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and “ preach the faith " which his preacher had not so personally albook has a tendency to "destroy." luded to Professor Milman in the Such a course would gain him the pulpit; as the refutation would have reverence of every honest and been equally forcible by reprobat. Christian mind.

ing the principles of the book, withOf Professor Faussett's sermon out designating the anonymous we have just stated that it is “able author. The audience would have and interesting." The learned au- made the application; and the thor shews most convincingly the preacher would have kept farther error of Mr. Milman in professing from the range of the fifty-third to separate the political history of canon, against “public opposition the Jews from theological consi. between preachers.” If Professor derations ; his low and inadequate Milman were to reply from the views of Divine inspiration ; and same pulpit, and the practice were the erroneous and dangerous cha.. to become common, our academical racter of the theory which would groves would cease to be a calm accommodate religious truths to arena for discussion. Our remark the progress of civilization. To extends not to the faithfulnesss and those of our readers who have read appropriateness of Professor Faus. the work animadverted upon, we sett's address, for which we cordially strongly recommend the perusal of thank him, but only to the personal the whole of this pulpit review and references; which however are not refutation of its errors. We should disparaging, but quite the contrary. have preferred that the reverend

LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,

&c. &c.

GREAT BRITAIN,

God in Christ; The Goodness and In the press or preparing for publication: Severity of God; The Resurrection of the -Sermons preached before the University Body; The Joy in Samaria ; Our Lord's of Cambridge; by the Rev. Professor Lee; Weeping over Jerusalem ; The Righteous

God's Mercy to his Church, illustrated ness of the Scribes ånd Pharisees ; Christ in Twenty Sermons; by the Rev. F.G. our Example and Sacrifice ; Importance Crossman ;-English Prisoners in France; of keeping God in our Thoughts; St. by the Rev. R. B. Wolfe.

Paul ready to be offered; Grieving the The Christian-Observer “Forty Family Holy Spirit ; The Sin, Affliction, and ResSermons," just published, are on the fol- toration of Manasseh ; The Choice of lowing subjects :-"Spiritual Benefits of Moses; Acquainting ourselves with God; sanctified Affliction ; Character of Abijah; Faith purifying the Heart ; Spiritual MeDefections in Religion ; Christ's Poverty, ditation; Debt and Grace; The Last the Christian's Riches; Vain Prayers; Words of the Saviour." The Preface to The Crime of Judas; God's Power be- the work contains an account of the origin, yond the Christian's Conceptions; Job's progress, and principles of the Christian seeing God; Character and Benefits of Observer, with notices of some of the Brotherly Love; Doing the Will of God; writers who have contributed to its pages. The Mystery of the Fellowship of Christ; Our publisher has had the volume hand. Job's Acknowledgment and Prayer; somely printed and done up in cloth, (price Changing our God; Dying in Faith ; 123.) to fit it the better for the purpose The Origin, Sinfulness, and Punishment of mentioned in Mrs. Hannah More's letter, Falsehood; Communion with God; God's of “ presenting to families in which the speaking to Man; The Heavenly Inha- Christian Observer is hitherto unknown." bitants ; Herod's Wish to see Christ; The Journey to Emmaus; The Prodigal Son; Sir Humphrey Davy argues from anaThe Works of the Devil; Christ made logy, in his “ Consolations of Travel,” unto us Sanctification ; The Mercies of that the human soul will have no reminis.

CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 340.

