine Republic. To the market of the city of Buenos Aires are sent, from the Province of the same name, no less than 1,000,000 cases of fruit per year, worth $3,000,000. In the general description of the country, it has been seen how abundantly vines grow in Provinces of San Juan, Mendoza, and others. It should be added that the production of oranges is no less important, they being grown in great quantities in the Provinces of Corrientes, Tucuman, Salta, Jujuy, Catamarca, etc., from which point they are brought to Buenos Aires. Peaches are mostly grown in the Province of Buenos Aires.

Dried fruits.-The dried grapes, or raisins, of San Juan, La Rioja, and Catamarca are consumed throughout the Republic, having annulled the importation of that article from Europe. Dried figs are prepared in Catamarca, at the average rate of 1,210,000 pounds per year. In Mendoza and other Provinces, nuts are cultivated.

Cheese and butter.—Cheese-making has acquired considerable importance, the reduction in the importation of that article being notable. It is calculated that, in 1892, the production of cheese throughout the country amounted to 6,600,000 pounds. Noted European cheese has been imitated with success, and the Taffi cheese of Tucuman has a reputation of its own. Still greater progress has been attained in the preparation of butter, an article that is now being exported to Europe, from whence, a few years ago, it was imported into the Republic.

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