Sivut kuvina

So mighty were that time the men that lived there. Corn-wales ; for hither in the Saxon conquest the

If you trust our stories, you must believe the British called Welsh (signifying the people rather land then peopled with giants, of vast bodily com than strangers, as the vulgar opinion wills) made posture. I have read of the Nepbilim, the Re- transmigration : whereof an old rhimer (c): phajim, Anakim, Og, Goliath, and other in holy The vewe that wer of hom bileved, as in Cornwailc writ: of Mars, Tityos, Antæus, Turnus, and the

and Wailis, Titans in Homer, Virgil, Ovid ; and of Adam's

Brutons ner namore ycluped, ac Waleys ywis. stature (according to Jewish (o) fiction) equalling at first the world's diameter; yet seeing that Na- Such was the language of your fathers between ture (now as fertile as of old) hath in her effects three and four hundred years since : and of it more

hereafter. determinate limits of quantity, that in Aristotle's(p) time (near two thousand years since) their beds The deluge of the Dane exactly to have song, were but six foot ordinarily (nor is the difference,

In the fourth year of Brithric (d), king of the 'twixt ours and Greek dimension, much) and that West - Saxons, at Portland, and at this place near the same length was our Saviour's sepulchre,

(which makes the fiction proper) three ships of as Adamnan informed (9) king Alfrid; I could Danish pirates entered: the king's lieutenant, think that there now are some as great statures, offering inquisition of their name, state, and cause as for the most part have been, and that giants of arrival, was the first Englishman, in this first were but of a somewhat more than vulgar (r) ex Danish invasion, slain by their hand. Miserable cellence in body, and martial performance. If losses and continual had the English, by their you object the finding of great bones, which, mea

frequent eruptions, from this time till the Norsured by proportion, largely exceed our times; I

man conquest; 'twixt which intercedes two hunfirst answer, that in some singulars, as monsters

dred seventy-nine years :

and that less acrather than natural, such proof hath been ; but

count of two hundred and thirty (e), during which withal, that both now and of ancient time (s), space this land endured their bloody slaughters, the eye's judgment in such like hath been, and is, according to some men's calculation, begins at subject to much imposture; mistaking bones of king Ethelwulph: to whose time Henry of Hunthuge beasts for human. Claudius (1) brought over

ingdon, and Roger of Hoveden, refer the behis elephants hither, and perhaps Julius Cæsar ginning of the Danish mischiefs, continuing so some, (for I have read (u) that he terribly af. intolerable, that under king Ethelied was there frighted the Britons with sight of one at Coway- begun a tribute insupportable (yearly afterward stakes) and so may you be deceived. But this is exacted from the subjects) to give their king no place to examine it.

swain, and so prevent their insatiate rapine. It Of Corin Cornwal call'd, to his immortal fame.

was between thirty and forty thousand pounds (S)

(for I find no certainty of it, so variable are the So, if you believe the tale of Corin and Gogma, reports)-not instituted for pay of garrisons emgog: but rather imagine the name of Cornwal ployed'in service against them (as upon the misfrom this promotory of the land's end, extending understanding of the confessor's laws some ill itself like a horn (r), which in most tongues is affirm) but to satisfy the wasting enemy; but so Corn, or very near. Thus was a promontory in

that it ceased not, although their spoils ceased, Cyprus called Cerastes (y), and in the now Candy, but was collected to the use of the crown, until of Crete, and Gazaria (the old Taurica Chersone- king Stephen promised to remit it. For indeed St. sus) another titled Kercū piowToy (): and Brun

Edward, upon imagination of seeing a devil dancdusiom in Italy had name from Brendon or Bren

ing about the whole sam of it lying in his treation (e), i. e. a hart's - head, in the Messapian sury, moved in conscience, caused it to be retongue, for similitude of horus. bury(b) thus: “They are called Cornwalshmen, be payed, and released the duty, as Ingulph, abbot cause being seated in the western part of Britain, read Florence of Worcester. Marian the Scot,

of Crowland, tells you: yet observe him, and they lie over-against a horn (a promontory) of Henry of Huntingdon, and Roger Hoveden, and Gaul.” The whole name is as if you should say

you will confess, that what I report thus froin them is

truth, and different much from what vulgarly is (o) Rabbi Eleazar apud Riccium in epit. Tal received. Of the Danish race were afterward three mud. cæterum in bậc re allegoriam v. apud D. kings, Cnut, Hardcout, and Harold the first. Cyprian. serm. de montibus Siua & Sion. (P) Ilpoßinje. Henk. ks.

