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Which he to pieces hew'd, and scatter'd in the dust) | And meads, that with their fine soft grassy towels They, rising, hini by strength into a dungeon thrust;
stand In whose black bottom, long two serpents had To wipe away the drops and moisture froin her hand, remain'd
And to the north, betwixt the fore-land and the (Bred in the common sewer that all the city drain'd) firm, Impois'ning with their smell; which sriz'd him for She hath that narrow'sca, which we the Solent term; their prey :
(blood and clay) | Where those rough ireful tides, as in her streights With whom in struggling long (besmear'd with they meet,
[greet: He rent their squalid chaps, and from the prison With boist'rous shocks and roars each other rudely scap'd.
(rap'd Which fiercely when they charge, and sadly make As how adult'rous Jour, the king of Mambrant, retreat,
(beat, Fair Josian his dear love, his noble sword and steert: Upon the bulwarkt forts of Hurst and Calsheot 20 Which afterward by craft he is a palmer's weed Then to South-hampton run : which by ber shores Recover'd, and with him from Mambrant bare
(As Portsmouth by her strength) doth vilify their And with two lions how he held a desperate fray, Both roads, that with our best may boldly hold Assailing him at once, that fiercely on hin few :
(than they; Which first he tam'd with wounds, then by the Nor Plymouth's self hath borne more braver ships
necks them drew, (shoulders burst; That from their anchoring bays have travelled to And 'gainst the harden'd earth their jaws and
(Ind, And that (Goliah-like) great Ascnpart enforc'd Large China's wealthy realms, and view'd the either To serve him for a slave, and by his horse to run. The pearly rich Peru; and with as prosperous fate At Colein as again the glory that he won
Have born their full-spread sails opon the streams On that huge dragon, like the country to destroy ;
of Plate :
[renew, Whose sting struck like a lance, whose venom did Whose pleasant harbours oft the sea-man's hope destroy
(brass ; To rigg his late-craz'd bark, to spread a wanton As doth a general plague : his scales like shields of clue;
[sonys, His body, when he mov'd, like some unwieldy mass, Where they with lusty sack, and mirthful sailors' Ev'n bruis'd the solid earth. Which boldly having Defy their passed storms, and laugh at Neptune's song
wrongs: With all the sundry turns that might thereto belong, The danger quite forgot wherein they were of late, Whilst yet she shapes her course how he came back Who half so merry now as master and his mate? to show,
[stow; | And victualling again, with brave and manlike What powers he got abroad, how them he did be. minds
(winds. In England here again, how he by dint of sword To seaward cast their eyes, and pray for happy Unto his ancient lands and titles was restor'd, But, partly by the foods sent thither from the New-forest cry'd “Enough:” and Walthadr, with
shore, the Bere,
(would hear. And islands that are set the bord'ring coast before; Both bade her hold her peace ; for they no more As one amon;t the rest, a brave and lusty dame And for she was a tood, her fellows novght wonld Callid Portsey, whence that bay of Portsmouth Butslipping to their banks, slid silently away. (say;
hath her nawie;
[compard When as the pliant Muse, with fair and even Br her, two little isles, her handmaids (which flight,
With those within the Pool, for deftness not outRetwixt her silver wings is wafted to the Wight 18; dard) That isle, which jutting out into the sea so far, The greater Haling hight; and fairest tho' by much, Her offspring traincth up in exercise of war; Yet Thorney very well, but somewhat rough in Those pirates to put back, that oft purloin her trade,
touch : Or Spaniards or the French attempting to invade. Wiose beauties far and near divulged by report, Of all the southern isles she holds the highest place, And by the Tritons 2' told in mighty Neptune's And evermore hath been the great'st in Britain's
Old Proteus 22 bath been known to leave his finny Not one of all her nymphs her sovereign fav’reth And in their siglt to spunge his foam-bespawled Embraced in the arms of old (cean is. (thus,
beard. For none of her account so near her bosom stand, The sea-gods, which about the watry kingdom keep, Twixt Penwith's !? farthest point and Goodwin's !? Have often for their sakes abandoned the deep; queachy sand,
That Thetis many a time to Neptune hath comBoth for her seat and soil, that far before the other
[disdain'd: Most justly may account great Britain for lier How for those wanton nymphs her la lies were mother.
