Sivut kuvina


see à man who has told me all mark; but God will direct the arthings that ever I did." In short, « between the joints of the by making fervent prayer unto him harness, and cause it to pierce our for divine illumination and support,

inmost souls. Let us then make it we may confidently anticipate such our constant practice to pray over a seasonable word as shall con

the word of God, and humbly supstrain us to fall down on our faces, plicate him to direct and assist the worshipping and confessing that minister, and render it effectual to God is indeed present in his holy our good. Thus shall we secure ordinances. The minister, like the to ourselves a blessing, and, like man who slew Ahab, may “ draw the earth refreshed with gentle his bow at a venture," and dis- showers, bring forth fruit suited to charge his arrow at no particular the culture bestowed upon us.

THE SABBATH. RETURN, thou wish'd and welcome guest,

Sweet viands, kindly given to assuage Thou day of holiness and rest;

The faintness of the pilgrimage. The best, the dearest of the seven,

Sever'd from Salem, while unstrung Emblem and harbinger of heaven !

His barp on pagan willows hung, Though not the Bridegroom, at his voice, What wonder if the PSALMIST pin'd, Friend of the Bridegroom, still rejoice *. As for her brooks the hunted hind! Day doubly sanctified and bless'd;

The temple's humblest place should win, Thee the CREATOR crown'd with rest Gladlier than all the pomp of sin; From all his works; from all his woes

Envied the unconscious birds that sung On tbee the SAVIOUR found repose.

Around those altars, o'er their young; Tbou dost with mystic voice rehearse And deem'd one heavenly Sabbath worth The birth-day of an unirerse:

More than a thousand days of earth: Prophet, Historian, both, in scope, Well might his harp and heart rejoice Thou speak'st to memory and to hope. To hear, once more, that festal voice : Amidst the earthliness of life,

“ Come, brethren, comc, with glad accord, Vexation, vanity, and strife,

Haste to the dwelling of the LORD!” SABBATH, how sweet thy holy calm

But if on earth, so calm, so blest, Comes o'er the soul, like healing balm ; The house of prayer, the day of rest; Comes like the dew to fainting flowers, If to the spirit, when it faints, Renewing her enfeebled powers.

So sweet the assembly of his saints ; Thine hours, how soothingly they glide,

Here let us pitch our tent (we say), Thy morn, thy noon, thine eventide! For, LORD, with thee 't is good to stay I!

All meet as brethren, mix as friends; Yet from the mount we soon descend, Nature her general groan suspends t; Too soon our earthly sabbaths end; No cares, no sin-born labours, tire

Cares of a work-day would retura, E’en the poor brutes thou bidst respire : And faint our hearts, and fitful, burn. 'T is almost as, restor'd awhile,

O think, my soul! beyond compare, Earth had resum'd her Eden-smile.

Think what a Sabbath must be there $, I love thy call of earthly bells,

Where all holy bliss, that knows As on my waking ear'it swells;

Nor imperfection, 'nor a close; I love to see thy pious train

Where that innumerable throng Seeking, in groups, the solemn fane: Of saints and angels mingle song; But most I love to mingle there,

Where, wrought with hands, no temples In sympathy of praise and prayer,

rise, And listen to that living word,

For God bimself their place supplies ; Which breathes the SPIRIT OF THE LORD: Nor Priests are needed in the abode Or, at the mystic table plac'd,

Where the whole hosts are priests to God ll. Those eloquent mementos taste

Think what a Sabbath there shall be,
Of Thee, thou suffering LAMB Divine, The Sabbath of Eternity!
Thy soul-refreshing bread and wine;


I Matt. xvii. 4. $ Heb. iv. 9. * John, iii: 29.

+ Rom. viii. 22. il Rev. xxi. 22; v. 10. NOV. 1823.




The Christian and Civic Economy manity which the wants of our

of large Towns. By Thomas low-creatures would naturally ex Chalmers, D. D.

