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seeing it is questionless that colonies ancientis I will as soon believe all this, as that St. Deri (d) derived out of the Western Asia, Peloponnesus, or Julius Cæsar (b), (who never came near it) wao Hellas, and those continents into the coast whence author of it, or that he made knights of the Bath. Brute came, transported the Greck with them) | They are not wanting which have durst say so. that profession of Grecians should make this so particular a name.
When on this point of earth he bends his greatest
force. Ascrib'd to that high skill which learned Bladud
From eight in the morning till three (within brought.
which time the sun-beams make their strongest You are now in Somersetshire. I doubt not but angles of incidence) it purges itself (as boiling) the true cause is that, which is ordinary of other of unclean excrements, nor then do any enter it; hot springs; not the Sun's heat (saving the au. which the Muse here expresses in a fervent symthor's opinion, which hath warrant enough in pathy of love 'twixt the water and the Sun, and others) or agitation of wind, as some will; but the more properly, because it had the name of either passage through metallic, bituminous, and Aquæ Sulis (c). sulphurous veins, or rather a real subterranean fire, as Empedocles (x) first thought, and with With th' wonders of the isle that she should not be
plac'd. most witty arguinents (according to the poetical conceit of 'Typhon (y), buried in Prochyta; where Wockey-hole (2) (so called, in my conceit, from to Strabo refers the best baths in Italy) my learned poczd (e), which is the same with pic, signifying a and kind friend, Mr. Lydiat, that accurate chro- hollow or creeky passage) in Mendip - hills, by nologer, in bis ingenious Philosophy, hath lately Wells, for her spacious vaults, siony walls, creepdisputed. But, as the author tells you, some ing labyrinths, unimaginable cause of posture in British vanity imputes it to Bladud's art, which the earth, and her neighbours' report (all which in a very ancient fragment of rhymes (2) I found ex
almost equal her to that grotta de la Sibylla(/) prest: ånd if you can endure the language and in the Apennine of Marca Anconitana, and the fiction, you may read it, and then laugh at it. Dutch song of little Daniel) might well wonder
she had not place among her country Fonders. Two tunne there beth of bras,
One that seems to increase Samuel Beaulan upon And other two imakcd of glas.
Nennius, reckons thirteen by that name, but with Seve seats there buth inne
vain and false reports (as that of the Bath to be And ether thing imaked with ginne:
both hot and cold, according to the desire of him Quick brimston in them also,
that washes) and in some the author of PolyWith wild fier imated thereto:
chronicon follows him ; neither speaking of this. Sal gemmæ and sal petræ,
But the last, and Henry of Huntingdon, reckon Sal armonak there is eke,
only four remarkable; the Peake, Stonehenge, Sal albrod and sal alkine,
Chedder-hole, and a bill out of which it rains. Sal gemmæ is minged with him,
That wonder of human excellence, sir Philip Sal comin and sal almetre bright,
Sidney, to fit bis sonnet, makes six; and to fit That borneth both day and night.
that number conceitedly adds a froward but chaste All this is in the tonne ido,
lady for the seventh. And the author here tells And other things many mo,
you the chiefest. And borneth both night and day, That never quench it ne may.
that Froom, for her disgrace, In rour welsprings the tonnes liggeth *, Since scarcely ever wash'd the coalsleck from her As the philosophers us siggeth.
face. The hete within, the water without,
Out of Mendip-hills Froom springeth, and Maketh it hot al about.
through the coal-pits, after a short course eastThe two welsprings earneth mere,
ward, turns upward to Bath's Avon. The fiction And the other two beth inner clere.
of her besmeared face happens the better, in that There is maked full iwis
Frooin, after our old mother language, signities That king's bath icluped is.
fair, as that paradoxal Becanus (g), in exposition The rich king Bladud
of the Egyptian pyrainis in Herodotus (h), would The king's sonne Lud,
by notation teach us.
