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on which they comment has never

candidly acknowledged that "it was rabeen heard of, and may effectu

ther as a matter of course, than from any

lore of God, or a proper motive of serving ally silence the statements of many him.” In other words, he had been living who are ready to object to that without God in the world; had spent upwhich they obviously do not un- wards of fifty years in the habitual neglect derstand.

of the first and great commandment; and, In " referring to a part of Mr. though he had not yet renounced all the

fornis of religion, he bad never experienced W.'s work, entitled, the Sick Pe

its power upon his soul. In short, he had nitent, Mr. B. adverts to certain

been a Christian in name only and outward Christian principles, and then pro- profession-- not in truth and reality. What

an awful state! A rational, immortal,

countable creature standing upon the Let us now see what is the practical light

threshold of eternity, without ever having in which you regard these great truths of

sought in earnest for the pardon of his sins, Revelation, and in what manner you en:

or the renewal of bis nature! Surely, if deavour to render them profitable for doc

there be none other name under heaven given trine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness *. At page 69

among men, whereby we must be saved *,

but only the name of our Lord Jesus of your work, you represent yourself (un- Christ, and if the Scriptures expressly deder the fictitious name of Dr. Freeman) as

clare that without holiness no man shall see solicited to attend in your ministerial capa

the Lord t, there was no time to be lost city upon the sick bed of a poor man,

in urging such an one to repent ansl be conta whose life seemed to be drawing to a close from the effects of a lingering consump

verted, that his sins might be blotted out I,

and to apply with humble, fervent, and imtion. After having described the forlorn habitation in wbich he lay, you state, that

portunate prayer to the forgotten Saviour,

and the neglected Sanctifier. upon a table near his bed were placed

But you seem to think, because he was Bible, a Prayer Book, and a few mis

neither Jew nor Heathen, that therefore named Religious Tracts,'” with the as

nothing but the officious zeal resulting sistance of which some persons bad been

from a

perverted intellect and inflated trying “ to enlighten his understanding, to

spirituality $," could prompt any one to open his eyes to faith and grace, and to

try " to conrert bis sinful soul.”- Pp. 24 convert bis sinful soul." Although their

-26. attempts to produce these effects, which

Mr. B. then inserts an extract you appear to consider as irreligious, prored abortive, yet it seems “ that they had con- from Dr. Paley, and thus proceeds: fused his ideas and unhinged his tranquil- Let us now examine in what terms you lity.”

address this pitiable individual; in what Now, let me ask, grounding my inqui- manner you unfold to him the great docries upou your own representation of the trines of the Gospel; in short, in wbat case, and upon the poor man's own ad

way you fulfil the important functions demissions, wbat was there so deserving of. legated to you as an "ambassador for censure in these attempts ? Did not his Christ.After having cautioned the poor mind stand most urgently in need of spiri- man against the spurious pretensions of tual illumination ? Was it not absolutely empirics in religion, you proceed to say, requisite to open bis eyes to the necessity “ The first thing which I would recommend of justifying faith and sanctifying grace?. you to do, is to search your own heart, Did not his sinful soul stand in need of and endeavour to call to mind those sins conversion ? It is true, he might not have of which you have at any time been guilty,,

a notorious sinner.” He might not and of which you have never repented. have been profligate or profane, dishonest. When you have done this, in which your or licentious. He might not have been conscience will be your guide, you must guilty of those vices, which blast the cba- then humble yourself before God, and sinracter, undermine the constitution, or sub- cerely, as well as you are able, pray to ject the unhappy criminal to the penal in- him that he will send you his help to assist flictions of human laws. But still, ac- you to repent, 'and his grace to make your cording to your own statement, he had - repentance acceptable before him. The been " a stranger to God';" and from his consciousness of your sins will show you own confession, he bad yet to learn “ how the necessity of trusting yourself entirely to to pray and to be truly good." Nay more: his holy keeping and sacred guidance, , though he had been regular in his attend throwing aside all ideas of your own meance at church at least once a day, yet he

* Acts, iv. 12. + Heb. xii. 14. 2 Tim. jä. 16,

Acts, iii, 19. § See page 71.


