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In all our Britanny
“Get thee up, thou arrant beast, There's not a fairer,
Fits this season love to make? Nor can you fit any,
Take thy sheep-hook in thy hand, Should you compare her.
Clap thy cur and set him on; Angels her eyelids keep,
For our tields 'tis time to stand, All hearts surprising ;
Or they quickly will be gone. Which look whilst she doth sleep
Roguish swineberds, that repine Like the Sun's rising:
At our fiorks, like beastly clowns, She alone of her kind
Suear that they will bring their swine, Knoweth true measure,
And will root up all our downs: And her unmatched mind
They their holly whips have brac'd, Is Heaven's treasuro.
And touglı hazel goads have got; cho. On thy bank,
Soundly they your sides will bast, In a rank,
If their courage fail them not. Let thy swans sing her,
Of their purpose if they speed, And with their music
It is neithur Droan nor Reed, Along let them bring her.
Shepherds, that will serve your turn. Fair Dove and Darwent clear,
Angry Olcon sets then on, Boast ye your beauties,
And against us part doth take, To Trent your mistress here
Ever since he was ont-gone, Yet pay you duties.
Off'ring rhymes with us to make. My love was higher born
Yet if so our sheep-hooks hold, Tow'rds the foll fountains,
Dearly shall our downs be bought; Yet she doth Moorland scorn,
For it never shall be told, And the Peak mountains;
We our sheep-walks sold for naught. Nor would she none should dream
And we here have got us dogs, Where she abideth,
Best of all the western breed, Humble as is the stream,
Which though whelps shall lug their hogs, Which by her slideth.
Till they make their ears to bleed. cho. On thy bank,
Therefore, shepherd, come away."
When as Dorilus arose, in a rank, Let thy swans sing her,
Whistles Cut-tail from his play,
And along with them he goes.
Nothing can move her,
Nothing can stir her.
TO THE GENERAL READER,
(WIEN MR. DRAYTON PUBLISHED EIGHTEEN SONGS Never can number.
ONLY OF THIS POEM.) cho. On thy bank,
In publishing this my poem, there is this great In a rank,
disadvantage against me, that it comcth oui at Let thy gwans sing her,
this time, when verses are wholly deduced to And with their music
chambers, and nothing esteemed in this limatic Along let then bring her.
age, but what is kept in cabinets, an inust only Taken with this suddeu song,
pass by transcription. In such a season, when Least for mirth when he dou look,
the idle humourous world must hear of nothing His sad heart more deeply sting
that either savours of antiquity, or may awake it Than the former care he took.
to seek after more than dull and slothful ignorance At their laughter and amaz'd,
may easily reach unto: these, I say, make much For a while he sat agliast;
against me; and especially in a poem, from any But a little having gazd,
example, either of ancient, or modern, that have Thus be them bespake at last.
proved in this kind : whose unusual tract may “ Is this time for mirth,”íquoth he) perhaps seen difficult to the female sex; yea, and “ To a man with grief opprest?
I fear, to some that think themselves not meanly Sinful wretches as you be,
learned, being not rightly inspired by the Muses: May the sorrows in niy breast
such I mean, as had rather read the fantasies of Light upon you one by one;
foreign inventions, than to see the rarities and And as now you mock iny woe,
history of their own country delivered by a true When your mirth is turn'd to inoan,
pative muse. Then, whosoever thon be, possessed May your like then serve you so.”
