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The Argument. Peleus, in love with Thetis, by the aflistance of Proteus obtains her favour; but Jupiter interposing,

Peleus in despair consults Prometheus, famous for his skill in astrology ; upon whole prophecy, that the son born of Thetis should prove greater than his father, Jupiter defifts. The prophecy was afterwards vérified in the birth of Achilles, the son of Pelcus.




The Scene represents Mount Caucasus; Prometheus appears chain'd to a rock, a vulture gnawing bis breast.

Peleus enters, addreling himself to Prometbuus.

Peleus. Condemnd on Caucasus to lie,

Still to be dying, not to die, With certain pain, uncertain of relief, True emblem of a wretched lover's grief! To whose inspecting eye 'tis given

To view the planetary way,

To penetrate eternal day,
And to revolve the starry heaven,
To thee, Prometheus, I complain,
And bring a heast as full of pain.

From Jupiter spring all our woes,

'Thetis is Jove's, who once was thine : *Tis vain, o Peleus, to oppose

Thy torturer, and mine.
Contented with despair,
Resign the fair,

Resiga, resign,
Or wretched man, prepare
For change of totments, great as minc.

In change of torment would be eafc

Could you divine what lovers bear,
Even you, Frometheus, would confels
There is no vulture like despair.

Cease, cruel vulture, to devour,

Cease, cruel Thetis, to; disdain.

Thetis entering, they repeat together:
Cease, cruel vulcure, to devour,
Cease, cruel Thetis, to disdain.

Thetis, Peleus, unjustly you complain.

Prometheus and Pcieuse Cease, cruel vulturc, to devour, cafe, cruel Thetis, to disdain,

Peleus, unjustly you complain.

The gods, alas! no refuge find
From ills refiftlelo fates ordain :
I still am true—and would be kind.

To love and to languilh

To sigh and coniplain,
How cruel's the anguish!
How tormenting the pain :


O the curse of disdain,
How tormenting's the pain !
To love, &c.

Accursed jealousy!
Thou jaundice in the lover's eye;
Through which all objects false we see,

Accursed jealousy!
Thy rival, Peleus, rules the sky,

Yet I so prize thy love,
With Peleas I would choose to die,

Rather than reign with juve.
A Clap of Thunder ; Yupiter appears, descending within

on bis Eagle.
But see, the mighty thunderer's here;

Tremble Peleus, tremble, fly;
The thunderer! the mighty thunderer !

Trenible, Peleus, tremble, fly.
A full Chorus of Voices and Instruments as Jupiter is


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925 The thunderer! the mighty.thunderer!

Jove consenting she is thine; Tremble, Peleus, tremble, fly.

The fatal blessing I relign. (Foins their bands.
(Jupiter beinz lefcended.]


Heav'n had been lost, had I been Jove.
Presumptuous flave, rival ro Jove,

There is no hear'n, there is no heav'n but lovas How dar'lt thou, mortal, thus defy

Peleus and Thetis togetber. A goddess with audacious love,

There is no heav'n but love,
And irritate a god with jealousy?

No, no, no,
Presomptuous mortal--hencem

There is no heav'n but love.
Tremble at omnipotence.

Fupiter to Prometbeus.

And thou, the Itars interpreter,
Arm'd with love, and Thetis by,

'fis just I let thee free,
I fear no odds

Whọ.giv'l me liberty :
Of men or gods,

Arise, and be thy self a star,
But Jove himself defy,

'Tis just I set thee free, Jove, lay thy thunder down;

Who giv'lt me liberty. Aror'd with love, and Thetis by,

[The Vulture drops dead at the feet of Prometbess, Fig There is more terror in her frown,

chains fall off, and be is borne up to heaven with an And fiercer light'ning in her eye:

piter to a loud Aourists of all the infruments.
I fear no odds
Of men or gods,

(Peleus and Thetis run into each otbers arms But Jove himself defy.


Fly, fly to my arms, to my arms,
Bring me light'ning, give me thunder,

Goddess of iromortal charms ! Hafte, ye Cyclops, with your forked rods, To my arms, to my arms, fiy, fly. This rebel love braves all the gods.

Goddess of transporting joy! Bring me light'ning, give me thunder. [ Peleus and Thetis bo!ding fall by one anotber.

On thy face,
Jove may kill, but ne'er shall funder.

Thy geotle hand thus presling,

Is heavenly, heavenly blessing.
Bring me light'ning, give me thunder.

O my soul!
Pelews and Thetis.

