Sivut kuvina
PDF
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

drawing back his hands. “To bind you,' answered the wretches.
• To bind me,’ said the King, with an indignant air, “No I shall
never consent to that, do what you have been ordered, but you
shall never bind me.’ The guards insisted, they raised their voices,
and seemed to wish to call on others to assist them.
“ Perhaps this was the most terrible moment of this most
dreadful morning; another instant, and the best of Kings would
have received from his rebellious subjects, indignities too horrid to
'mention—indignities that would have been to him more insupport-
able than death. Such was the feeling expressed on his counte-
nance. Turning towards me; he looked at me steadily, as if to ask
my advice. Alas! it was impossible for me to give any, and I only
answered by silence; but as he continued this fixed look of enquiry,
I replied, “Sire, in this new insult, I only see another trait of resem-
blance between your Majesty and the Saviour who is about to
recompence you.” At these words he raised his eyes to heaven,
with an expression that can never be described. “You are right.”
said he, “nothing less than his example should make me submit to
such a degradation.” Then turning to the guards, “Do what you
will, I will drink of the cup even to the dregs.’ -
“The path leading to the scaffold was extremely rough and
idifficult to pass, the King was obliged to lean on my arm, and from
;the slowness with which he proceeded, I feared for a moment that
his courage might fail; but what was my astonishment, when
arrived at the last step, I felt that he suddenly let go my arm, and
I saw him cross with a firm foot the breadth of the whole scaffold;
silence, by his look alone, fifteen or twenty drums that were placed
opposite to him; and in a voice so loud, that it must have been
heard at the Pont Tournant, I heard him pronounce distinctly these
memorable words. “I die innocent of all the crimes laid to my
:charge; I pardon those who have occasioned my death ; and I pray

to God, that the blood you are now going to shed may never be visited on France.” * - - -

“He was proceeding, when a man on horseback, in the national auniform, waved his sword, and with a ferocious cry, ordered the drums to beat. Many voices were at the same time heard encou‘raging the executioners. They seemed reanimated themselves, and seizing with violence the most virtuous of Kings, they dragged him under the axe of the guillotine, which with one stroke severed his thead from his body. All this passed in a moment. The youngest of the guards, who seemed about eighteen, immediately seized the #ead, and shewed it to the people as he walked round the scaffold; he accompanied this monstrous ceremony with the most atrocious and indecent gestures. At first an awful silence prevailed; at length 'some cries of “Wive la Republique P were heard. By degrees the voices multiplied, and in less than ten minutes this cry, a thousand times repeated, became the universal shout of the multitude, and every hat was in the air.” P. 69. - - ~ : . This . This interesting volume is edited by Mr. Sneyd Edgeworth, the brother of the Abbé, to whom we offer our best thanks for these original memoirs, which we consider as no small additiou to the history of the events of the present age.

ARt. XIV. Succisive Opera, or Selections from antient Writers, Sacred and Profane, with Translations and Notes, by the Itev. H. Meen, 8vo. pp. 124. 5s. Rivingtons. 1815.

AS the production of a worthy and respectable scholar of the oid school, we trust that this volume will meet with its due share of public attention. It is a publication, from which many of our readers may derive amusement, and some even instruction. Part of its contents are dedicated to the elucidation of that poet, the obscurest of the obscure, Lycophron. Mr. Meen has already published his remarks upon this ancient, whose fate it is to be little read and less understood. We lament this the more, as he certainly contains very splendid passages. We wish that Mr. Meen had persevered in his labours and given us a perfect edition. The following is a specimen of the scholarship displayed in the volume before us:

[merged small][ocr errors]

“Imitations of Lycophron are seldom sought, and seldomer found. Yet he, like other poets, has had his imitators. Some of these imitations may have been casual; but the resemblance, now to be noticed in these Latin Iambics, was intended. The marks of imitation, impressed on the lines here selected, are not equivocal, but clear. These lines are taken from a Latin poem, written by Petrus Molinaeus, i.e. by Peter Du Moulin; who was one of Sal'masius’s most learned friends, and one of Milton's most bitter ener mies. This poem, which is a virulent invective, pus et fel merumb is published with other poetical pieces, in one small volume. The title is; Petri Molinaei. P. F. II&pspy. Poematum Libelli Tres. Cantab. 1670. I never saw any other copy of this book, than that which I possess. It was once in the possession of W. Baskerville. : The Inscription is, In impurissimum Nebulonem Joannem Miltonum. Should the reader, in his progress through this scurrilous rhapsody, be disposed to compare the Latin lines with the corresponding . Greek, he will find the points of resemblance betwixt them to he rominent and striking. . “Cassandra, as her custom is, has foretold the various fortunes, - to

, th

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

to which Ulysses at different times and under different circumstances would be exposed. This portion of her narrative may be considered as an epitome of the Odyssey: and, viewed in this light, it is entertaining and interesting. The tale of complicated distress is continued through more than 170 lines, and closes with an

[ocr errors]

apostrophe to Ulysses, that conveys a suitable reflection. This

reflection Milton's angry adversary has pressed into his service, and applied to his malevolent purposes.

[ocr errors]

“Ten’ ergo in istam spem patrem pauperculum
Eduxe, genium saepe fraudantum suum, -
Uttu bonarum sugeres lac artium ?
Quâm praestitisset te bubulcitarier,
Agitare plaustrum, vel molas trusatiles
Wersare aselli sorte simpliciter rudem.

* it; * * * * *

Nec in malam rem compulisses literas " P. 123.

ART. XV. The Literary and Scientific Pursuits of Cambridge. By the Rev. Latham Wainewright, A.A.I. 8vo. 100 pp." 4s. 6d. Hatchard. 1815.