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rits, and humbly confessing your own un- may be difficult perhaps to prevent the layworthiness and many frailties.”—Pp. 28, man from filling the heads of his sons and 29.

daughters with dress, and vanity, and folly, After noticing the vagueness of and intrigue, and all the impertinence that this address, Mr. B. proceeds :

attends such promiscuous, ill-regulated as

semblies: we must leave him also to take But this is not the only point in which

no more care of the morals of bis servants, your address lies open to objection. I

than if they were bis cattle; and to pay no have another charge to bring against it, of

attention to the difficulties into wbich he still more grave and serious import. THERE

leads them, If he will run into these, exIS A TOTAL OMISSION EVEN OF THE MOST

cesses (I bave no better word in my dicDISTANT ALLUSION TO THE GREAT DOC

tionary to explain my meaning), I cannot TRINES OF THE ATONEMENT AND MEDIA

prevent it; but certainly I should wish the TION OF OUR LORD AND Saviour JESUS clergyman to be very cautious how be gives CHRIST. What was the practical effect

any encouragement to such assemblies, by which the “ consciousness of his sins"

his example. The world may laugh at was to have upon this unbappy man? It was

bim; but he must learn to bear the ridinot to impress upon his mind the salutary cule of the world; and I hope in return he conviction, that without an interest in bis

will meet approbation elsewhere."- Pp. Saviour's merits, there could be no salva

68, 69. tion for bim; it was not to lead him with

Mr. Pearson, in his Life of Mr. Hey, penitential sorrow to the foot of the cross

inserts the following queries on the subject for pardon and for peace; it was not to

of the stage. direct him to the Lanıb of God, that taketh

“ 1. Are not they who hire and employ away the sins of the world; but it was to

others to commit sin, as guilty as those induce him to cast himself upon the un

who commit it? covenanted nercies of God, without ever

66 2. Are not they who hire persons to reminding him, that he had incurred a debt which he was unable to discharge, do who attend the theatre), as guilty as

talk profaneness and indecency (which they and that the curse of the broken law hung those who talk profanely and indecently over his devoted head, and would inevi.

themselves ? tably consigu him to everlasting perdition,

“ 3. Can any one justly think himself unless he could without delay obtain an

endued with love to God, who does not interest in that vicarious sacrifice, which is earnestly desire and endeavour to keep the only sure foundation the sinner's

God's commandments ? And will not our hope. -Pp. 30, 31.

desire to please God be always in proporMr. W. appears to come for- tion to our abhorrence of that which is bateward as the decided advocate of ful and displeasing to him? If so; card-playing, dancing, and thea- 6 4. Have not they who will not forego trical exhibitions. On the subject

an amusement, abounding with that which

is hateful and displeasing to God, just reaof card-playing, Mr. Browne re

son to conclude that they are lovers of fers to the seventy-fifth Canon. On pleasure, more than lovers of God? dancing and theatrical exhibitions, “6 5. Is it not the character of fools to he refers to Gilpin's

Dialogues and make a mock of sin ? Pearson's Life of Hey, with the

« 6. Are not filthiness, foolish talking, extracts from which we must con

and jesting (those constant ingredients of

stage wit), ranked among the sios which clude the present article.

ought to bave no place among Christians, “ Is all company that are well dressed, and on account of which, the wrath of promiscuously admitted ? or, admitted on God will most certainly come upon the the introduction of nobody can tell who?

children of disobedience ?" Pearson's Is there no vying in dress, and ornament, moral and social Life of William Hey, Esq. and fashion ? Are no card-tables introduced ? Are suppers, and drinking, and late hours' excluded ?

