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Pope Adrian filled the chair of the Romish church, and admiscarcely a year, and created but nistered the communion to their one Cardinal. A little before his congregations under both kinds. death he canonized one Renno, The Emperor, who had political who had been Bishop of Misnia, reasons at this period to attach the and had defended the Papal su- Pope to his interests, supported premacy; on which Luther pub- the representations of the Legate Iished a writing, entitled, “ A- by a formal rescript, as well as by gainst the new Idol, and the new the complaints of his ambassador Devil, that is to be set up in Mis- and his brother Ferdinand against nia." The Cardinals and Prelates the princes for their lenity to the were exceedingly disgusted with Lutherans. The Diet, however, the measures of Adrian, both pub- knowing the sentiments of many of lic and private. They considered their subjects, and jealous of their that he had not strenuously defend- privileges, opposed the rescript, ed the Roman see against the Ger- and answered the Legate by referman opponents, and disliked the ring to the hundred grievances, and plain manner in which he was ac- demanding a general council. They customed to maintain his dignity. appointed a meeting of the states to They chose a very different cha- be held on the eleventh of the folracter in the person of his successor lowing November at Spires, to reClement VII. a bastard of the gulate matters in the mean time, house of Medici.

and to consider of such parts of The new Pontiff, having cut off Luther's works, as good and learnthe head of a Florentine who wa- ed men in their respective domigered that his illegitimacy would nions should deem necessary to have hindered his elevation, sent be submitted to the judgment of Cardinal Campegio, a negotiator the Council itself. They declared, of great address and ability, as his that the magistracies should prorepresentative to another Diet held vide for the preaching of the Gosat the beginning of the year 1524, pel without sedition or scandal, and with instructions to represent to the should forbid the publication of liprinces the fatal consequences that bels and caricatures against the would follow from their further Pope and Bishops. The determiconnivance at heresy, and to ex- nation of this Diet was neither hort them to cause the edict of agreeable to Luther, the Emperor, Worms to be executed. The Le- nor the Legate. The first justly regate had occasion to observe the marked,

« If the edict of Worms, progress of Lutheranism

as he which pronounced him a heretic, passed through Germany, in the were to be enforced, why had the ridicule with which he was met by Diet directed the merits of his the inhabitants of different towns writings to be inquired into in the and villages, and might almost future assembly at Spires ? Again, have anticipated a request made if an inquiry of this kind was in ithim on approaching the gates of self a proper measure, why was he Nuremberg, by Ferdinand and the to be condemned and punished preother princes who gave him the viously to the trial which was to meeting, that he would decline en- determine his guilt or innocence?" tering with the insignia of his sta- The second was indignant at the tion, for fear of being insulted by independence shown by the memthe populace. Notwithstanding bers of the assembly, observed the presence of the Diet, the ma- it belonged to the Emperor or the gistrates openly favoured the re- Pope to summon councils, prohiformed doctrines, the clergy preach- bited the intended meeting, and ed strongly against the corruptions called Luther a profane savage, who, like Mahomet, was seeking toveering of the wind for speed in her gain temporal power by diffusing progress; she was now to be helpthe poison of religious fanaticism. ed forward by steady and decisive The third, seeing matters go from gales. The Landgrave of Hesse, bad to worse, encouraged a party a prince of great influence and of his adherents, consisting of Fer- distinguished talent, enjoined his dinand, the Dukes of Bavaria, and clergy, by public proclamation, to many of the leading Bishops, to act preach the simple doctrine of Scripin opposition to the resolutions of ture as delivered by our Saviour the Diet; who entered into an as- and his Apostles. The Margrave sociation at Ratisbon, and bound of Brandenburg, Grand Master of themselves to execute the edict of the Teutonic order, renounced his Worms; to observe the ancient

vow of celibacy, making an open mode of administering the sacra- profession of the Lutheran tenets. ments; to punish married ecclesi- Even in the Austrian dominions, astics; to afford no asylum to ba- the evangelical principles were not nished Lutherans; and, in case of only received by the people, but rebellion, to assist one another were adopted by many of the with all their force. This violent higher orders, and by the Profesproceeding had the natural effect of sors of the University of Vienna. rousing the deputies who had fa- In Saxony, the Elector Frederick, voured the Reformers, and dis- having sunk under his infirmities, sented from Campegio, to meet at was succeeded by his brother John, Spires immediately after, and en- a less able patron indeed of Luter into a counter confederacy; ther, but more avowed and zealwhile, in opposition to their Papalous. Frederick had ever observed adversaries, they explained the de- a cautious policy, had acted the cree of Nuremberg in favour of part of a mediator between the Regrowing Protestantism.

