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Starts, tosses, tumbles, strikes, turns, touses, Having their rising tops familiar with the sky spurns and sprauls,
(From whence all wit proceeds) that fitter were Casting with furious limbs her holders to the walls;
than I But that the horrid pangs torment the grieved so, The task to undertake. As not a man that sees One well might 'muse from whence this suddaju Mouncbdenny, Blorench hill, with Breedon, and strength should grow.
(they, Here (queen of forests all, that west of Severn lie) And many more as great, and nearer me than Her broad and bushy top Dean holdeth up so high, But thinks, in our defence they far much more The lesser are not seen, she is so tall and large. And standing in such state upon the winding Yet, falling to my lot, this stoutly I maintain marge,
'Gainst forests, vallies, fields, groves, rivers, pasture, ş. Within her bollow woods the satyrs that did plain,
(sun, And all their fatter kind (so much that do rely In gloomy secret shades, not pierc'd with summer's Upon their feedings, flocks, and their fertility) Under a false pretence the nymphs to entertain, The mountain is the king : and he it is alone Oft ravished the choice of Sabrin's wat'ry train; Above the other soils that Nature doth inthrone. And from their mistress' banks them taking as a For mountains be like men of brave heroic mind, prey,
With eyes erect to Heaven, of whence themselves Unto their woody caves have carried them away:
they find, Then from ber inner grores for succour when they whereas the lowly vale, as earthly, like itself, cry'd,
[hide) Doth never further look than how to purchase pelf, She retrhless of their wrongs (her satyrs' scapes to And of their batful sites, the vales that boast them Unto their just complaint not once her ear iu
[us : clines:
Ne'er had been what they are, had it not been for So fruitful in her woods, and wealthy in her mines, For, from the rising banks that strongly mound That Leden which her way doth through the desert them in, make,
The valley (as betwixt) her name did first begin : Though near to Dean ally'd, determin'd to forsake And almost not a brook, if she her banks do fill, Her course, and her clear limbs amongst the bushes But hath her plenteous spring from mountain or hide,
(take, Lest by the sylvans (should she chance to be If mead, or lower slade, grieve at the room we She might unmaiden'd go unto her sovereign flood: Know that the snow or rain, descending oft, doth So many were the rapeś done on the wat’ry brood,
make That Sabrine to her sire (great Neptune) forc'd to The fruitful valley fat, with what from us doth sue,
glide, The riots to repress of this outrageous crew, Who with our winter's waste maintain their sumHis armed orks he sent her milder stream to keep, mer's pride : To drive them back to Dean that troubled all the And to you lower lands if terrible we seem, deep.
(overlooks And cover'd oft with clouds; it is your foggy steam $. Whilst Malvern (king of hills) fair Severn The powerful Sun exhales, that in the cooler day (Attended on in state with tributary brooks) Unto this region come, about our tops doth stay. And how the fertile fields of Hereford do lie, And, what's the grove, so much that thinks her And from his many beads, with many an amorous to be grac'd, eye,
(rise, if not above the rest upon the mountain plac'd, Beholds his goodly site, how towards the pleasant where she her curled head unto the eye may show? Abounding in excess, the vale of Eusham lies, For in the easy vale if she be set below, The mountains every way about him that do stand, What is she but obscure ? and her more dampy Of whom he's daily seen, and seeing doth com
And covert, but a den for beasts of raven made ? On tiptoes set aloft, this proudly uttereth he: Besides, we are the marks, which looking from “Olympus, fair'st of hills, that Heaven art said on bigb, to be,
The traveller beholds; and with a cheerful eye I envy not thy state, nor less myself do make ; Doth thereby shape his course, and freshly doth Nor to possess thy name, mine own would I forsake:
(view. Nor would I, as thou dost, ambitiously aspire The way, which long before lay tedious in his To thrust my forked top into th' etherial fire. “What forest, flood, or field, that standeth not For, didst thou take the sweets that on my face do
Of Sina, or shall see the sight that mountain Abore thou wouldst not seek what I enjoy beneath: To none but to a hill such grace was ever given : Besiiles, the sundry soils I every way survey, As on his back, 'tis said, great Atlas bears up Make me, if better not, thy equal every way.