While you are The Importance of educating the dancing, or carding, or drinking above

infant Children of the Poor, sc. stairs, is any care taken of your poor servants below? Are they left to saunter

containing an Account of the about inn-yards and tap-houses, to get Spitalfields Infant School. By into bad company; or, not knowing what Samuel Wilderspin, Master of to do with themselves, to debauch one an

the said School.-Hailes. 1823. other ?: Unless you can answer me ra

Pp. 184. tionally on all these heads, I shall never suffer any clergyman, over whom I bavę in

WE have been exceedingly inAuence, to attend any of these meetings. It terested in the perusal of this little

p. 244.

volume. It is a plain, simple, sen- passages for insertion, but our lisible narrative of the beneficial ef- mits compel their omission, and we fects produced by the liberality of must therefore earnestly recoma single individual, Joseph Wilson, mend the perusal of the work itself. Esq. in establishing and supporting The plan will be found of incalcuan infant school in the midst of the lable advantage in manufacturing, dense and poor population of Spital- in agricultural, or in other districts fields. We found it impossible to where parents are required to go lay the book down until we had out to work, and are often preventread the whole, and were in con- ed from engaging in profitable lasequence induced to take the ear- bour by the difficulty of finding liest opportunity of visiting the persons to take care of their chil school; a visit which afforded the dren. highest gratification. The school What is a poor woman to do who is left a contains between two and three

widow with four or five children, the eldest

perhaps not more than ten years of age? hundred children, the oldest not

She is obliged to go out to wasbing, for exceeding seven, and some below

other daily labour : the consequence is, her two years of age. It is entirely children are left to shift for themselves, bemanaged by Mr. and Mrs. W.; cause the mother is not able to pay for and the order, comfort, and attain

their schooling, and the free schools will ments of the children reflect the thus they inbibe principles and babits of

not admit them because they are too young ; highest credit on their judgment which neither parents, tutors, nor even the and diligence: these infants read law itself, in many instances, can ever and spell, and sing hymns, th y break them.-P. 2. add, subtract, and repeat pence children are exposed to, between the ages

Great and many are the dangers that and multiplication tables; they re

of two and seven years ; for, wben children late Scripture histories, and answer have been successful in stealing an orange questions with a readiness and cor- or an apple, they will not stop there, but rectness far beyond their years.

make a second attempt, and perhaps get so

confirmed in eril before they are seven After a suitable Introduction, the book

years old, as to prefer being in the street to contains, tbe Rules of the School-Order -Different Modes of teaching the Alphabet very great eril; but this is not all: not a

going to school or work. This, then, is a -teaching Arithmetic by means of Cubes

week passes, but we read in the public paof Wood-Method of giving little Children

pers of little children being run over by Exercise, mental Improvement, and Plea

coaches or other rehicles; or of children sore- Pictures-Rewards and Punishments

being burnt to death in consequence of -Cleanliness—Frightening Children-Ac

being left alone.-P. 3. cidents and Dangers-Juvenile Delinquency -Dimensions of a School -- Play-ground obliged to go out, lock their children in

I hare known parents who have been Qualification of Master and Mistress and

& room to prevent them from getting Conclusion.

into the streets, or falling down stairs, On all these points great good and who have taken as they imagined every sense is manifested, 'and much in- precaution to protect the children; but the formation afforded, which may be little creatures, perhaps, after fretting and sought for in vain in larger and crying for bours at being thus confined,

have ventured to get up to the window, in more expensive publications. The order to see what was passing in the streets, grand feature is the application of and to gratify their little minds, when one the whole to infants, and the bring- overreaching itself has fallen into the ing children of two or three years

street and been killed on the spot. There old to take an interest and find

are cases enough of this kind daily to be

met with in the public prints, and hunpleasure in learning, &c. so as ac- dreds of accidents have occurred, that are tually to prefer school to their own not noticed in the papers at all.-P. 107. homes. We had marked several There are several children in the school,

at this present time, that had contracted * The school is situated in Quaker Street, some very bad habits, entirely by their Spitalfields, and may be visited between being accustomed to run the streets s and nine and eleven, or two and four.!

one boy in particular, only five years of APRIL 1823.


