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and his pertinacity (they being con- obvious and interesting truths of demned already by the church, ge- revelation were less strenuously neral councils, and most famous inculcated, it is apparent, that the universities), to be an heretic, and sentiments, for which Hamilton to have an evil opinion of the faith; was accused, contained enough and therefore to be condemned and to show, that the Church of Rome punished, like as we condemn, and was built upon a wrong foundadefine him to be punished, by this tion; that the judges, who were our sentence definitive, depriving to determine his fate, were the supand sentencing him to be deprived porters of delusion and superstiof all dignities, orders, offices, and tion. They accordingly paid little benefices of the church; and there- regard to what he urged in favour fore do judge and pronounce him of his principles; but, without heto be delivered over unto the secu- sitation, pronounced the awful senlar power, to be punished, and his tence; delivering him over to the goods to be confiscate.
secular power, that he might suf“ This our sentence definitive fer the shocking death, which the was given and read at our metro- barbarity of men, professing to politan church of St. Andrew's, the be the teachers of a religion of last day of the month of February, mercy, had destined for all upon 1527, being present the most re- whom they could fix the imputaverend Fathers in Christ, and tion of heresy. The area before Lords, Gawand, bishop of Glas- the gate of St. Salvator's college, gow; George, bishop of Dunkel
was appointed to be the scene of don; John, bishop of Brecham; execution; and, with aggravated William, bishop of Dunblane; Pa- cruelty, he was, on the same day trick, prior of St. Andrew's;" Da- upon which he had been convid, abbot of Abirbrothoke;George, demned, led forth to the staket.” abbot of Dumfermling; Alexander, During the arrangement of the abbot of Caunbuskineth; Henry, circumstances preparatory to the abbot of Lendors ; John, prior of combustion, he exhibited the same Peterweme; the dean and subdean sweetness and courtesy by which of Glasgow; Mr. Hew Spens, Tho- he had been constantly characmas Ramsay, Allane Meldrum, &c. terized. He gave to his faithful In the presence of the clergy and servant his gown, coat, cap, and people f.”
other articles, saying, That this sentence might have “ These are the last things you can the greater authority, they caused receive of me; nor have I any it to be signed by all present of any thing now to leave you, but the account, whether clergy or laity; example of my death, which I and, in order to make their num- pray you to bear in mind; for ber appear great, they took the though it be bitter to the flesh, subscription of the very children of and fearful before men, yet it is the nobility.
the entrance into eternal life, which “ Whatever opinion," observes none shall inherit who deny Jesus Dr. Cook, of Laurencekirk,“ may Christ before this wicked generabe entertained of the points which tion.” He was then bound to the he believed to be taught in Scrip- stake in the midst of faggots, coal, ture; however much it may be and other materials, which it was regretted, that the attention of the attempted to ignite with gunpowReformers was so early and so der; but, from negligence, or acmuch fixed upon dark and dis- cident, the explosion failed, and putable subjects, whilst the more only scorched one side of his body
* Fox, pp. 947, 948.
t Hist. of Reform. in Scotland, v. i.
and his face. Messengers were ceiving this effect on the publie despatched to the castle for more mind; which was much increased powder and combustibles; and by the fate of Campbell, whose some friars, among whom Camp- end they contrasted with that of bell was the most importunate, Hamilton. This wretched man urged him to recant. When the became the prey
remorse, and fire was kindled, it burnt so slowly, expired at Glasgow in a state of that he endured extreme suffering. despair in the following twelve
Turn, thou heretic," said some month. spectators, prompted by the “ After the condemnation and monks, " pray to the virgin!” martyrdom of this true saint of “ Depart from me," replied the God was dispatched by the pious martyr, “and trouble me bishops and doctors of Scotland," not, ye agents of Satan!” He says Fox, “ the rulers and doctors mildly besought Campbell to cease of the University of Louvaine, his importunity; and at length, in hearing thereof, received such joy a solemn manner, addressed this and consolation at the shedding of faithless friend: “ Wicked man! that innocent blood, that, for the thou knowest I am not a heretic, abundance of heart, they could and bast confessed the same to not stay their pen to utter condign me in private; but I appeal to the thanks, applauding and triumphjust tribunal of Jesus Christ, and ing in their letters sent to the forecite you to appear there to an- said Bishop of St. Andrew's and swer for it to Almighty God. Oh Doctors of Scotland, at the Lord! how long shall darkness worthy and famous deservings of overwhelm my country? How their atchieved enterprize in that long wilt thou suffer the
tyranny of behalf.” these unrighteous men ?" An in- Meritorious, however, as this crease of fuel now terminated his persecution might appear in the anguish.