And there arose such rut th' unruly rout among, A finer fleece than hers not Lemster's self can boast, That soon the noise thereof through all the ocean Nor Newport, for her mart, o'ermatch'd by any
(might grow, coast.
[soft, $. When Portsey, weighing well the ill to her To these the gentle South, with kisses smooth and In that their mighty stirs might be her overthrow, Doth in her bosom breathe, and seems to court her She strongly streightneth-in the entrance to her bay; oft.
That, of their haunt debarrd, and shut out to the sea, Besides her little rills, her inlands that do fecu, Which with their lavish sireams do furnish every 20 Two castles in the sea. need;
21 Trumpeters of Neptune. 13 Isle of Wight.
?? A sea-god, who changes himself into any The-forelapds of Cornwal and Kent. shape.
(Each small conceived wrong helps on distemper'd | Isidis plocamos (b). True reason of the name is 110 rage)
more perhaps to be given, than why adianthum No counsel could be heard their choler to assuage:
is called capillas Veneris, or sengreen barba When every one suspects the next that is in place Joris. Only thus : You have in Plutarch and To be the only cause and means of his disgrace. Apuleius such variety of Isis' titles, and, in Clemens Some coming from the east, some froin the setting of Alexandria, so large circuits of her travels, that Sun,
it were no inore wonder to hear of her name in this The liquid mountains still together mainly run; northern climate, than in Egypt: especially we Ware woundeth wave again, and billow, billow havin: three rivers of' uote (c) synonymies with ber. gores;
Particularly to make her a sea-goddess, which the And topsy-turry so fly tumbling to the shores. cominon story of her and Osiris her husband (son From bence the Solent sea, as some men thought,
to Chim, and of wbom Bale dares offer affirmance, might stand
[land. that in his travelling over the world he first taught Amongst those things which we call wonders of our the Britons to make beer instead of wine) does not ; When towing up that stream a), so negligeat of | Isis Pelagia (d), after Pausanias's testimony, bath fame,
an old coin (e). The special notice which antiquity As till this very day she yet conceals her nome; took of her hair is not only showed by her attriBy Bert and Waltham both that's equally ein bnte (1) of Quríxauss (3), but also in that her hair brac'ı,
was kept as a sacred relic in Memphis (h), as And lastly, at her fall, by Tichfield highly gracd: Geryon's bones at Thebes, the boar's skin at Tegea, Whence, from old Windsor hill, and from the aged and such like elsewhere. And after this, to fit our
coral just with her colour, Æthiopicis solibus Isis The Muse those countries sees, which call her to furra (i), she is called by Arnobius (k). GentleThe forests took their leave : Bcre, Chute, and women of black hair (no fault with brevity to turn Buckholt, bid
to them) have no simple pattern of that part in Adieu; so Wolmer, and so Asbholt kindly did : this great goddess, whose name indeed compreAnd Pamber shook her head, as grieved at the
bended whatsoever in the deity was feminine, and heart;
more too ; nor will I swear, but that Anacreon, (a When far upon her way, and ready to depart, man very judicious in the provoking motives of As now the wand'ring Muse so sadly went along, wanton love) intending to bestow on his sweet misTo her last farewel, thus, the goodly forests song.
tress that one of the titles of womens special “ Dear Muse, to plead our right, whom time at ornament, well-haired (?), thought of tbis, ben he last hath brought,
[thought, gave his painter dirertion to make her picture Which else forlorn had lain, and banish'd every
black-haircd. But thus much out of the way. When thou ascend'st the bills, and from their
Thou never by that name of White-hart hadst been rising shrouds
known. Onr sisters shalt command, whose tops once touchid Old Arden 2 when thou meet'st, or dost fair Sher. Very likely from the soil was the old oame
(we : Black-more. By report of this country, the, Tell them, that as they waste, so every day do change was from a white hart, reserved here froin Wish them, we of our griefs may be each other's chase by express will of Henry III. and afterward heirs ;
[theirs.” killed by Thomas de la Lynd, a gentleman of Let them lament our fall, and we will mourn for these parts. For the offence, a mulct imposed on Then turning from the south, which lies in pub- the posseseors of Black-more (called (m) whitekic view
hart silver) is to this day paid into the exchequer. The Muse an oblique course doth seriously pursue; The destruction of woods here bewailed by the and pointing to the plains, she thither takes her Musc, is (upon occasion too often given) often way ;
(stay. seconded : but while the Muse bewails them, it is For which, to gain her breath, she makes a little Marsyas (n) and his country-men that most want
them. 23 Tichfield river. 24 Another little bill in Hampshire.
