Sivut kuvina


Transferr'd the English names of towns and house- | His head below the Heaven, when he of Milford holds bither,

(gether. spake: With the industrious Dutch since sojourning to But there was not a port the prize durst undertake. When wrathful Heaven the clouds so lib'rally So highly Milford is in every mouth renown'd, bestow'd,

[t'rous load) | No haven hath ought good, in her that is not found: The seas (then wanting roomth to lay their bois Whereas the swelling surge, that with his foamy Upon the Belgian marsh their pamper'd stomachs

head cast,

The gentler-looking land with fury menaced, That peopled cities sank into the mighty waste. With his encount’ring wave no longer there conThe Flemings were enforc'd to take them to their terds; oars,

But sitting mildly down like perfect ancient friends, To try the setting main to find out firmer shores; Unmov'd of any wind which way so e'er it blow, When as this spacious isle them entrance did allow, And rather seem to smile, than knit an angry brow.' To plant the Belgian stock upon this goodly brow: | The ships with shatter'd ribs scarce creeping from These nations', that their tongues did naturally the seas, Both generally forsook the British dialect : [affect, On her sleek bosom ride with such deliberate ease, As when it was decreed by all-fore-dooming fate, As all her passed storms she holds but mean and That ancient Rome should stoop from her im


[place, perious state,

So she may reach at length this most delightful With nations from the north then altogether fraught, By Nature with proud cliffs environed abont, Which to her civil bounds their barbarous customs S. To crown the godly road: where builds the brought,

falcon stout,

[wings, Of all her ancient spoils and lastly be forlorn, Which we the gentil call ; whose feet and active From Tyber's hallowed banks to old Bizantium 8 It seems that Nature made when most she thought born :

on kings :

(Bight, Th’abundant.Latins then old Latium lastly left, Which manag'd to the lure, her high and gallant Both of her proper form and elegancy reft ; The vacant sportful man so greatly doth delight, Before her smoothest tongue, their speech that did That with her nimble quills his soul doth seem to prefer,

hover, And in her tables fix'd their ill-shap'd character. And ly the very pitch that lusty bird doth corer : A divination strange the Dutch-made English That those proud eyries, bred whereas the scorchhave,

sit gave) ing sky Appropriate to that place (as though some power Doth singe the sandy wilds of spiceful Barbary; S. By th’ shoulder of a ram from off the right side or underneath our pole, where Norway's forests? pard,


[do hide, Which usually they boil, the spade-bone being Their high cloud-touching heads in winter snows Which then the wizard takes, and gazing there Out.brave not this our kind in metal, nor exceed upon,

(agone; The falcon which sometimes the British cliffs do Things long to come foreshows, as things done long breed : Scapes sccretly at honie, as those abroad, and far; Which prey upon the isles in the Vergivian waste, Murthers, adulterous stealths, as the events of war, That from the British shores by Neptune are em-The reigns and death of kings they take on them

brac'd; to know:

[show. Which stem his furious tides when wildliest they Which only to their skill the shoulder-blade doth And break the big swoln bulk of many a boist'rous You goodly sister floods, how happy is your

[glory state!

(fate, As, calm when he becomes, then likewise in their Or should I more commend your features, or your Do cast their amorous eyes at many a promontory That Milford, which this isle her greatest port Joth | That thrust their foreheads forth into the smiling cal!


(mouth, Before your equal floods is lotted to your fall ? As Rat and Sheepy, set to keep calm Milford's Where was sail ever seen, or wind hath ever blown, Expos’d to Neptune's power. So Gresholm "1 far Whence Penbrook yet hath heard of haven like

doth stand :

(nearer land her own?

Scalm, Stockholm, with saint Bride, and Gatholm, She bids Dungleddy dore Iberia's ' proudest road, (Which with their veiny breasts entice the gods of And chargeth her to send her challenges abroad That with the lusty isles do revel every day) (sea, Along the coast of France, to prove if any be

As crescent-like the land her breadth here inward Her Milford that dare match : so absolute is she.