Vol. II.- cite. 8vo. Pp. 365. Glasgow, 1823. He thence argues the importWe felt ourselves bound, on the

ance of entirely abolishing the

prepublication of the first volume of sent system of providing for the this interesting discussion, to call poor; not by destroying the claims the attention of our readers to the of those who have already received, various important topics so ably

or are now entitled to relief; but brought forwards by Dr. Chalmers. by enacting, that after a given peAlmost the whole of that volume mitted; and he contends, that this

riod no fresh claimants shall be adhad a direct bearing upon religious subjects. In reviewing, however, of itself work out a great improve

one measure would naturally and the present publication, we

ment in the economic condition of more influenced by the consideration of what our readers may ex

the people. The grand evils of pect, than by any deep impression pauperism are thus pointed out: of duty; for our author here leaves It is not the heavy expense of it* that the more attractive and unentangled we hold to be the main evil of English pautopics of the work of the ministry, Chase, if, for the annual six or eight mil

perism. We should reckon it a cheap purthe advantage of the principle of lions of poor rate, we could secure thereby locality, and the regulation of pa- the comfort and character of the English rochial schools, &c. for his favorite population. But we desire the abolition of theme of the Poor Laws; and al- legal charity, because we honestly believe, most the whole volume is occupied that it has abridged the one, and most woe

fully deteriorated the other. Under its with the one subject of pauperism.

misplaced and officious care, the poor man This is, indeed, a topic of reli- has ceased to care for himself, and relatives gious as well as national import- have ceased to care for each other; and thus ance; and as such, the present vo- the best arrangements of nature and Pro

vidence for the moral discipline of society, lume justly claims the careful pe

have been most grievously frustrated. Life rusal of Christians of various ranks

is no longer a school, where, by the fear in society; but it would lead us

and foresight of want, man might be chastinto discussions, if not foreign to ened into sobrietyor, where he might be the objects of our publication, yet touched into sympathy by that helplessness at least unprofitable to the majority

of kinsfolk and neighbours, which, but for

the thwarting interference of law, he would of our readers, were we to enter

have spontaneously provided for, The upon it at large.

man stands released from the office of beThe main feature of Dr. C.'s ing his own protector, or the protector of system is, that he distinguishes po- his own household—and this bas rifled him

of all those virtues which are best fitted to verty, or a state of want; from

guard and dignify his condition. That pauperism, or a state of legal pen- pauperism, the object of which was to sionary subsistence. The first he

emancipate him from distress, has failed in holds to be, a state originating in this, and only emancipated bim from duty. God's appointment, and intended An utter recklessness of babit, with the to draw out and encourage the profligacy, and the mutual abandonment of

parents and children, to which it leads, growth of many Christian virtues

threatens a speedy dissolution to the social and charities; the other, a device

and domestic economy of England. And of man, vainly attempting to de- instead of working any kindly amalgamastroy the state of poverty which God hath ordained, and only ope

* The whole money expended for the

maintenance of the poor in England and rating to chill and pervert all the kind and heavenly feelings of bu- Wales, on the year ending 25th March,

1821, was 6,958,445l. 2s.

tion between the higher and lower classes good and wholesome result when that cause of the land, the wbole effect of the system is done away. It is very true, that by a is, to create a tremendous chasm between summary abolition of the law of pauperism, them, across which the two parties look to a sore mischief may be inflicted upon socieeach other with all the fierceness and sus- ty—and yet it may be equally true, both picion of natural enemies, the former feel- that the alone remedy for the present dising, as if preyed upon by a rapacity that is tempered state of the lower orders, lies in altogether interminable; the latter feeling the abolition of this law; and also, that as if stinted of their rights by men whose

there do exist, throughout the mass of Eng. bands nothing but legal necessity will un- lish society, the ingredients or component lock, and whose hearts are devoid of ten- principles of such a vis medicatrix, as derness.-Pp. 228, 229.

would greatly alleviate the present wretchAnd the remedy proposed is at dispensations of legal charity which would

edness, and more than replace all those least simple.

then have terminated.-Pp. 229-231. This is not the doing of Nature, nor In order gradually to abolish could it have so turned out, had not Nature pauperism in England, Dr. C. probeen put into a state of violence. So soon as the violence is removed, Nature will re

poses, turn to her own processes and a parish in

1. To take


the power

of England will then exhibit, what many of justices to order relief; thus placing the parishes in Scotland do at this moment, the pauper wholly in the hands of a population where there is neither dissatis- the parish officers and vestry: faction nor unrelieved want, and yet, with little of public charity. All that is re