And Chedder, for 'mere grief, his teen he could
not wreak. Herkeneth what he would do,
Near Axbridge, Chcuder-cliffs, rocky and vaulted, From Bath to London be would flee,
by continual distilling, is the fountain of a forcible And thulke day selfe againe bee,
stream (driving twelve mills within a mile's quarter And fetch that thereto bivel.
of its head) which runs into Ax, derived out of He was quicke, and swith fell
(a) Bal. Cert. 1.
(b) Malmesbury lib 2. Pontific, Nor deth suffred him bivore.
(c) Antoninus in itinerario.
(d) Or, Ochy. (a) Senec. Natural. quæst. lib. 3. cap. 24. (e) Beat. Rhenan. lib. 2. rer. Germanic. (u) Pyndar. Pyth. &.
(1) Ortelius theat, mundia 12) Ex antiq. sched.
(9) Hermathen. lib. 5. * See the author's eighth song..
When not great Arthur's tomb, nor holy Joseph's Worthily faroous was the ahbey also from Joseph grave.
of Arimathea (that Eurxhuur Boudatas(o),as S. Mark Henry the Second, in his expedition towards calls him) bere buried, which gives proof of ChrisIreland, entertained by the way in Wales with tianity in the isle before our Lucius. Hence, in a bardish songs, wherein he heard it affir.ned, that charter of liberties by Henry the Second to the in Glastenbury (made almost an isle by the river's abbey (Inade in presence of Heraclius, patriarch embracements) Arthur was buried betwixt two of Jerusalem, and others) I read, Olim à quibus pillars, gave commandment to Henry of Blois, dam mater sanctorum dicta est, aliis tumulus then abbot, to inake search for the corpse : which sanctorum(o), quam ab ipsis discipulis Domini edifiwas found in a wooden coffin (Girald saith oaken, catain, & ab ipso Domino dedicatam primò fuisse, Leland thinks alder) some sixteen foot deep; but venerabilis habet antiquorum authoritas.” It goes after they had disged nine foot, they found a for current truth, that a hawthorn thereby on stone (), on whose lower sile was fixt a leaden Christmas-day always blossometh : which the aucross (crosses fixt upon the tombs of old Christiansthor tells you in that, “ Trees yet in winter," &c. were in all places ordinary) with his name in
You may cast this into the account of your greatest scribed, and the letter side of it turned to the wonders. stone. He was then honoured with a sumptuous
Embrac'd by Selwood's son, her flood the lovely monument, and afterward the sculls of him and
Bry. his wife Guinever were taken out (to remain as separale relics and spectacles) by Edward Long Selwood sends forth Bry, which, after a windshanks and Eleanor. Of this, Girald, Leland, ing course from Bruton, (so called of the river) Prise, divers others (although Polydore make through part of Sedgemore, and Andremore, comes slight of it) have more copious testimony. The to Glastenbury, and almost enisles it ; thence to bards' songs suppose, that after the battle of Geduey-moor, and out of Brent-marsh into Severn. Camlan, in Cornwal, where traitorous Mordred The nearest neighbouring floods to Arthur's ancient was slain, and Arthur wounded, Morgain le Pay,
seat. a great Elfin lady (supposed his near kinswoman) conveyed the body hither to cure it : which done, By South-cadbury is that Camelot; a hill of a Arthur is to return (yet expected) to the rule of mile compass at the top, fqur trenches circling it, his country. Read these attributed to the best and 'twixt every of them an earthen wall; the of the bards (k), expressing as much:
content of it, within, about twenty acres, full of
ruins and relics of old buildings. Among Rn- Morgain suscepit honore,
man coins there found, and otber works of antiInque suis thalamis posuit super aurea regem
quity, Stow speaks of a silver horseshoc there digFulcra, manuque sibi detexit vulnus honesta
ged up in the memory of our fathers : Dii boni, Inspexitque Jiù : tandemque redire salutem
saith Leland, Posse sibi dixit, si secum tempore longo
quot hic profundissimarum fos
sarum ? quot hic egestæ terræ valla ? quæ demùrn Esset, et ipsius vellet medicamine fungi.
præcipitia ? atque ut paucis finiam, videtur mihi Englished in metre for me thus by the author : quidem esse & Artis & Naturæ miraculum (9).