On whom the wat’ry god would oft have had his will. >> A great ancient forest in Warwickshire.
Purbeck (named, but indeed not, an isle, being 2. A forest near Nottingham.
joined to the firm land) stored with game of the
(6) Isis' hair. The Muse, yet observing her began course of (C) Ouse. Leland. ad Cygn. Canto chorographical longitude, traces eastward the (d) Isis of the sea. southern shore of the isle. In this second sings
(e) Goltz, thes. antiq. Dorset and Hampshire; fitly here joined, as they
(1) Loose lair'd. join themselves, both having their south limits () Philostrat. in six. washid by the British Ocean.
(h) Lucian. in rix.
(i) Athiopian sun-burnt. Which th' apcients, for the love that they to Isis
(k) Adv. gent. I. Black-hair. bare.
(?) Kadditioxduos, & xanaispupos, i e. wellJuba (a) remembers a like coral by the Trog-haired and pretty-footed ; two special commenloditic isles, as is here in this sea, and styles it (dations, dispersed in Greek poets, joined in Lu
cilius. () Apud Plio, hist. natur. 1. 13. c. 15.
(m) Camden. (n) Destruction of woods.
Food 26 see,
Thence alluding to Diana's devotions, the author peremptorily affirmed by that count Palatiue of well calls her an huntress and a nun. Nor doth Basingstoke. Et aperte dixit, tempus aliquando fore, the embracing force of the Ocean (whereto she ut Britannium imperium denuo sit ad veteres Briis adjacent) although very violent, prevail against tannos post Saxonas & Normannos rediturum (1), her stony cliffs. To this purpose the Muse is here are his words of this eagle. But this prophesy in wanton with Neptune's wooing.
manuscript I have seen, and without the help of
Albertus' secret, Canace's ring in Chaucer, or readThat in little time upon this lovely dame Begat three maiden istes, his darlings and delight. stood the language ; neither find I in it any such
ing over Aristophanes' comedy of birds, I underAlbion (son of Neptune) from whom that first inatter expressly. Indeed (as in Merlin) you have name of this Britain was supposed, is well fitted in him the white dragon, the red dragon, the to the fruitful bed of this Pool, thus personated as black dragon, for the Saxons, Britons, Normans ; a sea-nymph. The plain truth (as words may and the fertile tree, supposed for Brute, by one certify your eyes, saving all impropriety of object) that of later time hath given his obscurities is, that in the Pool are seated three isles (o), (y) interpretation; in which, not from the eagle's, Brunksey, Fursey, and St. Helen's, in situation but from an angelical voice, almost seven hundred and magnitude as I name them. Nor is the fiction years after Christ, given to Cadwallader (whom of begetting the isles improper; seeing Greek others call Cedwalla) that restitution of the crown antiquities (P) tell us of divers in the Medi to the Britons is promised, and grounded also upon terranean and the Archipelagus, as Rhodes, Delos, some general and ambiguous words in the eagle's Hiera, the Echinades, and others, which have text, by the author here followed; which (probeen as it were brought forth out of the salt womb vided your faith be strong) you must believe made of Amphitrite.
more than two thousand five bundred years since. But tow'rds the Solent sea, as Stour her way doth scribe a piece of the gloss out of an old copy,
For a corollary, in this not unfit place, I will tranOn Shaftsbury, &c.
