The Philosophy of Rhetoric
SIU Press, 1988 - 423 sivua
Here, after a quarter century of additional study and reflection, Bitzer presents a new critical edition of George Campbell’s classic. Bitzer provides a more complete review and assessment of Campbell’s work, giving particular emphasis to Campbell’s theological views, which he demonstrates played an important part in Campbell’s overall view of reasoning, feeling, and moral and religious truth. The Rhetoric is widely regarded as the most important statement of a theory of rhetoric produced in the 18th century. Its importance lies, in part, in the fact that the theory is informed by the leading assumptions and themes of the Scottish Enlightenment—the prevailing empiricism, the theory of the association of ideas, the effort to explain natural phenomena by reference to principles and processes of human nature. Campbell’s work engages such themes in an attempt to formulate a universal theory of human communication. Campbell attempts to develop his theory by discovering deep principles in human nature that account for all instances and kinds of human communication. He seeks to derive all communication principles and processes empirically. In addition, all statements in discourse that have to do with matters of fact and human affairs are likewise to be empirically derived. Thus, his theory of rhetoric is vastly wider than, and different from, such classical theories as those proposed by Aristotle, Cicero, and Quintilian, whose theories focused on discourse related to civic affairs.
Bitzer shows that, by attempting to elaborate a general theory of rhetoric through empirical procedures, Campbell’s project reveals the limitations of his method. He cannot ground all statements empirically and it is at this point that his theological position comes into play. Inspection of his religious views shows that God’s design of human nature, and God’s revelations to humankind, make moral and spiritual truths known and quite secure to human beings, although not empirically.
Tulokset 1 - 5 kokonaismäärästä 72
... particular IX Of the consideration which the Speaker ought to have of himself x
The different kinds of public speaking in use among the moderns , compared ,
with a view to their different advantages in respect of eloquence 98 XI Of the
XI Of the cause of that pleasure which we receive from objects or representations
that excite pity and other painful feelings 112 139 151 169 BOOK II The
Foundations and Essential Properties of Elocution I The Nature and Characters
of the ...
... tends to associate ideas which are similar , ideas which are contiguous in
space or time , and ideas related as causes and ... ideas that are remote in both
space and time ; and mind can conceive of any idea as a cause or effect of any
caused , but we know this as a common - sense truth ; therefore we are entitled to
believe that every thing and event has some cause . Given a constant or near
constant conjunction of things , we are entitled to infer that the one is probably the
The scene of human misery , having such and such features , is the cause of my
pity ( the effect ) . In this way , some feelings , emotions , passions , and
sentiments are linked by experience to causes . If the conjunctions between
things and ...
Mitä ihmiset sanovat - Kirjoita arvostelu
EDITIONS OF THE PHILOSOPHY OF RHETORIC
Of Wit Humour and Ridicule
The Doctrine of the preceding Chapter defended
Of the Nature and Use of the scholastic
Of the Consideration which the Speaker ought
have of the Hearers as such Men in particular
from objects or representations that excite pity
of the Words