former and the Holy See, and The finger of Providence is here though attached to the purer sysclearly to be discerned. The for- tem of faith, had always aimed at midaħle league of the Roman Ca- avoiding, as far as possible, sepatholic princes served to fix those ration in ecclesiastical jurisdiction who were inclined to patronize the or religious communion, . But no reformed doctrines, more decided- sooner had John attained the soly in their apprehensions of the ty- vereignty, than he determined to ranny threatened by the union of throw off at once the Roman yoke, the Papal and Imperial parties. assumed the supremacy in church They suspected that Ferdinand was matters, and employed Melancusing unwarrantable methods to se- thon to draw up an apology in decure his own election as King of fence of the princes who adopted the Romans; and the jealousies the reformed doctrines. He also which ensued prevented that con- commissioned the same divine, in solidation of power which would conjunction with Luther, to prehave been necessary to a system of pare a body of laws, relating to persecution. The contentions which the form of ecclesiastical governsoon after took place between the ment, the method of public worEmperor and the King - of France ship, the rank, offices, and reveserved also to distract still furtherthe nues of the priesthood, which he councils of the partisans of Rome. promulgated throughout his do

But the venturous bark of Re- minions. The example of these formation, that had hitherto spread princes was followed by the Dukes her canvass on a rough sea, and, in of Mecklenburg, Pomerania, and defiance of numerous enemies, was Zell; and by the Imperial cities not henceforth to be indebted to the of Nuremberg, Strasburg, Frank

one of

fort, Nordhausen, Magdeburg, from the first exhorted the comBrunswick, Bremen, and other mon people to subordination. “ Let minor municipalities.

every one,” said he, “ beware of While Luther beheld with satis- sedition as a very heinous crime; faction the success with which it and this not only in what relates to had pleased God to crown his ef- external actions, but even to words forts, he could not but feel distress and secret thoughts. I might aygur at some disturbances which oc- well of your professing yourselves , curred at this period of a mixed ready to yield to the precepts of political and religious nature. Not Scripture, did I not see that your only did the patrons of the old and boast of regard for pure doctrine and the new systems give vent to mu- practice are empty words. Not tual animosities, but persons of en- your maxims is of evangelithusiastic imaginations and inso- cal character: they tend merely to lent characters took occasion to in- promote a worldly liberty; but the dulge in wild speculations, and ri- Gospel calls us to tribulation, pasing suddenly in different parts of tience, contempt of riches, and Germany, took arms against their even of life itself

. What, then, have lawful governors, and were guilty ye to do with the Gospel, except in of barbarous excesses. This in- making it an excuse for your unsurrection, known in history by the christian purposes ?title of the rustic war, belongs The monastery of Wittenberg properly to civil narration; but as being deserted by its hooded init was connected with the religious habitants, in consequence of the differences of the day, and afford- religious changes adopted in Saxed an opportunity to pious Luther- ony, the Reformer himself laid ans to show by their conduct the aside the monastic habit in 1524; practical excellence of Christian and on the 13th of June in the doctrines, it must not be suffered following year, espoused Cathato escape a cursory notice. Mun- rine de Bore.

This lady was of zer, Stork, and their fanatical as- good family, and had been a nun sociates, encouraged the rebels by in a convent at Nimptschen, but their harangues; nor was peace re- leaving it with other females, had stored till a year of confusion had come to Wittenberg under the conelapsed. Sovereigns of both par- duct of a respectable burgess of ties united in crushing these abo- Torgau. His enemies made this minable disorders. The sect of step a handle of censure, and the Anabaptists, which had per- ridicule, and misrepresentation; sisted in arrogating the gift of pro- but he only acted consistently phecy, formed a kingdom of the with the principles which he elect upon earth, introduced a had professed in his treatise on community of goods and wives, and monastic vows. He gave his abjured all authority, was broken friends several reasons for his conand dispersed; Munzer, their un- duct, such as, that intercourse happy leader, died on the scaffold; with Christian ladies had softened and no less than 100,000 peasants his mind, and given him a taste are supposed to have fallen in the for the charities of domestic life ; different encounters.

