The Philosophy of Rhetoric
SIU Press, 1988 - 423 sivua
Here, after a quarter century of additional study and reflection, Bitzer presents a new critical edition of George Campbell’s classic. Bitzer provides a more complete review and assessment of Campbell’s work, giving particular emphasis to Campbell’s theological views, which he demonstrates played an important part in Campbell’s overall view of reasoning, feeling, and moral and religious truth. The Rhetoric is widely regarded as the most important statement of a theory of rhetoric produced in the 18th century. Its importance lies, in part, in the fact that the theory is informed by the leading assumptions and themes of the Scottish Enlightenment—the prevailing empiricism, the theory of the association of ideas, the effort to explain natural phenomena by reference to principles and processes of human nature. Campbell’s work engages such themes in an attempt to formulate a universal theory of human communication. Campbell attempts to develop his theory by discovering deep principles in human nature that account for all instances and kinds of human communication. He seeks to derive all communication principles and processes empirically. In addition, all statements in discourse that have to do with matters of fact and human affairs are likewise to be empirically derived. Thus, his theory of rhetoric is vastly wider than, and different from, such classical theories as those proposed by Aristotle, Cicero, and Quintilian, whose theories focused on discourse related to civic affairs.
Bitzer shows that, by attempting to elaborate a general theory of rhetoric through empirical procedures, Campbell’s project reveals the limitations of his method. He cannot ground all statements empirically and it is at this point that his theological position comes into play. Inspection of his religious views shows that God’s design of human nature, and God’s revelations to humankind, make moral and spiritual truths known and quite secure to human beings, although not empirically.
Tulokset 1 - 5 kokonaismäärästä 95
19 1111 RON NEIL and James Beattie ' s Essay on the Nature and Immutability
of Truth ; in Opposition to Sophistry and Scepticism ( 1770 ) . " Of the fifteen
members of the society , these three were soon to achieve wide reputation :
... exception being the view of common - sense truths , which surely developed in
Campbell ' s discussions with Thomas ... service of truth and goodness and that
the types of rhetorical discourse are to be matched with the faculties of the mind .
The same work was painstakingly and respectfully criticized by John Skinner ' s
Primitive Truth and Order Vindicated from Modern Representation : with a
Defence of Episcopacy , Particularly that of Scotland , against an Attack Made on
It by ...
Although he admonished that revealed truth , not opinion and inclination , should
direct Christian thought , he nevertheless sometimes came to conclusions , on
religious subjects , that betray a considerable influence of opinion and interest ,
Campbell could have dismissed this question on the ground that specification of
principles governing the truth value of discourse is not the task of a
communication theorist . He did not dismiss the question , however . He held that
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EDITIONS OF THE PHILOSOPHY OF RHETORIC
Of Wit Humour and Ridicule
The Doctrine of the preceding Chapter defended
Of the Nature and Use of the scholastic
Of the Consideration which the Speaker ought
have of the Hearers as such Men in particular
from objects or representations that excite pity
of the Words