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He represents the advancement of religion, as desirablein the person-by personal effort—in the family-by the ministry in the church-by the church-in the nation in the world—and concludes with the certainty and glory of the consummation.
In the first lecture we find the following beautiful and forcible passage: "Religion then, as we have to regard it, is not various, but one. It is not a form, or a ritual, or a creed, or a catechism ; but the life of truth and of God in the soul of man. It divides nothing with false religions; and it knows nothing of the divisions which men have sought to fasten on the true. It know's nothing of Arminius, or of Calvin, or of Luther. It is not of Paul, or of Apollos, or of Peter. It is not from Jerusalem, or Rome, or Oxford. It is from heaven; it is one. In the Bible it is one ; in Christ it is one, in the Christian it is one, undivided and indivisible. Its simplicity is its sublimity; and both are the clear and indubitable evidence of its divinity." How true, but how little heeded ! When will the day appear, in which Christians shall be absorbed in the feeling of their unity with Christ and in Christ !
In these times of God's presence in our churches, Christians and ministers of the gospel will find here many admirable and helpful suggestions.
We wish for the book a large circulation, because it is precisely one of those, which call off the attention of God's ple from the world and from the mere framework of Christianity, and direct it to the weightier matters of the gospel, holiness, peace and love.
7.-Missionary Labors and Scenes in Southern Africa. By Rob.
ert Moffatt, twenty-three years an agent of the London Missionary Society on that Continent. New-York: Robert Carter. 1843.
The review of this work, furnished to the readers of the Eclectic Museum, must have awakened a desire to possess the volume itself. Mr. Carter now offers it to the public, and we doubt not his enterprise will, in this case, be amply repaid. We have Campbell and Phillips on missions to Southern Africa, but we have no book on missionary operations in Africa comparable with this. It is written, indeed, in a plain style, but the narrative of events is stirring, and the scenes through which Mr. Moffat himself passed unusually interesting. He became emphatically all things to all men. As Mr. Campell says, “To master the language, he wandered the de
serts with the savage tribes, sharing their perils and privations. He outdid Paul in accommodating himself to all men, in order to save some. Paul never became a sarage in lot, to save savages. Many might, indeed, thus stoop to conquer, but few could retain both their piety and philosophy in such society.”
Let those, who would follow the vicissitudes of a hero, read Moffat, and they will see a man who, for Christ's sake, dared dangers the most impending, and entered into conflicts the most severe. There are few men in the world as well quali. ified to be a missionary to the degraded sons of Africa as the author of this volume. Twenty-three years of his life have already been spent in pouring in light upon the darkness of that benighted land, amid self-denials and toils which scarce. any else could endure. Yet he is not weary nor worn out. And God has abundantly rewarded his labors in leading many a poor ignorant African to the foot of the cross, and imparting to him the hope and peace of the gospel.
The mere literary and scientific man, as well as the christian, will find a compensation for the perusal of this work, in the new and strange aspects of human society there presented, and its copious contributions to natural history.
We shall soon begin to feel that there is no better scientific corps abroad on the earth, than the corps of missionaries of the gospel of Jesus Christ. 8.—The Bible in Spain, or the Journeys, Adventures, and Im
prisonments of an Englishman, in an attempt to circulate the Scriptures in the Peninsula. By George Borrow, author of “ The Gypsies of Spain.” Philadelphia : James M. Campbell. New-York : Saxton & Miles. 1843. pp. 232.
This is an extraordinary book of an extraordinary man. Mr. Borrow's Zincali met with great acceptance, and was read with great avidity ; but this surpasses even that in interest. In style it is vigorous and easy ; in narrative, minute, vera. cious, and vivacious; in adventure, of the deepest, most animated interest; and altogether an exceedingly captivating volume.
Like Moffat of Africa, Mr. Borrow in Spain mixed with almost every class, and passed through almost all sorts of
He talked and associated with gypsies, robbers, priests, and ministers : you can find him in the forest, the field, the posada, the hut, the palace, the prison ; and everywhere the same sincere, good-natured, honest, decided man.
On his way to the prison at Madrid, crossing the court where others had suffered before him, he bethought him thus: “Here ain II who have done more to wound Popery than all the poor Christian martyrs that ever suffered in this accursed square,-here am I, merely sent to prison, from which I am sure to be liberated in a few days with credit and applause. Pope of Rome! I believe you as malicious as ever, but you are sadly deficient in power. You are become paralytic, Batuscha! and your club bas degenerated into a crutch."
Now hear his description of a young American, a native of South Carolina : “ His appearance was remarkable: he was low of stature; exceedingly slightly made; his features were pale but well formed; he had a magnificent head of crispy black hair, and as superb a pair of whiskers of the same color as I ever beheld. He wore a white hat, with broad brim, and particularly shallow crown, and was dressed in a light yellow gingham frock, striped with black, and ample trousers of calico: in a word his appearance was altogether queer and singular.” He then proceeds to relate the young man's conversation with "a man of the rock," on the subject of slavery, which is quite amusing, but we cannot transfer it to our pages.
9.-The Works of President Edwards, in four volumes. A Re
print of the Worcester Edition, with valuable additions, and a copious general Inder. New-York: Jonathan Leavitt and John F. Trow. Boston: Crocker & Brewster. 1843.