Heaven. And more, in our defence, to answer those, with “ So Latmus, by the wise Endymion is spite
renown'd; That term us barren, rade, and void of all delight; That hill, on whose high top he was the first that We mountains, to the land, like warts or wens to
[see; Pale Phoebe's wand'ring course ; so skilful in her By which, fair'st living things disfigur'd oft they
sphere, This strongly to perform, a well-stuft brain would As some stick not to say that he enjoy'd her there. peed.
(heed, And many hills there be, if they this cause would ! ? Endymion found out the course of the moon.
" And those chaste maids, begot on Memory by , With locks uncomb'd, for haste the lovely Wye to Jove,
[married be Not Tempe only love, delighting in their grore; (The food that grac'd her most) this day should Nor Ilelicon their brook, in whose delicious brims, To that more lovely Lug; a river of much fame, They oft are us’d to bathe their clear and crystal | That in ber wandering banks should lose his glorilimbs;
[they But high Parnassus have, their mountain,' whereon For Hereford, although her Wye she hold so dear, T'pon their golden lotes continually do play. Yet Lug (whose longer course doth grace the goodly of these I more could tell, to prove the place our sbire,
And with his plenteous stream so many brooks doth Than by his spacious maps are by Ortelius shown." Of all hers that be north is absolutely king. For mountains this suffice. Which scarcely had But Marcely, griev'd that he (the nearest of
he told ; Along the fertile fields, when Malvern might behold And of the mountain kind) not bidden was a guest The Herefordian floods, far distant though they be : Unto this nuptial feast, so hardly it doth take, For great men, as we find, a great way off can see. As (meaning for the same bis station to forsake) First, Frome with forehead clear, by Bromyard that S. Enrag'd and mad with grief, himself in two did doth glide ;
[drive, And taking Loden in, their mixed streams do guide, The trees and hedges near, before him up doth To meet their sovereign Lug, from the Radnorian And dropping headlong down, three days together plain
[appal, At Prestain coming in ; where he doth entertain Which, bellowing as he went, the rocks did so The Wadel, as along be under Derfold goes : That they bim passage made, who coats and chapHer full and lusty side to whom the forest shows,
pels crush : As to allure fair Lug, abode with her to make. So violently he into bis valley rush. [restrain,
Lug little Oney first, then Arro in doth take, But Wye (from her dear Lug whom nothing can At Lemster, for her wool whose staple doth excel, In many a pleasant shade, her joy to entertain) And seems to over match the golden Phrygian fell. To Ross her course directs; and right her name Had this our Colchos been unto the ancients
to show, known,
Oft windeth in her way, as back she meant to go. When honour was herself, and in her glory shown, Meander, who is said so intricate to be, (she. He then that did command the infantry of Greece, Hath not so many turns, nor crankling nooks as Had only to our isle adventur'd for this reece. The Herefordian fields when well near having Where lives the man so dull, on Britain's farthest past, shore,
(ore? As she is going forth, two sister brooks at last To whom did never sound the name of Lemster3 That soil her kindly sends, to guide her on her way; That with the silkworm's web for smallness doth Neat Gamar, that gets in swift Garran: which do lay
Their waters in one bank, augmenting of her train, Wherein, the winder shows his workmanship so To grace the goodly Wye, as she doth pass by Dean. As doth the fleece excel, ard mocks her looser Beyond whose equal spring unto the west doth lie clew;
The goodly Golden Vale, whose luscious scents do As neatly bottom'd up as nature forth it drew;
[bord'ring hills, Of each in high'st account, and reckoned here as
More free than Hybla's sweets; and 'twixt her fine,
The air with such delights and delicacy fills, $. As there th’ Apulian feece, or dainty Tarn
As makes it loth to stir, or thence those smells to From thence his lovely self for Wye he doth dis
[there : pose,
TH' Hesperides scarce had such pleasures as be To view the goodly Rocks on each hand as he
Which sometime to attain, that mighty son of Jove
gocs; And makes bis journey short, with strange and
One of his labours made, and with the dragon strove, sundry tales
That never clos'd his eyes, the golden fruit to guard; Of all their wondrous things; and, not the least, of
Asift' enrich this place, from others, nature spar'd: Wales;
[he pass'd) | Banks crown'd with curled groves, from cold to Of that prodigious spring (him neighbouring as keep the plain,
[maintain ; That little fishes' bones continually doth cast. Fields batful, flow'ry meads, in state them to Whose reason whilst he seeks industriously to Floods, to make fat those meads, from marble know,
[out A great way he hath gone, and Hereford doth To show, the wealth within doth answer that withHer rising spires aloft ; when as the princely Wye,
So brave a nymph she is, in every thing so rare, Him from his Muse to wake, arrests him by As to sit down by her, she thinks there's none and by.