eyes of these foreign theologians, John Andrew Duncan, of Air- no event of the day had a greater drie, a spirited young Laird, who tendency to promote the cause of loved and honoured the Abbot, Reformation at home. Seton, the and who had himself been me- Dominican confessor of the King, naced for his attachment to the openly inveighed against the exReformation, had armed and isting corruptions; and being demounted a score of his tenants nounced as a heretic, effected his and servants, intending to enter retreat_to England. Forrest, a the city by night, with the view, young Benedictine, was convicted as is supposed, of rescuing his of entertaining favourable sentifriend. But his small party was ments of Hamilton, and of possurrounded, and himself appre- sessing
an English translation of the hended by a troop of horsemen, New Testament. When it was commanded by Patrick Duncan- determined to burn him alive, a son, a gentleman of Angus, who retainer of the Archbishop, who, had married his sister*. The ex- probably, dared not declare his ecution, however, created great opinion in a more unequivocal mandisgust among the people; and ner, observed, with considerable even those, who were not en- point, that “it was advisable to lightened with Protestant senti- burn him in a low. cellar, because ments, pitied the youthful and the smoke of Patrick Hamilton amiable sufferer. The bigoted had infected all upon whom it clergy were disappointed at per- blew.”
Jonston, a Scotch bard, who * Biog. Brit. v, 492, 2d Edit. wrote a volume of Latin poetry on
the martyrs of his country, has be- A master-spirit to our border came, queathed an elegant tribute to the Bearing aloft the consecrated flame. memory of the subject of our How blest, my Scotland, hadst thou bail'd memoir, which has been published And follow'd where thy patriot led the by M'Crie, in his Life of Knox,
way! from a manuscript in the Advo- But bigot zeal, in error's grosser night, cates' Library at Edinburgh, of Lov'd its own darkness, and refus’d the which the following is a transla
Thy sons, with brutal force, or deadly
Drag the meek victim to a burning pile. On German altars fell from heav'n the Thus he, who living shone with heav'nly beam,
rays, Where Leine and Elbe glide on with silver Dying illumes his country with the blaze !
FOR THE DISPERSION OF THE HOLY SCRIPTURES.
The Angel, flying in the midst of heaven, with the everlasting Gospel.—Rev. xiv, 6, 7.
Behold! the Angel flies,
On wings of joy and love,
With tidings from above;
In ev'ry land and clime,
His counsels all sublime;
His Gospel now receive,
And in his word believe;
Now fear him, great and small,
And Babylon shall fall;
His favour now embrace,
And humbly seek his face;
J. B. C.
A FAREWELL SERMON. Acts, xx. 21.- Testifying both to true, from the peace and the joy
the Jews, and also to the Greeks, they communicate. repentance toward
God, and faith Such are the truths that I have toward our Lord Jesus Christ.