2. To prohibit the reception of quired, is simply to do away that artificial any new claims on the parochial stress which the hand of legislation has laid assessments ; leaving all new cases upon the body politic—and a bealthful of distress entirely to gratuitous, state of things will come of itself, barely on spontaneous charity; and, those disturbing forces being withdrawn,

3. Some alteration in the constiwherewith the law of pauperism has deranged the condition of English society.

tution of vestries. It is just as if some diseased excrescence had Now, while we acknowledge the gathered upon the human frame, that stood truth of most of Dr. C.'s stateconnected with the use of some palatablements, the general force of his reabut pernicious liquor, to which the patient soning, and the propriety of bis was addicted. All that the physician has to do in this case, is to interdict the liquor; conclusions in the majority of inwhen, without further care or guardian- stances, we are not prepared to ship on his part, the excrescence will sub- yield a full assent to all his proposide, and from the vis medicatrix alone, sitions. We feel, that in some that is inherent in the patient's constitu

cases he proceeds with too much tion, will health be restored to him. It is even so with that disease which pauperism rapidity. He attributes almost every has brought on the community of England. evil which exists among the EngIt is a disease originally formed, and still lish poor to the operation of the alimented, by the law which gives access poor laws; and institutes a contito a compulsory provision--and precisely nual comparison between England as that access is barred, there

and her northern sister. But if the is a vis medicatrix that will then be free to operate, and which, without any anxious distresses of England are almost guardianship on the part of politicians or solely owing to pauperism, to what statesmen, will, of itself, bring round a bet- are the distresses of Ireland to be ter and happier state of the commonwealth. attributed ? Ireland, be it rememThere might an unnecessary shock be given bered, as well as Scotland, is free by too sudded a change of regimen. There might be an inconvenient rapidity of transi- from the baneful influence of the tion, which bad as well be avoided, by poor laws. If, then, comparisons wise and wary management. This consi- are to be drawn between a people deration affects the question of policy as to providing legally, and a people the most advisable mode of carrying the cure into effect. But it does not affect the providing without law, for the asquestion of principle, either as to the cause

sistance of their distressed poor, let of the disease, or as to the certainty of a

Ireland as well as Scotland be in

SO soon

cluded in the estimate; we suspect deprecate, therefore, any enactthat the agregate of human miseryment which may increase their inin Scotland and Ireland, taken to- dispensable avocations.' gether, would be found greatly to While thus alluding to points in exceed their just proportion to the which we differ from Dr. C. we sufferings of the English popula- deem it our duty to express the tion.

high obligations under which we Every thing, indeed, which Dr. C. and the Christian public in general has advanced, with respect to the are placed by his valuable labours. beneficial effects of abolishing the At the same time, we would sugpoor laws, has been confirmed in a gest the importance of condensing most striking manner by the experi- his materials, and publishing them ments carried on under his super- in a cheaper form. We really intendance at Glasgow. And we think the present volume might should be strongly disposed to con- have been reduced to one half its cede, that such would be the result size; and can have no doubt that of similar experiments in every part its circulation would have been in of the empire, nay, in every part consequence extended, and its of the world, conducted under si- usefulness increased. Perhaps, milar circumstances. But this one however, when Dr. C. has comlimitation destroys, in fact, the pleted his course, either he or some greater part of our concession. It Christian friend will kindly reduce obviously implies the existence of the three volumes into one, by a Chalmers in every parish in Eng- omitting the repetitions, and abridgland, -in every district throughouting the arguments, which will be the world. It implies, that assist- found to increase in force in proants of the same cool, firm, en- portion as they are diminished in lightened, and benevolent charac- extent. ter as those who have co-operated with Dr. C. are every where to be Martin Luther on the Bondage of found. And it also implies, that the Will; to the venerable Misa somewhat similar system of mo- ter * Erasmus of Rotterdam, ral and religious culture to that 1525. Faithfully translated from which prevails everywhere in the original Latin. By Ě. T. Scotland shall generally exist. We Vaughan, M. A. Hamilton. regret to add, that such is the case