[wait, Whose meeting to behold, with how well-order'd And forth she sends the Doire, upon the W'ye to grace
Whom Munno by the way more kindly doth entreat Each other entertains, how kindly they embrace ; (For Eskle, her most lov'd, and Olcon's only sake) For joy, so great a shout the bordering city sent, With her to go along, till W'ye she overtake. That with the sound thereof, which thorough Hay- To whom she condescends from danger her to shield, wood went,
[won; That th' Monumethian parts from th' Herefordian The wood-nymphs did awake that in the forest
field. To know the sudden cause, and presently they run
* Wye or Gwy, so called in the British) of her * The excellency of Lemster wool. sinuosity, or turning.
Which manly Malvern sees from furthest of the | The son of Perops then, and did the goddess stir shire,
That villainy to wreak the tyrant did to her: On the Wigornian waste when northward looking Who, with a dreadful frown did blast the growing near, (born chase, grain :
[maintain, On Corswood casts his eye, and on his home- | And having from him reft what should his life Then constantly bt holds, with an unusual pace, She unto Scythia sent, for hunger him to guaw, Team with her tribute come unto the Cambrian And thrusts her down his throat, into his stanchless
queen, Near whom in all this place a river's scarcely seen, Who, when nor sea nor land for him sufficient were, That dare arouch ber name ; Team scoroing any With his derouring teeth his wretched flesh did tear. spring
[bring “ This did you for one tree : but of whole forests But what with her along from Shropshire she doth
[decay Except one nameless stream that Malvern sends That in these impious times have been the vile
[grace that win, (Whom I may justly call their country's deadly And Laugbern though but small : when they such foes)
[punish'd goes. There thrust in with the brooks enclosed in her 'Gainst them you move no power, their spoil unbank.
How many grieved souls in future time sball starve, Team lastly thither com’n with water is so rank, For that which they have rapt their beastly lust to As though she would contend with Sabrine, and serve!
[were, doth crave
“ We, sometime that the state of famous Britain Of place (by her desert) precedency to have : For whom she was renown'd in kingdoms far and Till chancing to behold the other's godlike grace,
[ground, So strongly is surprisd with beauties in her face Are ransackd; and our trees so back'd above the By no means she could hold, but needly she must That where their lofty tops their neighbouring show
(stand, Her liking; and herself doth into Sabrine throw. Their trunks (like aged folks) now bare and naked Not far from him again when Malvern doth per As for revenge to Heav'n each held a wither'd hand : ceive
[do not heave, And where the goodly herds of high-palm'd harts Two bills, which though their heads so high they Yet doly do observe great Malvern, and afford Upon the passer by, thereby now doth only graze Him reverence: who again as fits á gracious lord, The gall’d-back carrion jade, and hurtful swine do Upon his subjects looks, and equal praise doth give spoil That Woodberry so nigh and neighbourly doth live Once to the sylvan powers our consecrated soil." With Alberiey his friend, deserving well such fame This utter'd she with grief : and more she would That Saxton in his maps forgot then not to name:
have spoke, Which, though in their mean types small matter When the Salopian floods her of her purpose broke, doth appear,
And silence did enjoin; a list’ning ear to lend Yet both of gool account are reckon'd in the shire, To Severn, which (was thought) did mighty things And highly grac'd of Team in his proud passing by.