with such stupidity and dulness, that, rather than When one swain among the rest
thou wilt take pains to scarch into ancient and Thus wiw merrily bespike:
noble things, choosest to remain in the thick fags
and mists of ignorance, as near the common lay- | beginning with our French islands, Guernsey and stall of a city; refusing to walk forth into the Jersey, with the rest; and perfecting in those tirst Tempe and fields of the Muses; where, throngh three the survey of these six our most western most delightful groves, the angelic harmony of coumties, Cornwal, Devon, Dyrset, Hants, Wilts, birds shall steal thee to the top of an easy bill, and Somerset; I then make over Severn into where is artificial caves, cut out of the most na Wales, not far from the midst of her broad-side tural rock, thou shalt see the ancient people of that lieth against England. ( term it her broarithis isle delivered thee in their lively images ; side, because it fieth from Shrewsbury still along from whose height thou may'st behold both the old witlı Severn, till she lastly turn sea. And to exand later times, as in thy prospect, lying far under plain two lines of mine (which you shall find in the thee; then conveying thee down by a soul-pleasing fourth song of my poem, but it is the first of descent through delicate embroidered meadows, Wales) which are these : often veined with gentle-gliding brooks; in which thou may'st fully view the dainty nymphs in their
And ere seven books have end, I'll strike so high simple naked beauties, bathing them in crystal
(I sing. line streams; which shall lead thee to most plea
Thy bards shall stand amaz'd with wonder whilst sant downs, where hármless shepherds are, some Speaking of seven books, you shall understand exercising their pipes, some singing roundelays to that I continue Wales through so many ; beyintheir gazing flocks. If, as I say, thou hadst ning in the fourth song (where the nympbs of rather (because it asks thy labour) reinain where England and Wales contend for the isle of Lundy) thou wert, than straiu thyself to walk forth with and ending in the tenth ; striving, as my muchthe Muses, the fault proceeds from thy idleness, loved the learned Humphry Floyd, in his descripnot froin any want in my industry.. And to any tion of Cambria to Abraham Ortelius, to uphold that shall demand wherefore, having promised her ancient bounds, Severn and Dee, and there. this poem of the general island so inany years, I fore have included the parts of those three English now publish only this part of it; I plainly answer, shires of Gloucester, Worcester, and Salop, that lie that many times I had determined with myself to on the west of Severn, within their ancient mother have left it off, and have neglected my papers Wales : in which if I have not done her right, the sometimes two years together, finding the times since want is in my ability, not in my love. And beside his majesty's bappy coming in, to dl so heavily my natural inclination to love antiquity (which upon my distressed fortunes, after my zealous Wales may bighly boast of) I confess, the free soul had laboured so long in that, which, with the and gentle company of that true lover of his conngeneral happiness of the kingdom, seemed not try, (as of all ancient and noble things) Mr. John then impossible somewhat also to have advanced Williams, his majesty's goldsmith, my dear and
But I instantly saw all my long-nourished worthy friend, hath made me the more seek into' hopes eren buried alive before my face : so un the antiquities of your country. Thus wishing certain in this world be the ends of our clearest your favourable construction of these my faithful endeavours! And whatever is herein that tastes of endeavours, I bid you farewel. a free spirit, I thankfully confess to proceed from the coniinual bounty of my truly noble friend sir Walter Aston; which hath giren me the best of those hourx, whose' leisure hath effected this which I now publish. Sundry other songs I have also, though yet not so perfect that I dare com Permit me thus much of these notes to my mit them to public censure; and the rest I deter-friend. What the verse oft, with allusion, as supmine to go forward with, God enabling me, may posing a full knowing readler, lets slip; or in winding I find means to assist my endeavour. Now, reader, steps of personating fictions as sometimes) so intolds, for the farther understanding of my poem, thon
that sudden conceit cannot abstract a form of the hast two especial helps : First, the argument, to
clothed truth, I have, as I might, illustrated. direct'thee still where thon art, and through what Brevity and plainness (as the one endured the shires the Muse makes her journey, and what she other) I have joinedl; purposely avoiding frequent chiefly handles in the song thereto belonging. commixture of different language; and whensoNext, hast thou the illustration of this learned ever it happens, either the page or margin gentleman, my friend, to explain every hard mat- (especially for gentlewomen's sake) sunmarily inter of history, that, lying far froin the way of terprets it, except where interpretation aids not. common reading, may (without question) seem Being not very prodigal of my historical faith, difficult unto thee. Thus wishing thee thy heart's after explanation, I oft adventure on examination desire, and committing my poem to thy charitable and censure. The author, in passages of first incensure, I take my leave:
habitants' name, state, and monarchic succesThine, as thou art mine,
sion in this isle, follows Geffrey ap Arthur, Polychronicon, Matthew of Westminster, and such
Of their traditions, for that one so much controverted, and by Cambro fritons still maintained, touching the Trojan Bruite, I have (but
as an advocate for the Muse) argued; disclaiming To have you without difficulty understand, how it, if alteilged for my own opinion. In most of the in this my intended progress through these united rest, upon weighing the reporters' credit, comkingdoms of Great Pritain, I have placed your parison with more persuading authority, and syn(and, I must confess, my) loved Wales, you chronisin (the best touch-stone in this kind of shall perceive, that after the three first songs / trial) I leave note of suspiciuni, or add conjecturad
FROM THE AUTHOR OF THE ILIUSTRATIONS.