Antique report makes this one of Arthur's places -Morgain with honour took,
of his round table, as the Muse here sings. But And in a chair of state doth cause him to repose;
of this more in the next canto. Then with a modest hand his wounds she doth unclose,
(0) Noble counsellor. And having search'd them well, she bade him not
(p) It was called the mother and tomb of the He should in time be cur'd, if he would stay it out, saints. And would the med'cine take that she to him would
(9) “The workmanship of the ditches, walls, and
strange steepness of them, makes it seem a wonder The same also in effect, an excellent poet of his of art and nature.” time thus singing it (1): He is a king crowned in Fairie,
England and Wales strive, in this song ;
To whether Lundy doth belong : His epitaph (n) recordeth so certaine
When either's nymphs, to clear the doubt, Here lieth K. Arthur that shall raigne againe.
By music mean to try it out.
Of mighty Neptune leave they ask : (i) Chronicon. Glasconiens.
Each one betakes her to her task. (k) Taliessin. ap. Pris. defens. hist. Brit.
The Britons, with the harp and crowd: (1) Dan. Lidgat. lib. 8. vers. Boccat. cap. 24. The English, both with still and loud.
(m) Nænias ad has refert Alanus de Insulis illud The Britons chant king Arthur's glory ; Merlini vaticiniam. Exitus ejus dubius erit.
The English sing their Saxons' story. (n) Hic jacet Arthurus rex quondam rexque
The hills of Wales their weapons take, Luturus.
And are an uproar like to make,
THE FOURTH SONG.
To keep the English part in awe.
Ind from the largest stream unto the lesser brook. There's heave aná shove, and hold and draw; Them to this wond'rous task they seriously betook. That Severa can them scarce divide,
They curl their ivory fronts; and not the smallest Till judgment may the cause decide.
(neck; But with white pebbles makes her tawdries for her Lay forth their ainorous breasts unto the public
view, '115 w bile in Sabrin's court strong factions strange - Enameling the wliite with veins that were as blue; ly grew,
Each moor, each marsh, cach riad, preparing Since Cornwal for her own, anri as her proper due, Ciaim'd Lundy, which was said to Cainbria to be Tost their rivers forth against this general day. long,
[wrong: Mongst forests, hills, and toods, was ne'er such Who oft had sought redress for that her ascient
heave and shove, But her inreterate foc, borve out by England's Since Albiono wielded arms against the son of Jove. might,
(right) When as the English part, their courage to de. O'ersways her weaker pow'r; that (now in either's clare, As Serein finds no flood so great, vor poorly mean, Them to th' appointed place immediately prepare. Bui that the natural spring (her force which doth A trop of stately nymphs proud Avon with her maintain) [frce brings,
(springs) From this or that' she takes; so from this faction (As he that hath the charge of wise Minerva's (Iegun about this isle) not one was like to be. From Mendip tripping down, about the tinny mine.
This Lundy is a nyinph to idle toys incliud; And Ax*, no less einploy'd about this great deAnd, all on pleasure set, doth wholly give her mind sign, To see upon her short s her fowl and conies fed, Leads forth a lusty rout; when Bry*, with all her $. And wantonly to hateh the biruis of Ganymede.
[long) Of traffic or return she never taketii care;
(With very madness swoln, that she had stay d so Not provident of polf, as many islands are: Comnes from the boggy mears and queachy fens A lusty black-brow'd girl, with forehead broad and
That Parret * (highly pleas'd to see the gallant That often had bewitch'd the sea-gods with her eye. Set out with such a train as bore so great a sway, Of all the inlaid isles her sovereign Severn herps, The soil but scarcely serves to give her hugeness That bathe their amorous breasts within her secret
(with pearl, deeps
[seem, Then the Devonian Taw, from Dertmore deckt (To love lier Barry ? much and Scilly though she Unto the conflict comes: vith her that gallant girl The Flat-holm and the Steep as likewise to esteen:) | $. Clear Towridge, whom they fear'd would have This noblist British nymph yet likes her Lundy
estrang'd her fall:
[rest. Whose coming, lastly, bred such courage in them And to great Neptune's grace prefers before her As drew doon many a nymph from the Cornubian Thus, Cambria * to her right that would herself
That paint their goodly breasts with sundry sorts of And rather than to lose Loëgria", looks for more. The British, that this while had stood a view to The nymphs of either part, whom passion doth
[dissuale: | W’hat, to her utmost power, the public foe could To trial straight will go, though Neptune should But slightly weigh their strength : for, by her na. But of the weaker sex, the most part full of spleen,
tural kind, Andoly wanting strength to wreak their angry teen, | 4s still the Briton bears a brave and noble mind; For skill their challenge make, which every one So, trusting to their skill, and goodness of their p:ofesi, .
