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nothing so much as public religion, dually removed from the churches and the everlasting Gospel." under cover of the night, and had

While the union of piety and contented themselves, in the first humility, with talent and erudition, instance, with enjoining the clergy, manifested in this declaration, and over whom they possessed influ- . exhibited in the general conduct of ence, to adhere in their public exVadianus, sheds an amiable lustre hortations to the plainer verities of on his character; the variety of his the Gospel *. They now issued a literary productions, and the re- formal edict for the abolition of search of his theological disqui- images and altars, instituted a consitions, would indicate uncommon sistorial court for the decision of diligence and facility of composi- matrimonial causes, and the admition. Though the calls of the first nistration of ecclesiastical disci magistracy, which he often sus- pline, passed some laws for the retained, engaged him in a varied gulation of expenses in public worround of employ, the responsibility ship, and prohibited the further obof which he felt equally with the servance of useless festivals t." managers of larger states, he yet Nor should the sympathy and knew how to husband his hours, compassion shown to the needy and improve his opportunities. At part of the population by the Conthe urgent request of Bullinger, he sul and his coadjutors be unob

drew up some “ Meditations.” served. The costly vestments, various abstruse questions in divi- ear-rings, gems, chains, and other nity, and maintained the existence ornaments, which had captivated of the triumphant Saviour in the the senses of the votaries in less substance of very flesh; in oppo- enlightened days, but were equally sition to the ancient notion of the abhorrent from Protestant feeling Eutychians, who considered the and republican frugality, were colhum nature as absorbed in the lected and sold for the sum of ten divine, and thus deduced conclu- thousand silver florins, which was sions decidedly favourable to the distributed among the poor. In cause of Protestantism. The Re- this surrender of redundant decoformers saw the necessity of main- ration, the magistracy found themtaining correct sentiments on the selves seconded by the citizens person of Christ, and of upholding with the most honourable alacrity. the opinions of Tertullian, Augus- The revenues arising from suptine, and other orthodox fathers pressed convents were appropriin the purer ages of the church. ated in the same useful manner; Thus did this extraordinary man while the ministers of the commonattract attention no less as a dis wealth were directed to be assiputant in polemic divinity, than by duous in instructing the liberated his justice as a magistrate, his skill nuns of St. Catharine and St. Leoas a physician, his science as a nard in the elements of a purer scholar, his talent as a poet, and theology. his eloquence as a senator.

In 1528, the memorable conferThe work of Reformation pro- ence was held at Berne, under ceeded, meanwhile, in the dis- the presidency of Vadianus and trict of St. Gallen, in a steady three others, which ended so much and efficient manner. In no part in favour of the reforming divines. of Christendom, perhaps, has a Its influence extending to St. Galreligious revolution been accom- len, the images were taken from plished with less disturbance. In

# Hoffman in Reform. Sangall. apud structed by the disorder that had

Hottinger Helv. Kirch. gesch. p. 181. occurred at Zurich, the magistrates

+ Hoffman in Reform. Sangall, apud had directed the statues to be gra- Hottinger Helv. Kirch. gesch. p. 337.


the church of St. Magnus, which Contests occurred between the had been spared in the former pur- townsmen and the ecclesiastics, in gation, in consequence of some vindication of their respective rights; claim set up by the neighbouring and in the fifteenth century, the poAbbot. On the tenth of June all litical situation of both underwent ecclesiastics interdicted the a change; the Abbot forming an celebration of the mass; and at the union with Zurich, Lucern, Schwitz, following Christmas the admired and Glaris, by which he bound preacher, brother Adrian, who himself and all his vassals, behad distinguished himself in his tween the lakes of Constance and sermons at the abbey by his invec- Zurich, to assist the confederates tives against the new doctrines, to within these limits, and to submit the great alarm of the confrater- to the arbitration of the four cannity, made a public recantation, tons in his disputes with his neighand declared his abhorrence of the bours; the citizens on their part errors of Papacy *.

