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PREFACE.

When the Author, (Mr HARDIE), issued his Prospectus for this work, in August, 1825, public expectation was considerably excited ; as he was well known to be competent to the task he had undertaken; and had he lived to finish it, there is no doubt that the most sanguine anticipations would have been realized. But his course was arrested by the hand of death, and, after more than a year's delay, the completion of the work devolved on another, and a less experienced hand.

As regards the author's original design and intentions, they are fully developed in the following extracts from his prospectus:

“ With respect to the work, in which I am now employed, it is my design, as far as it may be in my power, to render it a COMPLETE STATISTICAL VIEW OF THE CITY OF NEW-YORK. In my proposals, I have promised much; but if it shall please Gud to preserve my health, I shall faithfully perform every thing, which I have promised. I shall farther observe, that, in the prosecution of the work, I shall add such other interesting matter, as may either occur to myself, or be suggested by my learned and judicious friends, whose countenance in this arduous undertaking I most earnestly solicit, and on whose assistance I greatly depend.

“ I am well aware, that the undertaking will be attended with great labour; for though it is easy to write works of fancy, there is nothing more difficult and tedious than to ascertain facts. It will, likewise, be attended with considerable expense. But I have counted the cost. I have had the subject under consideration for several years; but more particularly since April last, when I published a pamphlet, entitled “A cencus of the new buildings erected in this city, in the year 1824, &c. Also a number of statistical documents, interesting to the Christian, the Merchant, the man of inquiry and the public in general.” As this little work was honoured with uncommon patronage, I propose, early in the ensuing year, to publish a new edition, with material improvements. I likewise determined to publish “A DESCRIPTION OF THE CITY OF NEW-YORK,” upon an extensive scale, similar to that

of The Picture of London, The History of Edinburgh, The
Tableau de Paris, The Oxford Guide, and other statistical
accounts of the most celebrated cities in Europe. To this
important work, my unceasing exertions shall be directed,
till it shall be brought to a conclusion, and I shall proceed
with pleasure, in full confidence that I shall receive from a
generous public, an adequate compensation for my endeavours
to serve them.”

Such were our friend's intentions, But, alas! it pleased the
All-wise disposer of events to remove him from this sublunary
state of existence, in the midst of this career of usefulness.
He died without leaving any instruction or materials for the
direction of his successor. The writer of this article has how-
ever, done the best he could, under existing circumstances,
and begs leave to assure the reader, that if the work prove in-
ferior to his expectations, the fault must be attributed solely
to lack of ability and information in the

FINISHER.
New-York, July, 1827.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS:

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HISTORY OF NEW-YORK.

Page

Chapter I. Of the Discovery of America, by Christo-

pher Columbus, on the 12th of October, 1492.

1

Chapter II. From the Discovery of America by

Columbus, to the settlement of Fort Amsterdain, (now

New-York,) by the Dutch, in the year. 1629.

14

Chapter III. From the possession of the colony by.

the Dutch, to its surrender to the British, under the com-

mand of Colonel Richard Nichols, in the year 1664.

Chapter IV. From the surrender of the province to

the English, in 1664, to the aceession of King William

and Queen Mary to the throne, in 1688.

22

Chapter V. From the accession of William and Mary,

to the arrival of Govenor Burnet, in the year 1720.

28

Chapter VI. From the arrival of Govenor Burnet,

till the Negro Plot, in the year, 1739.

Chapter VII. From the Negro Piot, to the arrival of

Sir Charles Hardie, as Govenor, in 1755.

49

Chapter VIII. From the arrival of Sir Charles Har-

dy, to the Declaration of Independence, 4th July, 1776. 65

Chapter IX. From the Declaration of Independence,

to the evacuation of the City by the British, 25th of No-

vember, 1783.

Chapter X. From the evacuation of the City, till

the first meeting of Congress, under the New Constitution,

4th March, 1789.

107

Chapter XI. From the organization of the New Con-

stitution, to the procession in honour of the completion of

the Grand Canal, 4th November, 1825.

120-

Chapter XII. A short account of the rise, progress,

and completion of the Great, Canal, and of the grand

Celebration, which took place in this city, on that aus-

picious occasion.

133,

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THE

DESCRIPTION

OF THE

CITY OF

OF NEW-YORK.

PART I.

CHAPTER I. Of the Discovery of America, by Christopher Columbus, on

the 12th of October, 1492. It has been asserted, although as I believe, with very little reason, that America was known to the ancients. According to some traditions it had, at a very early period, been visited by the Greenlanders, the Norwegians and the Welsh. Of this, however, we have no evidence in history. But if it were really true, the knowledge, which they had obtained concerning the existence of what is now emphatically called The New Worldwas of no benefit eii her to themselves or others. It was in fact, like "a candle put under a bushel or in a secret place;" for it gave no light. On the whole, it appears more than probable, that the Europeans neither knew, nor had even thought of the existence of the continent which we now inhabit, till the days of CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS, of whose life as well as some of the particular circumstances, which induced him to conceive the possibility of this important discovery, I now proceed to give a brief account.

CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS OR Colon, as he has been sometimes called, was born in the republic of Genoa, in 1447. From a letter, which he addressed, A. D. 1501, to Ferdinand and Isabella, the king and queen of Spain, it appears, that he had then been engaged in a maritime life for nearly four

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