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Forewarn’d them to desist, and off their purpose | Did much appland her speech (as Haradon!4, whose brake;
head When in behalf of plains thus gloriously she spake: Old Ambry still doth awe, and Bagden from his sted, “ Away 2 ye barb'rous woods; however ye be Surveying of the Vies, whose likings do allure plac'd
Both Ouldbry and Saint Ann; and they agaia On mountains or in dales, or happily be grac'd
[aloof, With floods, or marshy fells's, with pasture, or Mount Marting-sall: and he those hills that stand with earth
Those brothers Barbury and Badbury, whose proof By nature made to till, that by the yearly birth Adds much unto her praise) yet in most high disThe large-bay'd barn doth fill, yea though the
Plain fruitfull'st ground.
The forests take her words, and swear the prating For, in respect of plains, what pleasure can be found Grown old, began to doat: and Sarernake so much In dark and sleepy shades? where mists and rotten Is galled with her taunts (whom they so nearly fogs
touch) Hanz in the gloomy thicks, and make unstedtast | That she in spiteful terms defies her to her face; By dropping from the boughs, the o'er-grown trees And Aldburn with the rest, though being but a
(afuat With caterpillars kells, and dusky cobwebs hoog. At worse than nought her sets: but Bradon all “ The deadly screech-owl sits, in gloomy covert
When it was told to her set open such a throat, hid :
[bid That all the country rang. She calls her barren Whereas the smooth-brow'd plain, as liberally doth jade,
(be made The lark to leave her bow'r, and on her trembling Base quean, and riveld witch, and wislı'd she could wing
[hymns to sing But worthy of her hate, (which most of all her In climbing up tow'rds Heaven, her high-pitcht grieves) Into the springing day; when 'gainst the Sun's arise The basest beggar's bawd, a harbourer of thieves. The early dawning strews the goodly eastern skies Then Peusham, and with her old Blackmour (vot With roses every where: wbo scarcely lifts his head bebind)
[wind, To view this upper world, but he his beams doth Do wish that from the seas some sultry southern spread
The foul infectious damps and poison'd airs would Upon the goodly plains; yet at his noonsted's height, sweep,
(sheep. Doth scarcely pierce the brake with his far-shooting And pour them on the Plain, to rot her and her sight.
[sheep : But wbilst the sportive Muse delights her with “ The gentle shepherds bere survey their gentler
these things, Amongst the bushy woods luxurions satyrs keep. She strangely taken is with those delicious springs To these brave sports of field, who with desire is won, Of Kennet rising here, and of the nobler stream To see his grey-hound course, his horse (in diet) run, Of Isis, setting forth upon her way to Tame, His deep-inouth'd hound to hunt, his long-wing'd $. By Greeklade ; whose great name yet vaunts hawk to fly.
that learned tongue,
(song ; To these most noble sports his mind who doth apply, Where to Great Britain first the sacred Muses Resorts unto the plains. And not a foughten field, | Which first were scated here, at Isis' bounteous Where kingdoms rights have lain upon the spear head,
[be spread; and shield,
[phies high, As telling that her fame should through the worlá But plains have been the place; and all those tro And tempted by this food, to Oxford after came, That ancient times have rear'd to noble memory :
There likewise to delight her bridegroom, lovely As, Stonendge, that to tell the British princes slain Tame :
[adore, By those false Saxons' fraud, here ever shall remain. Whose beauty when they saw, so much they did It was upon the plain of Mamre (to the fame That Greeklade they forsook, and would go back Of me and all our kind) whereas the angels came
(source : To Abraham in his tent, and there with him did Then Bradon gently brings forth Avon from her fed;
Which southward making soon in her most quiet To Sara his dear wife then promising the seed,
course, By whom all nations should so highly honour'd be, Recires the gentle Calne: when on her rising side, In which the Son of God they in the flesh should see. First Blackmoor crowns her bank, as Peusham But forests, to your plague there soon will come with her pride
(the West) an age,
[rage. Sets ont her murmuring sholes, till (turning to In which all damned sins most vehemently shall Her, Somerset receives, with all the bounties blest. An age! what have I said? day ages there shall rise, That Nature can produce in that Bathonian spring, So senseless of the good of their posterities, Which from the sulph'ry mines her med'cinal force That of your greatest groves they scarce shall leave
doth bring ;
(smell, a tree,
As physic hath found out by colour, taste, and (By which the harmless deer may after shelter'd be) | Which taught the world at first the virtue of that Their luxury and pride but only to maintain,
(ledge drew And for your long excess shall turn ye all to pain.” What quickliest it could cure : which men of knowThus ending; though some hills themselves that From that first mineral cause : but some that little do apply
knew To please the goodly Plain, still standing in her eye, | (Yet felt the great effects continually it wrought) ? The Plain of Salisbury's speech in defence of 5. Ascrib'd it to that skill, which Bladud hither
brought, all plains. 13 Boggy places. A word frequent in Lanca.