cause, And in ihe learned arts (of knowledges the best, For speedy trial call, and for indifferent laws. And to th' heroj sprit most pleasing under sky) At length, by both allow'd, it to this issue grew, Sw et Musi:, rightly match'd with beavenly Poësy, To make a likely choice of some most expert crew, In which they all exceed: ani in this kini alone Whose mob rcoming near unto the other's dow'r, They enquerors yow to be, or lastiv overthrown. The English should not urge they were o'er-borne Which when fair Sabrin saw (as she is wondrous by pow'r.
(to lay, wise)
6. Yet hardly npon Powse they dare their hopes And that it were in vain them better to advise, For that she hath commerce with England every Sith this contention sprang from countries like
Tsiile, 5. Nor Ross; for that too much she aliens doth That she would not be found t'incline to either
And following them, foregoes her ancient dialect. To mighty Neptune sues to have his free consent The Venedotian foods, that ancient Britons were, Die trial they might make: when he incontinent The mountains kept them back, and shut them in His Tritons sendeth ont the chall: nge to proclaini.
the rear :
(much worth, No sooner that divulg'd in his so area iful name, But Breckuock, long time known a country of But such a shout was sent from every neighb'ring Unto this contlict brings her goodly fountains spring,
furth. That the report was heard through all his court to
6 Albion, Neptune's son, warred with Hercules. I from England or Walcs.
? The baths. 2 Certain little isles lring within Serern.
* All these rivers you may see in the 3d song. » Severn. * Wales, $ England.
& Floods of North-Wales.
l'or almost not a brook of Morgany', nor Gwent, Made proud by Monmouth's name appointed her But from her fruitful womb doth fetch their high
by fate, descent.
Of all the rest herein observed special state. For Brecan, was a prince once fortunate and great, For once the bards foretold she should produce a (Who dying, lent his name to that his nobler s-at)
[hring, With twice twelve daughters 'o blest, by one and Which everlasting praise to her great name should only wife.
Who by his conquering sword should all the land Who for their beauties rare, and sanctity of life,
[ries : To rivers were transform’d; whose pureness doth Which 'twixt the Penmenmaur 13 and the Pyreni ?* declare
She therefore is allow'd her leisure; and by her Hor excellent they were, by being what they are : They win the goodly Wye, whom strongly she doth Who dying virgins all, and rivers now by fate,
(denyd, To tell their forner love to the unmarrieri state, Her powerful help to lend: which else she had To Severn shape their course, which now their form Because herself so oft to England she ally'd : doth bear;
But bing by Munno made for Wales, away she E'er she was made a fond, a virgin as they were.