Whither, whither art thou flying?
Jove nay kill, but ne'er shall funder.

Loft in sweet tumultuous-dying,
Thetis to Jupiter.

Whither, whither art thou flying,
Thy love fill arm'd with face,

O my soul! Is dreadful as thy hara :

Tberir. O might it prove to me,

You tremble, Peleus—So do I So gentle Peleus were but free;

Ah Itay! and we'll together div. O might it prove to me

Immortal, and of race divine, As fatal as to loft consuming Senrele!

My soul shall take its flight with thioc: Thy love fill arm'd with fate,

Life diffolving in delight,
Is dreadful as thy hate.

Heaving brcalt, and swimming fight,
Prome:beus to Jupiter.

Falt'ring speech, and gasping breath,
Son of Saturn, take advice

Synıptoms of delicious death, From one whom thy severe decree

Life diffolving in deligbt, Has furnish'd leisure to grow wise:

My soul is ready for the flight. Thou rul'lt the gods, but fate rules thee.

O my soul, [The Propbecy. ]

Whither, whither art thou flying? Whoe'er th' inmorcal maid comprefling, Loft in sweet tumultuous dyiog, Shall cafte joy, and reap the blesling,

Whither, whither art chou Aying, Thus th' unerring stars' advise :

O my soul! From that auspicious night an heir fhall rife,

Peleus and Tbetis, betb together repeat; Paternal glories to efface foul! The nioft illustrious of his race,

Whither, whither art thou flying?
Tho' sprang from him who rules the skies.

Loft in (weet tumultuous dying,
Fupiter. [Apart]

Whither, whither art thou flying,
Shall then the son of Saturn be undone,


foul ! Like Saturn, by an impious fon?

Cborus of all tle voices and instruments finging and
Jultly th' impartial fates confpire,
Dooming that son to be the fire


When the storm is blown over,
Of such another son

Ilow bleft is the fwain,
Conscious of ills that I have done,
My fears to prudence shall advise;

Who begins to discover

An end of his pain !
And guilt that made me great, thall niake me wise.
The fatal blessing I resign;

When the storm, &c.
Pekus, take the plaid divine: (Giving ber to Pulaus. The mala concludes with varicty of dancing





With Scenes, Machines, Music, and Decorations,



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Or all public spectacles, that which should pro-1 It is incumbent upon the poet alone to provide j'erly be calleil an OMERA, is calculated to give for that, in the choice in his fable, the conduct right the highest delight. There is hardly any art but his plot, the harmony of his numbers, the eleva. what is required to furnish towards the entertain-tion of his sentiments, and the juftness of his cha. ment; and there is something or other to be pro-racters. In tliis cuu hits the solid and the subvided that may touch cvery sensi, and plcuic every Itantial. palate.

The nature of this entertainment requires the The poet has a two-fold talk upon his hands in plot to be formed upin tone story in which enthe dramatic, and the lyric: chi architect, the chanters and magicians have a priocipal part: in painter, the conpoler, the actor, the singer, the our modern lcroic pocnis, they supply the place dancer, &c. have each of them their leveral cni of the gods with the ancients, and make a n.uch goloyments in the preparation, and in the execu more natural appearance by being mortals, with Lion.

the difference only of being endowed with superThe same materials indeed, in different hoods, natural power, will have diffcrent fuccefs; all depends upon a

The charadicrs should be great and iliustrious; Skilful mixture of the various ingredients : a bad the figure the actor makes upon the llage, is one artist will make but a mere hudge podge with tlie part of the organiet; by consequence the fentie samo niaterials that onc of a good taste fall pre- nients must be suitable to the characters in which pare an excellent olio.

love and honour will have the principal share. The seasoning mast be sense; unless there is The dialogue, which in the French and Italian ta'lierewithal en please the understanding, the eye is set to notes, and fung, I would have pronouncand the ear will loon arow tired.

if the numbers are of themselves harmonious, The French Opera is perfect in the decorations, there will be no need of music to set them off; a the dancing, and magnificence; the italian exccls good verse, well pronounced, is in itself musical; in the mulic and voices; but the drama falls ihurt -and speech is certainly more natural for discourse, in both.

than linging. An English stomach requires something folid Can anything be more preposterous than to be and substantial, and will rise hungry from a rcgale .old Cato, Julius Cæfar, and Akxander the Great, of nothing but swect-neats.

flrutring upon the stage in the figure of fongitors, Ar. Opera is a kind of ambigu : the table is personated by Eunuchs ? finely illuminated, adorned with flowers and fruits, The fingirip, therelore, should be wholly applied and every thing that the season affordis fragrant to the lyrical part of the antertainment, which by or delightful to the eye or the odour ; but unless being freed from a tircfome, unnatural recitative there is something ino for the appetite, ’tis odds must certainly adminiter more [casonablc plcabut the gucks break 07 diftatisficd.