His offspring after long expulst the inner land. (9) Bed. bist. Eeclesiast. 5. c. 17.

After some one thousand five hundred years (1) Evpeyidos reà imiorapi ve róaspor. Baruch. from the supposed arrival (g) of the Trojans, their cap. y. Consulé, si placet, Scaliger, exercitation posterity were, by encroachment of Saxons, Jutes, Becan, becceselan. 2. Angust. Civ. Dei. 15. c. 23. Clem. Rom. recognit. 1. Lactant. &c.

(c) Robertus Glocestrens. -(s) Sueton. in Octav. c. 72.

(d) Anno 787. (t) Dio. Cass. lib. z.

(e) Audacter lege ducentos vice roũ trecentos in (u) Polyan. stratagemat. m. in Cæsare.

fol. 237. Hovedeni, cui prologum libro quinto H. (r) Cornugallia dicta est H. Huntingdonio, aliis. Huntingdon. committas licet. Danegelt showed

(y) Strabo lib. 5. & .. Stephan. Melanct. Plin. against a common errour both in remission and geogr. passim.

institution. (2) Ram's-head.

(1) Mariano Scoto 3600 libræ, & Florentio (a) Seleucus apud Stephan. Beretno. & Suidas Wigorn. in Bord.

(g) Chronologiam hûc spectantem consulas in (6) De gest. reg. 2. c. 6.

illustrat. ad 4. Cant.




Angles, Danes, (for among the Saxons that noble , But as my subject serves, so high or low to strain, Douz (k) wills that surely Danes were) Frisians (:), And to the varying earth so suit my varying vein, and Franks, driven into those western parts of the That, Nature, in iny work thou may'st thy pow'r now Wales and Corowales. Our stories have this

(allow ; at large, and the Saxon heptarchy; whicb at last, That as thou first found'st Art, and didst her i ules by public edict of king Ecbert, was called Engle- So I, to thine own self that gladly near would be, lond. But John, bishop of Chartres (k), saith it May herein do the best, in imitating thee: had that name from the first coming of the As thou hast here a hill, a vale there, there a food, Angles; others from the nat'e of Hengist (l), A mead here, there a heath, and now and then a (a matter probable enough) whose name, wars, wood, policies, and - Wernment, being first invested by These things so in my song I naturally may show; Vortigern in Kent, are above all the other Ger: Now, as the mountain bigb; theo, as the valley mans most notable in the British stories : and

[bare; Harding

Here, fruitful as the mead; there, as tbe hrath be he called it Engestes land,

Then, as the gloomy wood, I may be rough, though Which afterward was shorted, and called England. Hereto accords that of one of our country old My progress I again inust seriously pursue,

Thro' the Dorsetian fields, that lie in open view, poets (m):

From Marshwood's fruitful vale my journey on to -Engisti linguå canit insula Bruti (n).

make: If I should add the idle conceits of Godfrey of (As Phæbus getting up out of the eastern lake, Viterbo, drawing the name from I know not what Refresh'd with ease and sleep, is to his labour prest; Angri, the insertion of 1 for r by pope Gregory, or Even so the labouring Muse, here baited with this the conjectures of unlimitable phantasy, I should rest.) unwillingly, yet with them impudently, err.

Whereas the little lim along doth eas'ly creep,

And Car, that coming down into the troubles deep, (h) Jan. Douz. aunal. Holland. 1. & f.

Brings on the neighb'ring Bert, whose batt’ning

mellow bank, (1) Procopius in fragm. d. lib. Gothic. ap. Cam

(rank, den. Name of England.

From all the British soils, for hemp most hugely (h) Policratic. lib. 6. c. 17.

Doth bear away the best; to bert-port, which hath (1) Chronicon S. Albani, Hector. Boët. Scotorum

gainil hist. 7.

That praise from every place, and worthily obtain'd (m) J. Gower epigram. in confess. amantis.