intend, When s on the goodly Wyre, that wonted was
so high Her stately top to rear, ashamed to behold
ILLUSTRATIONS. Her straight and goodly woods unto the furnace sold, (Apd looking on herself, by her decay doth see The Miise yet hovers over Wales, and here sings The misery wherein her sister forests be)
the inner territories, with part of the Severn story, Of Erisicthon's 7 end begins her to bethink, and her English neighbours. And of his cruel plagues doth wish they all might
That fraught from plenteous Powse with their drink
Manure the batful March (saperfluous waste That thus have them despoild: then of her own That she, in whom her town, fair Beudly, took Wales (as is before touched) is divided into three delight,
[pride, parts, North Wales, South Wales, and Powis; And from her goodly seat conceiv'd so great a this last is here meant, comprising part of Breck In Severn on her east, Wyre on the setting side, nock, Ra:inor, and Montgomery. The division hath So nake«l leit of woods, of pleasure, and forlorn, its beginning attributed to the three sons of Poderic As she that lor'd her most, her now the most doth the great, Merrin, Cadelh, anal Anara wt(a), who scorn;
(she strake, possessed them for their portions hereditary, as With endless grief perplext, her stubborn breast they are named. But out of an old book of Welsh And to the deafen'd ait, thus passionately spake; laws, David Povel affirms these tripartite titles " You Dryans, that are said with oaks to live more ancient. I know that the division and gift is and che,
different in Caradoc Lancharvan from that of Wherefore in our distress do you our dwellings fig: Girald; but no great consequence of admitting (pon this monstious age and pot revenge our either here. Those three princes were called in wrong?
British ytritwysoc talasthioc (b), because every For cuuius down an oak that justly did belong one of them wore upon his bonnet or helmet, a To one of Ceres' nymp's, in Thessals that grew coronet of gold (c), being a broad lace or head. In the Doudonian grove (O nymphs !) you could pursue
(a) Girald. Camb. descript. cap. 2. DCCC.
LXX. VI. 5 Malvern chase.
(6) “ The three crowned princes." ? A fable in Ovid's Metamor,
(0) D. Powel. ad Caradoc. Lhancarvan.
band, indented upwards, set and wrought with Wales (o), extra potestatem regis under Henry precious stones, which in British or Welsh is called | III. Afterward Edward I. made soine shires in it (p), talaeth (d), which name nurses give to the upper and altered the customs, conforming them in some band on a child's head. Of this form (I mean of a sort to the English, as in the statute of Ruthland band or wreath) were the ancientest of crowns, as you have it largely; and under Edward 11. to a appears, in the description of the cidaris, and parliament at York were summoned twenty-four tiara of the Persians in Ctesias, Q. Curtius, and ont of North Wales, and as many out of South Xenophon, the crowns of oak, grass, parsley, olives,
But notwithstanding all this, the myrtle, and such among the Greeks and Romans, Marches continued as distinct; and in them were, and in that express name of diadema, signifying a for the most part, those controverted titles, which band, of which, whether it have in our tongue in our law-annals are referred to Wales. For the community with that banda, derived of the Carian divided shires were, as it seems, or should have into Italian(e), expressing victory, and so, for been subject to the English form ; but the parominous good words, is translated to ensigns and ticulars hereof are unfit for this room : if you are standards (as in oriental stories the words Bævde at all conversant in our law, I send you to my and Baydopógos often show) I must not here inquire margin (r); if not, it scarce concerns you. Molmutius first used a golden crown among the
-the Higre wildly raves. British (f), and as it seems by the same authority, Athelstan among the Saxons. But I digress. By | by the author, is so exprest in an old monk (s),
This violence of the water's madness, declared the March understand those limits between England which, about four hundred years since, says it and Wales; which continuing from north to south, join the Welsh shires to Hereford, Shropshire, and
