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to prepare a place for you, and if wonder how I got there.” When I go, I will come again to receive he seemed almost at the last, and you to myself.”
labouring under great oppression Mr. T. repeatedly said, how of breath, he expressed a longing much he wished to bear his dying desire to “ depart, and be with testimony to the truths he had Christ;" adding, “ if it might preached. He remarked, “ It has please the Lord; but not my will
life, to teach but his be done." It was observed, men how to die, and now I wish to “ You can now fully enter into the exemplify my own instructions.” experience of St. John, Come, He sent impressive messages to Lord Jesus, come quickly!!"one or two friends, of whose spiri- “ Yes,” he replied, “ but let patual state he felt doubtful; exhort- tience have her perfect work.” A ing them to consider the things be- friend said, “You are still kept in longing to their peace, while they peace.” He replied, " Thank had time. Once, when a dear God!"_" And in comfort.”. Christian friend came into the “ Thank God!” He breathed room, he shook his head, half softly twice, and his happy spirit playfully, half in displeasure, and fled, at five o'clock in the afternoon said, “You are wrong--you are of Wednesday, July 24, 1822, all wrong;" as if to court inquiry aged 63; his countenance still exHis friend said, “ Do not fatigue pressing peace, and a hope full of yourself by speaking, dear Sir.” immortality. He replied, “I must speak-you Thus closed the useful and vaare wrong-you are all inundating lued life of this eminent minister. me with kindness, and you are try- Few, it is believed, ever left being to make me look more to the hind a greater number of sincere testimony of man than the testi- mourners, especially among the mony of God.”—“ No, indeed; many who will form his “ crown
” his friend replied; “ we of rejoicing” at the coming of the are not looking to you, we are glo- Lord Jesus. Their chief consolarifying God in you ; we rejoice to tion under their afflicting bereavesee the power of Christ rest upon ment, is derived from the convicyou.” With great animation he re- tion, that their beloved pastor, joined, “ Do you glorify God in counsellor, and friend, has enterme? then praised be God!” ed into the joy of his Lord, and
On being told, on the Wednes- now shines-as the brightness of the day morning, that he would soon firmament and as the stars for be released from the body of sin ever and ever, among those who and death, and numbered with holy have been made the happy instruand glorified spirits in heaven to be ments, through divine grace, of ever with the Lord,” he replied, turning many to righteousness. Yes, I shall, I shall! and I shall
S. S. D.
ON THE DEATH OF AN AMIABLE CHILD.
On earth's rude bed 'a peerless flowret grew,
The watchful genius, whose faithful arm.
REVIEW OF BOOKS. On the Corruption of human Na- sible situations by hasty or unne
ture. A Charge delivered to the cessary interference, will unquesClergy of the Archdeaconry of tionably not endure the repetition Ely. By the Rev. J. H. Brownė, of injuries similar to those which A. M. Archdeacon of Ely..
have been inflicted. Rivingtons. 1822. Pp. 48 and Our confidence, however, in the Ixxii.
permanence and the ultimate proFive Letters addressed to the Rev. sperity of our church rests on far G. Wilkins, Vicar of St. Mary's, higher grounds than the correct Nottingham; _containing Stric- feelings of an enlightened Legislatures on some Parts of a Publica- ture. The Church of England tion entitled, “ Body and Soul.” must be permanent, and must proBy the
Rev. J. H. Browne, sper, because her doctrines, her A. M. Archdeacon of Ely, &c. Articles, her Liturgy, her HomiHatchards. 1823. Pp. 72. lies, are all founded on the basis
We are not of the number of of Scripture. It is this which afthose who despair of the Church fords her, as it were, a principle of of England. There may be many vitality, and, under the divine incauses which impede her progress; fluence, produces continual revivals and there doubtless is a vast in- of religion amongst her sons. In crease of those who dissent from other churches, when error is once her doctrines and discipline, and introduced it spreads with rapidity, are therefore, to a certain extent, and proves permanent; but in our inimical to her prosperity. Impo- own church, the authenticated forlitic and absurd regulations have mularies constitute an ahiding long impeded the provision of suit- standard; and many who, from able places of worship for an in- the most improper motives, have creasing population; hard measures entered into her ministry, have may have been dealt to some of her been mercifully recovered from curates; and the weakness or wic- their erroneous and mistaken views kedness, the defects of the head or by the careful perusal of her authe heart of some possessed of a thorized writings. little brief authority, may have in- These ideas have been forcibly duced them to adopt violent, and impressed upon our minds by the