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cences of earthly scenes in a future state. Dr. Hibbert has endeavoured to prove There runs, he says, throughout the that that remarkable animal, the fossil works of the Creator, a principle that elk of Ireland, known only by its bones and only those organs, babits, and instincts horns, found among the fossilized bones of are reserved to a living being after a trans- ancient extinct animals, actually existed formation which are necessary to its riew in Europe as late as the sixteenth century. state of existence. The butterfly, he His argument is an acrount of an animal considers, knows nothing of its larvæ, or stated to be found in the recesses of the Aurelia state ; its faculties and enjoyments forests of Prussia, in a scarce work by being wholly conformed to its new condi. Nunster, printed in the year 1550, with tion. From this analogy, Sir Humphrey a curious portrait of the animal, the horns concludes, that nothing but intellectual of which certainly resemble those of the power, or the love of knowledge will fossil elk ; but whether they are identical, survive the dissolution of soul and body. and whether Munster's plate may not be He speaks as a philosopher ; but speak fabulous, or at least exaggerated, we leave ing as Christians we should say, without to the inquiries of geological naturalists. however admitting the truth of the alleged

FRANCE. analogy, that the surviving faculties of the M. Arago is diligently registering obsoul will be spiritual, rather than intel- servations upon spots in the sun, with a lectual. Newton could not take the Prin. view to verify the truth of M. Herschell's cipia to heaven; but the humblest Chris hypothesis, that spots are the result of tian will take his regenerate nature, made active incandescence; in proof of which meet for the inherilance of the saints in it is urged, that the crops in England are light.

uniformly more abundant when there are The blast furnaces at the Clyde Iron- numerous spots upon the sun. Works, are supplied with hot air, the A memoir was lately read at the Acasaving caused by which is stated to be demy of Sciences, recommending as the very great. The air is heated rather be best and cheapest way of cleaning the yond the point of boiling water; but a black crust from old stone buildings, to higher temperature, it is thought, might be wash them with weak diluted muriatic employed with advantage.

acid. * Dr. Wollaston, it is observed in Dr. The important office of professor of Lardner's Cyclopædia, obtained very fine moral philosophy and pulpit eloquence in wire for the object glass of his telescopes the Protestant University of Montauban, for observing the relative places of the is vacant by the death of M. Frossard, stars, by inserting a platina wire in a and great efforts are being made to procylinder of silver, wire-drawing the whole, cure a successor of thorough Neologian and then melting the silver coating. Silver principles, to which unhappily the majowire may be drawn to a three-hundredth rity of the professors and students are of an inch diameter; so that if the pla- attached. Let us have a rational religion, tina wire was originally one tenth of the say they, such as modern enlightened thickness of the silver, it now becomes France requires, and above all “ no Meonly a three-thousandth of an inch. Dr, thodism;" (for our French neighbours Wollaston procured some only an eigh. have adopted this word as familiarly, and teenth-thousandth, which did not inter- use it as vaguely, as do many persons in cept the smallest star. A piece of placi- England.) M. Stapfer of Paris, and M. num, of the size of the tip of a man's Vincent of Nismes, have been invited to finger, would stretch out across Europe, become candidates. On the character of Yet what is this to the minuteness exhi. the person who shall be elected may debited in some of the works of creation ? pend for years to come the character of the Animalcules have been discovered, whose next race of French Protestant ministers. magnitude is such, that a million of them Of the sentiments of the late M. Frossard, does not exceed the bulk of a grain of we are not sufficiently informed to give sand; and yet each of these creatures is a correct statement. He was born in composed of members as curiously orga. 1755 ; pursued bis theological studies in nised as those of the largest species ; they Geneva; became a Protestant pastor at have life and spontaneous motion, and are Lyons; was expelled at the Revolution ; endued with sense and instinct. These obtained so much celebrity that he receive creatures have heart, arteries, veins, mus- ed the high honour of the degree of Doctor cles, sinews, tendons, nerves, circulating from the University of Oxford. In 1789 fluids, and all the concomitant apparatus he published a powerful treatise against of a living organised body.

the slave trade; and some years after logy.