14 Divers hills near and about Salisbury Plair, sbire,
As, by that learned king the baths should be begun; Yet Ochy's dreadful hole still held herself
not be plac't ; Doth lend the lively springs their perdurable heat But that which vext her most, was, that the PeakIn passing through the veins, where matter doth ish cave 18 not need ;
(breed : Before her darksome self such dignity should have; Which in that minerous earth insep'rably doth | And Ill’ wyches for their salts such state on them So Nature hath purvey'd, that during all her reign should take;
[lakezo ; The baths their native power for ever shall retain : Or Ci eshire should prefer her sad death-boding Where time that city built, which to her greater | And Stoneudge in the world should get such bigh fame,
Whiih imitatiug art buit idly did erect : [respect, Preserving of that spring, participates her name ; Andlihat amoug the rest, the vain inconstant Dee', The tutelage whereof (as those past worlds did Byrhanging of his fords, for one should reckou'd be; please)
Al of another sort, wood turn'd to stone "?; aniong Some to Minerva" gave, and some to Hercules : Th' anatomized Esh?!, and fowls 24 from planchers Proud Phæbus' loved spring, in whose diurnal spruns :
[d'rous springs course,
(force, | And on the Cambrian side those strange and won1. When on this point of earth he bends his greatest Our beasts 26 that seldom driuk; a thousand other By his so strong approach, provokes her to desire, things
(mount, Stung with the kindly rage of love's impatient fire: Which Ochy inly vext, that they to fame should Which bring in her womb projects (as to a birth) And greatly griev'd her friends for her so small Such matter as she takes from the gross humorous
(clear, That there was scarcely rock or river, marsh or 'Till purgid of dregs ard slimne, and her complexion That held not Ochy's wrongs (for all beld Ochy She smileth on the light, and looks with mirthful dear)
(that met | $. In great and high disdain : and Froom for her Then came the lusty Froom, the first of foods Since scarcely ever wash'd the coalsleck from her Pair Avon entering into fruitful Soinerset, With her attending brooks; and her to Bath doth But (melancholy grown) to Avon gets a path, bring,
(spring. Through sickness forc'd to seek for cure unto the Much honour'd by that place, Minerva's sacred Bath :
[wreak, To noble Avon, next, clear Chute as kindly came, $. And Chedder, for mere grief his teen he could not To Bristol 16 ber to bear, the fairest seat of fame : Gush'd forth so forceful streams, that he was like To entertain this food, as great a mind that hath,
[cave And striving in that kind far to excel the Bath. The greater banks of Ax, as from his mother's As when some wealthy lord prepares to entertain He wander'd towards the sea ; for madness who A man of high account, and feast his gallant train;
[begun Of him that did the like, doth seriously inquire At his dread mother's wrong; but who so woc His diet, his device, his service, his attire ; For Ochy, as the isle of ancient Avalon ? That varying every thing (exampled by his store) Who having in herself as inward cause of grief, He ev'ry way may pass what th' other did before : Neglecteth yet her own, to give her friend relief; Even so this city doth; the prospect of which place The other so again for her doth sorrow make, To her fair building adds an almirable grace ; And in the isle's behalf the dreadful cavern spake : Well fashion'd as the best, and with a double wall, “O three times famous isle, where is that place As brave as any town; but yet excelling all
that might For easement, that to health is requisite and meet; Be with thyself compar'd for glory and delight, Her piled shores, to keep her delicate and sweet : Whil-t Glastenbury stood ? exalted to that pride, Hereto, she h::th her tijes; that when she is opprest: Whose monastery seem'd all other to deride : With heat or drought, still pour their floods upon ( who thy ruin sees, whom wonder doth not fill her breast.