been preaching to you; and not To address a Christian assembly only I, but my fellow-labourers on their great concerns, is at all also in this place. And these truths times an important and a very re- are briefly summed up by the sponsible undertaking. But there Apostle in the text. In parting are occasions on which the work with the Ephesian church, he combecomes particularly important, prised the substance of his preachand calculated to engage the atten- ing to them in these words : Testition, and interest the feelings, in a fying both to the Jews and also to peculiar manner. The present is the Greeks, repentance toward one of those occasions. On this God, and faith toward our Lord day will terminate my labours Jesus Christ. And it will not be among you, which have continued considered a presumption, I hope, now nearly four years. On a re- in me to say, that this also has view of what is past, I can see been the sum and substance of my many things on account of which addresses to you. And I am sure, shame appertains both to you and that I can say with truth, that my to myself. Our privileges have object has invariably been to denot been improved as they should clare what might have been useful have been. Means on your part to you; what might have been the have been too much neglected; the means of bringing you to repent of house of God has not been so con- your sins, and to believe in the stantly resorted to as it might have Lord Jesus Christ. My object now been. On my part, diligence in is the same; and if it be attained weekly visits is the point on which in any measure, I shall have reaI feel the greatest deficiency to son to be thankful. have been. My Sunday work has These two points form, as it been, perhaps, as much as my were, the centre around which all strength could bear; and with re- other parts of the system revolve. spect to the truths I have declared Every truth we declare is in some to you, I feel no regret--I see no way connected with these docreason to retract or even to modify trines; and the importance of every them; as far as I know and be- truth in the Christian ministry is to lieve, they were the truths of God. be ascertained by the relation it And the longer I live, and the bears to these doctrines. If the more experience I have, the more relation be distant, then that truth, confirmed I am in them. They are whatever it be, is not so important; what I have seen, and do see and if the relation be near, then daily, verified in the conduct and its importance is in proportion experience of those who cordially greater. But whatever we declare, receive them. They are what have that has no connexion with either been, in every age, effectual to the repentance or faith, is comparatively comfort and salvation of all true insignificant, and, in fact, ought believers. And, my brethren, if not to occupy the time and attention you believe me on any other point, of a Christian congregation. Too which I think all that know me much of this kind is to be found in will do, believe me also on this. the ministrations of many who call They are truths which have been themselves the ministers of the the support and the comfort of my Gospel. There are many instances, own soul, and which I know to be indeed, of individuals preaching sentiments injurious to these doo- been in the habit of hearing me, trines ; sentiments which tend to do that I have invariably preached away the necessity of repentance, them in such a way as to connect and the usefulness of faith. There them with these doctrines; that the are many who represent the state general aim and tenor of my preachof man to be such as that he need- ing has been, to show the necessity eth no repentance, at least such as and enforce the duty of repentance the Scripture teaches; and who de- towards God and faith towards our preciate the merits of Christ to such Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ. a degree as renders faith in him It has never been my object to not so indispensable as the divine amuse or please your fancies, but word evidently shows. I mention to teach you, and to lead you to this merely to guard you against true penitence, and to a lively faith giving heed to any thing that may in the great Redeemer. And this be fatal to your eternal interest. is my object even now. May the
The connexion of every revealed Lord bless the effort to your good! truth with these two points, re
Let me appeal to you, my friends, pentance and faith, is very clear. respecting the points contained in Is the character of God described? my text. It may be the last apand is it not to show to man what peal I shall ever make to you. he ought to be, and what he ought Let me, therefore, do it under that to do? And when this is compared impression, and in the presence of with what he has been and with Him who knoweth all things. Rewhat he is; and with what he has pentance and faith have been been and is doing; does not the preached to you, in some form or necessity of repentance appear, other, every Sunday. The claims and at the same time the neces- of God, his justice to punish, and sity of faith? Does the faithful his mercy to pardon, have been minister undertake the painful task often set before you. Your own of delineating the character, de- need, your great danger, and the gradation, and danger of man by never-ending misery that awaits nature, and his future misery in the impenitent and the unbelievcase of his dying without making ing, have been very frequently his peace with God? Is not this described to you. The willingness done for the kind
and sufficiency of the Saviour have ing people to a sense of their real been constantly pressed on your condition, that they may repent, attention. The felicity of God's turn unto God, and believe in his people, and their eternal glory, Son, that they may be saved? And have also been frequently exhibitis not the happiness and the va- ed. And now I ask, what effect riety of privileges belonging to have all these considerations prothose who repent and believe, de- duced ? Have they been the scribed and pressed on the atten- means of leading you to repent of tion of the hearers, mainly for the your sins, to turn unto God, and same purpose? And why is the to believe in his Son Jesus Christ? Gospel preached, the glad tidings For this, and no other than this, of great joy proclaimed, to sinful is the great and important end creatures? Most evidently, that which we, as ministers of Christ, they may repent and believe in the have in view, in all our ministraSaviour. Thus we see, that all tions; and to which you, in hearthe most important truths of reve- ing, should continually have relation have the closest connexion gard. If you have not repented with the doctrines of repentance of your sins and believed in and faith. And I think, that I Christ, all our work, all our preachcan appeal to all of you that have ing, as far as your good is eon