was called the Higre in English. To make more the English part, and were divers baronies, divided description of it, were but to resolve the author's from any shire until Henry VUI. by act of parlia
poem. ment annexed some to Wales, others to Eng Within her hollow woods the satyrs that did won. land (g). The barons that lived in them were By the satyrs ravishing the sea-riymphs into this called lord marchers, and by the name of mar maritime forest of Dean (lying between Wye and chiones (h), i. e. marquises. For so Roger of Severn, in Glocester) with Severn's suit to NepMortimer, James of Audeleg, Roger of Clifford, tune, and his provision of remedy, you have, Roger of Leiburn, Haimo L'estrange, Hugh of poetically describ'd, the rapines which were comTurbervil(i), (which by sword adventured the mitted along that shore, by such as Jurked in ransom of Henry III. out of Simon of Montfort his these shady receptacles, which he properly titles treacherous imprisonment, after the battle of satyrs, that name coming from an eastern root (1), Lewes) are called marchiones Walliæ (k); and signifying to hide, or lie hid, as that all-knowing Edward III. created Roger of Mortimer earl of Isaac Casaubon hath at large (among other his March, as if you should say, of the limits 'twixt unmeasurable benefits to the state of learning) Wales and England (?), marc, or merc, signifying taught us (u). The English were also ill entreated a bound or limit: as to the third song more by the Welsh in their passages here, until hy act largely. And hence is supposed the original of of parliament remedy was given ; as you may see that honorary title of marquis, which is as much in the statute's preamble (r), which satisfies the as a lord of the frontiers, or such like; although action. I know divers others are derivations which the feudists have imagined (m). These marchers had
Whilst Malverne king of hills fair Severn overlooks. their laws in their baronies, and for matter of suit, Hereford and Worcester are by these hills seron if it had been 'twixt tenants holding of them, then miles in length confined; and rather, in respect was it commenced in their own courts and de- of the adjacent vales, than the hills self, under. termined; if for the barony itself, then in the stand the attribute of excellency. Upon these is king's courts at Westminster, by writ, directed to the supposed vision of Piers Ploughman, done, as the sheriff of the next English shire adjoining, as is thought, by Robert Langland(y), a Shropshire Glocester, Hereford, and some others. For the inan, in a kind of English metre: which for disking's writ(n) did not run in Wales as in England, covery of the infecting corruptions of those times, until by statute the principality was incorporated I prefer before many more seeiningly 'serious with the crown; as appears in an old report where invectives, as well for invention as judgment. But one was committed for esloigning a ward into I have read that the author's name was John
Malverne, a fellow of Oriel College in Oxford, whe (d) Crowns, diadems, band.
finished it 16 Ed. III. (e) Stephan. midi gol. 'AZábavôd. v. Gorop. Becceselan. 2. & Pet. Pithæl. adversar. 2. c. 20. (0) 13 Hen. 3. tit. Guard. 147. de Banda, cui & Andatem apud Dionem conferas, (p) Stat. Ruthland. 12. Ed. 1. & videsis in altero alterius reliquiæ.
(9) 14 Ed. 2. dors. claus. mem. 15. (5) Galfred. Monumeth. lib. 1. & 9.
(r) V.18 Ed. 2. tit. Assise 382. 13 Ed. 3. juris. (8) 27 Hen. 8. cap. 26. v. 28. Ed. 3. cap. 2. dict. 23. 6 Hen. 5. ib. 34. 1 Ed. 3. f. 14. & sæpius (h) Lib. Ruh. Scaccar.
in anvalibus Juris nostri. (i) Matth. Westmonast. lib. 2.
(s) Guil. Malmesbur. lib. 4. digest. Pontificum. (k) Marquises or lord marchers of Wales.
(1) ano (l) For the limits see to the next song.
(1) Iantiethuwv. lib. de Satyra. Meritò in (m) Ad Const. Fend. 2. tit. quis dicatur Dux. & digitatur hoc epitheto longe doctissimus à docJurisconsulti sæpids.
tissimo Dan. Heinsio in annot. ad Horatium. (n) But see to the ninth song more particu (x) Stat. 9 Hen. 6. cap: 5. larly
(y) About time of Edward IIL
THE EIGHTH SONG.
