Sivut kuvina



present volume from a perusal of lents and his piety, we beg leave to the introductory chapter. Unless repeat, that our objections to his his mind has been in some degree style only arise from the circumperverted by the northern metaphy- stances of our own countrymen, sics, or his judgment warped by a and are chiefly intended to remind deference to one or two distin- English authors of the importance guished characters, who have un- of adopting a more intelligible fortunately afforded a precedent phraseology: for the union of obscure writing and Our readers will excuse deep thinking, he will be in danger bringing forwards any specimen of of concluding the work unworthy of the obscurities of which we comhis notice, and will be perhaps sur- plain; we have now a more pleasprised at not meeting with any ing office to perform; namely, to thing to justify the high commenda- insert, or rather to adorn tions which have, in various quar- pages with a few extracts, which ters, been bestowed on these Re- will, we trust, afford decisive proof marks. On the first perusal, in- that our commendations, such as deed, we are disposed to recom- they are, have not been bestowed mend a very unusual mode of

pro- on an unworthy object. cedure. We should advise our

It is indeed a striking and yet an undereaders to begin at the 27th page; niable fact, that we are comparatively little and then, with a little allowance affected by abstract truths in morality. for one or two Scotticisms, and a

The cry of a child will produce a greater few peculiarities in the use of movement, in almost any mind, than

twenty pages of unanswerable reasoning. words, they may proceed very com- An instinctive acquaintance with this fact fortably to the end of the volume, guides us in our dealings with our fellowwhen they will certainly discover creatures; and He who formed the heart of that it contains so much that is ex

man, has attested his revealed word, by cellent and useful, so much origi- through which persuasion and instruction

showing his acquaintance with the channel nality, and so many old ideas might be most effectually communicated. placed in a new light, that they It may therefore be useful to illustrate, at will as a matter of course turn in- greater length, the analogy which exists stinctively to the first page, and between the persuasions of the Gospel, and

those which might be fixed on as the most reperuse the whole.

powerful arguments capable of being adConsidering, however, the in

dressed to any human feclings on the subtrinsic value of the work, its exten- ject of human interests. sive . circulation, and its having Let us, then, present to ourselres a combeen already translated and pub- pany of men travelling along the sealished in the French language, we

shore. One of them, better acquainted

with the ground than the rest, warns them cannot but deeply regret the repul- of quicksands, and points out to them a sive effect of the first chapter. We landmark which indicated the position of a are, indeed, plain men, and are dangerous pass. Tbey, bowever, see no in the habit of writing for plain great reason for apprehension; they are

anxious to get forwards, and cannot resolve men, for whose use such a style

upon making a considerable circuit in order is exceedingly inappropriate. Yet

to avoid wbat appears to them an imaginary when we recollect the state of evil: they reject his counsel, and proceed things in Edinburgh, the peculiar onwards. In these circumstances, what ar

What mode of modes of thought and of expres- gument ought ie to use? sion there prevalent, and the general persuasion can we imagine fitted to fasten character of the class of society for reality of their danger, and the disinterested whom we apprehend the work was benevolence of their adviser? His words especially intended, we conceive have been ineffectual; he must try some the author might say much in his

other method; he must act. And he does own defence; and as we enter

so; for, seeing no other way of prevailing

on them, he desires them to wait only a tain a very high respect for his ta- single moment, till: they see the truth of

his warning confirmed by his fạte. He of the Christian character; and to implant goes before them; he puts his foot on the this principle, is the grand object and the seemingly firm sand, and sinks to death. distinct tendency of the Christian doctrines. This eloquence is irresistible : he was the And it may be proper here to repeat an most aetive and vigorous amongst them; if observation wbich has been already much any one could have extricated himself from insisted on, that this love is not a vagtc the difficulty, it was he; they are per- affection for an ill-defined object, but a suaded; they make the necessary circuit, sentiment of approbation and attachment to bitterly accusing themselves of the death of à distinctly defined character. The Bible their generous companion; and during calls us to the exercise of this affection, by their progress, as often as these landmarks setting before us a history of theunspeakable occur, his nobleness and their own danger mercy of God towards man.

