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let them feel that duty is always expedi- think it a point of duty to cherish narrow ency, even though for a time not under- selfish prejudices ; prejudices as hostile to stood to be so. If they are right in prin- Christianity as to a well-understood policiple, let them not shrink from asserting tical economy? Gladly would we see our the simple truth, because they are told of clergy in particular inculcating, as accords political difficulties, or interested opposin with the principles both of good sense and tion, or honest ignorance, or the vested of the New Testament, the most expanded rights of iniquity. They will find the Bible feelings, the most enlightened sentiments, their best political as well as religious code; among their parishioners, in the true spirit and justice and mercy will prove in the of that second commandment which inend true patriotism, and the most exalted volves all our duties to our neighbour. If political economy. Would that all our a man without prepossession or selfish public men, all our legislators, would that interest, will only enter into the spirit of even all those who profess more peculiar that precept, “ Thou shalt love thy neighstrictness as Christians, would reduce every bour as thyself," we have no fear as to vote to one simple test, Is it right? not, what will be the result as respects univerIs it politic? is it countenanced by one sal education, commercial jealousy, coloparty, or discountenanced by another? is nial slavery, the compulsatory charity of it approved in high quarters? is it the poor-laws, and the numerous restrictions sentiment of the circle in which I move? which prevent persons doing what they would it bring me into awkward compa- will with their own; as for instance carnionships ? would it expose me to painful rying their commodities where they will, misconceptions? would it affront friends ? and bringing back what they please in rewould it involve sacrifice ? would it impede turn. We are aware that to many readers my ascent in life, or affect the interests of this is very unpopular language ; but as my children ?-but Is IT RIGHT? that is, Christian observers, we can have but one is it according to the doctrines and pre- standard, and that is the Bible; and we cepts of Him whose I am, and whom I dare not recede from this standard, beserve ? Every true Christian must afford cause some whom we highly respect in to keep a conscience, however expensive other matters have in this allowed their the incumbrance. . Is it not one of the eyes to be blinded by an ill-understood strangest anomalies of our fallen nature, self-interest. A truly Christian man would that there are those who would scarcely not wish to be one penny the richer by shrink from the stake in defence of a scrip- intercepting the penny which ought to tural doctrine, who can yet be blinded have found its way to his neighbour's without difficulty as to their obedience to purse; yet this is the real spirit of those a plain moral precept? yet such inconsist- illiberal prejudices which some among us encies are to be found among us.
are ready to identify with a zeal for the Some further discussions having occur- best interests of the country. If any of ed in parliament on the subject of free- our readers think us wrong in our opinion, trade and the reciprocity system, which we are open to conviction, provided they many uninformed or interested persons will discuss the matter simply upon Chrishave represented as having injured the tian principles, as they consider it would commerce and shipping interest of the have been discussed by Christ and his country, the duke of Wellington has prov- Apostles, and not at the instigation of ed from official documents, that the num- those passions or selfish considerations ber of ships which left or entered our ports which made Jews and Samaritans pride in 1829, was 13,659, with a tonnage of themselves upon their reciprocal hostility. more than two millions, being the greatest One man tells us that his sugar-farm will amount ever known; and that the increase be of less value if he may not coerce Black of British freight over foreign in our ports men to cultivate it; another that his ship has been no less than forty-eight thousand will be of less value if he may not prevent tons, even with those countries where the other people having a share of the traffic ; reciprocity system is least in our favour. another, that his labour will be of less value British ship-building also has greatly in. if he does not combine with his fellowcreased since the relaxation of the navi- workmen to cheat his master and the public gation laws; so that the objections often bypreventing others who are willing to work urged against this truly Christian system for less; another, that his wool or silk will of international intercourse, are proved to be of less value if he cannot make his neighbe as unfounded in experience, as they bour pay him more for it than it is worth, are unphilosophical and illiberal in theory that is, than he can get it for elsewhere; Is it not surprising that while such well, another that his corn-field, or orchard, or informed men of the world, as have no hop-garden will be less valuable, if all private interest to serve, see the propriety men may buy corn, or apples, or hops and perfect safety of the most enlarged where they