TO MY FRIENDS THE CAMRO-BRITONS.
amendment: as for particular examples, among as our excellent wit, Joseph of Fexcester (published other, in Brennus mistook by all writers of later falsely under name of Cornelius Nepos) singeth : time, following Justin's epitome of Trogus ill con- which are even equally warrantable, as Ariosto's ceived ; in Robert of Swapham's story of king narrations of persons and places in his Rowland's Wulphur's murdering his children, in Rollo, first Spenser's elfir story, or Rablais's strange discoduke of Normandy, his tiine; none of thein yet veries. Yet the capricious faction will it know) rectified (although the first hath been adventured never quit their belief of wrong; although some on) by any that I have seen ; and such more. Elias or Delian diver should make open what is so And indeed my jealousy hath oft vext me with inquired after. Briefly, until Polybius, who wrote particular inquisition of whatsoever occurs, bear near 1800 since (for Aristotle sugi Kéosu is clearly ing not a mark of inost apparent truth, ever since counterfeited in title) no Greek mentions the isle ; I found so intolerable antichronisms, incredible until Lucretius (some hundred years later) no reports, and bardish impostures, as well from in- Roman hath expressed a thought of us; until norance as assumed liberty of invention in some Cæsar's commentaries, no piece of its description of our ancients; and read also such palpable falsi was known, that is now left to posterity. For ties of our nation, thrust into the world by later tiine therefore preceding Cæsar, I dare trust none; tine. As (to give a taste) that of Randall Higden, but with others adhere to conjecture. In ancient affirming the beginning of wards in 6 Henry matter since, I rely on Tacitus and Dio especially, ]Il. Polydore's assertion (upon mistaking of the Vopiscus, Capitolin, Spartian (for so much as statute of i Henry VII.) that it was death by they have, and the rest of the Augustan story) the English laws for any man to wear a vizard; afterward Gildas, Nennius, (but little is left of with many like errours in his history, of our trials them, and that of the last rery imperfect) Bedle, by twelve, sheriffs, coat of the kingdom, parlia- Asserio, Ethelwerd (near of blood to king Alfred) ments, and other like ; Bartol's delivering the William of Malmsbury, Marian, Florence of Worcustom in this isle to be, quod primogenitus suc cester (that published under name of Florence cedit in omnibus bonis í The Greek Chalcondy- hath the very syllables of most part of Marian, las lfis slanderous description of our usual forın of the Scot's story, fraught with English antiquities; kind entertainment, to begin with the wives' cour which will show you how easily to answer Bu. teous admission to that most affected pleasure of chanan's objection against our historians about 1 lascivious fancy (he was deceived by misunder-Athelstan's being king of all Albion, being destanding the reports of our kissing salutations », ceived when he imagined that there was no other given and accepted amongst us with more free- of Marian but the common printed chronicle, dom than in any part of the southern world, er which is indeed but an epitome or defloration roneously thinking, perhaps, that every kiss must made by Robert of Lorraine, bishop of Hereford, be thonght seconded with that addition to the under Henry I.) and the numerous rest of our seven promised by Mercury in name of Venus to monkish and succeeding chronographers. lo all, him that should find Psyche; or as wanton as I believe him most, which, freest from affection Aristophanes his Mardanwróv :) and many untruths and hate (causes of corruption) might best know, of like nature in others. Concerning the Arcadian and hath with most likely assertion delivered his deduction of our British monarchy; within that report. Yet so that, to explain the author, carrying tiine, from Brute, .sup.posed about 2850 of the bimself in this part an historical, as in the other world (Samuel then judge of Israel) unto soine a chorographical poet, I insert oft, out of the fifty-four before Christ, (about when Julius Cæsar British story, what I importune you not to credit. visited the island) no relation was extant, which of that kind are those prophecies out of Merlin is now left to our use. Ilow then are they, which sometime interwoven: i discharge inyself; per pretend chronologies of that age without any frag- impute you to me any serious respect of them. ment of authors before Gildas, Taliessin, and Nen inviting, not wresting in occasion, I add somenius (the eldest of which was since 500 of Christ) time what is different from my task, but such as I to be credited? For my part, I believe as much in guess wonid any where please an understanding them as I do the finding of Hiero's ship-mast in reader. To aid you in course of times, I have our inountains!, which is collected upon a cor in fit places drawn chronologies upon credit of the rupted place in Atbenæus, cited out of Moschion ; ancients; and, for matter of that kind, have ador that Ptolemy Philadelph sent to Reutha, king monished (to the fourth canto) what as ret I of Scots, some 1910 years since, for discovery of never saw by any observed, for wary considerathis country, which Claude Ptolemy afterward put tion of the Dionysian cycle, and misinterpreted in his geography: or that Julius Cæsar built root of his dominical year. Those old rhymes, Arthurs-hoffen in Stirling sheriffdom: or that Bri- which (some number) you often meet with, are of. tons were at the rape of Hesione with flercules, ered the willinger, both for variety of your mother
tongne, as also because the author of them (Robert • Ad C. de sumin. Trinit. l. 1. num. 49.