To those conceited sciolists, who imagine that an University

education only cramps and confines the energies of the mind, the treatise before us will afford an atmple, reasonable, and most convincing answer. Other systems indeed may act with greater power as forcing houses to the intellect, pushing it on to an unnatural and an unprofitable maturity, but it is this alone that progressively expands and invigorates the faculties, ripening them gradually into beauty and strength. If the student is desirous of being taught to discuss with fluency and to argue with sophistry upon subjects which he neither does nor will understand, let him go farther north for his instructions. In our English Universities he will be taught to ascend the hill of Science with slow and measured steps; with every incitement to honest industry and laborious research, he will still find that within their venerable walls

there is no praemium held out to the flippancy of precocious ta

lent, or the slang of superficial discussion. - We strongly recommend this excellent publication to all those

who are desirous of acquainting themselves with the real state of - - . education

education at Cambridge, which is described in language equally animated and clear. The account of the lectures, &c. is comprehensive and satisfactory. The following is the description of the annual examination for the degree of B.A.

“In the month of January of every succesive year, all who have completed this required residence, and have kept the appointed exercises in the philosophical schools, are called upon to undergo a general and public examination before they can offer themselves for admission to the degree of Bachelor of Arts. This examination takes place in the Senate House, and commencing on the first Monday in Lent term, continues, with scarcely any intermission, for five days. The candidates, it should be observed, are previously divided into classes, each class consisting of those whose proficiency appears to be nearly upon an equality, as far as can be a certained from their former disputations in the schools. There a e three orders of distinction, termed honours, held out to the am

bition of these literary competitors, and in each of these divisions

or orders are contained from fourteen to eighteen individuals, though they are not restricted to any precise number; nor ean any thing be better regulated for the excitement of emulation, and the complete developement of the mental powers. The examiners principally consist of those Masters of Arts who have presided at the disputations in the schools, and who, at the same time, are most distinguished by their experience as preceptors, by their attainments in science, and by their acknowledged impartiality of conduct; and so scrupulously attentive are they to the duties of their arduous and, in many respects, ungratesul office, that it rarely or never happens that any real objection can be discovered to their decisions, in estimating the comparative merits of the numerous rivals for pre-eminence. Four days are appropriated to questions and problems in Natural Philosophy, and the various branches of mathematical science, commencing so low as with examples in vulgar and decimal fractions and the Elements of Euclid, and at length extending to the most difficult parts of Newton’s Principia, Cotes's Harmonia Mensurarum, the analytical works of Dr. Waring, and to the more intricate propositions of the Fluxionary coal #.

o The

“* In the much-admired critique upon La Place's Méchanique

Celeste contained in the XXIInd Number of the Edinburgh Re

view, one of the conjectural causes assigned for the limited proress which has, for several years past, been made in this country, in the highest departments of mathematical science, is the mode of

studying this subject, pursued in the University of Cambridge.

When the reviewer asserts that certain portions of Newton and other writers who treat of pure and mixt mathematics in the synthetic method, are required to be so completely learned, and sa thoroughly impressed on the student's mind, as to enable him to ... . . . . - answer,

The remaining day out of the five, which, in point of order, is now always the fourth, is occupied by examinations in moral and political philosophy, natural theology, logic, and metaphysics. One very excellent regulation takes place in these examinations, to . which I have already adverted, and which I cannot but consider as in many respects superior to the mode adopted by the sister Uni

versity; and that is, that every answer is required to be given in

plain unperplexed writing, even in those cases which admit of oral

explanation. This method, while it removes the perpetual obstacle

arising from embarrassment, is certainly conducive to a greater dei. of accuracy, and at the same time creates no impediment to that readiness of reply which, though it is in many cases an indication of quickness of mind, is frequently nothing more than the result of undeviating application. To whichever plan the prefer

ence be given, it is obvious that he who answers with precision the

greatest number of questions in the same portion of time, must be entitled to the honourable distinction of precedence. These written replies are respectively subscribed with the writer's name, and, at the close of each day, they are submitted to the careful perusal of the examiners, who keep an accurate register of the labours of the several candidates, accompanied with their appropriate marks of merit. At the conclusion of the fifth day, after a laborious investi

answer, with the utmost readiness, the interrogations which may be

offered to him, he certainly does not widely differ from the truth;

but when it appears, by the succeeding remarks, that he considers

this to be the whole which is required at the general examination

for degrees, his statement becomes liable to the imputation of incorrectness. It is well known to those who are familiar with our

mode of proceeding, that no inconsiderable part of the exercises in

the Senate House, consists in the solution of problems which are

framed by the examiners, with the express design of directing the

student’s exertion to questions which have not occurred in his

former pursuits, or which, at least, have not appeared in that

precise shape. But, in addition to this, those amongst the ques

tionists who aim at being included in the two first lists of honours,

Wranglers and Senior Optimes, when the Senate House examina

tion for the day is terminated, are afforded another trial of skill at

the Moderators’ private apartments, on two successive evenings.

On these occasions a number of problems are placed before them of a mere difficult nature, and which presuppose a more intimate

acquaintance with fluxions and the higher parts of algebra. These

questions necessarily vary every year, because they are generally framed by those who fill the office of Moderator for the time be

ing, and they are certainly calculated to call forth all the ingenuity

and invention of which the student is possessed. I have ventured

to say thus much, because the observations of the reviewer, how

ever just in other respects, appear, in this particular, to be founded. on partial information,” * . . . . . . . . - - - - - - -

- “. - gation

[graphic][graphic]
« EdellinenJatka »