please. There may be on all kindly intercourse, and mutual dependence such questions, points of concession, and among nations, some who, from their better equitable adjustment: and these ought knowledge of the benevolent spirit of the not to be overlooked ; very far from it; Gospel, ought to be the first to entertain but on matters of broad principle we must this wise and liberal sentiment, seem to not forget that we are Christians, and as Christians we may not do to any man attract the attention of the country. We what to him is disadvantageous, however would urge that the inquiry should proadvantageous it may appear to ourselves. ceed further than the case of the Papal There has been a grievous want of simpli- or Greek rites; for in India our officers city and sincerity among Christians, in and soldiers are often obliged to grace the not bringing their religious sentiments atrocities of Pagan superstition, in a way fully to bear upon their political principles very painful to a Christian mind. and worldly interests. Take the matter of A committee of the House of Commonsis colonial slavery as an illustration. There engaged in investigating the workings of the are not a few whose conduct on this pain poor laws; and Dr. Chalmers who is inti. ful subject will be a thorn in their dying mately conversant with the whole question, pillow. They may stifle conscience in is in London for the purpose of giving his company, and follow a multitude to do evidence. evil, but they must die alone. Will a time- Mr. R. Grant's bill for the emancipation serving support of West-India slavery be of the Jews, has been thrown out on the among their most agreeable retrospections? motion for the second reading, by a ma
Petitions have been presented to Par- jority of 228 to 164.--Mr Brougham is liament by Lord Winchelsea, and Sir R. bringing in a most useful bill, with the full Inglis, praying that Protestant soldiers concurrence of government, for appointing may no longer be obliged to be present at local courts throughout the kingdom, for Roman-Catholic ceremonies. This unjust the cheap recovery of debts, not exceeding infliction upon the rights of conscience, an amount to be specified. He purposes we have taken many occasions of alluding that the local courts, besides a power of to and reprobating, particularly in refe- direct adjudication, shall be authorized to rence to the severe measure dealt out to arbitrate, and even to act by conciliation, Capt. Atcheson and Lieut. Dawson; and in recommending the parties to do what we are glad to find that it is beginning to may appear just, without going to law.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. J. W. N.; CLERICUS INDICUS; R. F. W.; SeneX; G. J. ; R. S.; R. F. D.; A.
CURATE ; AMERICANUS ; C. F. B.; and D. B. C.; are under consideration.
SUPPLEMENT TO RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN SCHOOL SOCIETY. Our conscientious predilection for schools on the plan of the National Society, has not rendered us insensible to the blessings of moral and religious education in other quarters. Truly rejoiced are we that the tens and hundreds of thousands of the poor who cannot, or will not, avail themselves of education directly in the bosom of our national Zion, are still learning to read the word of God, and receiving Christian instruction in other quarters, especially by the benevolent labours of the British and Foreign School Society, which we would far rather regard as an auxiliary in the common warfare against vice, and ignorance, and irreligion, than as a rival, the labours of which impede those of any institutions connected with our own church. From the annexed documents of the society, it appears that in England alone, nearly a million of children have passed through the society's schools, who might otherwise have grown up in vice and ignorance; and we are gratified in learning that the education is avowedly scriptural, though not connected with any particular denomination of Christians. It is, however, chiefly for the sake of the information respecting the inportant foreign operations of the institution that we purpose from this time to append the society's quarterly extracts to our Numbers; and in this branch of its proceedings, our extinct controversies about Bell and Lancaster will not prevent every true friend of humanity, of religion, and we add confidently, of our own church, rejoicing that useful and scriptural education, under the gigantic powers of the system of mutual instruction, is working its way to the remotest corners of the earth. Éducation, Bibles, and Christian missions are a threefold cord which will not easily be broken; and by their united efficacy, under the influence of the Holy Spirit, we confidently anticipate for future ages a wide, and at length a universal, diffusion of spiritual blessings throughout the world. The Society's communications from Greece and Russia are peculiarly interesting.
ANTI-SLAVERY REPORTER. The Supplement to the Reporter gives a highly interesting account of the proceedings of Anti-slavery meetings in various parts of the empire; and next month, will appear the speeches at the meeting in London, which have caused a powerful sensation throughout the kingdom, and done much to excite a more ardent and widely spread determination than ever that slavery shall speedily cease to pollute the British name. We shall recur to the subject.