(sends; And Clethy coming down from Wrenyvaur her sire Proin Milford, which she forth to old Menevia (A hill that thrusts his head into th' etherial fire) Since, holy David's seat; which of especial grace Her sister's part doth take, and dare avouch as Doth lend that nobler name, to this unnobler place. much:

Of all the holy men whose fame so fresh remains, And Percily the prond, whom nearly it doth touch, To whom the Britons built so many sumptuous Said, he would bear her out; and that they all


{hold : should know.

(show This saint before the rest their patron still they And therewithal he struts, as though he scorn'd to $. Whose birth, their ancient bards to Cambria

long foretold, 7 The colony of Flemings here planted. See to the fourth song.

10 The places from whence the highest flying & Now Constantinople.

hawks are brought. ! Spain.

" Islands upon the point of Pembrookshire,

[do rave,


And seated here a see, his bishopric of yore, ed by predictions, affirming that, his line extinot, l'pon the farthest point of this unfruitful shore; the posterity of Panghuo, a noble thane of LoSelected by himself, that far from all resort qhuabry, should attain and continue the Scottish With contemplation seein'd most hitly to comport; reign) and jealous of others' hoped-for greatness, That, void of all delight, cold, barren, bleak, and murdered Banqhuo, but miss'd his design ; for one dry,

(eye: of the same posterity, Fleanch, son to Banqhuo, No pleasure might allure, nor steal the wand'ring privily fled to Gryffith ap Loewelin, then prince Where Ramsey with those rocks, in rank that of Wales, and was there kindly received. To him oriler'd stand

and Nesta, the prince's daughter, was issue one Upon the farthest point of David's ancient land, Walter. He (afterward for his worth favonrably Do raise their rugged heads (the seaman's noted accepted, and through stout performance honourmarks)

[Clerks; ably requited by Malcolm III.) was made lord Callid, of their mitred tops, the Bishop and his high steward of Scotland : out of whose loins Into that channel cast, whose raging current roars Robert Il. was derived : since whom that royal Betwixt the British sands and the Hibernian shores: name hath long continued, descending to our Whose grim and horrid face doth pleased Heaven mighty sovereign, and in him is joined with the neglect,

commixt kingly blood of Tyddoar and PlantaAnd bears bleak winter still in his more sad aspect: genet. These two were united with the white and Yet Gwin and Nevern near, two fine and fishful red roses (c), in those auspicious nuptials of brooks,

[looks ; | Henry VII. and Elizabeth, daughter to Edward IV. Do never stay their course, how stern so e'er he and from them, through the lady Margaret, their Wbich with his shipping once should seem to have eldest daughter, married to James IV. his macommerc'd,

jesty's descent and spacious empire observed, Where Fiscard as her flood doth only grace the first. easily shows you what the Muse here plays withal. To Newport falls the next : there we a while will The rest alludes to that: “ Cambria shall be glad. rest;

Cornwal shall flourish, and the isle shall be stiled Our next ensuing song to wond'rous things addrest. with Brute's name, and the name of strangers

shall perish :” as it is in Merlin's prophecies.

That spirit to her unknown this virgin only lor'd. ILLUSTRATIONS

So is the vulgar tradition of Merlin's conception. If you ever read of, or vulgarly understand, the Untimely it were, if I should slip into discourse form of the ocean, and affinity 'twixt it and rivers, of spirits' faculties in this kind." For my own you cannot but conceive this poetical description of part, unless there be some creatures of such mida

dle nature, as the rabbinic conceit (d) upon the Severn; wherein Amphitrite is supposed to have given her a precious robe: very proper in the creation supposes; and the same with Hesiod's matter's self, and imitating that father (a) of the nymphs, or Paracelsus his Non-adams, I shall not Muses who derives Againemnon's sceptre to him believe that other than true bodies on bodies can by descent, joined with gift from Jupiter; Achilles' generate, except by swiftness of motion in conarmour from Vulcan's bounty; Helen's nepenthe reying of stolen seed some unclean spirit might from the Egyptian Polydamna, and such like, ho arrogate the improper name of generation. Those nouring the possessors with the giver's judgment, which St. Augustine (e) calls Dusii (), in Gaul, as much as with the gift possest.

altogether addicted to such filthiness, fauns, saa

tyrs, and sylvans, have had as much attributed to To whom the goodly bay of Milford should be them. But learn of this, from divines upon the given.