We think the publishers have done a good deed in offering to the public the complete works of Jonathan Edwards. Some of his 'Treatises and his Life have been published separately: but the rising ministry will be thankful for the opportunity of enriching their shelves with a reprint of the Worcester Édition of his works complete. And now is a propitious period for the sale of them, when so many are talking and writing about his philosophical opinions, especially on the Will.
Whatever may be thought of the truth of his views on this subject, it will ever remain an indisputable fact, that he had a giant mind, and that few could equal him in argument. The man, who intends to read his treatise on the Will, must make up his mind beforehand to bend down his powers to the subject, and give it an undivided attention. No superficial thinker can master him, or even hope to understand him. Many probably have misapprehended him, and attributed to him the faults of their own misapprehension.
Yet, the probability is that President Edwards has laid him.
şelf open to objection by an occasional, at least apparent, inconsistency. But instead of expressing opinions or entering into discussion in this necessarily brief notice, our readers will accept a statement of the general subjects treated in the four volumes. Vol. I. Memoirs of President Edwards--Farewell Sermon-Concerning Qualifications for CommunionReply to Kev. Solomon Williams-History of the Work of Redemption-Distinguishing Marks of a work of the Spirit of God-Observations on Important Doctrines—Account of the Life of David Brainerd. Vol. II. Inquiry into the Freedom of the Will— The End for which God created the World-On the Nature of True Virtue-Doctrine of Original Sin Defended-Divine Decrees in General and Election in ParticularEfficacious Grace-Concerning Faith.-Vol. III. Religious Affections—Surprising Conversions--On the Revival in New England--Explicit Agreement in Extraordinary Prayer-Perseverance of Saints-Pre-existence of Christ's Human Soul Mysteries of Scripture-On Particular Passages of Scripture -Theological Questions-Six Occasional Sermons.-Vol. IV. Forty Sermons on Various Subjects.
10.--Puseyism Examined. By J. H. Merle D'Aubigné, D.D.,
author of the “History of the Reformation in the Sixteenth Century.” Introductory Notice of the Author, by Robert Baird. New-York: John S. Taylor & Co. 1843. pp. 79.
Dr. Merle, so well known, through his History of the Reformation, again appears before us in this small treatise, as the advocate of a spiritual religion, expressing itself in a few instituted forms, and resting on the basis of justification by faith. The times demand it, as there is a manifest tendency, in certain quarters, to return to the bondage of rites and ceremonies, and bury a crucified Christ in external pomp. How truly does Dr. Merle say: "Man always seeks to return, in some way, to a human salvation ; this is the source of the innovations of Rome and of Oxford. The substitution of the Church for Jesus Christ is that which essentially characterizes these opinions. It is no longer Christ who enlightens, Christ who saves, Christ who forgives, Christ who commands, Christ who judges; it is the Church, and always the Church, that is to say, an assembly of sinful men, as weak and prone to err as ourselves. “They have taken away the Lord, and we know not where they have laid him.'”
The whole lecture merits the attention of the church. It is written in a vigorous style, and well sustains the three great
principles of Christianity. “The Word of God, ONLY”_ The Grace of God, ONLY” “ The work of the Spirit, only."
Dr. Baird, in his Introduction, has made us better acquaint.. ed with this defender of the faith than we were before : for which our thanks are due.
11.-Thoughts for the Thoughtful. By Old Humphrey. New.
York: Robert Carter, 1843. pp. 240.
Old Humphrey paid us a visit in our January No., and we are right glad to see him again amongst us. He is an old man, he says, but seems to possess, notwithstanding, much of the sprightliness and activity of youth. He was once a soldier, we believe, then a merchant, now retired from business, to spend his latter days in doing good-imitating his divine Redeemer in conveying cups of cold water to the parched lips of the poor and thirsty. His “ Thoughts” will live after him, and be doing good to others in inciting them to go and do likewise, when he shall be resting from his earthly labors in the paradise of God.
Thoughts for the Thoughtful” begins with “A Sweet Spirit,” intended briefly to illustrate and enforce the cultiva. tion of a spirit much needed in this sinning world—that of kindness, forbearance, charity. If any Christian is murmuring, let him read " The Broken Thread." If any is comfortably housed in a warm, quiet home, on a cold, stormy night, lei him read “Sympathy for Sailors.” Is any given to faultfinding, he may read “The too hasty Reproof.” Does any one too readily yield to indolence, let him read, “Have you wound up the Clock?" If Old Humphrey should take up his
stump of a pen” again, we hope Mr. Carter will not fail to let us know it.
12.--Greenwood Cemetery and other Poems. By Joseph L. Ches
ter. New-York: Saxton and Miles: Boston: Saxton, Pierce & Co. 1843. pp. 132.
Mr. Chester's Dedication-"To his Wife, (not knowing a better friend,) the author dedicates this book," speaks well for his heart and for the sweets of his domestic life. It is kindly and becoming. And this is not the solitary beauty of the book. There is poetry in it: some charming.
« Greenwood Cemetery” is beautifully conceived and delightfully executed: and he that reads it will wish to see the spot itself
, and might well say with the author: “Already am I half in