At first sight, rise to their minds, and secure their safety. it might seem impossible to conceive any Rashness is now not perilous merely,—it is way in which the mercy of God could be ungrateful : it is making void the death of very strikingly or affectingly manifested totheir deliverer.

wards his creatures. His omnipotence and To walk without God in the world, is to unbounded sovereignty make erery imaginwalk in sin; and sin is the way of danger. able gift cheap and easy to bim. The parMen had been told this by their own con- don of the sins committed by such feeble sciences, and they had even partially and worms, seems no great stretch of compas occasionally believed it; but still they siop 'in so great and so unassailable a mowalked on. Common arguments had failed; narch. God knew the heart of man. He the manifestations of the divine character knew that such would be his reasonings; in creation and providence, and the testi- and he prepared a work of mercy, which mony of conscience, had been in a great might in all points meet these conceptions. measure disregarded : it thus secmed ne- God so loved the world, that he gave his cessary, that a stronger appeal should be only-begotten Sop for its salvation. His made to their understanding and their feel- was not the benerolence which gives an ings. The danger of sin must be more unmissed mite out of à boundless storestrikingly and unequivocally demonstrated; it was a self-sacrificing benerolence, which and the alarm cxcited by this demonstration is but meagerly shadowed forth by any must be connected with a more kindly and earthly comparison, We admire Codrus sagenerous principle, wbich may bind their crificing bis life for bis country; we admire affections to that God from whom they have the guide piunging into the quicksand to wandered. But how is this to be done? warn and save his companions; we admire What more prevailing appeal can be made? the father suffering the sentence of his own Must the almighty Warner demonstrate the law in the stead of bis son; we admire eril of sin, by undergoing its effects ? Must Regulus submitting to voluntary torture for be prove the danger. of sin, by exbibiting the glory of Rome: but the goodness of himself as a sufferer under its consequences: God, in becoming man, and suffering, the Must He who knew no sin suffer as a sinner, just for the unjust, that he might demontbat he might persuade men that sin is in- strate to them the evil of sin, that he might deed an evil? It was eren so. God be- attract their affections to his own character, came man, and dwelt amongst us. He lim- and thus induce them to follow him in the self encountered the terrors of guilt, and way of happiness-was a goodness as much bore its punishment; and called on his care- superior to any human goodness, as God is less creatures to consider and understand above man, or as the eternal happiness of the eril of sin, by contemplating even its the soul is abore this fleeting existence; undeserred effects on a being of perfect pu- and, if believed, must excite a proporrity, who was over all, God blessed for tionate degree of admiration and gratitude. ever. Could they hope to sustain that The active and cordial love of our felweight which bad crushed the Son of God? low creatures is the second Christian duty, Could they rush into that guilt and that And can this sentiment be more powerfully danger against which he had so patheti- impressed upon us, than by the fact, that cally warned. them ? Could they refuse Christ's blood was shed for them as well as their hearts and their obedience to Him for ourselves; and by the consideration, who had proved himself so worthy of their that this blood reproaches us with the confidence? especially when we consider basest ingratitude, when we feel or act mathat this great Benefactor is erer present, liciously or even slightingly, towards those and sees the acceptance which this bistory in whom our heavenly Benefactor took so of his compassion meets with in erery breast, deep an interest ? Under the sense of our rejoicing in those whose spirits are purificd Lord's continual presence, we shall enby it, and still holding out the warning of dearour to promote eren their temporal his example to the most regardless. Pp. welfare; but, abore all, we shall be ear63-67.

nest for the good of their souls, which he The love of God is the radical principle died to redeem.-Pp. 142-144.