[inclines, | With our great fathers' pomp, devotion, and their To Mendip then the Muse upon the south
[rightly weigh'd) Which is the only store and coffer of ber mines ; Thou more than mortal power (this judgment Elsewhere the fields and meads their sundry traffios Then present to assist, at that foundation lay'd ;
(fruit. On whom for this sad waste, should justice lay the The forests yield her wood, the orchards give her
crime? As in some rich man's house his several charges lie, Is there a power in fate, or doth it yield to time? There stands his wardrobe, here remains his trea Or was their errour such, that thou couldst not prosury ; (neat,
(zeal erect? His large prorision there, of fish, of fowl, and Those buildings which thy hand did with theirHis cellars for his wines, his larders for his meat; There banquet-houses, walks for pleasure ; bere
" A catalogue of the many wonders of this land. again
18 The Devil's arse. Cribs, grainers, stables, barns, the other to main
19 The salt wells in Cheshire. So this rich country hath itself what may suffice,
20 Bruerton's pond. Or that which through exchange a smaller want
21 A river by Westchester. supplies.
22 By sundry soils of Britain. 15 Minerva and Hercules, the protectors of these 23 Our pikes, ript and sow'd up, live. fountains.
74 Barnacles, a bird breeding upon old ships 16 The delicacies of Bristol.
25 Wond'rous springs in Wales. Sheep.
To whom didst thou commit that monument to The lean and hungry earth, the fat and marly mould, keep,
(sleep? Where sands be always hut, and where the clays That suffereth with the dead their memory to
(with want; $. When not great Arthur's tomb, nor holy With plenty where they waste, some others touch'l Joseph's grave”,
(save; | Here set, and there they sow; here prone and From sacrilege had power their sacred bones to there they plaot.
(resort, He who that God in man to his sepulchre brought, As Wiltshire is a place best pleas'd with that Or he which for the faith twelve famous battles Which spend away the time continually in sport; fought.
So Somerset herself to profit doth apply, What! did so many kings do honour to that place, As given all to gain, and thriving housewifery. For avarice at last so vilely to deface?
For, whereas ju a land one doth consume and waste, For reverence, to that seat which had ascribed been, 'Tis fit another be to gather in as fast : Trees yet in winter bloom as, and bear their sum Tois liketh moory plots, delights in sedgy bowers, mer's green.”
[cast, The grassy garlands loves, and oft attir'd with This said, she many a sigh from her full stomach
(wool, Which issued thro’ ber breast in many a boist'rous of rank and mellow glebe; a swerd as soft as
[condole, With her complexion strong, a belly plump and full. And with such floods of tears her sorrows doth Thus whilst the active Muse strains out these As into rivers turn within that darksome hole.
(teous springs Like sorrow for herself, this goodly isle doth try ; Clear Parret makes approach, with all those plen. 5. Embrac'd by Selwood's son, her flood the lovely Her fruitful banks that bless; by whose monarchal Bry,
sway On whom the Fates bestow'd (when he conceived | She fortifies herself against that mighty day, He should be much belov'd of many a dainty lass; Wherein her utmost power she should be forc'd to Who gives all leave to like, yet of them liketi try: But his affection sets on beauteous Avalon ; (none, For, from the Druids' time there was a prophecy, Though many a plump-thigh'd inoor, and full-That there should come a day (which now was near flank'd marsh do prove
[strand, To force his chaste desires, so dainty of his love. By all fore-running signs) that on the eastern First Sedgmore 29 shows this flood, her bosom all If Parret 4 stood not fast upon the English side, unbrac'd,
They all should be supprest : and by the British And casts her wanton arms about his slender waist: pride Her lover to obtain, so amorous Audry seeks : In cunning over-come; for why, impartial fate And Gedney softly steals sweet kisses from his (Yet constant always to the Britons crazed state) cheeks.
