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was considered when it was remembered, one who had not been brought over to that nearly 6000 years had elapsed since this country by the Society, but had stoleu the creation, and 2000 since the publica- over, and it now appeared, for selfisb purtion of the glad tidings of the Gospel; and poses of temporal ambition. In Shunghee that a large portion, alas how large a por- we had a striking view of the littleness of tion! of our fellow-creatures, have never this world's greatness; but what could we yet heard the name of a Saviour, how me- say of that poor man, but that he had lancholy the reflections which must fill our imbibed some of the spirit of this world, minds ! “Go ye into all the world, and some of that fondness for its greatness which preach the Gospel to every creature,” was erery where surrounds us ? the command. How bad it been executed ? We have found, in other instances, that

To a benevolent and feeling mind, it discouragements, borne with faith and pawas sufficient to know that a fellow-crea- tience, give the surest earnest of eventual ture was in misery to induce an instant ef

Look to Otaheite, and steadily fort to go to his relief. And here were persevere. millions sunk in the deepest moral suffering Our lesson of to-day then is, to be more and the most deplorable of all conditions ; liberal, looking upon our contributions not and not deplorable in a moral point of as a matter of benevolence, but of duty. view alone, but lost to comfort, lost to God has called on lis with a loud voice and happiness-degraded to the earth, and al- a peremptory accent, and woe unto us if most below it, by the tyrannies and op- we refuse to listen. pressions ever attendant on superstition Let us, then, go on and prosper. We and paganism.

can never be engaged in any task so truly Who then will show hearts answering to great, so truly honourable. Some fruits the call of a Saviour, and fly to the rescue we may have known, some assurances of of those for whom he shed his blood ? good we may have received; but we shall

It was not many hundred years since we never have a full knowledge of the vast imourselves bowed in blind acquiescence be- portance of the cause in which we are emfore those who were murdering their fellow- barked, until the veil of mortality is recreatures in the darkness of woods, and moved; until we cease to see “ as through with all the mysteries of a horrid supersti- a glass, darkly;" until, in short, we arrive tion. The religion of England, of at that spiritual understanding which will dear native country, was then a religion of be “ according to the fulness of the blessa hell; savage, barbarous, and revengeful as ings of the Gospel of God." any, at the narratives of which we now Lord Viscount Lorton seconded this Reshudder when they come to us from a dis- solution. tant clime. And how had we then been The Right Hon. Sir Geo. H. Rose, in amazed, could we have been told that we moving the fourth Resolution, recognising ourselves should once enjoy the full meri- with pleasure the permission obtained to dian light of the Gospel day?

form a printing establishment at Malta, Providence has blessed us with most felt an apology due to the Meeting for an abundant means for the prosecution of these absence of some years, passed on the Cou holy purposes. We enjoy liberty, wealth, tinent in duties of another kind. His mind,

We have been invested with an however, had constantly followed the Soimmense empire in the East, and our ship- ciety's steps, and dwelt on its records ; ping is seen in every quarter of the globe. and he felt happy in being now able to give The responsibility attendant on these cir- a closer degree of personal attention to cumstances ought to fill us with serious the subject.

The Earl of Rocksavage seconded this It will perhaps be said, however, that motion. we have contributed. Yes, in this land, The Rev. W. Marsh, in proposing the where cvery other national object com- fifth Resolution, enforcing the duty of manded millions, thirty-two thousand a prayer to the Lord of the harvest, that he year was raised by this Society for the would send forth more labourers, wished to conversion of a world.

offer a few remarks on the characteristics to Do we not find, that in war our soldiers be sought for in those who offered themand sailors are forward, are the foremost selves as candidates for the office of missionin every contest? and should we be out- ary. And, first, Christian simplicity was to be stripped in a cause so glorious ? The name looked for. The greatest inissionary the of Wellington gave tone to every spirit; it world ever saw had said, “ Our rejoinerved every soldier in the field. But we cing is this, the testimony of our conscience, serve a higher Master, we have a more glo- that in simplicity and godly sincerity, not rious Commander; one who in his own with fleshly wisdom, but by the grace of person fought our battle, and gained for God, we have had our conversation in the us the greatest of victories.

world.” Next, we do not want men who The principal difficulties now before the expect to rise in the world by becoming Society arose, as it has been slated, froni missionaries, but rather such as are willing




