Sivut kuvina
[ocr errors]


Parochial Sermons, by the

Rev. R. Mant . . . . . . . . . 32
Paterson, W. Legend of

Iona, a Poem • - - - - - - - 94.

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Barrow.. •,• * * * * * . . . . . 200
-: Rev. C.J.
Blomfield.......... 86, 666
- —io - * Rev. H. {A
Davis . . . . . . . . . . . ... 536

-— Rev. W.

Gurney. . . . • . . . . . . . . . 533

--- Rev. J., . -

Heath • . . . . . . . . . . ... 321

— Rev. G.

Mathew .............. 323

—— Rev. T.
Morgan • “ . . . . . . . . . 193

Dr. Whi-

[ocr errors]

taker. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .413

Sermons, Scobell's, on the

Lord's Prayer . . . . . . . . 435

——— Mant's Parochial 32
Dr.Wordsworth's 113
Sir Wilibert de Waverley,
a Poem, by Miss Francis 330
Spain, Rocca's Memoirs of

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic]
[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

PAGE Waterloo, a Poem, by Swift 669 —---, Field of, a Poem, by W. Scott.... . . . . . . 528 Watkins, Dr. Eliza Femning's Case investigated 631 Williams, J. A. Metrical Essays . . . . . - - - - - - - - - 211 -, T. Dictionary of all Religions, ... - - Wilson, S. Poems on Familiar Subjects . . . . . . Wraxall, Sir N. Historical Memoirs . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Wright, W. Advice on the Study of the Law. . . . . . 438

[ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]

ART. I. Discourses on the Malevolent Sentiments. By John f Hey, D. D. 8vo. pp. 213.

THE publication of these Discourses is attended with circum-
stances of somewhat a peculiar nature. They were printed by
their learned Author as early as 1801, and were at that time dis-
tributed only among his private friends. In the spring, how-
ever, of the present year, Dr. Hey thought proper to change
his plan of private distribution, and to present the world at large
with the result of his enquiries upon this curious and intri-
cate subject. Scarcely had his intention been carried into ex-
ecution, when in the fullness of his years he was summoned to -
a better world, leaving the present volume almost a posthu-
mous work. As a lecturer upon Divinity, few theologians
could be placed in competition with Dr. Hey. During the
time that he sat in the Professor's chair in the University of
Cambridge, he was eminently successful in inspiring the minds
of his young auditors with a love for their sacred study, and in
imparting that interest to the drier and more abstruse depart-
ments of theology, which commanded the attention even of
the thoughtless and the indolent. The most satisfactory proof.
of our assertions will be found in the four volumes which con-
tain the substance of his lectures, which cannot be sufficiently
admired for the various and extended learning, the profound
thought, the copious and correct document, and the calm dis-
cussion for which they are distinguished. Above all, the mild
and unruffled spirit which pervades the whole, cannot but fur-
mish a striking document to the young and ardent mind of that.
peculiar temper with which all the intricate questions. of po-
lemical theology ought to be handled. From this very calm-
ness, however, the reader will perceive that a few metaphysical
- resines
WOL. IV. JULY, 1815. o

refinements have resulted, with which the fancy rather of the
reader will be amused, than his judgment directed. These
however are so very few, as scarcely to deserve our attention,
except as the results of that calm and profound enquiry, which
is the distinguishing feature of the author's mind. We much
regret that these volumes, which contain such stores of theo-
logical information conveyed in the simplest, yet at times in the
most animated form, and which may be justly considered as the
very best compendium both to incite the ardour and to direct the
judgment of the student, should have sūak into sueh utter ne-
glect. We are happy of such an opportunity to recal the at-
tention of our readers to this admirable work of the late Pro-
fessor, and we trust, that the admiration which it once com-
manded, will be again revived, and that it will find its way not
only into the libraries of the professed theologian, but the read-
ing desk of the younger student.
The volume before us is evidently the result of a long aud
matured speculation upon a subject which has been involved in
much obscurity, and has rather been perplexed than illustrated
by the laborious and frequent discussions which it has undergone.
From Aristotle to Adam Smith, the theory of human passions
has ever been the object of philosophical enquiry; it must
however be confessed, that little has been added in later ages
to the Nicomachean ethics of the ancient sage, and that as a
masterly delineation of the moral construction of man, it still
continues to maintain its accustomed rank. The great source
indeed to which we may refer the repeated failures of the mo-
ralists of our own age, is the total omission of Christianity in
all their speculations and enquiries. It would appear from the
works of many of our best metaphysicians, those especially of