[ply, speaking thus upon a passage in the prophecy (z) The streight betwixt the Wight and Hampshire Henricus IV. (he means Henry III. who by the is titled, in Bede's story, Pelagus latitudinis triums ancient account inregard of Henry, son to Heury millium, quod vocatur Solente (9); famous for Fite-lempress, crowned in his father's life, is in the double, and thereby most violent floods of the Bracton and others called the Fourth) concessit ocean (as Scylla and Charybdis 'twixt Sicily and omne jus & clameum, pro se & heredibus suis, Italy in Horner) expressed by the author towards quod habuit in ducatu Normanniæ imperpetuum. the end of this song, and reckoned among our
T'unc fractum fuit ejus sigillum & mutatum; British wonders. Of it the author tells you more nam priùs tenebat in sceptro gladium, nunc tenet presently. Concerning Shaftesbury (which, beside virgam; qui gladius fuit de conquestu ducis other names, from the corpse (r) of St. Edward, Willielmi bas'ardi; & ideo dicit aquila, separabitur murdered in Corfe-castle, through procurement of gladius à sceptro. Such good fortune have these the bloody hate of his stepmosher Ælfrith, bither predictions, that either by conceit (although straintranslated, and some three years lying buried, ed) they are applied to accident, or else ever was once called St. Edward's) you shall hear a religiously expected ; as Buchanan of Merlin's (a), piece out of Harding :
Then those prodigious signs to ponder she began. Caire Paladoure, that now is Shaftesbury,
I would not bave you lay to the author's charge Where an angel spake sitting on the wall
a justification of these signs at those times : but While it was in working over all(s).
his liberty herein it is not hard to justify, Speaking of Rhudhudibras's fabulous building it. Obseditque frequens castorum limina bubo : I recite it, both to mend it, reading (1) aigle for and such like hath Silius Italicus before the Roman angel, and also that it might then, according to overthrow at Canna; and historians commonly the British story, help me explain the author in affirm the like ; tberefore a poet may well guess this,
the like. As brought into her mind the Eagle's prophecies. And at New-forest' foot into the sea doth fall.
This Eagle (whose prophecies among the Britons, The fall of Stour and Avon into the ocean is the with the later of Merlin, have been of no less re limit of the two shires ; and here limits the author's spect than those of Bacis were to the Greeks, or description of the first, his Muse now entering the Sybillines to the Romans) foretold of a revert- New-forest in Hampshire. ing of the crown, after the Britons, Saxons, and Normans, to the first again, which in Henry the Her being that receiv'd by William's tyranny. Seventh, grandchild to Oaen Tyddour, hath been New-forest (it is thought the newest in England, observed (u), as fulfilled. This in particular is
(r) He plainly said, that there would be a time (o) Isles newly out of the sea.
of this reverting of the crown. (p) Lucian. dialog. Pindar. Olymp. %. Strab. (y) Distinct. Aquil. Sceptoniæ. A prophecy of Pausanias.
an angel to Cadwallader. (9) A sea three miles over, called Solent. lib. 4. (2) A sceptre instead of a sword first in Hen. hist. eccles. cap. 16.
the Third's scal. But believe him not ; the seals (r) Malmesb. I. 2. de Pontific. S. Edvard. 979. of those times give no warrant for it: and even in (s) Camden takes this Cair for Bath.
king Arthur's, Leland says, there was a Reury (1) Harding amended.
sceptre; but that perhaps as feigned, as this false. lu) Twin, in Albionic. 2. See the fifth song. (a) Hist. Scor. lib. 5. in Congallo.
SONG THE THIRD.