Pp. Ixxxiv. and 470. 1823. in very few parts of this country. Martin Luther on the Bondage of

Nor is it quite clear to us, that the Will : written in Answer to the state of affairs would be on the the Diatribe of Erasmus on whole mended, were the ministers Free-will, Sc. Translated by of religion invariably to preside at the Rev. Henry Cole. Simpkin the select vestry, or the board of and Co. Pp. viii. 402. 1823. charitable distribution. It is not EVERY one impressed with a meet, that they should leave the due sense of the inestimable serword of God to serve tables. Un- vices rendered to the cause of

pure der any system, murmurings will and undefiled religion, by the venecessarily arise, and widows will nerable Martin Luther, and espesometimes be neglected. The pri- cially every one who has read the vate interference and persuasion of admirable account of his life and the clergy is, generally speaking, writings, in the fast volume of more effectual than their public Dean Milner's History, must truly and official interposition; and the weight of their own peculiar and

* This ought to be either Master or Mr.

-Mister is obsolete or vulgar: it is allowpositive duties is often more than

able in reprinting an old translation, but they are well able to sustain.

We improper in a new.

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rejoice, that two distinct transla- Mr. Vaughan's plan differs very tions of that Treatise, which Lu- materially from Mr. Cole’s. He ther considered as the most valu- has prefixed to the Treatise a long able of his works, should at once Preface, in which a sketch of Luhave made their appearance. This ther's life is introduced, and a nocircumstance clearly proves, that tice of his controversy with Erasthe character of this great Reformer mus; for the leading facts of which is more duly appreciated at pre- Mr. V. is deeply indebted to the sent than in some former periods; inestimable History of Dean Miland we cannot but hope, that the ner; and in addition, he accompamore general diffusion of his senti- nies his translation with numerous ments will prove bighly beneficial. notes and annotations, in which he Yet these publications, however attempts to explain, amend, or regratifying or useful to the public, fute his author. are not devoid of inconveniences to The translation is in general ourselves. The subject of the Will faithful and spirited; and, what is is attended with very considerable somewhat singular, is upon the difficulty; and it were utterly in vain, whole written in a better style than in the compass of a few pages, to the preface and annotations; though attempt to give so much as an out- the translator's attachment to his line of this work of Martin Luther.

own system has led him to render That distinguished Reformer has some passages in a sense that Luevidently written with great care ther would scarcely approve. and attention; yet there are some dare not, however, trust ourselves points which are stated too strongly; to express how highly we disapand the work being intended as an prove of many positions in his preanswer to the Diatribe of Erasmus, face and annotations, and of the the author was almost compelled to general style and manner in which adopt a plan which he very proba- those positions are advanced. bly would not have adopted had he On opening the volume, we were written an original treatise. not a little surprized at the follow

With these few remarks we ing dedication: should dismiss the publication of Luther; but we are naturally expected to pronounce some opinion on the merits and the appendages BY THE SIDE OF THE INVISIBLE FATHER, of the two new, perhaps rival,

EVEN JESUS, translations which are now before



NOT BY MY FREEWILL, BUT BY NIS, Mr. Cole's translation is without

THIS WORK, note or comment. His object was,

WHATSOEVER IT BE, agreeably to the wish of his friends, WAS PROMPTED AND UNDERTAKEN, to exhibit a faithful translation of AND HATH NOW AT LENGTH BEEN EXECUTED,

I DEDICATE IT: Luther's work from Melancthon's

DESIRING THAT HIS WILL, NOT MY OWN, edition, published soon after the

BE DONE BY IT; author's death; and we think he

AND FIRM IN THE HOPE, THAT HE WILL has, generally speaking, succeeded in the attempt. We have ob

E.T. V. served, indeed, a few mistakes, which are probably owing to haste, Now, to say nothing as to the or perhaps to a want of sufficient propriety of dedicating a translacare in correcting the press; but, tion of another man's work to the at the same time, Mr. C's publica- Lord Jesus Christ; to pass over tion may be regarded as a fair tran- the grammatical inaccuracy of I script of Luther's Treatise. dedicate it being used instead of is





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