age, was so frequently absent, and as fre- a kind of guard in the school, for the purquently would bring such a reasonable ex- pose of keeping the children from getting cuse for his absence, that it was some time too near the stove, and it forms a kind of before I detected hiin; at last I thought it


In the summer this guard is put on best to see bis mother, I therefore sent the an elevated situation, at one end of the boy to tell his mother I wished to see her : school; and it struck me, that if I put bim the boy soon returned, saying his mother in there, it might do bim some good. I was not at home. The following morning he accordingly procured a ladder, and placed was absent again, and I sent another boy bim in it, taking care to prevent the posto know the reason, when the mother wait- sibility of an accident; he had scarcely been ed on me immediately, and assured me that in five minutes, when the whole of the she had sent the child to school. I then children, as if by common consent, called produced the slate, which I keep for that out, “ Pretty Dicky, sweet Dicky:" he impurpose, and informed her how many days, mediately burst into tears, a thing very unand half days, her child had been absent for usual with him, and I must say, I was exthe last month; wben sbe again assured tremely glad to see it, and bave to observe, me, that she had never kept the child at that I have never known him absent withhome a single half day, nor bad he ever out leave since; and what is more, he aptold her that I wanted to see her; at the pears to be very fond of his school, and is same time observing, that he must have now a very good child. Is not this, then, a been decoyed away by some of the children brand plucked from the fire ?-Pp. 71-76. in the neighbourhood, and regretting that I recollect a short time ago seeing two she could not afford to send bim to school little children, very near the school where I before; adding, that the Infant School was live, seemingly in close conversation, and a blessed institution, and an institution, she from their frequently looking at a fruit-stall thought, much wanted in the neighbour- that was near at band, I felt inclined to hood. I needs scarcely observe, that both watch them, having previously beard from father and mother lost no time in searching some of the children in the school, that they for their child, and after a search of sereral bad frequently seen children in the neighhours found him in Spitalfields market, in bourhood steal oysters and different things. company with several other children, pretty I accordingly placed myself in a convenient well stored with apples, &c. which they bad situation, and I had not long to wait, for no doubt stolen from the fruit-baskets the moment they saw there was no one that are continually placed there. They passing, they made up to the stall, the eldest brought him to school, and informed me walking alongside the other, apparently to that they bad given bim a good flogging, prevent his being seen, wbilst the little one which I found to be correct, from the marks snatched ań orange, and conveyed it under that were on the child; and to use their his piubefore, with all the dexterity of an own words, they stated, they had no doubt experienced thief. Will it be believed that but that would cure bim. But, however, the youngest of these children was not four he was not so soon to be cured; for tbe very years old, and the eldest apparently not next day he was absent again ; and after the above fire? and, from what

saw, I had parents had tried every expedient they good reason to believe it was not the first could think of, without success, they deli- time these children had been guilty of vered bim over to me, telling me to do stealing, though perhaps unknown to their what I thought proper. I tried every means parents, as I have subsequently found to be that I could devise, except the keeping him true in other instances.—Pp. 161, 162. at school after school hours, since I always As it has been sbown that children are had a great disinclination to couvert the very early inclined to do that wbich is school into a prison; my object being, if wrong, many persons, who beretofore possible, to teach the children to love the thought differently, will now see that it is school; and I thought I could not take a more never too soon to endeavour to teach them effectual method of causing them to detest it, what is right. When such young children than by keeping them against their will after commit a fault, it is generally passed over school hours. But I at last tried this

expe- by their parents and others, with this obserriment, with as little success as the others, ration, “ O! he is but a child, and knows and was about sending the child out of the no better:" but it may be answered, per

school altogether, as incorrigible. But I haps, with some propriety, that they never : was unwilling that it should be said, that a will, unless they are taught; and I have

child of only five years of age should master shown that many thousands never bare an us all, and knowing that the older be was opportunity of being taught, unless the the more difficult he would be to cure. I pious and humane will stretch forth their however at last hit upon an expedient, hands and snatch them from the many danwhich I have reason to thank the Almighty gers by which they are surrounded.-Pp. has had the desired effect; namely, we have 168, 169.