tyrannical, and oppressive mea- perusal of the very excellent sures, measures extremely annoy- Charge before us. Deeply coning to individuals, and injurious to vinced as we are, that the corruptrue religion even'in extensive dis- tion of human nature, the depravitricts : but after all that can be ty and misery of man, is the basis said, we have no fear for the per- of all true religion ; and that right manence and eventual prosperity views on this subject are essenof our Zion. The very defects to tially necessary to a cordial recepwhich we allude are producing tion of the doctrines of justification their own remedy. The intole- by faith, of regeneration, converrance of individuals will naturally sion, and sanctification by the illulead to a greater degree of caution minating and consoling influences in those who appoint to important of the Holy Spirit, we hail with situations. The cries of the humble unmingled satisfaction the delivery and the oppressed have already and the publication of this Charge, awakened the attention of an en- in an archdeaconry where for
very lightened Legislature; which, how- many years the archidiaconal visitever reluctant it may be to dimi- ations had sunk into mere form; nish the authority of any in respon- especially, as we conceire, the
sound argument, the
temperate in all its symptoms, to contemplate in all manner, and the continual refer. its malignity, is the actual deprarity of the
buman race_" the fault and corruption of ence to scriptural proof, and to
the nature of every man that naturally is authorized documents, which per- engendered of the offspring of Adam.” vade the whole of this Charge, Erroneous ideas upon this subject, or even must inevitably produce a deep ef- crude and superficial notions respecting it, fect on all who carefully peruse it.
must have a perpicious and fatal tendency. In the commencement of the If the Gospel be for the healing of the na
tions, and if its sanative properties, acCharge, the Archdeacon remarks, cording to the ordinary method of divine that
dispensations, be communicated through Some individuals are unwilling to admit
the medium of appointed ministers, it must the deep, entire, and universal corruption surely be unnecessary to point out to of human nature, lest such an admission
them the danger of entertaining an inadeshould entangle them in the difficulties of
quate conception of that disease, to wbich the Calvinistic scheme. It must indeed be
it is their especial office to unfold and apacknowledged by every candid and dispas- ply the remedy. sionate inquirer, that the supposition of
A careful, and I am willing to hope that the total depravity and moral impotency of
I may be allowed to add, an impartial exmen, may lead some persons to espouse the
amination of the testimony of Holy Scripdoctrines of particular election and final
ture, associated with the corroborative perseverance. These doctrines have been
evidence supplied by history and by expemaintained by many wise, many pious, rience, bas fastened upon niy mind the many learned divines; they have been sanc
conviction, that those statements are most tioned by names, which will be held in ve
consonant with the truth, wbich represent neration so long as the Church of Eng
man, in his natural condition, as a being land, and the writings of some of the most
totally and universally depraved.---Pp. 8,9. distinguished of her hierarchy, shall endure. And after alluding to the difBut whaterer arguments may be propound- ference of character and conduct in ed against these tenets, they ought to be individuals, he adds, discussed upon their own nierits, without inrolving the rejection of other doctrines of By asserting, therefore, that man is toa fundamental nature, not necessarily con
tally depraved, I do not mean to insinuate nected with them. If, however, it should
tbat he is destitute of every thing that is still be urged that they must stand or fall
excellent and praiseworthy in his social catogether, I do not hesitate to avow my pacity: but, I would be understood to inown conviction, in the words of Bishop
timate my belief, that he is by nature deHorsley, that “ any one may hold all the
void of all spiritual desires and holy dispotheological opinions of Calvin, hard and sitions ; that his heart is alienated from extravagant as some of them may seem,
God; and that, till he be renewed by diand yet be a sound member of the Church vine grace, and till a new bias be commuof England and Ireland : certainly a much
nicated to his will and affections, his most sounder member than one who, loudly de- splendid actions, however admirable they claiming against those opinions (which, if may appear with regard to their outward they be erroneous, are not errors that af
form and substance, since they do fect the essence of our common faith), runs
emanate from a right motive, are utterly into all the nonsense, the impiety, the
valueless in the sight of God, and may be abominations of the Arian, the Unitarian,
said to partake of “ the nature of sin *.”. and the Pelagian heresies; denying, in ef