Forbade they yet should fall, by whom she meant One takes him by the hand, entreating him to stay;)
(owe Another plucks him back, when he would fain away! How much the present age, and after-times sbould But, having caught at length, whom long he did Unto the line of Brute. Clear Parret therefore pr ssd pursue,
Her tributary streams, and wholly her address'd Is so entranc'd with love, her goodly parts to view, Against the antient foe; first, calling to her aid That alt'ring quite his shape, to her he doth appear, Two rivers of one name ", which seem as tho'they And casts his crystal self into an ample meer;
(take: But for his greater growth when needs he must de Their empress as she went, her either hand that part,
[heart) The first upon the right, as from her source, doth And forc'd to leave his love (tho' with a heavy
make As be his back doth turn, and his departing out, Large Muchelney an isle, and unto (vel lends The batt'oing marshy Brent environs him about ; Her hardly-rendered name : that on her left, deBut loathing her embrace, away in haste he flings, scends
(that forest born, And in the Severn sea surrounds his plenteous From Neroch's neighbouring woods ; which, of springs.
[thou dwell, Her rival's proffer'd grace opprobriously doth scorn. But, dallying in this place so long, why do it She by her wand'ring course doth Athelney in-isle, So many sundry things here having yet to tell? And for the greater state, herself she doth instile Occasion calls the Muse ber pinions to prepare, 6. The nearest neighbouring flood to Arthur's an. Which (striking with the wind the vast and open tient seat,
(so great. air)
[roves, which made the Britons' name thro' all the world Now in the fenny heaths, then in the champains Like Camelot, what place was ever yet renown'd ? Now measures out this plain, and then surveys Where, as at Caerleon oft, he kept the table mound, those groves ;
(mound, Most famous for the sports at Pentecost so long, The batfui pastures fenc'd, and most with quicksetFrom whence all knighily deeds, and brave 'The sundry sorts of soil, diversety of ground;
achievements sprung. Where ploughmen cleanse the earth of rubbish, As some soft-sliding rill, which from a lesser head weed, and filth,
[tilth ; (Yet in his going forth, by many a fountain fed) And give the fallow lands their seasons and their Extends itself at length unto a goodly stream : Where best for breeding horse, where cattle fitt'st So, alınost thro' the world his fame ile w from this to keep, (sheep : realm;
Twrong, Which good for bearing corn, which pasturing for That justiy I may charg· those ancient bards of
So idly to neglect his glory in their song : Joseph of Arimathea.
30 A supposed prophesy upon Parret. *3 The wondrous tree at Glastenbury.
Ivel ; from which the town Ivel is denomi. * Fruitful moors upon the banks of the Bry. nated, VOL. IV.
For some abundant brain, oh there had been a The other vorvre ponge king (a), the thridde as me story
seye Bevoni the blind man's might to have inhanc d Vor the gode erle of Salisbari, William the Longe
Tow'rds the Sabrinian sea then Parret setting on, spei (b}, To her att ndance next comes in the beaute us The verth vor the contesse, the vifte he leide tho Torre,
(array'd, Vor the bishop of Salesburi (c), and be ne leide Crownd with embroider'd banks, and gorgeously With all thesamel'd flowers of many a goodly This work then began, was by Robrrt Binghami, mead:
[bonghs next succeeding bishop to that excelency, proseIn orchards richly cla'l, whose proud aspiring cuted. Even of the talitst woods do scorn a jot to lose, Though Selv ood's mighty self and Neroch stand Hath worthily obtain'd that Stonehenge there should ing by;
stand. The sweetness of her soil thro' ev'ry coast doth Ay.
