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perjury, violence, clamour, malice, lieved him to be the Christ, the and every kind of wickedness and Son of God. injustice were used without the There is, however, another sense least scruple or hesitation by his in which the words may be taken. implacable enemies.
“ His generation" may allude to Thus was “the Holy One and the men of that age in which our the Just” arraigned, tried, and Saviour lived, and indeed this is condemned, and " who (says the the most usual meaning of the word Prophet) shall declare his genera- in the sacred Scriptures. It is tion?” The question may refer to used in this sense Acts, xiii. 36, our Lord's descent from Abraham where $t. Paul says, that David and David, according to the flesh, “served his own generation (i. e. and then the sense will be, Who those who lived in his own times) shall come forward to prove this? by the will of God.” In this view Who shall have the courage to of it, the meaning of the Prophet stand forth, and declare, that this will perhaps be, Who shall dedespised and insulted Jesus is in- scribe the wickedness of that gedeed the Son of David and the true neration who crucified the Lord of Messiah? His enemies denied it, life and glory? Who can declare and treated him as an impostor, their enormous guilt, their obstiEither they did not know, or pre- pate unbelief, their cruelty and hytended not to know, that he was pocrisy in rejecting, condenyning, the son of David; and objected to and putting him to death? Who him because he came, as they sup- can bear to reflect on such proceedposed, out of Galilee. “But some ings, and what must be said, of said, Shall Christ come out of Ga- those who did them? Our Lord in lilee? Hath not the sacred Scrip- great charity said, " They know tures said, that Christ cometh of not what they do," Luke, xxiii. the seed of David, and out of the 34; and St. Paul, who once was town of Bethlehem, whence David a persecutor himself, when brought was?”. John, vii. 41, 42. And to the knowledge of Christ, said, although five days before our Lord's that they knew not the wisdom of crucifixion the multitude cried as God, “ for, had they known it, they with one voice, « Hosanna to the would not have crucified the Lord Son of David !” yet when he was of glory,” i Cor, ii. 2, 8. The sin in the hands of his enemies not one which they committed in crucifying of them came forward to give him the Lord of glory can never be that honourable appellation, but thought of without horror and deall united with the chief priests and testation; but yet continuance in rulers in rejecting him as the true sin under the Gospel partakes of Messiah. Even his disciples for- the same nature with it, because sook him and fled; and Peter who hereby men declare that they are was the first to own that he was doing the same things for which the Christ, and the most forward our Lord Jesus Christ suffered to profess that he would go with death upon the cross, and thus in him to prison and to death, denied a measure are partakers with the him through fear in the hour of men of that generation who imdanger. Thus there was no one bued their hands in the blood of to declare his generation as the Son Jesus, of David, no witness came for- The following sentence of the ward to prove his claim to be the Prophet seems connected with the Messiah, but he was condemned preceding : “Who shall declare as an impostor by bis enemies, and his generation? for he was cut off forsaken by his friends who be- out of the land of the living.” Who can sufficiently describe the view we look at the great and glo wickedness of the men of that ge- rious doctrine of our redemption neration ? for they carried it to the by Jesus Christ, one thing is cer-last act, even to cut off the holy tain, that none but those who are Jesus “ out of the land of the indeed the children of God will living.” Nothing but his death reap any benefit from that redempwould satisfy them, and by de- tion. It therefore highly concerns manding that, they filled up the every individual to examine himmeasure of their iniquity. Pilate self whether he be a child of God would have only chastised Jesus, by faith in Christ Jesus, or not. and then released him; but when Now one mark by which the chilhe proposed this to the people, dren of God are distinguished from they all rejected it, “ and they others is, that they have a lively cried out all at once, saying, Away faith in Christ as stricken for our with this man.” Pilate made an- transgressions. Christ crucified is other attempt in favour of Jesus, the sole foundation of their hope. «* but they cried, saying, Crucify By the grace of God they underhim, crucify him.” Pilate again stand, they value, they desire, and renewed his offer of chastising and seek for the salvation that is in releasing Jesus: “ and he said Christ Jesus. They live a life of unto them, the third time, Why, faith on the Son of God, and their what evil hath he done? I have faith in Christ is distinguished from found 110 cause of death in him : that barren and speculative belief I will therefore chastise him and with which hypocrites and false let him go.” But it was in vain, professors of religion deceive themthey would be satisfied with no- selves, by their devotedness to thing short of his death : “ and God in giving themselves up to the they were instant with loud voices, service of Him who died for them requiring that he might be cruci- and rose again. They are, as the fied; and the voices of them and Apostle St. Peter describes them, of the chief priests prevailed.” “ born again, not of corruptible Luke, xxiii. 18—23. Nothing seed, but of incorruptible, by the would content them but that the word of God, which liveth and life of Jesus should be taken away abideth for ever.” 1 Pet. i. 23. from the earth; and the Prophet, They “ have tasted that the Lord foreseeing this, exclaims, “Who is gracious.” They come to Christ shail declare his generation ? for by faith ; there is a real applicahe was cut off out of the land of tion of their souls to Jesus in the living."