of Glourester) never yet appeared in comnion ? Unum blandientis, ad pulsum linguæ longè mel. light. He was, in time, an age before ; but, in litum. Apuleius de Aur. Asin. 6. And you may learning and wit, as most others, much behind remember (as like enough he did) that in Plautus
our worthy Chaucer: whose name by the way ocCurcul. Qui vult cabare pangit saltem suaviam ; curring, and my work here being but to add plain and such more in other wanton poets, with the song after Muses discanting, I cannot but digress opinion of Baldus, that a kiss in those southern to admonition of abuse, which this learned allynations, is sufficient consent to imperfect e-pousals, sion in his Troilus, by ignorance hath endured : nothing of that kind but copulation, with us and our neighbouring Dutch being so.
Tam till God me better mind send, 3 'Εν τούς όρισι της Βρετανίας, αντί του Βρεττιανής,
At Dulcarnon, right at my wits' end! quæ nempe verior videtur lectio.
* Chaucer explained.
It is not Necham, or any else, that can make me the Muses deadly hate me, when, in permitting entertain the least thought of the signification of occasion, I profess not by whom I learn! Let Dulcarnon to be Pythagoras's sacrifice after his them vent judgment on me which understand: 1 geometrical theorem in finding the squares of an justify all, by the self authors cited, crediting no orthogonal triangle's sides, or that it is a word of transcribers, but when of necessity I must. My Latin deduction; but indeed by easier pronuncia- thirst compelled'me always seek the fountains, and * tion it was made of wineji. e. two-horned: barbat, if means grant it, judge the river's nature. which the Mahometan Arabians use for a root in
errour is oft-times fallen into, by trusting authocalculation, meaning Alexander, as that great dic- rities at second hand, and rash collecting, (as it tator of knowledge Joseph Scaliger (with some an were) from visual beams refracted through ano. cients) wills, but by warranted opinion of my ther's eye. In performance of this charge, (unIcarned friend Mr. Lydyat, in his Emendatio tem
dertaken at request of my kind friend the porom, it began in Seleucus Nicanor, twelve years author) brevity of time, which was but little more after Alexander's death. The name was applied, than since the poem first went to the press, and either because after tiine that Alexander had per- that daily discontinued, both by my other most suaded himself to be Jupiter Hammon's son, whose different studies seriously attended, and interruptstatue was with rams' borns, both his own and his ing business, as enough can witness, might excuse successors' coins were stampt with horned images: great faults, especially of omission. But I take else in respect of his two pillars erected in the
not thence advantage to desire more than comEast, as a nihil ultra of his conquests; and some
mon courtesy in censure, nor of this, uor of what say, because he hall in power the eastern and else I heretofore have published, touching histowestern world, signified in the two horns. But rical: deduction of our ancient laws, wherein I howsoever, it well fits the passage, cither as if he scape not without tax. had personated Creseide at the entrance of two ways, not knowing which to take ; in like sense as
Sunt quibus in verbis videorq; obscurior, hoc est, that of Prodicus his Hercules, or Pythagoras his
Evandri cum matre loqui, Faunisq; Numaq; Y, or the logicians' dilemma express; or else,