Beni-haelobim in holy writ (g), passages of the At Milford haven arrived Henry earl of Rich: fathers upon this point, and the later authors of mont, aided with some forces and sums of money wier, Martin del Rio, others. For this Merlin

disquisitions in magic and sorcery, as Bodin, by the French Charles VIII but so entertained (rather Merdhin, as you see to the fourth song, and strengthened by divers of his friends, groaning under the tyrannical yoke of Richard III. that, Vortigern was, that his father was a Roman con

his true name being Ambrose) his own answer ta beyond expectation, at Bosworth, in Leicester, the day and crown were soon his. Every chronicle tells you mare largely.

Henrico 11. obstrinxit Willielmus Scotorum Rex,

Jeguntur inter testes Willielmus de Curcy Senes And how Lhewelin's line in him should doubly schallys, Willielmus filius Aldelmi Seneschallus, thrive.

Aluredus de Sancto Martino Seneschallus, GilberTurn to the eagle's prophecies in the second tus Malet Seneschallus; unde honorarium fuisse song, where the first part of this relation is inore hoc nomen paret. Horum bini desunt apud Homanifested. For the rest, thus : about our con vedenum ; verum ex vetustiss. anonymo M. S. fessor's time, Macbeth (6), king of Scotland (mor- excerpsi. .

(c) York and Lancaster. (a) Iliad. B & r. Odyss. 8.

(d) Rabbi. Abraham in Zerror Hammon apud (6) Hector Boet. lib. 12. & Buchanan. in reg. Munst. ad 2. Genes. 85. & 86. lib. 7. qui eosdem ævo citeriori Stuartos (e). Lib, 15. de Civ. Dei. cap. 23. ait dictos, quos olim Thanos nuncupabant. Thani (s) Forte Drusii (quod vult Bodinus lib. 2. cap. verò quæstores erant regii per interpretationem, uti 7. dæmonoman.) quasi Sylvani, aut Dryades. Boetius. Certè in charta illa quâ jure clientelari se (8) Gen. vi. 2.


bi cas,

sul (4), (50 Nennius informs me) as perhaps it | lation with her busband's nephew fraughted here might be, and the fact palliated under name of a self with a young one. Lay all together, and spirit; as in that of Ilia supposing, to save her judge, gentlewomen, the sequel of this cross accredit, the name of Mars for Romulus his father.cident. But why she could not as well divine of Bat to interlace the polite Muse with what is more whose fock it was, as the other secret, when I harsh, yet even therein perhaps not displeasing, I have more skill in osteomanty, I will tell you. offer you this antique passage of him.

Nor was their report less in knowing things to

come, than past ; so that jealous Panurge, in bis -the messagers to Kermerdin come,

doubt de la coquage (m), might have had other, And hou children bivore the yate pleyde hii toke

manner of resolution than Rondibilis, Hippothade, gome,

Bridoye, Trovillogan,' or the oracle itself, were Tho sede on to another, “ Merlin wat is the,

able to give him. Blame me not, in that, to exThou faderlese ssrewe (i), wy misdostou me, Dor icham of kinges icome, and thou nart nought

plain my author, I insert this example. worth a fille,

To crown the goodly road, where built that falcon Nor thou naddest nevere nanne fader, therevore hold the stille."

In the rocks of this maritime coast of PemTho the messagers hurde this hii astunte there, And essie at men aboute wat the child were,

broke are eyries of excellent falcons. Henry II. Me sede that he ne had nevere fader that me might hawk' at one of these : but the goss-hawk taken

here passing into Ireland, cast off a Norway gossunderstond, And is moder au king's doughter was of thulke

at the source by the falcon, soon fell down at the

king's fout, which performance in this ramage, lond,

inade him yearly afterward send hither for eyesses, And woned at St. Petre's in a nonnerie there,

as Girald is author. Whether these here are the His mother (a nun, daughter to Pubidius, king of haygarts, (which they call peregrins) or falconMathraval, and called Matilda, as by poetical (h) geutles, I am no such falconer to argue; but this authority only I find justifiable) and he being ! know, that the reason of the name of peregrins brought to the king, she colours it in these is given, for that they came from remote and unwords:

known places (n), and therefore hardly fits these :

but also I read, in no less than imperial autho-wbanneich ofte was,

rity (o), that peregrins never bred in less latitude In chambre mid mine fellawes, there come to me than beyond the seventh climate, dia Riphæos, A suithe vaire man mid alle, and bi clupt me well falcons-gentle, an eyry is never found but in a

which permits them this place; and that, of true softe,

more southern and hotter parallel: which (if it And semblance made vaire ynou, and cust me be true) exulades the name of gentle from ours, well ofte.