P. 11. fect, the Lord who bougbt them*.". The Archdeacon then adverts to Pp. 4, 5.
the scriptural proof of this doctrine In considering the doctrine of --to direct declarations on the subman's corruption apart from its ject, and to a variety of indirect but supposed consequences, the Arch- equally conclusive proofs of human deacon purposely abstains from corruption-as the distinction beany metaphysical disquisition on tween flesh and spirit—the necesthe origin of evil, or the imputation sity of regeneration--of crucifying of Adam's sin, remarking, the flesh-of renouncing the world
That which it most concerns us to know, -of being made free by the power to survey in all its bearing, to investigate of Christ. He shows how direct
* Bishop Horsley's Charges, p. 219.
* Luke, vi. 34.
ly the precepts of morality con- verted state, is the vassal of sin, and from tained in the Sermon on the Mount this vassalage nothing can extricate him, are at variance with the inherent
but the gracious interposition of the Re
deemer of mankind, and a cordial receppropensities of the human heart;
tion of the saving truths of the Gospel. refers to our experience of the “ The truth shall make you free.”_" If movements which take place in our the Son shall make you free, ye shall be own breasts; adverts to the profa- free indeed;" i. e. you shall be free from
the burden of the ceremonial law, free nation of the name and day of God,
from the guilt of sin, free from the thralso common amongst ourselves, and dom of your own lusts, free from the domiappeals to the concurrent testimo- nion of Satan. But it is not a merely speny of all history, sacred, profane, culative assent to the evidences of divine and ecclesiastical, in support of revelation, which will effect this emancipahis position.
tion; there must be an implicit faith in its
peculiar doctrines : the Son himself must It is obvious, that the limits of make us free ; for “ where the Spirit of our work render it impossible for the Lord is, there is liberty *." This us to accompany the Archdeacon Spirit will enfranchise the mind, and enthrough all his various proofs. The large it from the captivity of error and pre
judice; it will also manumit the will, and following extracts may suffice as a
release it from the slavery of carnal lusts specimen.
and appetites, and thus it will prepare the
whole man for the service of God, “ which The contrast between a state of freedom
is perfect freedom.”—Pp. 28, 29. and a state of servitude, supplies another
When we turn our thougbts to that subforcible illustration of the disastrous conse
lime code of morality promulgated in our quences of original sin. We find an inte
Saviour's Sermon on the Mount, who does resting example of this contrast in the
not perceive, that all the precepts contained eighth chapter of St. John's Gospel. It
in it are directly at variance with the inheappears from the thirteenth verse of this chapter, that many of the Jews bad yielded Must we not, then, be constrained to ac
rent propensities of the human heart? to the convincing evidences, by which the knowledge the obliquity of our natural intrutb of our Lord's dirine mission was au
clipations, when we compare them with thenticated : upon wbich our blessed Sa
the unerring rectitude of these heavenly viour, to encourage them in their ad
rules? If we ever approximate to this perherence to him, said to the Jews who be
fect standard, to what shall we ascribe that liered on him, “ If ye continue in my word, then are ye my disciples indeed; approximation? Shall we ascribe it to the
vigorous exertion of our native powers ? and ye shall know the truth, and the truth
Or, shall we not rather with all humility sball make you free. They answered him,
confess the impotency of our best endeaWe be Abraham's seed, and were never in
vours, and acknowledge our total indispobondage to any man; how sayest thou,
sition to regulate our conduct by the divine Ye shall be made free? Jesus answered
will, until our liearts be transformed, and tbem, Verily, verily, I say unto you, who
our wills changed by the renewing intlusoever committetb sin, is the servant of
ences of the Holy Spirit? Man is naturalsin, And the servant abideth not in the house for erer; but the Son abidethever. If ly prone to gire vent to his feelings in the
moment of irritation, by the use of rithe Son, therefore, shall make you free, ye
tuperative language : but here every terin shall be free indeed.” How replete are
of reproach is distinctly prohibited. Man these words with raluable instruction! How
is naturally prone to resent a provocation, many important reflections do they sug
and retaliate an injury : but here he is regest! But I must confine niyself to those
quired to manifest a passive and forbearing which are immediately connected with the
temper, and to cherish a benerolent and subject before us. Surveyed in that con
affectionate feeling eren towards bis bitnexion, they place in a rery clear point of
terest foe. Man is naturally prone in his riew man's natural state of bondage on the
acts of benevolence, and in his exercises of one hand, and on the other, his emanci
devotion, to seek the praise of his fellowpation by embracing the great doctrines
creatures, and to be swayed by ostentatious of Christianity. “ Whosoever committeth
or ambitious motives : but here, retiresin, is the servant of sin;" this must not
ment, and secrecy, and unobtrusive piety be understood absolutely and without any
are recommended. Man is naturally inrestriction; for then the most eminent
clined to gire way to excessive solicitude saints would be justly obnoxious to this appellation. But it implies, that every per800 who is in his unregenerate or uncon
* Çor. iii. 17.