our sister kingdom, that moral philosophy and Christian prin

ciple were two separate and distinct objects, and that all discussions on the former were impeded and obstructed by the coasideration of the latter. Now if the Gospel be in truth a revelation from God, it is to be expected a priori, that as it prescribes our duty and enforces certain motives for its performance, it should not only disclose to us, as far as they concern ourselves, the attributes of God, but that it should acquaint us with the secret springs of human action. The great example of Mr. Locke, has demonstrated that no man will be a worse philosopher for being a Christian; and the publication of Dr. Hey will also shew that no man will investigate the sources, and discuss the motives of our moral actions, with less perspicuity and effect for engrafting upon his abstract speculatious the leading principles of the Gospel, and for illuminating the dark recesses. of the heart with a ray of divine truth. We shall find that neither - - - #3

[ocr errors]


is the course of our investigation obstructed, nor the chain of our
reasoning embarrassed even in a single link by such an admission.
The coolness of moral philosophy will thus indeed receive a
warmth, and its formality an interest which it never before ac-
quired; and what in our view of the subject is of far the greatest
importance, its abstract speculations will be resolved into princi-
ples of practice and motives of duty. * *
The great design of Dr. Hey in the work before us is to win-
dicate the goodness of the Creator, in giving us those affections
which are generally termed malevolent, and to show that being
placed by him in our hearts for those good purposes which our
present state requires, they are abused by us for the very worst;
and also to shew what part man ought to take in their discipline
and regulation Dr. Hey reduces these Malevolent Sentiments

under four principal heads: 1. Hatred. 2. Envy. 3. Malice.

4. Resentment. The method which he pursues with respect
to each is, first to consider its nature, secondly to enumerate its
good aud bad effects; and thirdly to offer practical rules for
its discipline and management.
In considering Hatred, Dr. Hey enumerates the various feel-
ings of disgust for which the term is indiscriminately used, se-
parating them from those of envy, jealousy, contempt, &c. with
which they are apt to be confounded. He considers it as oppo-
site to love, and to be strictly speaking, that sentiment which
is generated in the mind by a being either animate or inanimate,
having so frequently caused unpleasant and painful feelings,
that the idea of it becomes habitually associated with such feel-
ings. This definition will appear to the reader imperfect, it has
done so indeed already to its author, who very justly observes, that
we may use a sentiment for the purposes of life, when we are
unable to give a satisfactory and a metaphysical account of its
nature, which he exemplifies particularly in our motion of
Beauty, which is sufficiently clear for all practical purposes,
yet most difficult to be accurately determined or satisfactorily
defined. Dr. Hey resorts therefore to another method of ap-

, proximating the idea of this feeling to his readers minds, by pre

senting to their view its object. - .*

“Think then what it is that you feel when you see a person of a rude, haughty character, coarse manner and ungraceful appearance; despising the rules of decency and decorum; hard, insensible, uncivilized; inattentive to the feelings of those with whom he converses; overbearing the delicacy of modest sense, and making meek virtue and unassuming worth shrink in silent con

fusion. Or think what you feel when you meet with one who is

mean, sordid, effeminate, cowardly, without lovey of order, neatness, cleanliness; void of elegance and taste, of narrow B 2 - mind.

« EdellinenJatka »