Upon Salisbury plain, stones of huge weight and What ear so empty is, that hath not heard the
greatness, some in the earth piicht, and in form sound
[ground: erected, as it were circular; others lying cross Of Taunton's fruitful dean 33 ? not match'd by any over them, as if their own poise did no less than Rv Athelney 4 ador'd, a veighbourer to her land: their supporters give them that proper place, have Whereas those higher hills to view fair Tone that this name of Stone-henge: stand,
But so confusid, that neither any eve Her coadjuting springs with much content behold,
Can cant them just, nor reason reason try, Where seaward Quantock stands, as Neptune he
What force brought them to so unlikely ground. control'd,
[mound, And Black-down inland born, a mountain and a
As the noble Sidney (d) of them. As tho' he stood to look about the conntry round: No man knows, saith Huntingdon (e) (making But Parret as a pri: ce, attended here the while, them the first wonder of this land, as the author Enrich'd with every moor, and every inland isie, doth) how, or why, they came here. The cause Upon her taketh state, well forward tow'rds her thus take from the British story: Hengist, under fall:
colour of a friendly treaty with Vortigern at AmesWhom lastly yet to grace, and not the least of all, bury, his false hood's watchword to his Saxons Comes in the lively Carr, a nymph most lovely (provided there privily with long knives) being clear,
Nimep yong sexes (f), there traitorously slew Froin Somerton sent down the sovereign of the CD. IX. noble Britons, and kept the king prisoner. Which makes our Parret proud. And wallowing some thirty years after, king Ambrose (to honour in excess,
(press, with one monument the name of so many mure Whilst like a prince she vaunts amid the wat'ry dered worthies) by help of Uterpen-dragon's forces, The breathless Muse awhile her wearied wings shall and Merlin's magic, got them transported from ease,
(seas. off a plain (others say a bill) near Naas (g), in To get her strength to stem the rough Sabrinian Kildare, in Ireland, hither, to remain as a trophy
not of victory, but of wronged innocency. This 32 Homer.
Merlin persuaded the king that they were me33 One of the fruitful places of this land.
diciual, and first brought out of the utmost parts 24 Interpreted the noble isie.
of Afric by giants, which thence came to in
habit Ireland. Non est ibi lapis qui medicamento ILLUSTRATIONS.
caret (h), as in Merlin's person Geffrey of Mop
mouti speaks; whose authority in this treacherous DISCONTINUING her first course, the Muse returns to Somerset and Wipshire, which lie betwixt slaughter of the Britons, I respect not so much as the Severn and Hantshire; as the song bere joins minster,' and others, who report it as I delivet.
Nennius, Malmesbury, Sigebert, Matthew of Westthem:
Whether they be naturally solid, or with cement From Sarum thus we set, remov'd from whence artificially composed, I will not dispute. Although it stood.
the last be of easier credit ; yet I would, with our
late historian White, believe the first sooner, than Old Salisbury, seated north-east from the now
that Ulysses' ship was by Neptune turned into one famous Salisbury, some mpile distant, about Richard
stone, as it is in the Odyssey, and that the EgypCour de Lion's time, had her name and inbabitants
tian king Ainasis bad a house cut out in one hither translated, upon the meeting of Avon and
marble (which, by Herodotus' description, could Aderborn, where not long after she enjoyed,
not after the werkmanship have less content than among other, that glorious title of admiration for
ciɔ. ci). ccc. civ. solid cubits, if my geometry her sumptuous chuch-buildings. Of that, one of my authors* thus:
(a) Henry III. in the yeare of grace
(6) Willielo de Longa spatha. Twelf hundred and to and twenti, in the raire place (c) Richard Poor. Of the noble munstre of Salesburi hii lcide the
(!) In his sonnets. verste stone,
(c) Histor. lib. 1. That me not in Christin'lom vajrore Fork non.
() i. e. Take your stords. Ther was Pandulf the legat, and as heyt of echon, (y) Girald. Cambrensis Topograph. Hib. dist. 2. de leide vive the verste stouts: as vor the pope cap. 18. Chorea gigantum. put on,
(1) “ Not one of the stones but is good for some* Rob, Glocestrens.
what in physic.”
