The Philosophy of Rhetoric
SIU Press, 1988 - 423 sivua
Here, after a quarter century of additional study and reflection, Bitzer presents a new critical edition of George Campbell’s classic. Bitzer provides a more complete review and assessment of Campbell’s work, giving particular emphasis to Campbell’s theological views, which he demonstrates played an important part in Campbell’s overall view of reasoning, feeling, and moral and religious truth. The Rhetoric is widely regarded as the most important statement of a theory of rhetoric produced in the 18th century. Its importance lies, in part, in the fact that the theory is informed by the leading assumptions and themes of the Scottish Enlightenment—the prevailing empiricism, the theory of the association of ideas, the effort to explain natural phenomena by reference to principles and processes of human nature. Campbell’s work engages such themes in an attempt to formulate a universal theory of human communication. Campbell attempts to develop his theory by discovering deep principles in human nature that account for all instances and kinds of human communication. He seeks to derive all communication principles and processes empirically. In addition, all statements in discourse that have to do with matters of fact and human affairs are likewise to be empirically derived. Thus, his theory of rhetoric is vastly wider than, and different from, such classical theories as those proposed by Aristotle, Cicero, and Quintilian, whose theories focused on discourse related to civic affairs.
Bitzer shows that, by attempting to elaborate a general theory of rhetoric through empirical procedures, Campbell’s project reveals the limitations of his method. He cannot ground all statements empirically and it is at this point that his theological position comes into play. Inspection of his religious views shows that God’s design of human nature, and God’s revelations to humankind, make moral and spiritual truths known and quite secure to human beings, although not empirically.
Tulokset 1 - 5 kokonaismäärästä 74
The first and primitive stage consists of whatever rules and procedures a person
may derive from an awareness of “ what operates on his own mind , aided by the
sympathetic feelings , and by that practical experience of mankind , which ...
... but that it will be in vain for you , or any other person , to endeavour to
investigate it further than he has done . Thus avowed ignorance is to pass for real
knowledge . . . . " An Examination of Mental Contents . Campbell divides ideas
into three ...
Campbell holds that they are truths which any rational person admits ; they are
instinctive - our assent to them is compelled by our nature . Each one plays a
critical role . ( 1 ) We do not know from any data of consciousness that material ...
The action or choice of another person seems to us good , but the feeling or
sentiment of goodness is not a sensed property of the action or choice ; it arises
in the mind as an internal perception . In this sense , feelings are subjective : they
The natural process by which passion is communicated from one person to
another is sympathy . A person who experiences fear , for example , exhibits
signs perceived by someone. 46 The main elements of the analysis of
persuasion are ...
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EDITIONS OF THE PHILOSOPHY OF RHETORIC
Of Wit Humour and Ridicule
The Doctrine of the preceding Chapter defended
Of the Nature and Use of the scholastic
Of the Consideration which the Speaker ought
have of the Hearers as such Men in particular
from objects or representations that excite pity
of the Words