Stalinism: Russian and Western Views at the Turn of the Millennium

Etukansi

Stalinism surveys the efforts made in recent years by professional historians, in Russia and the West, to better understand what really went on in the USSR between 1929 and 1953, when the country's affairs were shrouded in secrecy.

The opening of the Soviet archives in 1991 has led to a profusion of historical studies, whose strengths and weaknesses are assessed here impartially though not uncritically. While Joseph Stalin now emerges as a less omnipotent figure than he seemed to be at the time, most serious writers accept that the system over which he ruled was despotic and totalitarian. Some nostalgic nationalists in Russia, along with some Western post-modernists, disagree. Their arguments are carefully dissected here. Stalinism was of course much more than state sponsored terror, and so due attention is paid to a wide range of socio-economic and cultural problems. Keep and Litvin applaud the efforts of Soviet citizens to express dissenting views.

 

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Sisältö

Sources
3
Documentary publications
10
Memoirs diaries and correspondence
17
Stalins biography
32
Private life
35
Stalin in power
38
Assessing Stalins role as leader
48
The Party
50
The labour scene
127
Towards a new identity?
130
Its a womans world Gender studies and daily life
138
Everyday life
144
Captive minds Faith science history
152
Education and culture
157
Koba the Dread Repression and terror
169
Successive campaigns
172

Economic modernization
52
Terror
58
Perpetrators
67
The Terror and Russias collective memory
68
Foreign policy
77
Cold War origins
81
Wrestling with revisionism Recent Western writing on Stalinism
87
Old controversies new approaches
89
The totalitarian controversy
97
A peculiar new state Politics and government
101
The command economy
111
Militarization and nationalism
113
Adventures in social history Peasants and workers
121
The Gulag and postwar Terror
183
No longer a riddle? Aspects of Soviet foreign policy
192
SovietGerman relations
196
Stalinism and Cold War origins
199
The Far East
203
The German question
206
Conclusions
214
Coming to terms with Stalinism
219
Glossary
222
Bibliography
225
Index
239
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Tietoja kirjailijasta (2005)

Alter L. Litvin is professor of history and historiography at Kazan State University, Tatarstan. He has written many books dealing with the Russian civil war, the Volga region, and political terror, and has also helped to edit a number of documentary collections. He has won awards for his distinguished professional achievements.
John L. H. Keep was from 1970 to 1988 a professor of history at the University of Toronto. He is author of works on the Russian revolution, the social history of the Russian army (15th-19th centuries), and the post-Stalin USSR. He recently translated and edited A.L. Litvin's Writing History in Twentieth Century Russia: A view from within.

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