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THE PREFACE. T'he feveral parts of the entertainment faculd, though it is always adviseable to keep as close to he fr suited to relieve one another, as to be tedi then as polible, but reformations are not to be ous in none; and the connection should be such, brought about all at once. that not one should be able to fubfift without the It may happen that the nature of certain subother; like embroidery, fo fist and wrought into jects proper for moving the pasions, may require the substance, that no part of the ornanient could a litele niore latitude, and then, withour office be removed, without tearing the stufi.

to the critics, sure there may be room for a saving To iraroduce singing and dancing, by head and in equiry from the severity of the conimon law vi shoulders, no way relative to the action, does not Parnallus, as well as of the King's Bench. To turn a play into an opera; though that title is facrifice a principal beauty, upon which the success now promiscuously given to every farce Sprinkled of the whole may depend, is being too frictly here and there with a song and a dance.

tied down; in such a case, sunimum jus may be The richeid lace, ridiculously set on, will make summa injuriz. but a fool's coat.

Corneille himself complains of finding his geI will not take upon me to criticise what has nius of:en cramped by his own rules : “ There is appeared of this kind on the English flage: we infinite difference í says he) between speculation have several poems under the name of Dramatic " and practice : Let the severeit critic make the Operas by the best hands; but, in my opinion, the “ trial, he will be convinced by his own espesubjects for the most part have been improperly " riencü, that upon certain occasions too strict an choren; Mr. Aldison's Rofamond, and Mr. Con " adherence to the letter of the law, thall exclude greve's Semcle, though excellent in their kind, are a bright opportunity of thining, or touching ih

the rather mafgues than operas.

“ pasiūns. Where the breach is of little moAs I cannot help being concerned for the ho mens, or can be contrived to be as it were imnour of my country, even in the minutest things, perceptible in the représenration, a gentle difI am for endeavouring to out-do our neighbours “ pensation night be allowed.” To those litile in performances of all kinds.

freedoms, be attributes the fuccess of his Cid: Thus, if the splendour of the French Opera, and But the rigid legislarors of the acadiny handled the harmony of the Italian, were so kilfully in him fi roughly for it, that he never durt niake terwoven with the charms of poetry, upon a re the venture again, nor pone who have followed gular dramatic bottom, as to instruct, as well as hini. Thus picioned, the Frenci mufe muti al.. delight, to improve the mind, as well as ravish ways flutter, like a bird with the wings cui, inca. the sense, there can be no doubt but such an ad- pable of a lofty fiight. dition would entitle our English opera to the pre The dialogue of their tragedies is under the ference of all others. The third part of the en fame constraint as the contruction; not a dila couragement, of which we have becn fo liberal to course, but an oration; not speaking, but declaimforeigners for a confort of music only, mil-call'd ing; not free, natural, and easy, as conversation an opera, would more than effect it.

should be, but precise, fet, formai argumenring, In the construction of the following poem, che

like disputants in a school. In writauthor has endeavoured to set an example to hising, like dress, is it not poflible to be too exact, rules; precepts are best explained by examples; too starched, and too formal? Plealing neglian abler hand might have executed it better. | gence I have seen : Who ever faw plealing forHowever, it may serve for a model to be in- malisy? proved upon, when we grow weary of scenes of In a word, all extremes are to be avoided. To low life, and recura to a taste of more generous be a French puritan in the dram3, or an English pleasures.

latitudinarian, is taking different paths to be both We are reproached by foreigoers with such un out of the road. If the Britilli iute is too unruly, natural irregularities in our dramatic pieces, as the French is too tame; one wants a curs, the are shocking to all other nations; even a Swiss has