except that of Hampton-court, made by Henry And for great Arthur's seat her Winchester prefer VIII.) acknon ledges William her maker, that is, Whose old round table yet, &c. the Norman Conqueror His love to this kind of
For him, his table, orler, knights, and places possession and pleasure was such, that he con
of their celebration, look to the fourth song. stituted loss of eyes (6) punishment for taking bis venery: so affirin expressly Florence of Worcester, When Portsey, weighing well the ill to her might Henry of Huntingdon, Walter Mapez, and others,
grow. although the author of Distinctio Aquila', with some of later time, falsly laid it to William Rufus's ing in by Portsmouth enlure: the foreible violence
Portsey, an island in a creek of the Solent, comcharge. To justify my truth, and for variety, see
of that troublesome sea, as the verse tells you in these rhimes, even breathing antiquity (c):
this fiction of wooing. Game of houudes he lovede inou, and of wild best, And is (d) forest, and is wodes, and mest the niwe
forest, That is in Suthamtessire, for thulke he lovede inow, And astored well mid (e) bestes, and lese (S) mid
POLY-OLBION. gret wou:
(route, Dor he cast out of house and hom of men a great And binom (g) their lond thritti mile and more thereaboute,
[fede, And made it all foreste and lese the bests vor to In this third song great threat'nings are, Of pouer men diserited he nom let el hede :
And tending all to nymphisb war. Theruore therein vell mony mischeuing, [king, Old Wansdike uttereth words of hate, And is sone was thereine issote (k) William the red
Depraving Stonendge's estate. And is o (i) sone, that het Richard, caght there is Clear Avon and fair Willy strive, detb also,
[thereto, Each pleading her prerogative. And Ricbard is o (i) neveu, brec there his neck The plain the forests doth disdain : As he rod an honteth, and perauntre his horse The forests rail upon the plain. sprend,
(trend. The Muse then seeks the shire's extremes, The vnright ido to pouer men to such mesauntre To find the fountain of great Thames; But to quit you of this antique verse, I return
Falls down with Avon, and descries
Both Bath's and Bristol's braveries : to the pleasanter Muse.
Then views the Somersetian soil; Her famous Bevis so were 't in her power to choose. Through marshes, wines, and mores doth toil,
To Avalon to Arthur's grave, About the Norman invasion was Bevis famous
Sadly bemoau'd of Ochy cave. with title of earl of Southampton; Duncton in
Then with delight she bravely brings Wiltshire known for his residence. What credit
The princely Parret from her springs. you are to give to the hyperbolies of Itcbin in her
Preparing for the learned plea relation of Bevis, your own judgment, and the
(The next in song) in the Severn sea. author's censure in the admonit on of the other rivers here personated, I presume, will direct. And it is wished that the poetical monks in Up with the jocond lark (too long we take our rest) celebration of him, Arthur, and other such worthies Whilst yet the blushing dawn out of the cheerful had contained themselves within bounds of likeli
east hood; or else that some judges, proportionate to those of the Grecian games (k), (who always by Whose most delightful touch, and sweetness of her
Is ushering forth the day to light the Muse along; public authority pulled down the statues erected, If they exceeded the true symmetry of the victors) Shall force the lusty swains out of the country towns, had given such exorbitant fictions their desert. The sweet grace of an enchanting poem (as unimitable
To lead the loving girls in dances to the downs. Pindar (1) affirms) often coinpels belief; but so
The nymphs, in Selwood's shades and Braden's
woods that be, far have the indigested reports of barren and
[thee. monkish invention expatiated out of the lists of their oaken wreaths, O Muse, shall offer up to truth, that from their intermixed and absurd
And when thou shap'st thy course tow'rds where falsities hath proceeded doubt, and, in some, even
the soil is rank, denial of what was truth. Ilis sword is kept as a
The Somersetian maids, by swelling Sabrin's bank relic in Arundel castle, not equalling in length
Shall strew the way with tlowers (where thou art (as it is now worn) that of Edward Ill. at West
coming on) minster.
Brought from marshy grounds by aged Avalon'.
By Avon to reside, her dearest-loved flood; (c) Rob. Glocestrens.
Where her imperious fane? her former seat dis
dains, (e) With.
(plains. (d) His. (f) Pastures. (2) Took.
And proudly over-tops the spacious neighbouring (1) Shot by Walter Tirell. (i) His own.
What pleasures hath this isle, of us esteem'd most () 'Eazuvodinas. Lucian. Tigi sixóv.
In any place, but poor unto the plenty here? [dear, (1) Olymp. a. &,Nem. &..oopía do rzéstu srackyours pitus.
Glastonbury, 2 Salisbury church.