Our cordage from her store', and cables should be (n) Britain sings in Hengist's tongue.

made, Of any in that kind most fit for marine trade. Not sever'd from the shore, aloft where Chesil lifts

Her ridged snake-like sands, in wrecks and smoulPOLY-OLBION.

d'ring drifts, Which by the south-wind rais'd, are heard on little

hills : Whose vallies with his flows when foaming Neptune Gilis,


upon a thousand swans ? the naked sea-nymphs. The Muse from Marshwood way commands

Within the oozy pools, replenish'd every tide : Along the shore through Chesil's sands;

Which running on the isle of Portland pointeth out; Where, over-toil'd, her heat to cool,

Cpon whose moisted skirt, with sea-weed fring'd She bathes her in the pleasant Pool:


(brack, Thence, over land again doth scow'r,

The bastard coral breeds, that, drawn out of the To fetch in Froom and bring down Stour;

A brittle stalk becomes, from greenish turn'd to Falls with New-Forest, as she sings

black :

(bare The wanton wood-nymphs' revellings.

☆ Which th' ancients for the love that they to Isis Whilst Itchin in her lofty lays

(Their goddess most ador’d) have sacred for her Chants Bevis of Southampton's praise,

hair. She southward with her active flight

Of which the Naiads and the blue Nereids 'make Is wafted to the isle of Wight,

Them taudries 4 for their necks: when xporting in To see the rout the sea-god: keer,

the lake, Their swaggering in the Solent deep.

They to their secret bow'rs the sea-gods entertain. Thence Hampshire-warri her way she bends ; Where Portland from her top doth over-peer the And visiting her forest friends,


[rocks, Near Sals'bury her rest doth take:

Her rugged front empal'd (on erery part) with Which she her second pause doth make.

Though indigent of wood, yet fraught with woolly


Most famous for her folk excelling with the sling, Marci strongly forth, my Muse, whilst yet the Of any other here this land inhabiting;

temp?rate air Invites us eas'ly on to hasten our repair.

By act of parliament in the 21st of Hen. VIU. Thou pow'rful god of flames (in verse divinely great) 2 The beauty of the many swans npon the Che. Touch my invention so with true genuine heat, sils, noted in this poetical delicacy. That high and noble things I slightly may not tell, 3 Sea-nymphs. Kur light and idle toys ry lines may rajnly swell; - A kind of necklaces worn by country wenches,




That there with they in war offensively might wound, Her small assistant brooks her second name have If yet the use of shot invention had not found.


(tain'd) Where from the neighb'ring hills her passage Wey

Whilst Piddle and the Froom each other enterdoth path,

[hath Oft praising lovely Pool, their best-beloved bay, Whose haven, not our least that watch the mid-ulay, Thus Piddle her bespake, to pass the time away: The glories that belong unto a complete port;

“ When Pool , " quoth she, was young, a lusty Thongh Wey the least of all the Naiads that resort sea-born lass, To the Dorsetian sands from off the higher shore. Great Albion to this nymph an earnest suitor was; Then Froom (a nobler food) the Muses doth And bare himself so well, and so in favour came, implore

( wail, That he in little time upon this lovely dame Her mother Blackmoor's state they sadly would be- S. Begot three maiden isles, his darlings and deWhose big and lordly oaks once bore as brave a sail, light:

Thight; As they themselves that thought the largest shades The eldest, Brunksey call'd; the second, Fursey to spread :

[fed, The youngest and the last, and lesser than the But man's devouring hand, with all the earth not other,

(mother, Hath hex'd her timber down : which wounded, Saint Hellen's name doth bear, the dilling of her when it fell,

[to tell

And for the goodly Pool was one of Thetis' train, By the great noise it made, the workmen seenid Who scoru'd a nymph of her's her virgin-band The loss that to the land would shortly come there

should stain, Where no man ever plants to our posterity : [by, Great Albion (that fore-thought the angry goddess That when sharp Winter shoots her sleet and


[could) harden'd hail,

Both on the dam and brats take what revenge she Or sudden gusts from sea the barmless deer assail, l'th' bosom of the Pool his little children plae'd; The shrubs are not of pow'r to shield them from First Brunksey, Fursey next, and little Hellen last; the wind.

