The Philosophy of Rhetoric
SIU Press, 1988 - 423 sivua
Here, after a quarter century of additional study and reflection, Bitzer presents a new critical edition of George Campbell’s classic. Bitzer provides a more complete review and assessment of Campbell’s work, giving particular emphasis to Campbell’s theological views, which he demonstrates played an important part in Campbell’s overall view of reasoning, feeling, and moral and religious truth. The Rhetoric is widely regarded as the most important statement of a theory of rhetoric produced in the 18th century. Its importance lies, in part, in the fact that the theory is informed by the leading assumptions and themes of the Scottish Enlightenment—the prevailing empiricism, the theory of the association of ideas, the effort to explain natural phenomena by reference to principles and processes of human nature. Campbell’s work engages such themes in an attempt to formulate a universal theory of human communication. Campbell attempts to develop his theory by discovering deep principles in human nature that account for all instances and kinds of human communication. He seeks to derive all communication principles and processes empirically. In addition, all statements in discourse that have to do with matters of fact and human affairs are likewise to be empirically derived. Thus, his theory of rhetoric is vastly wider than, and different from, such classical theories as those proposed by Aristotle, Cicero, and Quintilian, whose theories focused on discourse related to civic affairs.
Bitzer shows that, by attempting to elaborate a general theory of rhetoric through empirical procedures, Campbell’s project reveals the limitations of his method. He cannot ground all statements empirically and it is at this point that his theological position comes into play. Inspection of his religious views shows that God’s design of human nature, and God’s revelations to humankind, make moral and spiritual truths known and quite secure to human beings, although not empirically.
Tulokset 1 - 5 kokonaismäärästä 80
The present essay corrects that defect , and consequently provides a more
accurate introduction to his philosophical and rhetorical principles . It is important
to recognize that Campbell ' s Rhetoric does not explicitly announce what he ...
In chapter 10 Campbell presents an entirely different classification under the title
" The Different kinds of Public Speaking in Use Among the Moderns Compared ,
with a View to Their Different Advantages in Respect of Eloquence . ” Here he ...
Some of the evidence that this is Campbell ' s view can be found in later sections
of the present essay . Sufficient now are his remarks from the fourth chapter , in
which he treats rhetoric ' s relation to logic and grammar on the following ...
... all knowledge about matters of fact , have subjective mental contents as their
objects ; the contents of sensation , he says , are “ my own present feelings ,
whose essence consists in being felt , and of which I am at present conscious ” (
41 ) .
A present sensation of lightning not only leads to an imaginative anticipation of
thunder , but the sensation transfers such a quantity of vivacity to the imaginative
idea that we are compelled to predict with high confidence that the sensation of ...
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EDITIONS OF THE PHILOSOPHY OF RHETORIC
Of Wit Humour and Ridicule
The Doctrine of the preceding Chapter defended
Of the Nature and Use of the scholastic
Of the Consideration which the Speaker ought
have of the Hearers as such Men in particular
from objects or representations that excite pity
of the Words