breeding near the ninth per Rostocbium. And And tells on the story which should follow so kind the same authority makes them (against common a preface. But enough of this.

opinion) both of one kind, differing rather in local

and outward accidents, than in self-nature. By th’ shoulder of a ram from off the right side par'd.

Whose birth the ancient bards to Cambria long

foretold. Take this as a taste of their art in old time. Under Henry II. one William Manganel ((), a

Of St. Dewy and his bishopric you have more gentleman of those parts, finding by his skill of to the fourth song, He was prognosticated (p) prediction that his wife had played false with him, above thirty years before his birth ; which with other and conceived by his own nephew, formally dresses attributed miracles (after the fashion of that crethe shoulder-bone of one of his own rams; and dulous age) caused him to be almost paralleled in sitting at dinner (pretending it to be taken out of monkish zeal with that holy John, which, unborn, his neighbour's flock) requests his wife (equalling sprang at presence of the incarnate author of our him in these divinations) to give her judgment; redemption. The translation of the archbishopric she curiously observes, and at last with great

was also foretold (9) in that of Merlin : Menevia laughter casts it from her. The gentleman, im- shall put on the pall of Caer-leon; and the portuning her reason of so vehement an affection, preacher of Ireland shall wax dumb by an intant receives answer of her, that his wife, out of whose growing in the womb.” That was performed when Bock the ram was taken, bad by incestuous copu- child, suddenly lost use of his spurch : but reco

St. Patrick, at presence of Mclara, then with () Ilustres sæpiùs viros indigetant historici nos

vering it after some time, made prediction of tri Consules, unde & Ætium & in repuadloquuntur Dewy's holiness joined with greatn "ss, which is so Saxones Cos. quem tametsi Consulem fuisse haut celebrated. Upon my author's credit only be asserent Fasti, illustriss. tn. blicâ nobilissimum lieve me. Procopii aliorumque historiæ Gothicæ produnt.

(i) Shrew, now a word applied to the shrewish (m) Of cuckoldry. Rablais. sex; but in Chaucer, Lidgat, and Gower, to the (n) Albert. de Animal. 25. cap. 8. quieter also.

(0) Frederic. ll. lib. 2. de arte Vepand cap. (k) Spenser's Faery Queen, lib. 3. cant. 3.

4. (4) Girald. Itin. 1. cap. 11.-_Quæ te dementia (p) Monumeth. lib. 8. cap. 8. Girald. Nin. 2. cepit, Querere sollicitè quod reperire times? Th. cap. 1. Balcent. 1. Vita S. Deny. Mor. Epig.

(9) Alan. de insul. I. ad Propbet. Merlini.



A water-nymph; yea, though great Thetis self POLY-OLBION.

she were :

[there But nothing might prevail, nor all the pleasures Her mind could ever move one minute's stay to

make. Mild Mathern then, the next, doth Tivy overtake: Which instantly again by Dittor is supply’d.

Then, Keach and Kerry help: 'twixt which on With Cardigan the Muse proceeds,

either side, And tells what rare things Tivy breeds :

To Cardigan she comes, the sovereign of the shire. Next, proud Plynillimon she plies;

Now, Tivy, let us tell thy sundry glories here. Where Severn, Wy, and Rydoll rise.