(alas! we find Then with his mighty arms doth clip the Pool “ Dear mother," quoth the Froom,“ too late,

about, The softness of thy swerd, continued thro' thy soil, To keep the angry queen (fierce Amphitrite) out: To be the only cause of unrecorer'd spoil;

Against whose lordly might she musters up her When scarce the British ground a finer grass doth

waves ;

[and rares." bear:

(were) | And strongly thence repuls'd, with madness scolds " And wish I could," quoth she, ("if wishes helpful When now from Pool, the Muse (up to lier pitch $. Thou never by that name of Wiite-bart hadist

to get) been known,

Herself in such a place from sight doth almost set, But stiled Black-moor still, which rightly was As by the active power of her commanding wings, thine own.

She (falcon-like) from far doth fetch those plenteFor why? that change foretold the ruin of thy state: ous springs, Lo, thus the world may see what 'tis to innovate Where Stour' receives her strength from six clear By this, her own-nam’d townthe wand'ring

fountains fed; Froom had past,

Which gathering to one stream from every several And quitting in her course old Dorcester at last,

head, Approaching near the Pool, at Wareham, on her Her new-beginning bank her water scarcely wields ; way,

And fairly ent’reth first on the Dorsetian fields; As eas'ly she doth fall into the peaceful bay, Where Gillingham with gifts that for a god were i pon ber nobler side, and to the southward ncar,


[sweet Fair Purbeck she beholds, which no where hath her Enamell’d paths, rich wreaths, and every soväreign peer:

The earth and air can yield, with many a pleasure So pleasantly en-isl'd on mighty Neptune's marge, mixt)

[them betwixt, A forest-nymph, and one of chaste Diana's charge, Receives her. Whilst there pass'd great kindness Employ'd in woods and lawns her deer to feed and The forest her bespoke: “ How happy, floods, kill:

(will, On whom the wat'ry god would oft have had bis From our predestin'd plagues that privileged be! And often ber hath woo'd, which never would be Which only with the fish wbich in your banks do


[feed! But Purbeck, as profest, a huntress and a nun, And daily there increase, man's gormandise can The wide and wealthy sea, nor all his pow'r respects; But had ihis wretched age such uses to employ Her marble-minded breast, impregnable, rejects Your waters, as the woods we lately did enjoy, The ugly orks', that for their lord the Occan woo. Your channels they would leave as barren by their Whilst Froom was troubled thus, where nonght

spoil, she hath to do,

As they of all our trees have lastly left our soil. The Piddle, that this while bestirr'd her niinble feet, Insatiable Time thus all things doib devour: In falling to the Pool her sister Froom to meet, What ever saw the Sun, that is not in Time's power? And having in her train two little slender rills Ye flecting streams last long, out-living many a Besides her proper spring, wherewith her banks she day,

(strongest prey.' fills,

[lent, But on more stedfast things Time makes the To whom since first the world this later name her $. Now tow'rds the Solent sea as Stour her way Who anciently was known to be enstiled Trent',

doth ply,

On Shaftsbury (by chance) she cast her crystal eye Frampton. • Monsters of the sea, supposed Neptune's guard. 8 The story of Pool. The ancient name of Piddle.

? Stour riseth from six fountains.

are ye,


with you,


From whose foundation first such strange reports Providing laws to keep those beasts here planted arise,

[pheries ;

(men; $. As brought into her mind the Eagle's pro Whose lawless will from hence before bad driven Of that so dreadful plague, which all great Britain That where the hearth was warm'd with winter's swept,

(crept, feasting fires, From that which highest few, to that which lowest The melancholy hare is form'd in brakes and briers : Before the Saxon thence the Briton should expel, The aged ranpic trunk, where ploughmen cast And all that thereupon successively befel. (race; their seed,

[weed, How then the bloody Dane subdu'd the Saxon And churches oreru helm'd with nettles, fern and And, next, the Norman took possession of the place: By conq'ring William first cut off from every trade, Those ages once expir'd, the fates to bring about, That here the Normap still might enter to invade; The British line restor'd, the Norman lineage out. That on this vacant place, and unfrequented shore, $. Then, those prodigious signs to ponder she began, New forces still might land, to aid those here before. Which afterward again the Britons' wrack fore-ran; But she, as by a king and conqueror made so great, How here the owl at noon in public streets was By whom she was allow'd and limited her seat, seen,

(been. Into her own self-praise most insolently brake, As though the peopled towns had wayless deserts And her less fellow-nymphs New-forest thus beAnd whilst the loathly toad out of his hole doth


(Bere'); crawl,

“ Thou Buckholt", bow to me; so let thy sister And makes his fulsome stnol amid the prince's hall, Chute'), kneel thou at my name on this sida of the The crystal fountain turn'd into a gory wound,

shire :

Tadore, And bloody issues brake (like ulcers) from the Where, for their goddess, me the Dryads' shall ground; (turn,

(shore The seas, against their course, with double tides re With Waltham and the Bere, that on the sea-soro And oft were seeu by night like boiling pitch to See at the southern isles the tides at tilt to run; burn.