Nec secus ac si auctor Saliaris carminis essem. wbich is the truth of his conceit, that she was at I have read in Cicero, Agellius, Lucian's Lexiphaa nonplus, as the interpretation in his next staff nes, and others, much against that form: but makes plain. How many of noble Chaucer's withal, this later age, wherein so industrious readers never so much as suspect this his short search is among admired ruins of old monuments, essay of knowledge, transcending the common bath, in our greatest Latin critics, Hans Douz, road? And by his treatise of the Astrolabe (which, P. Merula, I ipsius, and such niore, so revived I dare swear, was chiefly learned out of Messaha that Saturnian language, that, to students in lah) it is plain he was much acquainted with the philology, it is now grown familiar; and, as he mathematics, and amongst their authors had it. saith, Verba à vetustate repetita non solum nagBut I return to myself. Prom vain loading my nos assertatores habent, scd etiam afferunt orationi margin with books, chapters, folios, or names of majestatem aliquam, non sine delectatione'. Yet our historians, I abstain ; course of time as readily for antique terms, to the learned, I will not jasdirects to them. But where the place might not tify it without exception, disliking not that of 80 easily occur, (chiefly in matter of philology) Phavorin, Vive moribus præteritis, loquere verthere only (for view of them which shall examine bis præsentibus; and as coin, so words, of a pubme) I have added assisting references. For most lic and known stamp, are to be used, although so of what I use of chorography, join with me in much as that way I offend, is warranted by exthanks to that most learned nourice of antiquity', ample of such, of whom to endeavour imitation
allows me more than the bare title of blameless. -σίν της και τηλέει ναιων
The purblind ignorant I salute with the English Tiya kung 'Agatós,
of that moniiory epigram, my instructing friend Mr. Carnden Clarencieux.
-Ει δέ γε πάμπαν From him and Girald of Cambria also conjes most
Νηις έφυς Μουσίων, δίφον ά μη νοέεις 10. of ny British ; and then may Mercury and all
reprehension of them, whose language and best • Epocha Seleucidarum.
learning is purchased from such volumes as RabChristman. Commentar. in ilfragan. c. 11. lais reckons saint Victor's library, or barbarous Lysimachi Cornuam apud Cæl. Rhodigin. Antiq. glosses, lect. 20. c. 12. hic genuina interpretatio.
Quàm nihil ad genium, Papiniane, tuum ! 'Of whom eren every ingenious stranger makes honourable mention. Comitein verò illum Palatinum
or wbich are furnished in our old story, only out R. Vitum Basingstochium (Cujus historiæ mag- of the common Polychronicon, Caxton, Fabian, nam partem quasi Bregat Cortos chorographica sub- Stow, Grafton, Lanquet, Cooper, Hotingshed, (perstructio pleráq; ad antiquite amussim, ab eru
haps with gift of understanding) Polydore, and ditissimo hoc suo populari accepta, ne dicam sup
the rest of our later compilers; or, of any adven. pilata, est) adeò inhumanum fuisse miror, ut
turous Thersites daring find fault even with the bene merentem non tam libenter agnoscat, quàm very Graces, in a strain clariss. viri syllabis et inventis codicem saum Cornua quod vincatque tubassæpius perquam ingratè suffarcinet. Atque id ferè genus plagiarios, rudes omninò, et 'Agoureus, et & Janus Anglorum.
9 Quintilian. vernaculos nimirum nostrates jam nunc imponere 10 If thou hast no taste in learning, meddle ng sarcinam video indignanter & singor.
more with what thou understandest not.
I regard as metamorphosed Lucius's looking out | Wise genius, by thy help that so I may descry at window; I slight, scorn, and laugh at it. By How thy fair mountains stand, and hoř thy vallies sections [$] in the verses you know what I meddle
[ing's pride, with in the illustrations ; but so, that with lati. From those clear pearly cliffs which see the morntude, the direction admonishes sometimes as well And check the surly imps of Neptune when they for explaining a following or preceding passage, as chide, ils own.
l'nto the big-swoln waves in the Iberian stream', Ingenuous readers, to you I wish your best de- | Where Titan still unyokes his fiery-hoofed team, sires; to the author I wish, (as an old cosmo And oft his flaming locks in luscious nectar steeps, graphical poet did long since to himself)
When from Olympus' top he plungeth in the deeps:
That from th’ Armoriç sands ?, on surging Nep-"Αλλά σοι ύμνων
(seas) Αυτων εκ μακάρων αντάξιος έμη αμοιβή 11.