19 means

to fall in this world, that they may rise in man, the sharer of his joys and of his the world to come;

not men who will look for encouragement to the applause of “ My Lord," said Mr. Daly, “ our feeleven such a meeting as this, but who listenings have been practised upon. We have rather for the shouts of angels rejoicing been so much interested with the idea of over a recovered wanderer, and rely for the schools at Regent's Town, and by the support on Him who was made a little little black boys with white shirts, that we lower than the angels, that he might he have almost forgotten our own little wbite crowned with glory and honour. We want boys without shirts at all. We have robmen like Owen, who can die at home; and bed ourselves, and Mr. Johnson and his men like Martyn, who are ready to die negroes were the great accomplices. But, abroad, and who will count not their lives my Lord, would that we had been more dear to them so that they may finish their robbed; would that we had bad more of course with joy.

hearts to be robbed in such a cause as this : In turning orer very lately the History for, we have found abundant example of of India, he had fallen upon a passage the fulfilment of that promise, 'He that quoted from an Hindoo author, in which watereth sball be watered himself. We it was stated how a man might evince bim- hare seen, in many instances, the blessed self a fool : “ That man is a fool," it was effects of a missionary zeal, by which those said, “ who seeks an end without suitable who may have been first excited to care

- and that man is a fool who at- for the poor little blacks, have come at last tempts to teach others what he has not to care for their own souls." first learnt himself." Upon this maxim, let The Rev. B. Woodd wished to read to all our missionaries be fully taught, that the meeting a few observations made by « God is love." Their grand object is one long honoured and revered in this Soto show the heathen that of which they are ciety, the late Rev. Thomas Scott, who in at present profoundly ignorant—that God bis sermon on occasion of their first An. is love, and to evince by their lives that niversary, had these words: this is the spirit of Christianity.

“ Let it be observed, that when the The Hindoos have a fable of their deity, Lord intends eventually to prosper any dethat wherever ne plants his foot a l'ose-tree sign, he seldom answers the first sanguine in full bloom rises. We know of our Sa- bopes of its zealous friends. By previous viour, that at his approach the desert re- delays and disappointments, he commonly joices and blossoms like the rose, and Re- purifies our motives, renders our dependgent's Town can witness the delightful ence on his power and grace more simple, effects of his presence and blessing. and excites us to more fervent and earnest

Mahometans have a notion, that every prayer and supplication. He thus leads us man has an angel sitting on his head, to compare our measures and means with writing down every act he commits. We the sacred Scriptures, and to rectify what know whose eye is eonstantly resting upon had not accorded to them. He gives us us, and may trust that few of our moments deeper views of our own unworthiness and offer less that is displeasing to him, than insufficiency, and brings us to despair of those spent in promoting such objects as success, except from his powerful interpowe are now met to support.

sition. Having thus formed us to a more The Hon. and Rev. L. Powys said a few proper disposition of mind, and the use of words in support of this Resolution. hallowed means exclusively, he begins to

The Rev. R. Daly said, that he had been prosper the design, and to work for the much struck by the observations made in the glory of bis name: so that discouraging Report, on the subject of the education of ill success, in the outset of a good design, females in India. He hailed with joy the often gives occasion to that self-examinaattempts making, and the progress made, tion and study, and that melioration of our in this particular department; he attached motives and means, which make way for much importance to the result. Great, in- the most important subsequent success. deed, must necessarily be the influence of We should, therefore, neither despond, as those to whom the education of all infants, we are very apt to do, nor faint, when we in all nations, was necessarily intrusted. are thus rebuked and disappointed; nor Let it be observed, too, that wherever the should we object to evidently good designs, human form was particularly degraded by because of failures and discouragements; the superstition, the vices, or the tyran- but we should try to profit by experience, nies of paganism, there the female would and prosecute the object with greater simconstantly be found oppressed, trampled plicity and humility, and with persevering on, treated with scorn and contempt. On patience and unceasing prayer.' the other hand, wherever the Gospel of The Rev. J. W. Cunningham mored Christ had done its work, there woman thanks to the noble President, who briefly rose to her just station, was treated no acknowledged the vote, and closed the longer as the slave but as the friend of Meeting.

BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY. The nioeteenth Annual Meeting was held the subject, it had been considered most in Freemasons' Hall, on Wednesday the advisable in every point of view, to affix for 7th of May; the President in the Chair. the future a salary to the office of Secretary.

His Lordship opened the proceedings by In doing this, economy had been consulted, observing, that the Society had been visited especially as it was clearly impossible, by since their last meeting with a calamity, the any pecuviary acknowledgment, to make extent of wbich it was difficult to overstate. any thing like a compensation for services If the success of its cause depended on so invaluable, buman efforts alone, the loss must be irre- The issue of the past year had been parable, for where could the Society expect 123,000 Bibles and 186,000 Testaments, to find another Owen? The visitation forming, with the issues of former years, a strongly inculcated the awful lesson, of total of 3,875,474 copies of the Scriptures increased industry and exertion, of zeal to eirculated, exclusive of those issued on the serve our day and generation, while the Society's account, in various parts of Europe. stroke which must one day follow each of The adoption of this Report was moved us, was suspended.

by Lord Bexley, who remarked one particuHis Lordship then read letters from lar circumstance stated in the Report : H.R. H. the Duke of Gloucester, and from that in Iceland the success of the Bible the Bishops of Durbam and Calcutta, Society had been such, that every cottage stating their concern at being necessarily in the island was provided with a Bible. absent. His Royal Highness inclosed 201. Surely this would prompt our Associations and Dr. Heber expressed the pleasure with to redouble their exertions, till a similar which he embraced the opportunity of “re- report might be made of England. newing his allegiance to the Society, and to Lord Lorton seconded the motion. the cause in wbich it was embarked.”

Lord Harrowby rose to move the thanks An abstract of the Report was then read. of the meeting to the Right Hon. Lord It commenced by stating the satisfactory Teignmouth. The peculiar happiness enprogress making by the Paris Bible Society joyed by his Lordship had scarcely a parallel and its numerous branches.

in history. Perhaps he might be allowed to The Russian Societies continued to pro- attempt a comparison between the noble sper. The Scriptures had been printed by President and Sir Christopher Wren, the them in thirty languages.

architect of our metropolitan cathedral, Leander Van Ess bad distributed of his who himself laid the foundation-stone, and New Testament, within a few years, 456,000

lived to see its noble dome ascending to the copies. A grant of 6001. had been presented skies, surmounted by the cross of Jesus. to him.

The Bishop of Gloucester, in seconding To the Calcutta Committee the sum of the motion, remarked on the superiority of 55001. had been roted within the last services performed in this cause, to those on year, and to the Serampore Committee which mankind were accustomed to rest 5000l. The death of the late Bishop of their fame. The bero, the statesman, might Caleutta was mentioned with great regret. be made greatly beneficial to their country; His Majesty had been graciously pleased to but still in their successes, in their triumphs, command the Government of Columbo not there was little or no reference to eternity. to receive payment of a loan granted to the Here all was important, for all was permaColumbo Bible Society.

nent. A labourer too, in other fields, felt The American Bible Society had circu- himself involved in constant competition, lated, since its establishment, 242,000 and not unfrequent contention. Here he copies of the Scriptures.

freely loves all who love the Bible. The With a deep sense of the loss sustained undiminished energy and continning success by the death of the late Rev. John Owen, which they now rejoiced to perceive, was the Committee had to report that the obtained at the expense of none, but tended Rev. Andrew Brandram, M. A. of Oriel to the benefit of all. His Lordship said, College, Oxford, and Curate of Beckenham, there was one statement in the Report at had been prevailed upon to accept the office which he was particularly gratified-Dameof Secretary, and they derived much satis- ly, the progress wbich the Society bad faction from a confident assurance, that the made in Ireland; for he was convinced tha zeal, learning, and judgment of this gentle the only permanent remedy for the evils man, would render his appointment a most

which afflicted that unhappy country was important advantage to the Institution. religious and moral education. They had also to state that Thomas Pell Lord Teignmouth returned thanks, and Platt, Esq. Fellow of Trinity College, said, that if, as bad been generally allowed, Cambridge, bad consented to become the the existence of the harmony and order as Society's Librarian.

society depended upon the attention of the Upon a most mature consideration of whole to religious duties--if the co-opera JUNE 1823.