prayer, and as they believe in him, The Prophet adds, “ For the so he is precious to them. .“ They transgression of my people was he are a chosen generation, a royal stricken.” If we compare this priesthood, an holy nation, a pepassage with the prophecy of Caia- culiar people to show forth the phas, who though himself a wic- praises of Him who hath called ked man, spake on that occasion them out of darkness into his marby divine inspiration as the high vellous light.” 1 Pet. ii. 9. Let priest, we may learn who are in the reader then examine himself tended by the people of God. For whether this be his own character “ being high priest that year, he (for it is that of every child of prophesied that Jesus should die God), and let us all reflect upon for that nation, and not for that na- the danger of self-deception in a tion only, but that he should ga- matter of such importance. A ther together in one the children of worldly people careless about their God that were scattered abroad.” immortal souls, a sinful people John, si. 51, 52. In whatsoever loving darkness rather than light, or a self-righteous people, having and passing a just and righteous the form but denying the power of sentence upon all his enemies, godliness, while they are trusting When the believer looks forward to their own righteousness for sal- to the proceedings of that great vation, instead of looking to that day, and when he calls to mind his divine Saviour who was smitten past transgressions and present infor our transgressions; these can firmities, where shall he turn for have no reason to think that they help? To that very Jesus who shall are the people of God, nor can come to be our judge. He was they without a change of heart and smitten for the transgressions of his life receive any benefit from Christ's people; and if with a penitent redemption. No, they will be heart and lively faith we are lookstricken for their own sins, and the ing unto him as smitten for our awful stroke of God's righteous in- transgressions, we may humbly dignation shall lie upon them for hope, that the stroke of divine ever and ever, when death shall vengeance shall never fall upon us. bring them to their last account, At the same time, while the beand the irreversible sentence shall liever reflects on the wickedness of be passed upon them at the judg- that generation who put the Lord ment-seat of Christ.
Jesus Christ to death, he will not The judgment-seat of Christ! forget that his own sins were the What a contrast does this present cause; and when he considers the to the subject we have now been injustice and cruelty with which the considering! Here we see Jesus, Saviour was treated, he must not the Son of God, standing before an be surprised if he should meet with unjust and iniquitous tribunal, and injustice, slander, contempt, or by its unrighteous sentence “cut persecution, from a world which off out of the land of the living.” still lieth in wickedness. Then will appear the same Jesus
LITOREUSE seated on the throne of judgment,
BRIEF SKETCH OF THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION. To the Editor of the Christian persevering prayer for divine teachGuardian.
The following brief sketch of 1. The fall of man, and the inthe Christian religion is a copy of a herent depravity of the human race manuscript now in my possession, consequent on that fall (Gen. i. 27; which I believe has never been Eccles. vii. 29; Rom. v. 12; Arprinted. Though made as concise ticle IX.); a depravity involving as possible, it is intended to in- so much mental darkness (Eph. iv. clude the chief peculiarities of the 18), moral impotence (Rom. v. 6), Christian revelation. The argu- and actual guilt (Rom. iii. 9, 12, ments which support that revela- 19) as cannot, by any efforts of tion, and which require us to bow man, be overcome (Ps. xlix. 7, 9; to it with implicit submission, are Hos. xiii. 9; Titus, iii. 5; 2 Tim. here supposed to be known and i. 9; Article X.). For man thus admitted. It is not expected, that lost and helpless there is, this brief sketch will either produce 2. A Saviour provided (John, conviction in the mind, or promote iii. 16, 17; xiv. 6; 1 John, iv. 9), vital religion in the heart, unless whose atonement by death upon the the references be carefully con- cross possesses sufficient virtue to sulted with humble, fervent, and absolve from all guilt (compare
Heb. x. 4, 10, with ix. 14; 1 John, to forbid his receding from the i. 7, ii. 1, 2), and whose grace has strictness of the requirement, sufficient energy to destroy the na- this and live” (Gal. iii. 11, 12; tural enmity of the carnal mind, Rom. xi. 6). A personal interest and to make fallen man partaker of in the Saviour, whereby are inthat new and divine nature without sured to
us every spiritual and which no man can see the Lord eternal blessing, is therefore the (John, iii. 3, 5; Heb. xii. 14; effect alone, 2 Peter, i. 3, 4).