When as the salmon seeks a fresher stream to With Severn she along doth go,


[kind, Her metamorphosis to show;

(Which hither from the sea comes yearly by his And makes the wand'ring Wy declaim

As he in season grows) and stems the wat’ry tract, In honour of the British name :

Where Tivy falling down doth make a cataract?, Then musters all the wat’ry train

Forc'd by the rising rocks that there ber course That those two rivers entertain :


[enclose; And viewing how those rillets creep

As thougb within their bounds they meant her to From shore to the Vergivian deep,

Here, when the labouring fish doth at the foot By Radnor and Mountgomery, then


(strive, To Severn turns her course agen:

And finds that by his strength but vainly he doth And bringing all their riverets in,

His tail takes in his teeth; and bending like a bow, There ends; a new song to begin,

That's to the compass draw!, aloft himself doth


Then springing at his height, as doth a little wand, Sith I must stem thy stream, clear Tivy, yet

That bended end to end, and firted from the land,

Far oti' itself doth cast; so doth the salmon vaut, before The Muse vouchsafe to seize the Cardiganian shore, And if at first he fail, lis second summersaut 3 She of thy source will sing in all the Cambrian He instantly assays; and from his nimble ring, coast;


Still yerking, never leaves, until himself he ting Which of thy castors once, but now canst only

Above the streamful top of the surrounded heap.

More famous long agone, than for the salmon's The salmons, of all floods most plentiful in thee. Dear brook, within thy banks if any powers there

leap, (kind

For beavers Tivy was in her strong banks that bred,

Wbich else no other brook of Britain nourished : Then païads, or ye nymphs of their like wat’ry (Unto whose only care great Neptune hath assign'd Where Nature, in the shape of this dow-perish'd The guidance of those brooks wherein he takes

His delight)


property did seem t' have wond'rously exprest; Assist her: and whilst she your dwelling shall re

Being body'd like a boat, with such a mighty tail, Be present in her work : let her your graces view,

As serv'd him for a bridge, a helm, or for a sail, That to succeeding times them lively she may show; When kind did hin command the architect to play, As when great Albion's sons, which him a sea

That his strong castle built of branched twigs and nymph brought


clay: Amongst the grisly rocks, were with your beauties Which, set upon the deep, hut yet not fixed there, (Whose only love surpris’d those of the Phlegrian' He easily could remove as it he pleas'd to steer size,


To this side or to that; the workmanship so rare,

His stuít wherewith to buildl, first being to preThe Titanois, that once against high Heaven durst When as the hoary woods, the climbing hills did

A foraging he goes, to groves or bushes pizh, [pare, hide,


And with his teeth cuts down his timber: which

laid by, And cover'd every vale through which you gentiy Even for those inly heats which through your loves He turns him on his back, his belly laid abroad, they felt,

When, with what he hath got, the other do him That oft in kindly tears did in your bosoms meit,

Tfound. To view your secret bowers, such favour let her win. Till lastly, by the weight, his burthen be have Then Tiry cometh down from her capacious lin, Then, with his miglity tail his carriage having

bound "Twixt Alirk and Brenny led, two handmaids, that

As carters do with ropes, in his sharp tecth be grip'd Their mistress, as in state she goes upon her way.

Some stronger stick: from which the lesser branches Which when Lanbeder sees, her wond'rously she

stript, likes;


He takes it in the midst ; at both the ends, the rest Whose untam'd bosom so the beauteous Tivy

Hard holding with their fangs, unto the labour prest, As that the forest fajn would have her there abide. Going backward, tow'rds their home their loaded

carriage led, But she (50 pure a stream) transported with her

[useful sled. pride,


From whom, those first here born, were taught the The ofler idly scorns; though with her flattering The sylvan her entice with all that may persuade

2 Or water-fall.

The word in tumbling, when one casteth him | Giants,

seif over and over.




do stay


Then builded he his fort for strong and several Brute's first-begotten son, which Gwendolin did wed; tights;

But soon th' unconstant lord abandoned her bed His passages contriv'd with such unusual sleights, (Through his unchaste desire) for beauteous ElThat from the hunter oft he issu'd undiscern'd,

stred's love.

(did move, As if men from this beast to fortify had learn'd; Now, that which most of all her mighty heart §. Whose kind, in her decay'd, is to this isle un Her father, Cornwal's duke, great Corineus dead, known.

Was by the lustful king unjustly banished. Thus Tivy boasts this heast peculiarly her own. When she, who to that time still with a sinonthel But here why spend I time these trives to areed ?