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tion of the poor in labour and love was Lord Calthorpe remarked, that when the maintained in these times by no other tie great moral effects of this Institution over than the Christian religion, then interest the whole world were contemplated, it was and humanity, as well as Christianity, were matter of the bighest congratulation that united in the support of the great object. this Institution had been originated and They had one happy proof of the benefits perfected in Great Britain. He said it must of the Institution, that the demand upon be productive of one great public benefit; their charity increased in proportion to the pamely, that of gaining to us in every counincrease of their correspondence. He con- try the best of allies, and the good opinion gratulated the Meeting that they had out- of a large portion of the inhabitants of the liveď all the prejudices and misconceptions world. Even the Catholic Priests of France which bad at first opposed their progress. and other countries would soon find that His Lordship also congratulated them upon the best mode of recommending themselves their progress abroad, and the great in- to, or securing the affections of, their flocks, crease of correspondence in the most remote would be to support Iustitutions like the and uncivilized nations. But those im- present. He concluded by moving the mense territories where idolatry and dark- thanks of the Meeting to the Duke of York, ness still prevailed, had large claims upon and the other Members of the Royal Family, Christian benevolence, and there was little for their continued countenauce to this doubt that their charity would produce its Institution. fruit. They had seen this in many places; The Right Hon. Charles Grant seconded for, in extensive countries, where men were the motion. He had heard that the funds formerly lost in error, ignorance, and super- of the Society were somewhat lower this stition, praises were now offered to the only year than in the former; be did not know true God, from that book of books which whether it was to be attributed to the want had been given to them by this Society. of an attack on the Society. He was, for The Secretary of the Russian Bible So

his own part, still a Churchman, and still ciety, Mr. Payoff, next addressed the meet- unconscious of any danger threatening the ing. He returned them the thanks of Church from this Society. And even were their fellow-labourers in Russia, and beg- such danger apparent, be could not help ged to inform the Meeting that they had considering that the Church itself was not circulated the Scriptures amongst Cossacks altogether the only thing to be considered. and Tartars of various nations, amongst The Church which preserved and guarded even the Chinese, and to the confines of the doctrine, was surely somewbat inferior that vast empire, The Secretary said, that to the doctrine it preserves. The fallacy of from the progress they were making in those who feared the Bible Society consisted various nations, the prospect of all being chiefly in this, that they argued as if the united in one bond of Christian unity and Society precluded them from the use of brotherhood was neither distant nor cbime- comments; whereas, it only left every disFical. But bis friend Dr. Paterson would tributor of the Bible to choose that which give them the best account of their pro- coincided with bis own views. gress.

Professor Satpfer, from Paris, gave some : Dr. Paterson addressed the meeting, and account of the progress of the cause in assured them, that if the Secretary could France. The income of the past year of bave expressed bis thoughts adequately in the Paris Bible Society had amounted to the English language, he would have elec- 225,000 francs, or about 8000l. sterling. trified them with the account he could have The plan of issuing monthly papers bad given of the progress of the Society in the also been adopted. Russian empire. In Russia the grand Professor Gautier, the representative of principle of distributing the Scriptures the Geneva Bible Society, followed with without note or comment, was found to accounts of a similar nature. be productive of the happiest results. The Rev. R. Daly, on moving thanks to Often had he seen the President of the

the Vice-Presidents, stated that the HiberRussian Bible Society, His Excellency nian Bible Society continued to prosper, Prince Galitzin, surrounded by the Me- and to increase both in distribution and in tropolitan of the Greek Church, the Me- funds. He was rejoiced to know this, feeltropolitan of the Roman Catholic Church, ing as he did, that there was but one cure the Bishop of the Lutheran Church, with for pnor distracted Ireland, and that was to members of every other religious body be found in God's word alone. known in the empire, and never was a dis- It would perhaps surprise the meeting, cordant voice beard among them. The although the fact was one which might be effects of the use of the Bible in Russia were reasonably anticipated, to learn the dispafar greater than the people of this country rity which existed between the quiet and could have any idea of.

the disturbed districts of Ireland, with re'Mr. Marshman, from Serampore, pre- spect to religious instruction. In Ulster, sented a copy of the whole Chinese Bible, the proportion of children receiving innow completed after sixteen years' labour. struction in schools, when compared with the gross population, was as 1 in 12; in Mun. “ And when they perceived that he spoke ster, only 1 out of every 500 was a scholar; unto them in the Hebrew tongue, they and in Limerick, that focus of murder and kept the more silence.” Let us address the rapine, one child only out of every nine Irish in their own language, and we shall hundred and seventy-six persons was receiv- have their eyes and their hearts also. ing instruction.