about the future, to depend upon his own man depravity with that of the Hoforethought and sagacity, and to lose sigbt milies of the Church of England * of the providential care of an orer-ruling
It is, however, time that we adDeity : but here he is taught to seek the salvation of his soul in the first place, and
vert to Mr. Browne's second pubthen implicitly to refer the disposal of bis lication, the Letters to the Rev. temporal concerns to the sorereign will of G. Wilkins, on a book, entitled, his Creator. Man is naturally inclined to Body and Soul. We have not usurp the seat of judgment, and to arraign the conduct of his neighbour before his own
the production here anipartial tribunal: but here all rash and cen
madverted on, and were at first sorious reflections upon the characters of ready to conclude, that Mr. B.'s others are peremptorily proscribed. What pamphlet was called forth by cirdoes this contrariety demonstrate ? Does
cumstances merely of a local nais not irresistibly prove, that man is by ture. It seems, however, that Mr. nature averse from all that is good, and
Wilkins has thought proper to empropense to all that is evil ?
If the commandment be boly, and just, and good, body in a work of fiction certain must not man, whose natural inclinations stale and common arguments and are opposed to the commandment, be un- misrepresentations on the subject holy, unrighteous, and exceedingly de- of evangelical religion, of the dipraved ?-Pp. 35-37. The Archdeacon concludes his tracts, &c. among the sick, the
vine influence, the circulation of Charge with the following striking preaching of morality, the nature passage :
of justification, the amusements of Suffer me, in conclusion, to address you the clergy, &c. which have a dionce more in the ferrid and energetic lan- rect tendency to injure the cause of guage of the late Bishop Horsley: “ Apply yourselves, with the whole strength and
These fallacious are
true religion. power of your minds, to do the work of guments and misrepresentations are Evangelists. Proclaim to those who are at very ably commented on in five enmity with God and children of his wrath, Letters, which we conceive may the glad tidings of Christ's pacification; be circulated with great advantage sound the alarm to awaken to a life of in various places where the work righteousness a world lost and dead in trespasses and sins; lift aloft the blazing torch of Revelation to scatter its rays
* We would earnestly recommend to any over them that sit in darkness and the shadow of death, and guide the footsteps of
who are in the habit of reading the Christian the benighted wanderer into the paths of
Remembrancer the perusal of Mr. Browne's life and peace *."
fourth Appendix. It shows how a periodical
work, laying high claims to orthodoxy, and To the Charge is added an Ap- proceeding from the shop of the very rependix of proofs and illustrations spectable booksellers to the Society for profrom the early reformers, the Arti
moting Christian Knowledge, may yet be
employed in undermining the fundamental cles, Homilies, Liturgy, and Fathers
Articles of the Church of England. It were of the English Church, the confes
casy to enlarge, but we forbear; those who sions of other Protestant churches, carefully peruse the Appendix alluded to and many of our distinguished di- will perceive the subject is in far abler vines. The Archdeacon animad
hands, and there we most cheerfully leare
it. It may, however, amuse some of our verts with temper, but with the ut
readers to bear, that when the proprietors most decision, on some very unwar- of Scott's Bible determined, about two rantable assuinptions of Mr. Pyle, months since, to publish that estimable which Bishop Tomline has inserted work in parts, and in consequence sent adin that strange farrago, entitled,
vertisements to all the principal magazines,
the Christian Remembrancer and the Bri“ A Refutation of Calvinism," and tish Critic refused to insert those adrertisecontrasts in a very striking manner ments after the publisher had taken them the language of the Christian Re- in, and actually returned the bills and the membrancer on the subject of hu- money. Such is the liberality with which
the most valuable commentary of modern Horsley's Charges, p. 231.
times is in some quarters regarded!!!