As there th’ Apulian deece, or dainty Tarentine. Should on the Britons light, the hills and rivers
In Apuglia and the upper Calabria of Italy, the wool hath been ever famous for finest excellence (z): Austerely to her calls, commanding them to hear in so much that for preserving it from the injury Now thrust betwixt herself, and the Vergivian
In her dear children's right (their ancestors of yore, of earth, bushes, and weather, the shepherds used
shore, to clothe their sheep with skins, and indeed it was so chargeable in these and other kind of pains $. Who drave the giants hence that of the earth
were bred, about it, that it scarce requited cost.
And of the spacious isle became the sovereign heal) -himself in two did rive.
What from authentic books she liberally could say. Alluding to a prodigious division of Marcly hill, of which whilst she bethought her; westward every in an earthquake of late time (a); which most of the mountains, floods, and meers, to silence them
[betske: all was in these parts of the island.
When Severn lowting low, thus gravely them bespake:
[to be, (2) Varr. de re rustic. 2. cap. 2. Columell. lib. “How mighty was that man, and honoured still 7. cap. 4.
That gave this isle his name, and to his children three,
[ceny, Three kingdoms in the same? which, time doth now
With his arrival here, and primer monarchy. POLY-OLBION
Loëzria', though thou canst thy Locrine easely lose,
[chose, Yet Cambria”, him, whom Fate hier ancient founder In no wise will forego; nay, should Albania' leave $. Her Albanact for aid, and to the Scythian
cleave. The goodly Severa bravely sings
And though remorseless Rome, which first did us The noblest of her British kings;
[call; At Cæsar's landing what we were,
As barbarous but esteem'd, and stick'd not so to And of the Roman conquest here :
The ancient Briwns yet a sceptred king obey'd Then shows, to her dear Britain's fame,
$. Three hundred years before Rome's great How quickly christ'ned they became,
foundlation laid ; And of their constancy doth boast,
And had a thousand years an empire strongly stood, In sundry fortunes strangely tost:
Ere Cæsar to her shores here stemm'd the circling Then doth the Saxons' landing tell,
[Hun, And how by them the Britons fell;
$. And long before, borne arms against the barbaro Cheers the Salopian inountains high,
Here landi:g with intent the isle to over-run: That on the west of Severn lie;
And following them in fliglit, their general Humberd Calls down each riveret froin her spring,
(nown'd? Their queen upon her way to bring;
In that great arm of sea, by his great name reWhom down to Brug the Muse attends :
And her great builders had, her cities who did rear Where, leaving her, this song she ends.
With fanes unto her gods, and famens“ every
Nor Troynovant alone a city long did stand; To Salop when herself clear Sabrine comes to show, But after, soon again by Ebrank's powerful hand And wisely her betbinks the way she had to go, York lifts her towers aloft : which scarcely finish'd South-westward cast her course; and with an
was, amorous eye
[ing by): But as they, by those kinga, so by Rudhudibras, Those countries whence she came surveyeth (pass.
kent's first and famous town', with Winchester, "Those lands in ancient tines old Carnbria claim'd her due,
And others, others built, as they fit places chose. For refuge when to her th’ oppressed Britons few; “ So Britain to her praise, of all conditions By England now usurpd, who (past the wonted
[shires, The warlike, as the wise. Of her courageous kings, Her sure and sovereign banks) had taken sundry
Brute Greenshield : to whose name we providence Which she ber Marches made: whereby those bills impute, of fame
[shame, Divinely to revive the land's first conqueror, Brnte. And rivers stood disgracd; accounting it their So bad she those were learn’d, endu'd with $. That all without that mound which Mercian Offa
(waste, As he from learned Greece, that (by the liberal To run from north to south, athwart the Cambrian 3. To Stamford, in this isle, seen i Athens to Could England not suffice, but that the straggling
[lie, Wise Bladud, of her kings that great philosopher; Which in the heart of Wales was sometime said to Who found our boiling baths; and his knowledge Now only for her bound proud England did prefer. high, That Severn, when she sees the wrong thus offer'd Disdaining human paths, here practised to fly.
- her, Though by injurious time deprived of that place
England. 2 Wales. · Scotland, Which anciently she held : yet loth that ber dis
* Priests among idolatrous gentiles. grace
5 Canterbury VOL. IV.