This appears


IRELAND. ROMAN CATHOLICS, ORANGEMEN, &c. class of persons, and apply them with referThe state of Ireland naturally excites a

ence to other classes where such principles considerable degree of attention at the pre

and motives have no existence. The Irish sent juncture. The following extracts from gentry know perfectly well that their coundifferent publications, evince the deter

trymen possess very different feelings on mined bigotry and violent hostility against

the most important points, and require Protestants, which at this moment pre

very different manageinent than the Engvail. The advocates for what is miscalled

lish, while too many among ourselves supRoman Catholic Emancipation, bave long pose that exactly the same line of con

duct wbich is attended with prosperous been endeavouring to persuade us that conciliatory measures would very much tend to

results in this country, will produce a win orer the Romanists to our religion.

similar effect in the sister island--a position Now we certainly bare no objection to con

which we hesitate not to affirm is altoge

ther unfounded. ciliatory measures as such—we are decided friends to toleration in religious matters ; but in order that conciliatory measures

Extract of a Letter from a Gentleman of may produce any beneficial effect, their na

the highest Respectability. ture and object must be clearly understood.

“ In answer to your inquiries respecting If once the idea is entertained, that conces

the state of public feeling, I can assure you sion has been obtained by force, and that

that the administration of Lord Wellesley further acts of violence will produce a still excites ****** and the most lively appregreater degree of concession, the very mea

hensions among all classes of Protestants, sures wbich were adopted to conciliate, will

whether Church of England men, Presbyproduce a contrary effect.

terians, Socinians, Quakers, or others; decidedly the case in Ireland. Were the

indeed the Dissenters, and amongst them Romanists possessed of either liberal minds

the Quakers more particularly, are now in an enlightened understanding, they principle the bottest Orangemen. Orange would gratefully acknowledge the kind lodges are starting up in places where and paternal care of the present Govern

such ultra feelings would not have been ment, and would evince their gratitude tolerated twelve months ago ; and where hy a peaceable and unassuming conduct.

Orangeism was unknown, even in the heat But the very reverse is the case: instead

and tempest of political feeling produced by of being thankful that the Government

the insurrections of 1798. The Patriot prohibited the Protestants from the least

(the Court newspaper) was within the last wounding their feelings by dressing the

week turned out of ihrce news-rooms in the statue of King William in orange, as

South. has been customary for above a century;

“ The effect of the new policy of Admithe Irish Papists regard this as a symptom of

nistration upon the Protestants is however declining Protestantism. They bring forth

trilling and innoxious, compared with its the cross, and adorn it with laurel, and pa

operation in stimulating the hopes and the rade about the streets of Dublin, and ac

ambition of the Catholic zealots. company their procession with gestures and

have no notion, and in your kindly dispoexpressions of the most terrific import to

sition towards the cause of Catholio Emanthe peaceable Protestant. While the Gc

cipation, you would not wish to have a novernment look calruly on and suffer the in

tion of the views which appear to have sult to pass unnoticed, and countevance the

been opened to the Catholics by the new strange calumny of an attempt to assassi

policy. pate the Lord Lieutenant by some Protest

“ In this county a few days ago a Proants throwing a bottle and a rattle, and

testant woman baving received the sacrathus animate the infuriated Papist to sing

ment from the minister of her church, láy his doggrel prophecy,

struggling on ber death-bed. The Catho“ Eighteen hundred and twenty-five,

lic priest demanded admission for the purNot a Protestant alive;"

pose of anointing the dying woman (who

never at any period of her life had belongwe cannot but express our deep regret ed to the Catholic church); he was civilly tbat Englishmen and English Legislators refused, he repeated his demand, and upon sbould overlook these alarming symptoms. a second refusal proceeded to enforce it: Nothing is more dangerous than to adopt having collected several hundreds of his principles and reasonings wbich are perfect- parishioners, be advanced to the house in ly just and correct when applied to ope which lay the expiring woman; her hus


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