translated Blair's Sermons into French; pendous undertaking (which is advancing and more recently Mr. Wilberforce's Prac. as rapidly at the press as its nature will tical View of Christianity. He rendered permit) shall be completed, we propose many services to the French Protestants to lay before our readers a more detailed with the government, especially in procur. account of its plan and execution. At ing permission for the establishment of the present it may suffice to state, for their Protestant faculty of theology at Montau. satisfaction, that the result of Professor ban, of which he was dean, pastor, and Scholz's labours, so far as they have proprofessor, till the well-known disturbances ceeded, only tends to furnish an additional in 1815, when he was expelled from the and irrefragable proof (if further proof deanery, but afterwards resumed his pro- were wanting) of the integrity with which fessorship

the New Testament, has by the Divine Newton's " Omicron's Letters " have blessing, descended to our times. been translated into French, and are

INDIA. widely circulating ; and a translation of The gratifying official intelligence has his Cardiphonia is in progress. Bishop at length arrived of the prohibition by Heber's Journal, notwithstanding its great government of burning widows. Tens of length, bas been translated into French, thousands of human beings will live to and is being published in Paris.

bless the present benevolent and enlightenSWITZERLAND.

ed governor-general of India for this enThe council of Neufchatel, which lately actment. We trust that humane attenprohibited religious meetings of dissenters, tion will be directed towards the poor has revoked its decision, so as to allow of creatures thus rescued; for, till the native them under some restrictions, and with a prejudices have a little subsided, they will recommendation that the service should probably be viewed as degraded outcasts : not be in the hours of divine worship in nor is any suitable provision made for their the established church.

support; and they are little better than The company of pastors of Geneva have menial dependents in the abode which instituted two prizes for students in theo. was once their own. But the law being

now on the side of justice and humanity, GERMANY.

the feelings of the people may be made The first volume in quarto, of the long gradually to conform to it. This great announced, and by biblical scholars ar- act of Christian duty being at length acdently expected, edition of the Greek complished, we trust that it will be folTestament, with various readings, col- lowed up by various other beneficial mea. lected by the learned Dr. J. Martin Au. sures. The extinction of lotteries is imgustin Scholz, has just been published at peratively demanded, especially since their Bonn, upon the Rhine. Ten years have abolition by the parent state. The native elapsed since this great work was an usages in various parts of India relative nounced. In that interval, Professor to slavery, need a thorough investigation, Scholz has travelled over the greater part with a view to introduce judicious meaof Europe, Greece, and Palestine, and sures for the abolition of this opprobrium visited Egypt for the purpose of collating of human nature ; for though involuntary manuscripts. The first volume, besides servitude, where it exists in India, is of a copious and learned prolegomena, con- comparatively mild and domestic charactains the Four Gospels, with various read- ter, and not for a moment to be likened ings, amounting to very many thousands, to the atrocities of West-ladian slavery, collected by preceding editors or by him. yet it is of necessity an unjust and impoself, besides those which are to be found litic institution, and ought to be exterin the various ancient versions, and in minated. The exposure of the sick and the writings of the fathers of the Chris- aged on the banks of the Ganges ought tían church, and the acts of the early to be prevented; and also the practice of ecclesiastical councils. The total number infanticide, still too prevalent in various of manuscripts collated amounts to sir parts of India, notwithstanding its legal hundred and seventy-four, including Evan. prohibition. The British countenance, gelisteria, or Lessons extracted from the directly or indirectly given to various naFour Gospels. Of these, not fewer than tive superstitions, and particularly to the three hundred and twenty-two have for the appalling idolatries at Juggernaut, ought first time been collated by Dr. Scholz, who promptly to be withdrawn. We have no also re-collated some of those which had right to coerce the natives into our laws, been examined for various readings by or customs, or religion ; but as Christinus or for preceding editors. When this stu- we ought to do all we can to enlighten

their minds, and above all not to be par- venience in the remote parts of the countakers of their sins.

try. An alphabet of brands costs only a UNITED STATES.

few dollars and will last for many years. Among recent American reprints, we The Baltimore and Ohio Rail-road are glad to observe the Rev. D. Wilson's Company, employing more than three valuable Lectures on the Evidences of thousand labourers, of all countries, have Christianity.