feil me not) or that which the Jews (i) are not | mister, with her creeky passage crossing to Wil-
How that Bath's Avon wax'd imperious through her
fame. von, upon Snowdon hills, is a stone (which miraculously, somewhat more than sixty years since, Divers rivers of that name have we; but two of raised itself out of a lake at the hill's foot) eminent note in Wiltshire : one is next before equalling a large house in greatness, and sup.showed you, which falls through Dorset into the posed not moveable by a thousand yoke of oxen. ocean; the other here mentioned bath her head for the form of bringing them, your opinion may in the edge of Glucester: å d with her snaky take freelom. That great one, which Hercules (1) course visiting Malmesbury, Chippenham, Bradis wondered at for the carriage, was but a cart ford, and divers towns of slight uote, turns into load (m), which he left for a monument in Otranto, Somerset, passes Bath, and casts herself into the of Italy: and except Geffrey of Monmouth, with severn at Bristul. This compendious contention some which follow him, scarce any affirm or speak (whose proportionate example is a special elegancy of it, nor Nennius, nor Malmesbury; the first living for the expressing of diversity, as in the pastorals somewhat near the supposed time.
of Theocritus and Virgil) is aptly concluded with Betwixt the Mercian rule and the West-Saxons that point of ancient politic observation (9), that reign.
“ Outward common fear is the surest band of
Wodens The history of Oxford in the proctors' book, and dike, the old naine, is supposed from Woden; of certain old verses (), kept somewhere in this tract, no less (if not greater) esteem to the Saxons, affirm, that with Brute cao.e hither certain Greek than Arsaces, Pelops, Cadmus, and other such to philosophers, from whose nan.e and profession here their posterity; but so that, i guess, it went but
it was thus called, and as an university afterward for their greatest god Mercury (he is called rather translated to Oxford (upon like notation a comWonden from Win, that is, gain, by (i) Lipsius) pany of physicians retiring to leellade () in this as the German and English antiquities discover. shire, gave that its title, as J Rous adds in his And very likely, when this limit was made, that story to Henry the Seven: h.) But Godwin, and in honour of him being by name president of ways,
a very old anonymus cited by Br. Twine, rifer it and by his office of heraldship pacifex, i. e. peace
to. Theodore of Tarsus, in Cilicia, (unade archmaker, as an old stamp vitles him, they called it bishop of Canterbury by pope Vitalian, under EgWod nslike; as not only the Greeks (o) had their bert, king of Kent) very skilful in both tongurs, Espai sirédes sitpay.wzīves (statues erecte) for li and an extraordinary restorer of learning to the mits and direction of ways; and the Latins their English Saxons. That he had (ainong other) Terminus, but the ancient Jews also, as upon in
Greek schools, is certain by Bede's affirmation, terpretation of MDS 703 (p) in the Proverbs, i. e.
that some of his scholars understood both Greek into an heap of Mercury, (in the vulgar) for a
and Latin as their mother language. Richard of beap of stones in that sense, Goropins in his biero
the Vies (1) will that Penda, king of Mercland, glyphics affirms, somewhat boldly derivilig Mercury first deduced a colony of Cambridge
-- mea hither, from Merc, which signifies a limit in his and our
and calls it Crekelade, as otber Kirklade, with tongue, and so fits this place in name and nature.
variety of names: but I suspect all, as well for Stonehenge and it not improperly contend, being omission of it in the best authorities, as also that several works of two several nations anciently the name is so different in itself. Grecolade was hateful to each other; Britons and Saxons.
never honoured with Greek schools, as the igno
rant multitude think, saith Leland (u), affirining To hear two crystal foods to court her, which
it should be rath T Croclarle, Lecbelade, or Lathapply.
jade. Nor methinks (of all) stands it with the Willibourne (hy the old name the author calls
British story, making the tongue then a kind of her Willy) derived from near Selwood by War Greck (a matter, that way reasonable enough,
(1) Apud Munster. ad Deuter. 3. If among them (4) In Thucydid, & Liv.
() Leland. ad cyg cant. in Iside.
(m) Αμαζαίος: ( Apud Cai de anliq. Cantabrig. lib. 2. & Cod. (n) Ad Germ. l'acit. Woden or Wonden. Nig. Cantabr. apud aut. assert. antiq. Oxon.
(o) Inmunsill, Sax. Mercury, Aslam Bremens, (u) Ad Cyc. Cant. in Iside & Isid. vad Curvus cap.5. And hence Irmingstreate. Pausan. sæpius, Græius sermo Britannicus. Galfred. Monuineth. & Theocrit. síd. xor. (P) Proverb, 26. y. 8, lib. 1.