The Philosophy of Rhetoric
SIU Press, 1988 - 423 sivua
Here, after a quarter century of additional study and reflection, Bitzer presents a new critical edition of George Campbell’s classic. Bitzer provides a more complete review and assessment of Campbell’s work, giving particular emphasis to Campbell’s theological views, which he demonstrates played an important part in Campbell’s overall view of reasoning, feeling, and moral and religious truth. The Rhetoric is widely regarded as the most important statement of a theory of rhetoric produced in the 18th century. Its importance lies, in part, in the fact that the theory is informed by the leading assumptions and themes of the Scottish Enlightenment—the prevailing empiricism, the theory of the association of ideas, the effort to explain natural phenomena by reference to principles and processes of human nature. Campbell’s work engages such themes in an attempt to formulate a universal theory of human communication. Campbell attempts to develop his theory by discovering deep principles in human nature that account for all instances and kinds of human communication. He seeks to derive all communication principles and processes empirically. In addition, all statements in discourse that have to do with matters of fact and human affairs are likewise to be empirically derived. Thus, his theory of rhetoric is vastly wider than, and different from, such classical theories as those proposed by Aristotle, Cicero, and Quintilian, whose theories focused on discourse related to civic affairs.
Bitzer shows that, by attempting to elaborate a general theory of rhetoric through empirical procedures, Campbell’s project reveals the limitations of his method. He cannot ground all statements empirically and it is at this point that his theological position comes into play. Inspection of his religious views shows that God’s design of human nature, and God’s revelations to humankind, make moral and spiritual truths known and quite secure to human beings, although not empirically.
XI Of the cause of that pleasure which we receive from objects or representations
that excite pity and other painful feelings 112 139 151 169 BOOK II The
Foundations and Essential Properties of Elocution I The Nature and Characters
of the ...
and James Beattie's Essay on the Nature and Immutability of Truth ; in Opposition
to Sophistry and Scepticism ( 1970 ) . " Of the fifteen members of the society ,
these three were soon to achieve wide reputation : Campbell for his Dissertation
The most striking evidence of Hume's influence on Campbell's views of human
nature and of rhetoric is found in The Philosophy of Rhetoric ; in it , Campbell
drew important parts of his theories from Hume , 15 who was the leading figure in
It is important to recognize that Campbell's Rhetoric does not explicitly announce
what he understood to be the greatest and most decisive of all facts : that all of
nature , including human nature , is God's creation ; that God has miraculously ...
RHETORIC AND HUMAN NATURE : THE NATURAL GROUNDS Campbell's
discussions of rhetoric often can hardly be distinguished from his discussions of
human nature . This occurs for two reasons . First , he holds that the science of ...
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EDITIONS OF THE PHILOSOPHY OF RHETORIC
Of Wit Humour and Ridicule
The Doctrine of the preceding Chapter defended
Of the different Sources of Evidence and
Of the Nature and Use of the scholastic
from objects or representations that excite pity
being detected both by the Writer and by
Of Vivacity as depending on the number of
of the Words
Of the Consideration which the Speaker ought
have of the Hearers as such Men in particular