(vow, Now, with thy foriner task, iny Muse, again proceed. Had seem'd to bear the breach of Locrine's former To show the other foods from the Cerettic * shore Perceiving still her wrongs insufferable were; To the Vergivian sea contributing their store: Grown big with the revenge which her full breast With Bidder first begin, that bendeth all her force did bear, The Arron to assist, Arth holding on her course And aided to the birth with every little breath The way the other went, with Werry, which doth (Alone she being left the spoil of love and death, win

In labour of her grief outrageously distract, Fair Istwid to her aid; who kindly coming in, The utmost of her spleen on her false lord to act) Meets Rydoll at her mouth, that fair and princely | She first implores their hate to aid bin whom she maid,


[sound, Plynillimon's dear child, deliciously array'd, Whose hearts unto the depth she had not left to As fits a nymph so near to Severn and her queen. To Cornwal then she sends (her country) for supThen come the sister Salks, as they before had seen plies: Those delicater dames so trippingly to tread : Which all at once in arms with Gwendolin arise. Then Kerry; Cletur next, and Kniver making head | Then with her warlike power her husband she pure With Enion, that her like clear Lerant brings by her. su'd,

Plynillimon's high praise no longer, Muse, defer; Whom his unlawful love too vainly did delude. What once the Druids told, how great those foods The fierce and jealous queen, then void of all should be,

(force, That here (most mighty hill) derive themselves As great in power as spirit, whilst he neglects her from thee.

Him suddenly surpris'd, and from her ireful beart The bards with fury rapt, the British youth among, All pity clean exild (whom nothing could convert) $. Unto the charming harp thy future honour sung The son of mighty Brute bereaved of his life; In brave and lofty strains; that in excess of joy, Amongst the Britons here the first intestine strife, The beldam and the girl, the grandsire and the Since they were put a-land upon this promis'd shore. boy,

(did load | Then crowning Madan king, whom she to Locrine With shouts and yearning cries, the troubled air


[brought; (As when with crowned cups unto the Elian gods And those which serv'd his sire to his obedience Those priests high orgies held; or when the old Not so with blood suffic'd, immediately she sought world saw

(daw, The mother and the child : whose beauty when she Full Phæbe's face eclips'd, and thinking ber to


[draw Whom they supposed fall’n in soine enchanted Ilad not her heart been fint, had had the power to swound,

(sound) A spring of pitying tears; when, dropping liquid Of benten tinkling brass still ply'd her with the pearl, That all the Cambrian hills, which high’st their Before the cruel queen, the lady and the girl heads do bear,

Upon their tender knees begg'd mercy. Woe for With most obsequious shows of low suljected fear,


(see, Should to thy greatness stoop: and all the brooks Fair Elstred, that thon should'st thy fairer Sabrine that be

As she should thee behold the prey to her stern Do homage to those floods that issued out of thee:


(suage: To princely Severn tirst; next to her sister Wye, Whom kingly Locrine's death suffic'd not to asWhich to her elder's court her course doth still Who from the bord'ring clitfs thte with thy mother apply.

(pride But Rydoll, young'st, and least, and for the others' Into thy christen’d flood, the whilst the rocks aghast Not tinding fitting roomth upon the rising side; Resounded with your shrieks; till in a deadly Alone unto the west directly takes her way.

dream So all the neighbouring hills Plynillimon obry. Your corses were dissolv'd into that crystal stream, For, though Mogivadian bear his craggy top so Your curls to curl'd waves, which plainly still aphigh, !


[were : As scoring all that come in compass of his eve, The same in water now, that once in locks they Yet greatly is he pleas'd Plynillimon will grnce And, as you wont to clip each other's neck before, Him with a cheerful look: and, fawning in his face, le now with liquid arms embrace the wand'ring His love to Severn shows as though his own she

shore.” were,

But leave we Severn hcre, a little to pursue Thus comforting the food: “O ever-during heir The often-wand'ring W'ye (her passares to view, Of Sabrine", Locride's child (who of her life bereft, As wantonly she strains in her lasrivious course) Her ever-living name to thee, fair riser, left) And muster every flood that from her bountious.

Tbound * Of Cardigan.

Attends upon her stream, whilst (as the famous. Bacenus.

'Twixt the Brecknokian earth, and the Radnorian : The story of Severn.




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