The murders and devastations which had He bad stated these facts to a politician, become so common in the south of Ireland and was called a quack!-Whether quack had made many ask, Is there no barrier, or not, he would continue to prescribe, in is there no cure for these evils? He said all cases and under all circumstances, the again, This, this alone was the remedy. Word of God, as the one sole remedy for The Rev. Mr. Fletcher seconded the moall the miseries of mankind.

tion. One topic there was, wbich he felt par- The Rev. Dr. Pinkerton moved thanks ticularly desirous of bringing before the to the Treasurer and Secretary. meeting.-Two millions of souls at present The Rev. Joseph Hughes, in acknowexisted in Ireland, who could speak no ledging the vote, most feelingly expressed other tongue but the Irish; and in that his sense of the misfortune wbich he, in tongue not a Bible could be found. So common with the Society, had suffered, scarce were the Scriptures in this language, in the loss of his late colleague. Of bis that when he, after a long search, once varied excellencies it was needless for him found a copy of the Bible in Irish, he was to speak; of the irreparable nature of the compelled to pay two pounds sterling for it. loss they were all aware. There were

The policy of England seemed to bave many moral philosophers, but few Bacons ; long been, to convert the Irish by preach- many poets, but few Miltons; many maing English to them. An Act of Parlia- thematicians, but few Newtons; many Sement was formerly made for this purpose, cretaries, but not one, Owen. The threeand two churches were assigned for the fold cord was now broken; not by a moral especial purpose of preaching to these poor defalcation, not by a mutual disagreement, people in English, not a word of which but by death, wbich breaks so many other could they understand. It was further bonds. Nineteen years had the connexion provided, that if it was found difficult to lasted, and, during that long period, who procure an English preacher, the sermons could say that one jarring chord was ever should then be-in what?-in Irish surely struck, one discordant sentiment awa-oo, but in Latin! It might be sup- kened? His sorrow could not soon posed that few converts were made.

subside, but what mitigation it might These two millions of our own brethren receiye arose fron: the announcement of had been left for a century without the a valuable successoi. From his classic atslightest provision, while within that pe- tainments, his solid judgment, his deep riod no less than seventeen editions of the humility, his sincere piety, his strong atWelsh Bible were printed for the use of tachment to the cause, much confidence that small principality; and, after all this, arose that his services to the Institution is it to be said that the state of Ireland is would be important. wonderful ? Is it any thing more than The Hon. Mr. Shore and the Rev. R. effect following cause?

Newton moved the next Resolution; and St. Paul taugbt us to be all things to all Sir G. H. Rose and John Hardy, Esq. the

When he addressed the Jews, he last: after which the meeting dissolved, spoke to them in their own language:

NAVAL AND MILITARY BIBLE SOCIETY. TUESDAY, May 13, the Anniversary Meet- The exertions of the ladies indeed had ing of this Society, for the distribution of been by far the most efficient, and they had Bibles amongst sailors and soldiers, was contributed the greatest subscriptions. The held at the King's Concert Room, which Society bad appointed an officer to travel was extremely crowded. Lord Visc. Lorton from station to station, who had distritook the chair.

buted nine thousand copies of the ScripThe Secretary read the Report, which tures, and received in return upwards of stated, that the Society bad been greatly 1001. This agent had been eminently succramped by their want of adequate funds; cessful in supplanting blasphemous and but they were determined to proceed in seditious tracts, wbich he feared bad been their course,' and not sheath the spiritual extensively circulated in the army; but, sword until all should submit to the sacred notwithstanding these endeavours to sestandard. The Institution had received duce the soldiers, there was a strong deimportant assistance from 'the Auxiliary sire amongst them for the Scriptures, which Societies in Ireland and Scotland, and also desire was manifested by actually purchasing from the Ladies' Association, under the them at cost price. The Report concluded patronage of the Duchess of Beaufort. by exhorting the friends of the Bible to


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