Through the Hibernic gulf (those rough Vergivian To gentlewomen and their loves is consecrated all My verse with wings of skill may fly a lofty gait, the wooing language, allusions to Jove passions... As Amphitrite clips this island fortunate, and sweet enbracements feigned by the Muse Till thro' the sleepy main to Thuly' I have gone, amongst hills and rivers. whatsoever tastes of And seen tbe frozen isles, the cold Dencalidon description, battie, story, abstruse antiquity, and S. Amongst whose iron rocks grim Saturn yet re(which my particular study cansed me sometiine mains,
[chains. remember) law of the kingduin, to the inore Bound in those gloomy caves with adamantine severe reader. To the one, be contenting enjoy Ye sacred bards', that to your barps' melodious ments of their auspicious desires ; to the other, strings
[kings) happy attendance of their chosen Muses.
Sung th' ancient heroes' deeds (the monuments of From the Inner Temple,
And in your dreadful verse engrav'd the prophecies,
The aged world's descents and genealogies;
If, as those Druids taught, wbich kept the British 11 That the godlike sort of men may worthily
(with sprites suerdon his labours.
And dwelt in darksome groves, there counselling
(But their opinions fail'd, by errour led awry, POLY-OLBION
As since clear truth hath show'd to their posterity)
When these our souls by death our bodies do forTHE FIRST SONG.
sake, 6. They instantly again do other bodies take; I could have wish'd your spirits redoubled in my
To give my verse applause to time's eternal rest. The sprightly Muse her wing displays,
Thuş scarcely said the Muse, but horering while And the French islands first surveys;
[sung: Bears up with Neptune, and in glory.
Upon the Celtic wastes ?, the sea-nymphs loudly Transcends proud Cornwal's promontory; “O erer-happy isles ! your hcads so bigh that bear, There crowns Mount-Michael, and descries
By nature strongly fenc'd, which never necd to fear How all those rirerets fall and rise ;
On Neptune's wat’ry realms when Eölus raiseth Then takes in Tamer, as she bounds
(the stars : The Cornish and Deronian grounds.
And every billow bounds, as though to quench And whilst the Dev'ushire nymphs relate Fair Jersey first of these here scatter'd in the deep, Their loves, their fortunes, and estate,
Peculiarly that boasts thy double-horned sheep: Dert undertaketh to revive
Inferior nor to thee, thou Guernsey, bravely : Our Braté, and sings his first arrive:
(ground Then northward to the verge she bends,
With rough-embattled rocks, whsse renom-hating And her first sorg at Ax she ends.
The hard'ned emeril hath, which thou abroad dost
send : Ok, Albion's glorious isle the wonders whilst I
Thow Ligon her belov'd, and Serk, that doth attend write,
Her pleasure every hour; as Jethow, them at need, The sundry varying soils, the pleasures infinite,
With pheasants, fallow deer, and conies, that dost (Where heat kills not the cold, nor cold expels the
Ye seven small sister isles, and Sorlings, which to The calms too mildly small, nor winds 100 roughly The half-sunk seaman joys; or whatsoe'er you be, Nor night doth hinder day, nor day the night doth
From fruitful Aurvey, near the ancient Celtic shore,
To Ushant and the Seams, whereas those nuns of wrong,
yore The summer not too short, the winter not too long)
[shapes they please : What help shall I invoke to aid iny Muse the while? $. Gave answers from their caves, and took what
Thou genius of the place (this most renowned isle) Ye happy islands set within the British seas, Which lived'st long before the all-earth-drowning flood,
1 The western or Spanish ocean. Whilst yet the world did swarm with her gigantic
2 Bretagny coasts.
3 The farthest isle in the British ocean. Go thou before me still thy circling shores about, And in this wand'ring maze help to conduct me out: * The sea upon the north of Scotland.
Ś The old British poets. Direct my course so right, as with thy hand to show
6 Priests of the ancient Britons, Which way thy forests range, which way thy rivers
? The French scas. How ;