sent forth during the year, amounts to Amidst the darkness and desolation about 17,155. which prevail so extensively in South The altered rersion in Hinduwee being Ainerica, we hear with the utmost satis- also taken into consideration, the Society faction, that there exists a very earnest de- stands pledged for works, the expenses of sire to obtain Bibles, Testaments, and other which are equal to the arerage subscriptions books of religious and general informa- åt 14,000 rupees. In the last year, however, tion. At Lima recently sereral hundreds they bave scarcely amounted to 12,000. No of Spanish Bibles and Testainents were particular effort has been made; and seeagerly purchased in two or three days; and veral of the usual remittances, from a disthe demand was so great, that an eye-wit- tance, have not yet been received. Under ness states, had there been many thousands these circumstances, the Committee obthey would all have been sold. The Bible serve, that the Treasurer's abstract exhibits Society, with its accustomed promptness, a balance of above 1490 rupees against the are sending out a large consignment of Society. They are far from being discouTestaments, wbich they are enabled to do raged, however, and confidently leave the immediately, in consequence of the dis- wants of this interesting cbarity to the litribution of a considerable impression beral consideration of its friends, and the printed at. Barcelona for the use of Old public at large. Haring fully stated their Spain, having been impeded by the exer- case, they do not anticipate any difficulty in tions of the late Inquisition. We trust realizing the funds necessary for the works the time shall soon come, when from the actually undertaken, and also for such new east even to the west, and from the north emergeucies as may arise. 9 noto the south, the Word of the Lord shall The Committee then advert to the prohare free course, and be glorified.

ceedings of the recently formed Auxiliary

Society at Madras, as exhibited in their CALCUTTA AUXILIARY BIBLE SOCIETY. first printed Report, and remark that they

Amongst the earliest occurrences of the have nobly entered upon their work, and by year, the proceedings record the completion the judicious appointment of a Sub-Commilof the Malay Old Testament, revised by tee from their number, as a Committee for the Rer. Mr. Hutchings; and the Com- Translations, bare invested their proceedmittee have the pleasure to add, that nearly ings with a character of gravity and pruthe whole of the impression, after the co- dence, which cannot but secure the public pies bad been strongly bound at Serampore, confidence, and excite the liveliest hopes of is now

on its way to its destination; the permanent utility of their exertions. namely,

When all the details of these proceed779 Malay Bibles in the Roman character. ings, so diversified and so extensive, and 1078 do. do. Arabic do. the correspondence from all parts of the

983 do. Tests, in the Roman do. world which arise out of them, are seriously 1941 do. do. Arabic do. considered, no doubt can be entertained,

Of the English Scriptures, 373 Bibles that the Almighty is preparing his own and 428 Testaments are numbered among way for the accomplishment of the Scripthe deliveries at the depository. This tures of truth. We see nations very, renumber is small, in comparison with that mote and dissimilar, united for the sacred of some former years, but the reason is ob- purpose of healing the disorders of the vious. After having once furnished the world. Ancient feuds and jealousies are great stations with books, and supplied the forgotten in the strenuous competition of charity-schools and hospitals, a large in- lore. Individuals, distinguished for their creasing demand cannot be reasonably ex- rank, learning, and piety, from nearly all .pected. Ada "to this, that by the happy the kingdoms of the world, are approxiestablisbment of the Calcutta Diocesan mated in a columunion of Christian counCommittee of the Society for promoting cils and a co-operation of Christian la*Christian Knowledge, an extensive circula- bours. Comparing these things with the tion bas been given to the English Scrip- sure word of prophecy, remembering that tures throughout the country,

it is written, “ All the ends of the world In the last year, the bookseller's accounts shall remember, and turn unto the Lord; exhibit issues of above 12,000 copies of and all the kindreds of the nations shall the Scriptures, in the native languages. worship before thee;" who can forbear to Of these, about 4000 were copies of the acknowledge the finger of God, and to reNew Testament, and the remainder, single joice in hope, that “ his glory will be reGospels.

vealed, and that all flesh shall see it to, The sum total of the Scriptures, in all gether?" the various fanguages above-mentioned, It is an animating and refreshing spec

MARCH 1823.


tacle, when nations not only beat their of the Lord.” May the peace be perpetual, swords into ploughshares, and spears into and progressively distinguished by such expruning-hooks; but, as it were, call upon ertions, until the “ earth shall be full of the each other in the language of the prophet, knowledge of the Lord, as the waters cover • O come yc, and let us walk in the light the sea!”