other a spur. played the critic upon us, without conlidering By pleading for some little relaxation from the they are as little approved by the judicious in our utmost severity of the rules, where the subject may own. A stranger who is ignorant of the language, seem to require it, I am nui bespeaking any luch and incapable of judging of the sentimenis, con indulgence for the prelent performance : Though demns by the eye, and concludes what he hears the ancients have left us no pattern to follow of to be as extravagant as what he sees: When this species of tragedy, I perceive, upon camilaædipus breaks his neck out of a balcony, and Jo- tion, that I have been attentive to their Itrictedt catta appears in her bed, murdering herself and effuns. her children, instead of moving terror, or con The unities are religiously obferred: The place passion, such spectacles only fill the spectator with is the fame, varied only into different prospects by horror : No wonder if trangers are shocked at the power of enchantment: All the incidents fail such fights, and conclude us a nation hardly yet naturally within the very time of representation : civilized, that can seem to delight in them. To The plot is one principal action, and of chat kind remove this reproach, 'ic is much to be wished our which intruduces variety of turns and charges, all scenes were less bloody, and the sword and dagger tending to the same point : l'he ornaments and more out of fashion. To make some amends for decorations are of a picce with it, so thar one this exclusion, I would be lefs severe as to the could not well subiit without the other : Every: igour of fume other lan's enacted by the martuis, oc? concludes with some unexpected revolution :


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And in the end, rice is punished, virtue rewarded,

To conclude. This dramatic amemst was stie and the moral is instructive.

first effay of a very infunt mufe, rather As a rafk Rhyme, which I would by no means admit into at such hours as were f:ee from such other extr. the dialogue of graver tragedy, seems to me the cises, then așy way meant for public entertainžnost proper Nyle for reprelentations of thiş heroic ment: But Mr Betterton having had a casual romantic kind, and heit adapted to accompany sight of į many years after it was written, begged music. The folemn language of a haughty tyrant it for the stage, where it found sq favourable 4 will by no means become a paffionate lyver, and reception, as to have an uninterrupted run of at tender sentiments r:quire the sottest colouring. least forry days. The separation of che principeid

The theme nuust govern the ftyle; every thought, auzors which foon followed ; and the introduction every character, every fabject of a different na of the įralian Opera, put a stop to its farther apture, mult speak a different language. An humble pearance. Jover's gentle address to his millrels would rumble Had it been compored at a riper time of life, strangely in the Miltonis dialedd ; and the soft the faults night have been fewer: However, up: harmony of Mr. Waller's numbers would an ill on revilin il noy, at so grcat a distance of rime, become the mouths rf Lucifer and Bielzebub, with a comer judgment than the firtt conceprions The terrible, and the tender, must be set to differ- of youth will allow, I canliot absolutely fay, Juripe ent notes of mulic.

Fue pudet.

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M E N.

W O M E N. Celiu", a Britis King, Father in ORLANA. CONSTANTIUS, a Roman Emperur, dejinned for Mar-Oriana, in Love wit! Amadis, lut given in Mara riage with OKIANA,

riage to CONSTANTIVS. Amanis of Gaul, a famous Knight Adventurer, in Curisanda, betroti:ed to Florestan. Love with ORIANA.

URGANDA, a good Enchantreli, Friend to MADIS. F1.0RESTAN, his Companion, in Love with CorisanD 1. ) ARCABON, Sijier to ARCALAUS. ARCALAUS, a wicked Enchanter, Enemy to 'Amadis. Deila, an Attendunt 10 URGANDA, LUCIUS, a Roman of the Emperor's Train.

Troops of Díagicians attending the fiveral Encbanters. Knights and Ladies, Captives. Men and It'omenartending the British Court. Prichts

, or Druids. Romansættending Conllantius. Singers, Dancers, &c. CENE the King's Poluce, and Parts adjacent, inbabited by the different Enchantets.


The Curtain rises to a symphony of all sorts of in-

Successful is our charm : the temple Makes, strunicuts rof Music. The Scene reprelines an

The altarinnds, ch' astonish'd priest forsakes enchanied Grove, adorned and beautified with The hallow'd frine, ftaris from the bridegroom'ę Fountains, beatues, &c.


Breaks off the sites, and leaves the knot unty'd. URGANDA and Deria performing inom folemn werk

mony of Enchantment.

Ye fweet musicians of the sky,
A full Stage of Singers and Dani-ys..

Hither, lijther, hither, fly, fly,

And with enchanting notes all magic else supply. URGANDA AND DELIA.

Urgoma and Delia retire dorm the Scene, craving

ibeir enchanted Rods, as continuing ihe Ceremony: Uganda. Forp, shund, ye grindis, the rended clouds divide, Full Chorus of Instruments 'undt

. Voices. l'right back the pricit, and save a trembling Sound the trumpet, touch the lute, hride,

Sarike the lyre, inipire the slute; AM an injur'd lovar 's faithful love :

In 'harmony, An inju'd lover's caufc is worthy Juve.

Cecial harmowlya

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