The Philosophy of Rhetoric
SIU Press, 1988 - 423 sivua
Here, after a quarter century of additional study and reflection, Bitzer presents a new critical edition of George Campbell’s classic. Bitzer provides a more complete review and assessment of Campbell’s work, giving particular emphasis to Campbell’s theological views, which he demonstrates played an important part in Campbell’s overall view of reasoning, feeling, and moral and religious truth. The Rhetoric is widely regarded as the most important statement of a theory of rhetoric produced in the 18th century. Its importance lies, in part, in the fact that the theory is informed by the leading assumptions and themes of the Scottish Enlightenment—the prevailing empiricism, the theory of the association of ideas, the effort to explain natural phenomena by reference to principles and processes of human nature. Campbell’s work engages such themes in an attempt to formulate a universal theory of human communication. Campbell attempts to develop his theory by discovering deep principles in human nature that account for all instances and kinds of human communication. He seeks to derive all communication principles and processes empirically. In addition, all statements in discourse that have to do with matters of fact and human affairs are likewise to be empirically derived. Thus, his theory of rhetoric is vastly wider than, and different from, such classical theories as those proposed by Aristotle, Cicero, and Quintilian, whose theories focused on discourse related to civic affairs.
Bitzer shows that, by attempting to elaborate a general theory of rhetoric through empirical procedures, Campbell’s project reveals the limitations of his method. He cannot ground all statements empirically and it is at this point that his theological position comes into play. Inspection of his religious views shows that God’s design of human nature, and God’s revelations to humankind, make moral and spiritual truths known and quite secure to human beings, although not empirically.
Tulokset 1 - 5 kokonaismäärästä 59
Having discussed the society , Campbell immediately defines discourse
addressed to the understanding , imagination , passions , and will , and he uses
large units of amplification that are essentially the same as those in the first
chapter of the ...
... originally intended as a part of A Treatise of Human Nature ( 1739 - 40 ) ,
appeared as Section X of An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding ( the
intitial , 1748 , title being Philosophical Essays Concerning Human
Understanding ) .
... confident that the several types do indeed fit actual discourses . Because the
four principal functions of mind are understanding , imagination , emotion , and
will , there are four types of discourses : first , those addressed to the
In his first chapter , he speaks as if the mind were divided into distinct faculties or
functions : some discourses are " addressed ” to the understanding , others to the
imagination , and so forth . In later chapters , especially chapters 5 and 7 , when ...
... accord with our understanding of human nature . Thus Campbell largely
dismisses the concept of the enthymeme and the kind of reasoning it expresses ,
and partly for the same reason he ignores the classical theory of rhetorical
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EDITIONS OF THE PHILOSOPHY OF RHETORIC
Of Wit Humour and Ridicule
The Doctrine of the preceding Chapter defended
Of the Nature and Use of the scholastic
Of the Consideration which the Speaker ought
have of the Hearers as such Men in particular
from objects or representations that excite pity
of the Words