4. Of faith (Rom. iv. 5-10; It may be proper to observe, that Acts, xiii. 38, 39; Gal. iii. 26; this all-sufficient Saviour (Is. Ixiii. Article XI.); which faith is the 1; 1 Cor. i. 30; Heb. vii. 25), gift of God (Eph. ii. 8; Phil. i. uniting in his own person the di- 29; Heb. xii. 2), yet acquired in vine and human natures (John, i. hearing and reading God's word 1, 14, 16; Phil. ii. 6, 8), pos- (Rom. x. 11, 17), and in answer sesses, in consequence of the for- to humble, persevering prayer mer, the power to become substi- (Mark, ix. 24; Luke, xvii. 5). tute for the guilty (John, x. 15, This faith, wrought in us by the 18); whilst his human nature en- Spirit of God (2 Cor. iv. 13), gives, ables him to make atonement in 5. Pardon of sin and peace of that nature which sinned, and to conscience (Rom. v. 1; Isaiah, sympathize in the trials of those lvii. 21; Eph. i. 6, 7), because it whom he has undertaken to re- leads us to rely on the finished deem (Heb. ii. 10, 14, 18; iv. work of the Saviour; and teaches 15). Such a Saviour provided, we us to seek our peace where God learn,
finds satisfaction made to his jus3. The necessity of a personal in- tice in that obedience unto death of terest in him, in order to our accept- the Lord Jesus, which forms a perance with God (Acts, iii. 18, 23; fect expiation of our transgressions iv. 12; John, iii. 18, 36; 1 John, of his holy, just, and immutable v. 12; Article XVIII.), a blessing law, and establishes that law in all which cannot be obtained by any its spirituality and extent, as an works of righteousness, because equitable rule in the moral governnone are in our power (Gal. iii. 21, ment of his creatures (Rom. iii. 23 22; Collect, second Sunday in -31; Isaiah, xlii. 21 ; 2 Cor. v. Lent – Nineteenth Sunday after 21). Trinity; Homily for Whitsunday); 7. Holiness of heart and life as nor by any qualifications of which produced by the Holy Spirit, the we can possess ourselves to make purchase, the promise, the gift of us fit objects of the divine favour; the Saviour (Luke, xi. 13; John, because the Saviour was promised xvi. 7, 14; Rom. viii. 9; Eph. i. on the ground both of man's actual 13), the great design of whose exposure to condemnation (Gal. iii. agency is to enlighten the mind 10), and of his total inability in any (1 Cor. ii. 10–14; Eph. i. 18; way to save himself (Luke, xix. Whitsunday Collect); to renew 10; Rom. iii. 20; 'viii. 3). Even the heart (Ez. xxxvi. 26, 27; Colthe plea of sincere instead of per- lect for Christmas Day); to regulate fect obedience in point of justifica- the conduct (Rom. viii. 1; iv. 14; tion before God, is an acknow- Collect, ninth Sunday after Triniledgment of defect which destroys ty); and thus to prepare us for all claim to eternal life, since it is glory (Rom. viii. 23; xiv. 17; Gal. written, that he who offends in one vi. 8; Col. i. 8-12; Art. XVII.; point is guilty of all (James, ii. 10), Collect, Sunday after Ascension and the holiness of God is such as Day).
him to pass
Such, it is presumed, forms a unto the Lord for all his benefits correct though brief statement of done to me, in the pardon of sin, in Christianity, as comprehending the the gift of his Spirit, in the sense of great doctrines of original and ac- his favour, in the hope of his glory? tual sin, justification by faith, re- An inquiry which leads him to regeneration by the Holy Spirit, nounce the maxims of the world, adoption into the family of God, as if at variance with the will of his personal progressive sanctification, heavenly Father, which prepares full and eternal salvation.
through honour and According, then, to this view of dishonour, through evil report and divine truth, the Christian indeed good report,” in the perforinance must be a peculiar character; he of every good work; and which fills must have been humbled under à him with all those graces and fruits sense of his guilt and depravity of righteousness whereby the moral (Rom. vii. 9, 24); he must have image of the Saviour is reflected in Aed from the wrath to come for re- his people, the honour and glory of fuge to the hope set before him in God promoted in the world, the the atonement, intercession, and souls of his fellow-creatures begrace of the Lord Jesus Christ nefited, and a meetness for the in(Heb. vii. 18; 1 Pet. ii. 24, 25); heritance of the saints in light mahe must have seen the equity of the tured and perfected. So that, notrequirement to become a new crea- withstanding the constant struggle ture (Rev. xxi. 27; Ez. xviii. 31, against sin and corruption within 32; Rom. xii. 1, 2; 2 Cor. v. 17); him, and his natural weakness and and felt his need of the Holy Spi- insufficiency, and his total renuncirit (Eph. ii. 1, 5; John, vi. 63; ation of all dependence on himself, Rom. vi. 4, 14). He must have and all claim of merit in any of his sought these blessings by earnest services, he actually is the only and instant prayer, in patient medi- character distinguished for real tation on the word of God, and in piety and usefulness. Where nothe diligent use of all the means of thing of this character is formed grace; and having obtained pardon, there can be no hope of salvation; peace, and strength, he is induced and every consideration which the and enabled to run the way of God's shortness of time and the nearness commands with alacrity and perse- and duration of eternity can excite, verance; not as one who like a bond- urges an immediate compliance servant is working for a reward; with the divine admonition, but as one who like a child to a ten- ye the Lord while he may der parent is actuated by the most found, call upon him while he is ingenuous dispositions. His life is near.” a life of penitence, faith, and love. May God grant that this may His penitence is daily excited by a productive of beneficial effects in sense of his deficiencies both in the awakening some careless sinner to inward
graces of the soul, and the the way of the Lord ! outward tenour of his conduct; his
I remain, Sir, faith is kept in exercise by a daily Your most obedient need of pardoning mercy and sanc
Humble servant, tification, and his love prompts
MONITEUR. the inquiry, What shall I render