The chalky Chiltern" fields, nor Kelmarsh self For all their wondrous cost, thou that has serr'd compares
them so, With Everley“, for store and swiftness of her bares: What 'tis to trust to tombs, by thee we eas'ly A horse of greater speed, nor yet a righter bound,
[complain, Not any where 'twixt Kent and Caledon" is found. In these invectives thus whilst Wansdike doth Nor yet the level south can show a smoot: er race, He interrupted is by that imperious Plain '', Whereas the ballow nag outstrips the winds in $. To hear two crystal floods to court het, that chase;
[her eye. As famous in the west for matches yearly try'd, Themselves, which should be seen most gracions in As Garterley’, possest of all the northern pride; First, Willy boasts herself more worthy than the And on his match as much the western horseman
And better far deriv'd: as having to her mother As the rank riding Scots upon their galloway's *. Fair Selwood", and to bring up Diver!) in her And as the westeru soil as sound a horse doth
[Tweed: Which, when the envious soil Fould from her course *As doth the land that lies betwixt the Trent and A mile creps under earth, as flying all resort : No hunter, so, but finds the breeding of the west And how clear Nader waits attendance in her The only kind of bounds for moutli, and nostril
And therefore claims of right the Plain should hold That cold doth seldom fret, por beat doth over-hail;
[names the sbire". As standing in the fight, as pleasant on the trail; Which gives that town the name; which likewise Free hunting, eas'ly check'd, and loving every The eastern Avon vaunts, and doth upon her chase ;
take Straight running, hard and tough, of reasonable to be the only child of shadeful Saveruake", Not beavy, as that hound which Lancashiie doth As Ambray's ancient food, herself and to enstyle breed;
The Stonendge's best-loyd, first wonder of the isle; Nor as the northern kind, so light and hot of speed, And what (in her behoof) might any want supply, Upon the clearer chase, or on the foiled train, She vaunts the goodly seat of famous Salisbury; Doth make the sweetest cry, in woodland or on Where meeting pretty Bourne, with many a kind plain. [bear embrace,
[place. Where she, of all the plains of Britain, that doth Betwixt their crystal arms they clip that loved The name to be the first (renowned every where) Report, as lately rais'd, unto these rivers came, Hath worthily obtain'd that Stonendge there should Ş. That Batlı’s clear Avon (waxt imperious through stand:
(disdain, Shr, first of plains; and that, first wonder of the Their dalliance should deride; and that by her She Wansdike also wins, by whom she is embrac'd, Some other smaller brooks, belonging to the Plain, That in his aged arms doth gird her ampler waist : A question secin'd to make, whereas the shire sent Who (for a mighty mound sith long he did remain
[worth; Ş. Betwixt the Mercians rule, and the West-Saxons Two Arons, which should be the flood of greatest reign,
This stream, which to the south the Celtic And therefore of his place himself he proudly bare) Had very oft been heard with Stonendge to com Or that which from the north saluteth Somerset. pare ;
[t' upbraid, This when these rivers heard, that even but Whom for a paltry ditch, when Stonendge pleas'd
(best lorer The old man taking heart, thus to that trophy said: Which best did love the Plajn, or bad the Plain's “ Dull heap, that thus thy head above the rest They straight themselves combine: for Willy
[there; wisely weigh’d, Precisely yet not know'st who first did place thee That should her Avon lose the day for want of aid, But traytor basely turn'd, to Merlin's skill dost liy, If one so great and near were overprest with power, And with his magies dost thy maker's truth bely : The fue (she being less) would quickly her devour. Conspirator with time, now grown so nean and As two contentious kings, that on each little jar, poor,
[before; Defiances send forth, proclaiming open war, Comparing these his spirits with those that went Until some other realm, that on their frontiers lics, Yet rather art content thy builder's praise to lose, Be hazarded again by other enemies, Than passed greatness should thy present wants Do then betwixt tbemselves to composition fall, disclose.
[story; | To countercheck that sword, else like to conquer Il did those nighty men to trust thee with their
(bear. Tbat hast forgot their names, who rear'd thee for So falls it with these foods, that deadly hate do their glory:
And whilst on either part strong preparations were,
It greatly was suppos'd strange strife would there Two places famous for hares. the one in have been, Luckinghamshire, the other in Northampton-Had not the goodly Plain (plac'd equally between) shire. * Everley warren of hares.
1 Salisbury plain. The farthest part of Scotland.
12 A forest betwixt Wiltshire and Sommerset
shire. 7 The best kind of Scottish nags.
13 Of diving under the earth. & A famous Yorkshire horse-race.
"* Wilton of Willy, and Wiltshire of Wilton, . The western hounds generally the best.
15 A forest in Wiltshire. 10 Stonendge, the greatest wonder in Ergland. 16 The French sea.