(throws And from the seas with fear they still do fiy: Which when as Throggy sees, herself she headlong So much they yet delight in maden company. Into the wat’ry throng, with many another rill, Then most renownej Wales, thou famous ancient Repairing to the Welch, their number up to fill. place,
[race, That Remny, when she saw these gallant nymphs Which still hast been the nurse of ail the British
of Gwent, Since Nature thee denies that purple cluster'd vine, On this appointed match were all so hotly bent, Which others' temples chafes with fragrant spark- Where she of ancient time had parted, as a mound, ling wine;
The Monumethian fields and Glamorganian ground, And being now in hand to write thy glorious praise, Entreats the Taff along, a-gray as an glass : Fill me a bowl of meath, my working spirit to raise: With whom clear Cunno comes, a lusty Cambrian And e'er seren books have end, I'll strike so high
lass : a string,
[1 sing; | Then Elwy, and with her Ewenny holds her way, Thy bards shall stand amaz'd with wond-r, whilst And Ogmore, that would yet be there as soon as $. That Taliessen, once wbich made the rivers
[trance, By Avon called in: when nimbler Neath anon And in his rapture rais'd the mountains from their (To all the neighbouring nymphs for her rare beauShall trenible at my verse, rebounding from the
ties known ;
[in he lies. Besides her double head, to help her stream that Which like an earthquake shakes the tomb where Her handmaids, Melta sweet, clear Hepsey, and First our triumphing Muse of sprightly Usk shall Tagrath)
From Breckuock forth doth break; then Dulas and And what to every nymph attending her, befel: By Morgany" do drive her through her watry Which Cray and Camlas first for pages doth retain, saugh '6;
[poner: With whom the next in place comes in the tripping With Tawy, taking part t assist the Cambrian Brean,
[clear; | . Then Lhu and Logor, given to strengthen them With Isker, and with her comes Hodny time and by Gower. Of Brecknock best belov'd, the sovereign of the 'Mongst whom some bards there were, that in shire:
their sacred rage And Grony, at an inch, waits on her mistress' heels. Recorded the descents and acts of every age. But ent'ring (at the last) the Monumetbian fields, Some with their nimbler joints that struck the Small Filan, with Cledaugh, increase her goodiy
warbling string; Menje,
[gény. In fingering some unskill'd, bnt only us'l to sing Short Kebby, and the brook that christ'neth Aber Unto the others' harp: of which you both might With all her wat'ry train, when now at last she
Great plenty, and of both excelling in their kind, Unto that happy town which bears her only name", $. That at the Stethva oft obtain'd a victor's praise, Bright Birthin, with her friend, fair Olwy, kindly Had won the silver harp, and worn Apollo's bays : meet her;
(to greet her; Whose verses they deducd from those first golden Which for her present haste, have scarcely time
times, But earnest on her way, she needsly will be gone : Of sundry sorts of feet, and sundry suits of rhymes. So much she longs to see the ancient Caerleon. In Englins somne there were, that on their subject When Avon cometh in, than which amongst them strain ; A finer is not found betwixt her head and fall. (all, Some makers that again affect the loftier vein, Then Ebwith, and with her slides Srowy , which Relearse their high conceits in Cowiths: other forelay
(sta Her progress, and for Usk keep entrance to the In Oudells theirs express, as matter haps to come; When Manno, all this while, that (for her own beboof)
(aloof, 12 Henry the Fifth, styled of Monmouth. From this their great recourse had strangely stood
13 A hil in (aernarroushire.
14 Hills divi ling Spain and France. Glamorgan and Monmouthshires.
15 Glamorgan. 16 A supposed metamorphosis of Brecan's daugh A kind of trench. ters.
17 Englins Coiths, and Ardells, British form " Monrnouth.
of verses, See the Illustrations,
So varying still their moods, observing yet in all The Britons, to whose lot the onset doth belong, Their quantities, lh ir rests, their ceasures metrical: Give signal to the foc for silence to their song. For to that sacred skill they most themselves apply; To tell each various strain and turning of their Addicted from their births so much to poësy,'
(climbs, That in the mountains those who scarce have seen How this in compass falls, or that in sharpness a book,
[took. (.1s where they rest and rise, how take it one from Most skilfully will make13, as though from art they As every several chord hath a pecnliar tone) [one,
And as Loëgria spares not any thing of worth, Even memory herself, though striving, would come That any way might set her goodly rivers forth;
short: As stones by nature cut from the Cornubian strond; But the material things, Muse, help me to report. Her Dertmore sends them pearl ; Rock-vincent, As first, t' affront the foe, in th' ancient Britons' diamond :
[knight; So Cambria, of her nymphs especial care will have; With Arthur they begin, their most renowned For Conway sends them pearl to make them. The richness of the arins their well-made worthy 25 wond'rous brave;
wore, The sacred virgin's well", her moss most sweet and The temper of his sword (the try'd Escalabour) Against infectious damps for pomander to wear: The bigness and the length of Rone, his noble And Goldcliil20 of his ore in plenteous sort allows,
(could bear; To spangle their attires, and deck their amorous With Pridwin his great shield, and what the proof brows.