made it a condition in their contracts, The Jesuit, a Roman-Catholic weekly that no spirituous liquors shall be intropublication in Boston, states, that the duced among the workmen. There is number of persons of that persuasion in labour, it is stated, in every variety; that city some years since was only 160, bridging, ditching, blasting, excavations; that it had increased in 1820 to more than wet and dry, hot and cold, and all without two thousand, and in 1829 to more than spirituous liquors. The regularity, disseven thousand.

patch, good order, and health of the workThe following method of making small men, and the peace of the neighbourhood, maps has been employed at Boston. The are said to be remarkably promoted. names of places are set up in types where Professor Stuart of Andover College they are to stand, the interstices being has published a letter on Free Masonry, filled up with quadrates of the height of in which he explodes the absurd pretence the types. Stereotype metal is then pour- that this institution is very ancient, and ed on; and on the plate formed by it, the existed at the building of the temple of lines, mountains, &c. are engraved. Thus Solomon ; and he justly reprobates the a mould is formed, on which metal being trifling with oaths and the awful name of poured, a plate is procured with the words God, which are involved in the proceedings and lines in relief, so as to admit of being of the order. printed instead of being rolled; and the There are not less than 50,000 tons of letters are better formed than those which steam-boat freight on the waters of the are etched or engraved.

Ohio and Mississippi. The number of A patent has been taken out for branded boats is 200; and the largest rate is 500 letters on guide posts, mile-posts, &c. tons. The fuel employed is wood.

The branded letters are more legible and The excellent prison at Auburn, New more durable than painted letters, and York, more than supports itself by the may be traced in the dark; a great con- labours of the convicts.

LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. The second and concluding vol. of the Supplement to the Examination of the Rev. D. Wilson's Lectures on the Evi. Controversy between Messrs. Irving, dences of Christianity.

Thomson, and Haldane. By a Layman. “ Hear the Church,” Ten Sermons. Parallel Miracles, or the Jews and the By the Rev. W. Hancock. 2s.

Gypsies. By S. Roberts. 3s. 6d. Discourses on the Immateriality and Im- Truth: a Poem. 58. mortality of the Soul. By T. Allin. 6s. The Injurious Effects of Tithe, &c. By

Sermons on the Dangers and Duties of a Magistrate. a Christian. By the Rev. E. Neale. 8s. 6d. The Cabinet Cyclopædia on Mechanics.

Sermons. By the Rev. E. S. Apple- Part V. 6s. yard. 49.

On the Law of Wills, with Advice to Sermons. By the Rev. C. Townsend. Executors. By R. Dickson. 5s. 6d.

A Guide to the Reading of the Bible. A Vindication of Dr. Paley's Theory By W. Carpenter. 5s.

of Morals. By the Rev. L. Wainewright. 'A Sermon on the Cause and Remedy of The Last Days of Bishop Heber. By National Distress. By the Rev. E. Elliott. the Rev. T. Robinson. 9s.

Two Essays on the Assurance of Faith, A Christian View of the State of the and on the Éxtent of the Atonement and Country, Universal Pardon. By R. Wardlaw, D.D. Serious Inquiries. By Rev. J. Campbell.

The Writings of Tindal, Frith, and The Orphans of Lissau, and other Barnes, British Reformers. 4s. 8d, Pieces. 1 vol. 8vo. 12s.

Sacred History in Letters. Part I. Pastoralia; or Helps for the Parochial

Memoir of the Controversy respecting Clergy. By the Rev. H. Thompson. 9s. the three Heavenly Witnesses of 1 John v.7. Hours of Devotion. Translated from

A Catechism of Scripture History. 6d. the German, by Rev. E. T. Burrow, D.D.

A Sermon on a recently discovered Mur- Sermons. By Rev. Preben. Townsend. der. By the Rev. W. C. Bennett.