SOCIETY FOR THE RELIEF OF POOR PIOUS CLERGYMEN. We have just received the annual state- creasing; but as I have a wife and FUUR ment of the above valuable institution, young children dependent upon my stipend which is proceeding with the utmost assi- solely for livelihood, I find that I must, duity in its work of mercy. The numerous though much against my will (unless I be distressing applications, in consequence helped from some quarter or another), unpartly of the diminished value of agricul- dergo, before long, the very grievous task tural produce, have induced the Committee of being separated from this kind people." 10. expend no less than two THOUSAND

“The necessity of my circumstances exand EIGHTY POUxds in the relief of poor

cites me to make application to the Society pious clergy and their widows ; a larger

Like my blessed Lord and Master, I sum than they have ever before distributed, continue, it being his gracious will, in a and far exceeding their subscriptions and

low estate in this world, tried with the donations. It is, therefore, obvious, that

painful incumbrances of debts. I have a they must still look to those who feel a

family of TEN children to support with a satender attachment to the faithful minister Jary of fifty pounds per annum. The harof Christ for the supply of those funds,

-vest last year was so bad, that the corn was without which the Society must necessarily

much damaged and almost spoiled, and I contract its efforts,

shall be obliged to buy corn till the next Twenty-nine cases are appended to the barvest. ..... I trust I sball be considered Report, of which the following may serve as

a proper object of your charitable relief; a specimen.

and that the Lord will bless and prosper all " My low circumstances constrain me to my benefactors, is the earnest prayer of, apply to your Society once more for a little &c." help in my pilgrimage, which you have be

* Being


distressed circumstances, fore liberally afforded me; by your so doing and feeling unwilling to make a disclosuré I have been kept at my post honourably,

of them to any other person, I hare at and been able to bring up my family with length resolved to lay my case before you, some degree of credit, as a minister ought for the information of the benevolent Soto do if possible. I have now but FOUR

ciety for whom you act as Secretary. In of my eight children living; the other four reply to the questions contained in your it has pleased my good and gracious God to

circular, I beg leave to state as follows : take to himself, and their godly mother

THIRTY pounds per annum salary--no likewise, out of “ the wiseries of this sin- private income-number of congregation ful world." I bave, through infinite mercy, between three and four 'hundred-numbeen more blessed in my family than many. ber of communicants when I first came Before they left the world, their mother and

to the parish two years ago were 9, now bemyself were careful to instil into their infant

tween 50 and 60-one Sunday school suminds the principles of our holy religion perintended by myself. I have distributed which the Lord in mercy did bless

many Bibles, Testaments, and Prayer Books, to them far beyond expectations. I

to nearly all the population. Rooms and wish all Christians were more careful in

board I could not obtain at less than 401, bringing up their children; I doubt not,

per annum, besides expenses of tea, washbut they would reap the fruit of it to their

ing, wearing apparel, &c." cowfort. My salary is about NINETY pounds a year. .. We have six in family

“ Yesterday I received your favour in-depending on me

closing a Bank bill of

My dear

partner and myself were astonished, and “ My incumbent with a large fa- overpowered with gratitude, at the bounty mily continues to be very poor, wbich, uu- of your Committee, and the kindness of a fortunately for me, involves nie in difficul

gracious Providence. ties. Out of FORTY pounds, my annual but will make a deep and lasting impression on nominal income, I received no more than my mind, and cause me to be more diligent half the sum for the last twelve months.

in the service of so good a Master..... The parishioners are kind people, but as Were it not for the generous relief afforded they are poor, they can afford me but little

by your Committee I should be in great assistance. They are in general attending distress, and the cares and anxieties of my my ministry, and the chureb is pretty full situation would have followed me into my every Sunday. The Sunday school is thrive closet and my pulpit; but through their liing, and the number of communicants in. berality, I now go on my knees with gratia

I trust the mercy

tude, sit down to my study with pleasure, vide.' Often did I assure her, that AE and shall to-morrow go into my pulpit with cared for us. Now have we found, by joy. Often did I endeavour to soothe the blessed experience, that he doth indeeder dejected spirits of my dear partner by that provide, that he doth indeed care for us.". consolatory passage, 'The Lord will pro