[main ; And Wolmer, placeil hence upon the rising Sun, Thus thinking, lively Stour bestirs her tow'rds the With Aslıholt thine ally (my wood-nymphs) and Which Lidden leadeth out; then Dulas bears her

[duo. train

(hring : Proud Panibertow'rds the north, ascribe me worship From Blackmore, that at once their watry tribute Before my princely state let your poor greatness Whco,like some childish wench, she loosely wantoning,

(shore. And vail your tops to me, the sovereign of you all." With tricks and giddy turns scems to inisle the Amongst the rivers, so, great discontent there fell. Betwixt her fishful banks then forward she doth Th' effiient cause thereof (as loud report doth tell) scow'r,

Was, that the sprightly Test arising up in Chute, Until she lastly reach clear Alen in her race: To Itchin, her ally, great weakness should impute, Which calmly cometh down from her dear mother That she, to her own wrong, and every other's grief,

(see Would needs be telling things exceeding all belief: Of Cranbourn that is call'd; who greatly joys to For she had giv'n it out, South-hampton should A river born of her, for Stour's should reckon'd be, not lose

(choose ; Of that renowned flood a favourite highly grac'd. $. Her fainous Bevis so, were 't in her pow'r to Wbilst Cranbourn, for her child so fortunately §. And for great Aithur's seat, her Winchester plac'd,

prefers, With echoes every way applauds her Alen's state, Whose old round-table yet she vaunteth to be hers; A sudden noise from Holt'i seeins to congratulate And swore, th' inglorious time should not bereare With Cranbourn, for her brook so happily be

her right; stow'd :

(show'd But what it would obscure, she would reduce to Where, to her neighb'ring«hase, the courteous forest light. So just-conceived joy, that from each rising burst"?, For, from that wondrous pond", whence she deWhere many a goodly oak had carefully been nurst,

rives her head, The Sylvans in their songs their mirthfa) ineeting And places by the way, by which she's honoured, tell;

(dwell, (Old Winchester, that stands near in her middle And Satyrs, that in slades and gloomy dimbles

way, Run whooting to the hills to clap their ruder hands. And Hampton, at her fall into the Solent sea) As Ilolt had done before, so Canfurd's goodly She thinks in all the isle not any such as she, lands

(reins, And for a demigod she would related be. (Which lean upon the Pool) enrich'd with cop'ras “ Sweet sister mine," quoth Test, “ advise you Rejoice to see them join'd. When down from Sarum

what you do;

(iwo : plains

Think this ; for each of us, the forests here are Clear Avon coming in, her sister Stour doth call, Who, if you speak a thing whereof they bold can $. And at New-forest's foot into the sea do fall,

take, Which every day bewail that deed so full of dread, Be't little, or be't much, they double will it make." Wherety she (now so proud) became first forested: Whom Hamble helpeth out; a handsome proper She now, who for her site ev'n boundless seem'd to lie,

In courtesy well skill'd, and one that knew her good : Her being that receiv'd by William's tyranny,

13 The forest of Hampshire, with their situations. 10 Cranbourn chase.

"Nymphs that live and die with oaks. 1 Holt forest.

A pool near unto Alresford, yielding an un$? A wood in English.

usual abundance of water.




's Consider," quoth this nymph, “ the times be Of all his gotten prize, who (as the worthiest thing, curious now,

And fittest wherewitha! to gratify his king) And nothing of that kind will any way allow. Presented that brave youth; the splendour of Besides, the Muse hath next the British cause in

whose eye hand,

A wond'rous niixture show'd of grace and majesty : About things later done that now she cannot stand." | Whose more than man-like shape, and matchless The more they her persuade, the more she doth stature, took

[look persist;

[list. The king; that often us'd with great delight to Let them say what they will, she will do what she Upon that English carl. But though the love he She stiles herself their chief, and swears she will


(more command;

To Bevis might be much, his daughter ten times And, whatsoe'er she saith, for oracles must stand. Admir'd the godlike man: who, from the hour Which when the rivers heard, they farther speecb

that first forbear.