Reply to a Review in the Morning The Security and Influence of the Watch. By the Rev. S. R. Maitland. Church of England augmented. By the Pilgrim's Progress, with a Life of BunRev. J. Riland. 63.

yan. By R. Southey, D.LL. II. Is.

RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.

PAROCHIAL VISITING SOCIE- “ With regard to bodily disease, the TIES.

poor sufferers are in many cases provided We rejoice' to witness the increase of with advice and medicine, afforded gratuiParochial and District Visiting Societies. tously by the kind attention of fellowThe benefits of such institutions, particu- labourers in our work. In relieving the larly when conducted under the auspices wants of poverty, great care is taken to of the clergy of a district or parish are in- select the most deserving objects, as well calculable. One of the most important of as the most distressing cases. Relief is these institutions, and which may serve as generally conveyed in food and clothing, a model for others, is that established in the rather than in money." parish of St. Giles's London, under the ac- The reverend writer concludes his tive pastoral superintendence of the Rev.J. urgent address to his parishioners to Tyler, the rector, who has recently circu. assist in this excellent design, by remindlated an interesting address to his parish. ing them in a tone of solemnity and affecioners on the subject. “ The chief ob- tion, that “the time is short; the day is ject," he remarks, " of our society, is the hastening to us all, when we shall be rereligious and moral improvement of our moved from these scenes of sin and sufferpoorer fellow-creatures ;-among its many ing, and when we must give an account concomitant and subsidiary benefits is the of our stewardship. We are stewards of alleviation of their sufferings in sickness our time, our knowledge, every faculty of and extreme poverty. The mode by which our soul and body, all means within our these ends, under God's blessing, are at- reach of improving the condition of our tempted is very simple : The whole parish fellow-creatures by our property, our exis divided into districts, each district is sub. ample, our influence, and our personal divided into sections, and each section is exertions. All these things are talents inassigned to one or more visitors, according trusted to our care. They are not our to the density and other circumstances of own. Nothing we have is our own." the population. These voluntary labour- Other metropolitan parishes, we trust, ers, who engage to be assistants to the will follow this excellent example, either parochial clergy, and to act under their by forming visiting societies, or improving superintendence, visit, the abodes of po- their plan and rendering them more effiverty, as their leisure may allow, or oppor cient where they exist. The rector and tunities offer. In their visits, they endea. other parochial clergy of St. James's have vour to become acquainted with the real issued an address, in which, though they do state of a family, or an individual, with a not propose a visiting society on the plan view to their best interests as members of of that in St.Giles's, and other places, (the the community, and as responsible agents, chief objects they think being attainable possessed of souls fitted for immortality. under the present system of parochial

“ With regard to their spiritual wants, management,) they urge many excellent all are invited to study the word of God, as suggestions, especially the following: the glad tidings of reconciliation with Him “ We feel it our duty to call the attento learn their duty to their Maker and their tion of all classes of parishioners to that fellow-creatures there, and the means of crying evil, the very prevalent neglect and grace and the hopes of glory which the lamentable profanation of the Lord's-day. Gospel offers. The obligation is pressed Very many of the temporal distresses of the upon their minds of attending public wor- poor are created (or at least greatly aggraship, of being constant in daily prayer, of vated) by the excesses committed on that exerting themselves to secure their own day which God ordained to be set apart livelihood by honest means and indus- for holy rest and spiritual improvement, trious habits, and of training up their chil. but which is too commonly profaned by dren to lead a godly and a Christian life. the grossest immoralities. At all events, In furtherance of these points of advice, the blessing of the Lord can never be exshort treatises of a religious and moral pected to descend on their weekly labours, character, previously selected and ap- who despise his ordinance, and will not proved by the parochial minister, are draw nigh to him even on his own day. either given or lent, as the case may re. We implore the heads of families, both quire.

masters and mistresses, to examine into

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