SLAVE TRADE. We mentioned in our last having pre- less than oxF HUNDRED THOUSAND AFRIpared for insertion an extract from the Ad- CANS have been torn from their native dress of the Society of Friends, on the sub-. country, and hurried into the most wretchject of the Slave Trade ; and we have for ed slavery, during the course of the last some time wished to call the attention of

year. our readers to the valuable Report of the Many of these victims of inhuman African Institution, which is on every ac- cupidity are released by death from count worthy of far more extensive sup- the hands of their merciless masters, as port than it has yet attained; but we hare indeed might reasonably be expected from just been faroured with a series of extracts merely considering the way in which they' from the Sierra Leone Gazettes, which are stowed, which will sufficiently appear show in a very striking manner the awful from the following cases. extent to which the criminal and detest

The Case of the Portuguese Schooner San able traffic in buman flesh is at present

José Hallacca. carried. We are therefore induced to

“ The Portuguese schooner San José omit the Address and Report before ad

Hallacca, prize to Lieutenant Hagan of verted to, and confine our attention to

the Thistle, and condemned in the Mixed these extracts.

Court, affords a melancholy instance of the It appears, from official returns, that in unfeeling and atrocious manner in whichi about twelve weeks His Majesty's vessels the slave-trade is carried on to leeward. on the coast of Africa captured eleven slave This schooner, or rather schooner boat, did ships, containing 1993 slaves, and during

not measure seven tons burden, was only the same period visited sixteen others, pre- twenty-eight feet long, and the space over pared to contain 4910, but which either

the water-casks, in which the miserable from not baving slaves on board (which is slares in irons were stowed, was barely senecessary to constitute a legal capture), or

venteen inches in beight! from some other technical cause, the of- “ From the information obtained by ficers were compelled to relinquish. In Lieutenant Hagan in the river Calabar, and the space of eight days, H. M. brig Thistle, corroborated by the evidence taken in this commanded by. Lieut. Hagan, captured two

colony, it appears that thirty negroes were vessels containing 416 slaves, and visited

put on board this boat in the Calabar; that eight others prepared for 2792 niore; and they were at sea nearly two months without H. M. ship Driver, Capt. Woolrige, on

being able to make Princes, when they put another occasion visited twelve vessels pre- back to Calabar with the loss of ten negroes pared for 5791 slaves, of which he cap- literally starved and crushed to death. It tured two, having on board 395. Now,

was at this period the boats of the Thistle when it is recollected, that every precau- made the seizure, and rescued the remaintion. is taken by the slave-dealers to guarding twenty from the grasp of Duke Ephraim, against being surprised by His Majesty's

in whose possession they then were. The essels, that by landing their slaves at the

state to which these poor creatures were approach of a British ship they can often reduced when received on board the Thistle, prevent capture, and by keeping their Lieutenant Hayan describes as most dreadslaves on

shore in the neighbourhood, ful; the action of the irons on their arms and not receiving them on board till the

and ankles, and the sores produced by the British ship is out of the way, the wind small casks on which they were stowed, fair, and other circunstances convenient, added to their extreme state of emaciation they may;with very considerable certainty and debility, presented altogether such a elude detection; it is perfectly obvious, spectacle of horror and suffering humanity, that the ships visited must bear a very as that officer, long as he bad been on this small proportion to those who escape un- coast, never before witnessed. Six or eight touched. And when, in addition, it is re- of these victims of slave-dealing cupidity, collected, that the French will not allow

died on board the Thistle on the passage us to visit their ships, and that thus any to this port; the remainder were, of course, venal wretch, by assuming a white flag placed in the hospitals, where we underand French papers, may carry on his mur

stand they are in a fair way of recovery." derous traffic with almost certain impunity, it will appear that the number exported Report of Lieutenant Hagan of the of our fellow-creatures is most dreadful.

Thistle. There is good reason to conclude, that not “ The Thistle, during her last cruiser

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