soon after establishing a perpetual In a sequestered valley, sur- league with the same cantons, with rounded by lofty mountains, near the addition of Berne and Zug. a fall of the Steinach, the abbey of At the time of the Reformation, St. Gallen had been founded about the abbey was harassed with opthe middle of the seventh century, posing relations and conflicting inunder the auspices of Pepin de terests. The difference of religious Heristal, Mayor of the Palace in sentiments served but to increase France, who placed it under the the ancient jealousies between the immediate patronage of his sove- members of the foundation and reign. It took its name from Gal- those of the municipality. The lus, a Scottish saiut, who with monks heard with apprehension some companions had constructed and concern of the progress of the their rude cells on this spot in the new doctrines, among their vassals foregoing century, and had re- and farmers in the Thurgau and ceived a grant of the land from the Tockenburg, and in the canton of Chamberlain of the Austrian court. Appenzel. On the death of one of While the first abbots and brethren their abbots, the cantons of Zurich were engaged in the holier task of and Glaris took some steps towards instructing the barbarous natives in the secularization of the abbey, the revealed way of salvation, they which were resisted by their codid not neglect the interests of learn- advocates Lucern and Schwitz, ing. In their library were preserved and political distrust was inflamed some scarce and valuable manu- by theological innovation. scripts of the classics, with works The burghers had hitherto foron grammar, history, and geogra- borne to irritate the churchmen by phy; and the foundation itself be- insisting on the removal of the came a venerated seat of piety and images from the Grand Minster. erudition, while its domain was ag- But on the 23d of February, 1529, grandized by the policy or super- the Senate having discussed the stition of the Alemannic lords. In expediency of requiring this conprocess of time, luxury, ostenta- formity with the general measures, tion, sensuality, and ignorance and refused the earnest supplicasucceeded. A town, which had tion of the Dean, all the altars, gradually been formed around the thirty-three in number, were overecclesiastical edificę, rose to such turned; the statues taken down a degree of prosperity as to con- from their shrines and pedestals, temn the authority of the abbots. and conveyed in forty waggons out March, service was performed in demonstrated, that the dealings this antient sanctuary, in the pre- and instructions of the monks were, sence of three thousand persons, ac- for the most part, contrary to the cording to the new ritual; and a ser- word of God; especially as to their mon was preached by Dominic Zilli, celebration of the abominable and a respectable clergyman and school- venal sacrifice of the mass, with master; while, in place of the old their empty chaunts, and unreasonunmeaning chaunting of the mass able clamours in public worship. by the exclusive voices of the bre- While the cause of pure and unthren of the monastery, its columns defiled religion was thus prosperreverberated the sounds of praise, ing, under the care of Vadianus, in ascending from the mingled notes of the neighbourhood of the Lake of young and old, male and female, as Constance, a great portion of the they sung the appropriate language Helvetic confederacy heard with of the fifty-first Psalm.

of the city, where they were de* Scultetus, Dec. 2, p. 143

voted to the flames. On the 7th of

delight the discourses of those This reformation in the church apostolic characters, who promulof St. Gallen led to the detection of gated with zeal and affection the monkish fraud. A large cross, sil- glad tidings of celestial truth. ver gilt, was exhibited to the po- Thousands of the Swiss peasantry, pulace, which had been reported as new-born babes, desired the to contain many relics of saints, sincere milk of the word, that they and regarded with peculiar venera- might grow thereby.” But the tion by the Romish devotees. But progress of the Reformation was when the Consul and his attend- retarded by secular interests and ants proceeded to gratify their cu- political jealousies, as well as by riosity by an inspection of its con- the conquest obtained over the tents, they found nothing but mean Evangelical by the Catholic canshreds and old rags. There was tons, in the dispute between Lualso a golden horn, which had been cern and Zurich, aided by their preserved with the greatest care, respective allies. The Abbot of and esteemed particularly sacred St. Gallen, who had retired from on account of a stone from the holy his minster during the prevalence sepulchre, of which it was the pre- of hostility, was reinstated, and sumed casket; but when it was open- received from the burgesses an ined in the presence of the deputy demnification of ten thousand flofrom Glaris, they found a piece of rins; while many communities in tortoise-shell. Prior to this disco- the Thurgau relapsed to the Rovery, the deputy had been a most mish confession. bitter Papist; but he was so much In 1551, the Consul, finding disgusted at the flagrant imposture, his strength much decayed in conas to become from that hour a stre- sequence of protracted indisposinuous supporter of the Reform. tion, called a meeting of the clergy

Schappeler at this season pro- and magistracy, at his own house, posed a disputation to be held at on the 28th of January ; in which St. Gallen, on forty-two proposi- he addressed them at some length tions against the Papists. In these, on his reasons for embracing the he utterly rejected all human atone- reformed faith; declaring his adments, and monastic vows; assert- herence to its tenets, and comed, that monasteries were not mending the concerns of the church houses of God, as had

to the watchful care the pastors. neously supposed, but receptacles Then directing his discourse more of ignorance and superstition; and immediately to the leading statesobserved, that within five hundred men, he exhorted them to an upyears more than fifty sects had right administration of its affairs. arisen of different orders. He also He delivered to them a catalogue

een erro

of his books, requesting that they cept, my friend, of this book, than might be deposited in a public li- which nothing is dearer to me, as brary, for the benefit of his fellow- a lasting pledge of our friendship." citizens. Afterwards he endea- Soon after, his voice failed him; voured to withdraw his mind from but he intimated his trust in the Saearthly cares by prayer, medita- viour by motions of his head and tion, and perusal of Scripture. hand. His spirit took its flight on When he lighted on a passage re- the 6th of April, about noon, in the plete with consolation, he clasped 66th year of his age. Such men his hands, looked up to heaven, are the choicest boons of Proviand thanked the Father for his dence to the age in which they apmercy bestowed on man in Jesus pear. They exhibit the fair" alliChrist. He desired those chap- ance of genius with devotion, and ters to be read which contain our power with humility. The virtues, Lord's last discourses to his dis- the charities, and the

muses, ciples, with a portion of the Epistle grouped round the sepulchre, as to the Hebrews. As Kesler, a religion mourned the loss of “ the minister of St. Gallen, was stand- beloved physician” and accoming by his side, he put a New Tes- plished magistrate of St. Gallen. tament into his hand, saying, “ Ac