[priz'd, His baudric how adoin'd with stones of wond'rous, And lastly, holy Dee (whose pray’rs were highly price, As one in beavenly things devoutly exercis'd : $. The sacred virgin's shape he bore for his device; Who, changing al of his fords, by divination had These monuments of worth, the ancient Britons Foretold the neighbouring folk of fortune good or
[but too long bad)
Now, doubting lest these things might hold them In their intended course sith needs they will proceed, His wars they took to task; the land then over-laid His benediction sends in way of happy speed. With those proud German pow'rs: wheu, calling And tho' there were such haste unto this long
to his aid look'd hour,
His kiosman Howel, brought from Britany the less, Yet let they not to call upon th' eternal pow'r. Their armies they unite, both swearing to suppress For, who will have his work his wished end to win, The Saxon, here that sought through conquest al! Let himn with hearty pray'r religionsly begin.
(the plain Wherefore the English part, with full devout intent, On whom be chanc'd to light at Lincoln: where In meet and godly sort to Glastenbury sent, Each-where from side to side lay scatter'd with the Beseeching of the saints in Avalon that were,
(Aed, There off'ring at their tombs for every one a tear, And when the conquer'd foe, that from the conflict . And humbly to St. George their countıy's patron Betook them to the woods, he never left them there, pray,
Until the British earth he forc'd them to forswear. To prosper their design now in this mighty day. And as his actions rose, so raise they still their vein
The Britons, like di vout, their messengers direct in words, wliose weight best suit a sublimated To David, that be would their ancient right protect.
(that day, 'Mongst Hatterill's lofty bills, that with the clouds $. They sung how he, himself at Badon bore are crown'd,
[round, When at the glorious gole his British sceptre lay: The valley Ewias 22 lies, immurd so deep and Two days together how the battle strongly stood : As they below that see the mountains rise so high, Pendragon's 21 worthy son, who waded there in Miglit think the straggling herds were grazing in
[hand, the sky:
Three hundred Saxons slew with his own valiant Wlich in it such a shape of solitude doth bear, And (after call'd, the Pict and Irish to withis Nature at the first appointed it for piay'r:
stand) Where, in an äged cell, with moss and ivy grown, How he, by force of arms Albania over-san, In which not to this day the Sun hath ever shone, Pursuing of the Pict beyond mount Caledon : That reverend British saint in zealous ages past, There strongly shut them up whom stoutly he To contemplation liv’d; and did so truly fast,
subdu'd. As he did only drink what crystal Hodney yields, How Gillamore again to Ireland he pursu'd, And fed upon the leeks he gather'd in the fields.
So oft as be presum'd the envions Pict to aid : In memory of whom, in the revolving year
And having slain the king, the country waste he The Welchmen on his day that sacred herb do
(forth [crave, To Goth-land how again this conqu’ror maketh Where, of that holy man, as humbly they do With his so prosp'rous pow'rs into the farthest That in their just defence they might bis fur
north: th’rance have.
[fore, Where, Ireland first be won, and Orkney after got, Thus either, well prepar'd the other's power be To Norway sailing next with his dear nephew Lot, Conveniently b’ing plac'd upon their equal shore; | Ry deadly dint of sword did Ricoll there defeat:
And having plac'd the prince on that Norwegian 18. A word, used by the ancients, signifying to seat,
How this conrageous king did Denmark then con19 Saint Winifrid's well.
That scarcely there was found a conntry to the pule 30 A glist'ring rock in Monmouthshire. 31 See the eighth song,
23 Arthur, one of the nine wortbies. 22 In Monmouthshire.
24 King Arthur,