His beauty she beheld, felt her soft bosom pierc'd And she (to please herself that only scem'd to care) With Cupid's deadliest shaft; that Josian, to her To sing th’achieveinents great of Bevis thus began : guest, “ Redoubted knight," quoth she, “ O most re Already had resign’d possession of her breast. nowned man !

(reprove Then sang she, in the fields how as he went to Who, when thou wert but young, thy mother durst sport,

Tful sort, (Most wickedly seduced by th' unlawfui love And those damn'd Paynims heard, who, in despightOf Mordure, at that time the Almain emperor's son) | Derided Christ the Lord, for his Redeemer's sake That she thy sire to death disloyally had done.” He on those heathen hounds did there such Each circumstance whereof she largely did relate; slaughter make,

(they drew, Then in her song pursu'd his mother's deadly hate; That whilst in their black mouths their blasphemies And how (by Saber's hand) when she suppos'd him | They headlong went to Hell. As also how he slew dead,

That cruel boar, whose tusks turn'd up whole fields Where long upon the downs a shepherd's life heled;

of grain Till, by the great recourse, he came at length to (And, rooting, raised hills upon the level plain; know

Digg'd carerns in the earth, so dark and wond'rous The country thereabout could hardly hold the show deep,

[leapt) His mother's marriage feast to fair Southampton As that, into whose month the desperate Roman 16 drew,

[slew : And cutting off his bead, a trophy thence to bear : Being wedded to that lord who late her husband The foresters, that came to intercept it there, Įsto his noble breast which pierc'd so wond'rous How he their scalps and trunks in chips and pieces deep,


(left. That (in the poor attire he us'd to tend the sheep, And in the fields, like beasts, their mangled bodies And in his hand his hook) unto the town he went ; As to his farther praise, how for that dangerous As having in his heart a resolute intent

fight Or marfully to die, or to revenge bis wrong: The great Armenian king made noble Bevis knight: Where pressing at the gate the multitude among, And having-raised power, Damascus to invade, The porter to that place, his entrance that forbade, The general of his force this English hero made. (Supposing him some swain, some boist'rous Then how fair Josian gave him Arundel his steed, country-lad)

And Morglay his good sword, in many a valiant

1 l'pon the head he lent so violent a stroke,


(strain, That the poor empty skull like some thin potsherd Which manfully he try'd. Next, in a buskin'd "? broke,

(wall. | Suing how bimself he bore upon Damascus' plain, The brains and mingled blood were spirtled on the That dreadful battle where with Brandamond he Then basting on, he came into the upper hall,


(wrought, Where murd'rous Mordure sat embraced by his And with his sword and steed such earthly wonders bride:

As even amongst his foes him admiration won; Who (guilty in himself) had he not Bevis spy'd, Encount'ring in the throng with mighty Radison, His bones had with a blow been shatter'd: but by And lopping off his arms, th' imperial standard chance

took. Heshifting from the place, whilst Bevis did advance At whose prodigious fall, the conquer'd foe forsook His hand, with greater strength his deadly foeto hit, The field; where, in one day so many peers they And missing him, his chair he all to shivers split:

lost, Which struck his mother's breast with strange and So brave commanders, and so absolute an host, snndry fears,

As to the humbled earth took proud Damascus That Bevis being then but of so tender years,

down, Durst yet attempt a thing so full of death and Then tributary made to the Armenian crown. doubt.

Aud how at his return the king (for service done, And, once before deceiv'd, she newly cast about The honour to his reign, and to Armenia won) To rid hinn out of sight; and, with a mighty wage, In marriage to this earl the princess Jo-jan gave, Won such, themselves by oath as deeply durst As into what distress him Fortune after drave, engage,

To great Damascus sent ambassador again ; To execute her will : who shipping him away When, in revenge of theirs, before by Bevis slain, (And making forth their course into the midland

at his return, for that he so despis'd sea)

Those idols unto whom they daily sacrific'd,
As they had got before, so now again for gold
To an Armenian there that young Alcides sold:

is Curtius.

(And now,

1 Lofty.

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