EMBOSOM'D deep in consecrated shade,
That seems for heavenly contemplation made,
Sweet Church, thou stand'st!-for me, a lovelier spot
Earth in her ample bounds possesseth not.
Oft do I gaze on thy sequester'd pile,
When the sun gilds thee with its parting smile,
And steal insensibly to that repose,
That the soft summer eve around thee throws,
Bright’ning the dark green mantle of thy walls,
That clust'ring o'er thy hoary turret falls,
Which thus to Fancy's eye, at twilight hour,
Seems from yon point a bower within a bower.
Far from a busy world's distracting din,
A stillness reigns without, like that within ;
No sound is heard save of the river's trill,
That gently winds beneath the church-yard hill,
Or the reed shaken by the passing wind,
Sounds such as aid the contemplative mind;
And with each object that surrounding lies,
Combine at once to soothe and harmonize,
Lending their gentle influence to prepare
The heart for holiest work—the work of prayer.
Ob! 'tis a spot the moralist should tread,
And pause and ponder o’er each narrow bed,
Where many a troubled one on earth's sad scene
Sleeps peacefully, beneath the covert green.
Pain, want, and woe! an unrelenting band,
That wring the heart and enervate the hand,
“There cease from troubling”—there they quit their hold,
And their prey sinks into its native mould:
Ashes to ashes”--then the strife is o'er,
- 56 The weary is at rest”-“the plague” is felt no more


THE VILLAGE PASTOR, No. IX. “ He," says St. Paul, “ who conduct themselves in the world desires the office of a bishop de- and towards God, as not willingly sires a good work.” Good, un- to grieve and oppress the heart of doubtedly, such an office is in itself; the pastor, who loves them, and and good in its effects on mankind; watches over their course as one and good to the pastor's own soul, that must give an account. Yet when entered into from proper mo

this motive ought to have some tives, and discharged as in the weight. Could those young persight of God, according to the abi- sons, indeed, enter into half the lities given for its exercise. But anxieties, half the cares, and fears, among those who desire and en- and sorrows, which their ministers ter upon the office, there are few, feel for them, they would somecomparatively speaking,

times halt and say,

- How can I among the pious and well-inten- do this great folly, and wound the tioned, who, at the time of their feelings and afflict the heart of my ordination, are aware of many of best friend !” This would especially those trials and discouragements have been the case with those which are found by experience to young women who have so often attend their course. In the day grieved the writer of this paper, when they embark in this arduous and many of his brethren in the miundertaking, we may conceive the nistry throughout the villages in the great Bishop and Shepherd of souls kingdom. I say throughout the addressing them as he once did his villages, because those pastors who disciples when on earth : “ I have reside in such situations cannot but many things to say unto you, but know and enter into the cares of all ye cannot bear them now." Yes, their flock. The children grow up there are many lessons to be com- in their schools, and advance to municated, many exercises of soul years of maturity under their into be passed through, and many spection, and gain upon their atfecobstacles and discouragements to tion and esteem as they draw nearer be encountered in future and suc- to that period when they are to cessive periods, which, if set be- launch into the world, and act their fore them at the day of their ordi- 'several and respective parts on the nation, would present so disheart- stage of life, to the comfort or disening a picture as to deter most tress of those who have endeavourmen from approaching the altared to conduct them into the


of to minister in the priest's office. peace; who for a long course of Among those numerous trials which time have urged on them the duty are sure to occasion much and con- and privilege of choosing life, that stant anxiety, and not unfrequent- their souls might live. ly to afflict the pastor's heart, may

Satan has his snares and enticebe named the falling away of those ments suited to every age, and young people who for a time seem- rank, and station, and sex. Dress ed to run well; and whose conduct and finery are undoubtedly the had raised his expectations, and most common and successful tempcheered his hopes, that shortly tations with which he assaults the they would be useful and orna- girls of our villages, and by which mental members of Christ's chureh he leads an awful number of them here, and finally become his crown captive at his will. After a little of rejoicing hereafter. True, it is a more time has passed over their secondary, but it is not an inconsi- heads, he sends young men in their derable motive of action on the part way, first to gain their affections, of the flock, to endeavour so to and then, by the influence they NOV. 1823.


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