HIBERNIAN SOCIETY. We have only room to announce the Report of this society, without one word of comment; except our increased conviction of its great utility and valuable labours.
MEMOIR OF FERDINAND CAULIER. never ventured to carry his views
so far. What he himself called his (Concluded from p. 268.)
ignorance, and his want of educaTHE circumstances which led tion, appeared to be insuperable
1 Ferdinand Caulier to com- obstacles. But God, who is not mence preaching, -or more pro. obliged to seek his servants only in perly teaching and exhorting, for the bosom of academies, and who he never became ordained as a often, on the contrary, has pleased pastor,- were the following.
to select them elsewhere; from the “ Providential occurrences had plough, like Elisha; from the flocks, removed me from that part of the like the shepherd of Tekoa; or from country. My departure left a vast, a court, like Isaiah ; shewed, in this but promising field uncultivated. Ina instance, that he could make a short time, the hunger and thirst for humble peasant a chosen instruhearing the word of God being in- ment for the advancement of his creasingly felt, the people began kingdom upon earth. to apply to Ferdinand, who con- “ The success which attended tinued to distribute the Scriptures, the labours of Ferdinand was soon to address them at their little meet. much more remarkable than that with ings. He did not refuse, and his which I had been favoured in cultifirst attempts increased his courage. vating the same field. Many sinBy degrees, invitations of this nature ners were soon brought to the greatly multiplied, and in proportion knowledge of the Lord Jesus, and as be yielded to them, the people proved by newness of life the sinhad increasing cause for rejoicing cerity of their conversion. It was at the clear and simple manner, but not only in that this religious often full of unction, in which he revival took place, but throughout instructed, convinced, and exhort- the neighbourhood. For a consied. He thus found, without having derable time scarcely a week elapsed sought, the office of preaching the in which he did not receive fresh Gospel, and that precisely at the invitations to visit small religious time when the colportage bad been societies, the members of which stopped by obstacles to which we wished to liear him. His whole time were compelled to yield.
was thus occupied ; and, notwith." Thus the Lord, by the secret standing his incredible activity, he working of his Divine providence, could not do all that was required. introduced our beloved Ferdinand “ He began now to think of into this important office. He had choosing a companion ; and being Christ. Observ. No. 342.
convinced that the union of a Chris. he preached once every day, and tian with a worldly.minded person three times on the Sunday. One is contrary to the will of God, and might almost say, that under a prethat it is always accompanied by sentiment of his approaching end, dangers and difficulties, he deter- he hastened to accomplish his work; mined not to give his hand to any and that as his sun must set when one who had not given her heart that of others was rising above the to God. He found such a person in horizon, he wished to fulfil his enR. R., who became his wife. His tire day. marriage did not diminish his zeal, “ A short time after his return, his devotedness, or his labours. He some of his friends began to urge had acquired by this time a facility him strongly to procure ordination in public speaking, which would to the ministry by the imposition of have astonished those who knew hands; but he thought himself unthe few advantages which he had worthy of this sacred office. He enjoyed; but with his accustomed continued to view himself as among humility he thought his powers very the least of those who serve God inadequate to the situation which upon earth; and the thought of he occupied. Being frequently assuming a title which he did not called upon to speak before persons consider himself warranted in seekbetter educated than himself, he ing was painful to him. Howfeared lest what he called the ever, as the advice was urged by coarseness of his language and the persons for whose judgment he felt want of polish in his ideas should much deference, he regarded it injure the cause which he pleaded. his duty to consider the subject. He therefore thought seriously of But his Lord had decided other. applying himself to study, and with wise, and recalled him to himself at this view solicited and obtained the very time when he was thinking from the society which employed of going to England, in order there him, permission to place himself for to receive ordination." some time under my care.