that his father bad expressed a deThe Papists exclaimed, “ This sire of his entrance into the matriis the fruit of the new doctrine; monial state; that as the revenues this is the effect of Luther's Gos- of the monastery were resigned to pel!” But Luther, aware of the the Elector, he might now reside reproach which such

in it as the master of a private fawould bring 'on true religion, if mily; and that Catharine herself countenanced by its professors, had had been very averse to a marriage


with Dr. Glacius, the pastor of famed me and Catharine. Come Orlamund, with whom he had re- and dine with us, and endeavour to commended an union, but had procure us some venison. Pray frankly acknowledged to Amsdorff, that God may bless us. In the a friend of both parties, that if judgment of some, I am degraded either himself or Luther had been it seems; but, I trust angels smile, proposed instead of Glacius, the and demons weep. Why should offer would be more agreeable. that action be thought wrong in Amsdorff informing Luther of this me, which is allowed in others to declaration, the latter resolved on be sacred ?" He wrote in the sucoffering his own hand to a female ceeding year to Stifelius, another who was pious, handsome, and friend: “God of his great goodamiable, though without a portion. ness hath blessed me with a fine She was about twenty-six years of healthy little Luther; and my rib age; he was himself in his forty- Kate is in excellent plight, and is second year. He invited three in all things courteous and obliging friends alone to the wedding, Bu- beyond my utmost expectation. I genhagen, Luke Cranach the cele- thank God, I would not change my brated painter, and Apelles Solis, poor condition for the riches of a a lawyer. On the 16th, he wrote Cresus.” to Spalatinus, “ I have now stop

[To be continued.] ped the mouths of those who de

JEHOVAH's throne is fix'd above,
And bright through all the courts of love

His cherub choirs appear:
Ah! how shall man ascend so high,
A feeble race condemn'd to die,

The heirs of guilt and fear!
Shall towering strength, or eagle flight,
Essay to win the sacred height

By saint and seraph trod ?
That living light, that holiest air,
The guileless heart alone shall share,

The pure behold their God.
Yet think not, that with fruitless pain
One tear shall drop, one sigh in vain

Repentant swell thy breast;
Şee, see the great Redeemer come
To bear his exiled children home,

Triumphant to their rest.
Even now, from earth's remotest end,
Ten thousand thousand voices blend

To bless the Saviour's power:
Within thy temple, Lord, we stand,
With willing heart, a pilgrim band,

And wait the promis'd hour.
Then high your golden portals raise,
Ye everlasting gates of praise,

Ye heavers the triumph share;
Messiah comes, with all his train,
He comes to claim his purchas'd reign,

And rest for ever there!
JULY 1823.


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[Concluded from Page 224.] • MARY, who like her men- “ The person whose loss on our tioned in the Gospel, had chosen own account we now with so much the good part, took great delight reason lament, once lived in a fain the service of the church, and in mily where she had few opportunievery portion of our inimitable and ties of attending the public worship invaluable Liturgy. She derived of God. This was a great grief of also great support and comfort from mind to her. Often did she mourn the ministry of the word, and would and weep when she heard the willingly lose no opportunity of at- church bell sweetly inviting others tending it. She has declared, that to a participation of those sacred often on a Sunday she has been so rites wherein she was not permitted pressed for time as to be unable to to join. She knew, therefore, from take a morsel within her lips before experience how to value those the morning service, which, never places where she could receive retheless, she punctually attended, ligious instruction, and partake of though with an apprehension, that Christian ordinances. I would through faintness she should hardly hence take occasion to press upon be equal to the due performance of the minds of all servants, to secure, her duty. But it was her meat if possible, a situation in such faand drink to do her Master's will,' milies as fear God and keep his and to serve God in the first place. commandments. Let this be your His word she felt to be more need first consideration. It is a matter ful and precious to her than her of the utmost importance. Your • necessary food;' and so signally eternal safety may depend upon did he support and bless bis ser- the character of those with whom vant, that she has frequently re- you live: if the governors are irreturned home so invigorated as not ligious and immoral, the governed to suffer any inconvenience from will usually be so likewise. It is the want of her accustomed re- natural for us to adopt the habits freshment; whilst, in the mean and maxims of our superiors. time, his word has been sweet to her Your immediate associates also in taste, yea,

sweeter than honey such families will generally be of a and the honey-comb;' especially dangerous description. Be not inwhen the Saviour was exalted, and duced then, I beseech you, by the his graces to his people magnified. prospect of higher wages, or any Thus may all of you, my beloved other worldly advantages, to brethren, seek the Lord and his fer a service in a family where God face; seek his strength evermore. is forgotten, to one of less emoluCome you to his house with like ment perhaps, but where you may firmness of spirit, with like zeal enjoy spiritual comforts and priviand devotion, with a similar desire leges. The one is as much more of praising God, and receiving in- desirable and truly profitable, as struction in the knowledge of his the soul is of more consequence will, and in the ways of righteous- than the body. Let all masters of


you will find as she did, families also take a lesson from this that his service is perfect free- circumstance, and be careful not dom'-that the law of the Lord needlessly to deprive any of their is more to be desired than gold, yea household of the privilege of at

than much fine gold, because it tending the public services of the ' converteth the soul, giveth wisdom church on the Lord's day, or other

unto the simple, enlighteneth the important occasions. Consider, I eyes, and rejoiceth the heart.'

pray you, my dear friends, that



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