His last illness exhibited in a “We had thus the happiness of remarkable light the Christian being reunited at B. I may with graces which he had received. truth say that I have rarely seen so His wife, three days after his death, much ardour for study as he pos- gave the following interesting acsessed. In a short time he made count of his last moments, in a let. great progress in the knowledge of ter to the writer of the above parti. his own language, and in theology; culars. still endeavouring, whenever he had “ During the night of the 29th an opportunity, to promote the king or 30th of October, he had a severe dom of God on earth by assisting fit of coughing, which ended with a me in my ministry.
violent suffocation; he desired me “ After two years, well and fully to fetch ny father, which I immeoccupied, he returned to La Beauce, diately did. We thought that all was to which place he had been fre- over. I asked him whether the Lord quently solicited to return. A short was going to take him to himself, he time after his arrival there, many answered, that he did not think that untoward circumstances occurred, his time was come. The violence which however all proved to his of this attack subsided, although it advantage, and augmented the in- did not entirely leave him: he rose fluence which his Christian virtues the next day, and remained up part and his disinterested zeal had ob- of the day, and then undressed tained for him. He resumed his himself, and got into bed without labours with renewed ardour, perhaps assistance; but, alas! it was to even with too much. Sometimes in leave it no more. He was very weak, one place, sometimes in another, and much oppressed during the night. On the morning of the 31st, he said it according to his good pleasure. to me, I do not feel pain now, only Moreover, the children of God are weakness. I asked him whether he exhorted to redeem the time: they thought that his Lord was then ought to work while it is day. If I coming to fetch him, he replied, were not convinced of this, I should that he did not know ; but at about be inconsolable on account of the two o'clock in the afternoon the fatigues which my dear husband oppression of his breath increased, sustained while in the body, knowand he began to feel that his end ing that his zeal and his ardour for approached. "Adieu, my beloved his work have shortened his days. wife,' said he; I must leave thee; But it was in the cause of Christ. the sacrifice will soon be over. Do Who can know so well as I the not weep; thou shalt soon join me, excessive fatigues which he ento part no more.' By three o'clock dured? Since our return from B this beloved friend had quitted this especially, he did not lose a moworld of misery. He had never felt ment; he was instant in season and any fear of death. He often said, out of season. Thus, following the that if it should be the will of God example of his Saviour, he went to restore him to health, in order about doing good. On Sunday he to labour still longer in his work, had scarcely time to take his ne. he should be quite satisfied ; but,' cessary food, being surrounded by added he, if he has decided other- persons almost incessantly from wise, the Lord's will be done!' eight o'clock in the morning until When he perceived that his depar- ten or eleven at night. When I someture was at hand, he desired to times entreated him to retire and to have the thirty-first Psalm read to take a little rest: No, my dear wife,' him; then, addressing himself in said he, let me work while there prayer to God, he said, "Lord is time. Our Lord did much more Jesus, receive a miserable sinner than this; he preached all day long, who calls upon thee ; wash my soul and at night retired to pray.... And again and again.' Then turning to sometimes passed the whole night me, he said, My dear friend, pray in prayer.' What could I say exthat the Lord may pardon all my cept to supplicate for Divine grace sins, that he may wash me in his to be found as earnest ? Sometimes, blood.' That is done already,' said I; quite exhausted, he said to me, I • yes,' he replied, 'that is already am quite overdone ; I have scarcely done. What mercy!' And as he courage to go to bed ; but truly, could scarcely articulate, I often the Lord giveth strength to the said to him, - You do not regret weary.'” He delighted thus to leaving this world, do you, my dear apply this passage. Ferdinand ?' No, no.' Is the Lord “ He conducted five religious with thee?' “Yes.'My sister coming services in five different villages to his bed-side, he entreated her to during the week, and scarcely pass. think of the salvation of her soul; ed a day without visiting several and in about five minutes after this persons. He discharged this duty his spirit had quitted this world to towards all the Protestants in the enjoy everlasting felicity. He is neighbourhood, speaking to each as now happy, and I am left alone. his case required. He never spoke Oh, if you knew my dear friend to any one even for a moment on how hard it is to be separated !" secular subjects, unless duty re
To another friend bis still sorrow. quired that he should do so. [ ing wife adds the following interestrecollect that on our return from ing particulars.
B., he was much affected at finding "Nothing, we know, happens with himself alone in the midst of so out the permission of God. Our life wide a field of labour. Who am is in his hands, and he disposes of I,' said he, to have so important a